1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
The Spartanburg Herald-Journal is a daily newspaper, the primary newspaper for Spartanburg, South Carolina, United States. The origins of the paper began with The Spartan, a weekly paper first printed in about 1842–43. In 1844, it was renamed The Carolina Spartan. In about 1900, the paper was bought by The Journal Publishing Company, who renamed it The Spartanburg Journal. In 1872, The Spartanburg Herald began publishing. In 1890, the Herald began daily publication; the Herald purchased the Journal in 1914. The Herald was a morning paper, while the Journal covered evenings, with joint editions published on the weekend. Though under common ownership, the Herald and Journal did not merge into one paper until October 1982. In 1929, owner The Herald-Journal Publishing Company sold the papers to its paper distributor, the International Paper and Power Company, who sold them to A. G. Keeney in 1936, who in turn sold to S. S. "Blue" Wallace in 1939. Charles Edward Marsh brought the papers in 1946, donated them to the non-profit Public Welfare Foundation he had created in 1947.
A 1969 federal tax law requiring non-profits to sell newspaper holdings required the sale of the paper. The New York Times acquired the Herald-Journal from the Public Welfare Foundation in 1985, at which time its daily circulation was 47,500, Sunday 51,000. On January 6, 2012, Halifax Media Group completed its purchase of the Herald-Journal and 15 other newspapers from The New York Times. In 2015, Halifax was acquired by New Media Investment Group. Goupstate.com
Hagood Mill is an operational water-powered gristmill built in 1845 by James Hagood near Pickens, South Carolina. It was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. Hagood Mill is located on Hagood Branch, earlier known as Jennings Creek, a tributary of the Twelve Mile River. Although mills had existed on the site as early as the 1790s, the current mill was built in 1845 by James Hagood. During the historic period the mill and the neighboring store were a gathering place for county residents; the mill and surrounding property were donated to the Pickens Country Museum in 1973. The water wheel and mechanical components of the mill were rebuilt in the mid-1970s using much of the surviving fabric, they were restored again by local historian and miller Alan Warner in the 1990s; the 1845 mill is an unpainted, two-story building constructed of hand hewn logs and covered with clapboard siding. Its original dam site is 1,650 feet above it, where water from the creek was diverted to an earthen headrace.
Today, water is pumped underground from the creek to the headrace, the last 80 feet of, wooden. The overshot wooden water wheel, which produces 22 horsepower, is 4 feet wide; the ring gear is 18 feet in diameter, the two granite millstones weigh 1,600 pounds each. The mill is the centerpiece of the Hagood Mill Historic Site & Folklife Center, which includes two historic cabins, a blacksmith shop, a moonshine still, a cotton gin; the site includes the Hagood Creek Petroglyph Site, which preserves significant Native American rock carvings, the 64-foot steel Prater's Creek Bridge, built by the Greenville Steel and Foundry Company in 1930 and brought to the site in 2007. Hagood Mill Historic Site & Folklife Center Facebook page
Pickens County, South Carolina
Pickens County is a county in the northwest part of the U. S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, its population was 119,224, its county seat is Pickens. The county was created in 1826, it is part of SC Metropolitan Statistical Area. Pickens County was Cherokee Indian Territory until the American Revolution; the Cherokees sided with the British, suffered defeat, surrendered their South Carolina lands. This former Cherokee territory was included in the Ninety-Six Judicial District. In 1791 the state legislature established Washington District, a judicial area composed of present-day Greenville, Anderson and Oconee counties, composed of Greenville and Pendleton counties. Streets for the courthouse town of Pickensville were laid off, soon a cluster of buildings arose that included a large wooden hotel, which served as a stagecoach stop. In 1798 Washington District was divided into Pendleton districts; the latter included what became Anderson and Pickens counties. A new courthouse was erected at Pendleton to accommodate the Court of General Sessions and Common Pleas, soon thereafter Pickensville began to decline.
In view of the growing population and poor transportation facilities in Pendleton District, the legislature divided it into counties in 1826, a year decided instead to divide the area into districts. The legislation went into effect in 1828; the lower part became Anderson and the upper Pickens, named in honor of the Revolutionary soldier, Brigadier General Andrew Pickens, whose home Hopewell was on the southern border of the district. A courthouse was established on the west bank of the Keowee River, a small town called Pickens Court House soon developed By 1860 Pickens District had a population of over 19,000 persons of whom 22 percent were slaves; the district was rural and agricultural. Its small industry consisted of sawmills, a few other shops producing goods for home consumption; the district's Protestant churches were numerous. The Blue Ridge Railroad reached the district in September 1860. There was little combat between the two sides during the Civil War the district was plundered by marauders and deserters who swept down from the mountains.
The war left the region destitute. The South Carolina Constitutional Convention of 1868, meeting during the first year of Congressional Reconstruction, changed the name district to county throughout the state; the Convention established Oconee County out of the portion of Pickens District west of the Keowee and Seneca rivers plus a small area around the Fort Hill estate that belonged to John C. Calhoun; this small area around the Calhoun property was transferred to Pickens County in the 1960s. A new courthouse for Pickens County was erected at its present location, many of the residents of Old Pickens on the Keowee moved to the newly created town, some with their dismantled homes; the loss of the Oconee area reduced the county's population. It did not again reach 19,000 until 1900; the county's growth was accelerated by the building of the Atlanta and Charlotte Air Line Railroad in the 1870s. The town of Easley, named for General W. K. Easley, was chartered in 1874. Liberty and Central were soon incorporated.
Calhoun came into being in the 1890s, to be followed in the early 1900s by Six Mile and Norris as incorporated areas. A major factor in Pickens County's growth was the coming of the textile industry; the county's first modern cotton mill, organized by D. K. Norris and others, was established at Cateechee in 1895. By 1900 the county could boast of three cotton mills, two railroads, three banks, three roller mills, thirty-seven sawmills, ten shingle mills, four brickyards, yet until 1940, with a population of 37,000, the county remained rural and agricultural. Like many other Piedmont counties, Pickens had a one-crop economy, its citizens were engaged in growing cotton or manufacturing it into cloth. A notable change in the Pickens landscape was the coming of paved highways; the most significant developments in the county's history have occurred since World War II. By 1972 there were 99 manufacturing plants in the county employing 15,000 personnel and producing not only textiles but a wide variety of other products.
The population today is estimated to be 93,894 residents. There is a heavy in-migration to Pickens County because of its climate, industrial opportunity, proximity to Greenville's labor market, scenic beauty. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 512 square miles, of which 496 square miles is land and 16 square miles is water; the county contains the highest natural point in South Carolina, Sassafras Mountain, with an elevation of 3560 feet. Table Rock State Park is in Pickens County. Pickens County is in the Savannah River basin, the Saluda River basin, the French Broad River basin. Transylvania County, North Carolina – north Greenville County – east Anderson County – south Oconee County – west US 76 US 123 US 178 As of the census of 2000, there were 110,757 people, 41,306 households, 28,459 families residing in the county; the population density was 223 people per square mile. There were 46,000 housing units at an average density of 93 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 90.27% White, 6.82% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.18% A
Mauldin, South Carolina
Mauldin is a city in Greenville County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 15,224 at the 2000 census, 22,889 in 2010, an estimated 25,135 in 2015, it is a principal city of the Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin Metropolitan Statistical Area. Mauldin is located south of the center of Greenville County, between the city of Greenville to the northwest and Simpsonville to the southeast. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.0 square miles, of which 0.04 square miles, or 0.46%, are water. U. S. Route 276 passes through the center of Mauldin, leading northwest 8 miles to the center of Greenville and southeast 5 miles to Simpsonville. Interstate 385 runs through the eastern side of Mauldin, leading north to Interstate 85 on the east side of Greenville. I-385 connects with Interstate 185 on the southern edge of Mauldin, I-185 continues west and northwest 13 miles to join I-85 on the southwest side of Greenville. From its interchange with I-185, I-385 leads southeast 30 miles to Interstate 26 near Clinton.
Benjamin Griffith was awarded the first land grant in what is now called Mauldin in 1784. The name of Mauldin was given to the town accidentally in 1820 thanks to South Carolina's lieutenant governor, W. L. Mauldin; the train station was called "Mauldin" because the lieutenant governor had assisted in getting the Greenville Laurens Railroad Company to come through the village. Over time, the entire area took the name of Mauldin. During the Civil War, many of Mauldin's citizens left to fight, the city dried up, it never recovered until after World War II when the community was incorporated as a town. As of the census of 2000, there were 15,224 people, 6,131 households, 4,242 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,767.1 people per square mile. There were 6,500 housing units at an average density of 754.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 74.25% White, 20.82% African American, 0.30% Native American, 2.24% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.98% from other races, 1.31% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.73% of the population. There were 6,131 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present and 30.8% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.97. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $51,657, the median income for a family was $61,817. Males had a median income of $41,047 versus $29,985 for females; the per capita income for the city was $24,750. About 3.2% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.7% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.
The supermarket chain BI-LO once had its headquarters in Mauldin. Greenville County School District operates public schools; the only high school is Mauldin High School. Kevin Garnett, professional basketball player Orlando Jones, actor Al Yeargin, professional baseball player City of Mauldin official website Mauldin High School Mauldin Police Department
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
Schlumberger Limited is the world's largest oilfield services company. Schlumberger employs 100,000 people representing more than 140 nationalities working in more than 85 countries. Schlumberger has four principal executive offices located in Paris, Houston and the Hague. Schlumberger is incorporated in Willemstad, Curaçao as Schlumberger N. V. and trades on the New York Stock Exchange, Euronext Paris, the London Stock Exchange, SIX Swiss Exchange. Schlumberger is a Fortune Global 500 company, ranked 287 in 2016, listed in Forbes Global 2000, ranked 176 in 2016. Schlumberger was founded in 1926 by Alsatian German brothers Conrad and Marcel Schlumberger from the Alsace region in France as the Electric Prospecting Company; the company recorded the first-ever electrical resistivity well log in Merkwiller-Pechelbronn, France in 1927. Today Schlumberger supplies the petroleum industry with services such as seismic acquisition and processing, formation evaluation, well testing and directional drilling, well cementing and stimulation, artificial lift, well completions, flow assurance and consulting, software and information management.
The company is involved in the groundwater extraction and carbon capture and storage industries. The Schlumberger brothers had experience conducting geophysical surveys in countries such as Romania, Serbia, South Africa, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the United States; the new company sold electrical-measurement mapping services, recorded the first-ever electrical resistivity well log in Merkwiller-Pechelbronn, France in 1927. The company expanded, logging its first well in the U. S. in 1929, in Kern County, California. In 1935, the Schlumberger Well Surveying Corporation was founded in Houston evolving into Schlumberger Well Services, Schlumberger Wireline & Testing. Schlumberger invested in research, inaugurating the Schlumberger-Doll Research Center in Ridgefield, Connecticut in 1948, contributing to the development of a number of new logging tools. In 1956, Schlumberger Limited was incorporated as a holding company for all Schlumberger businesses, which by now included American testing and production company Johnston Testers.
Over the years, Schlumberger continued to expand its acquisitions. In 1960, Dowell Schlumberger, which specialized in pumping services for the oil industry, was formed. In 1962, Schlumberger Limited became listed on the New York Stock Exchange; that same year, Schlumberger purchased Daystrom, an electronic instruments manufacturer in South Boston, Virginia, making furniture by the time the division was sold to Sperry & Hutchinson in 1971. Schlumberger purchased 50% of Forex in 1964 and merged it with 50% of Languedocienne to create the Neptune Drilling Company; the first computerized reservoir analysis, SARABAND, was introduced in 1970. The remaining 50% of Forex was acquired the following year. In 1979, Fairchild Camera and Instrument became a subsidiary of Schlumberger Limited. In 1981, Schlumberger established the first international data links with e-mail. In 1983, Schlumberger opened their Cambridge Research Center in Cambridge, England and in 2012 it was renamed the Schlumberger Gould Research Center after the company's former CEO Andrew Gould.
The SEDCO drilling rig company and half of Dowell of North America were acquired in 1984, resulting in the creation of the Anadrill drilling segment, a combination of Dowell and The Analysts' drilling segments. Forex Neptune was merged with SEDCO to create the Sedco Forex Drilling Company the following year, when Schlumberger purchased Merlin and 50% of GECO. In 1987, Schlumberger completed their purchases of Neptune and Cori, Allmess; that same year, National Semiconductor acquired Fairchild Semiconductor from Schlumberger for $122 million. In 1991, Schlumberger acquired PRAKLA-SEISMOS, pioneered the use of geosteering to plan the drill path in horizontal wells. In 1992, Schlumberger acquired software company GeoQuest Systems. With the purchase came the conversion of SINet to TCP/IP and thus internet capable. In the 1990s Schlumberger bought out the petroleum division, AEG meter, ECLIPSE reservoir study team Intera Technologies Corp. A joint venture between Schlumberger and Cable & Wireless resulted with the creation of Omnes, which handled all of Schlumberger's internal IT business.
Oilphase and Camco International were purchased. In 1999, Schlumberger and Smith International created a joint venture, M-I L. L. C; the world's largest drilling fluids company. The company consists of 60% Smith International, 40% Schlumberger. Since the joint venture was prohibited by a 1994 antitrust consent decree barring Smith from selling or combining their fluids business with certain other companies, including Schlumberger, the U. S. District Court in Washington, D. C. found Smith International Inc. and Schlumberger Ltd. guilty of criminal contempt and fined each company $750,000 and placed each company on five years probation. Both companies agreed to pay a total of $13.1 million, representing a full disgorgement of all of the joint venture's profits during the time the companies were in contempt. In 2000, the Geco-Prakla division was merged with Western Geophysical to create the seismic contracting company WesternGeco, of which Schlumberger held a 70% stake, the remaining 30% belonging to competitor Baker Hughes.
Sedco Forex was spun off, merged with Transocean Drilling company in 2000. In 2001, Schlumberger acquired the IT consultancy company Sema plc for $5.2 billion. The company was an Athens 2004 Summer Olympi