Pickering is a city located in Southern Ontario, Canada east of Toronto in Durham Region. It was occupied for centuries by the Iroquoian-speaking Huron. Beginning in the 1770s, the area was settled by ethnic British colonists. An increase in population occurred after the American Revolutionary War, when the Crown resettled Loyalists and encouraged new immigration. Many of the smaller rural communities have been preserved and function as provincially significant historic sites and museums; this was Aboriginal territory for thousands of years. The Wyandot, who spoke an Iroquoian language, were the historic people living here in the 15th century. Archeological remains of a large village have been found here; the Wyandot moved northwest to Georgian Bay, where they established their historic homeland. There they encountered French explorers in the early 17th century, followed by missionaries and fur traders; the first recorded history of this area was made in 1669, when French Jesuit missionary François de Salignac de la Mothe-Fénelon noted reaching what he called the Seneca village of Gandatsetiagon, on the shores of Frenchman's Bay.
The Onondaga were among the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy. The Onondaga occupied territory to the south and west of Lakes Ontario and Erie in present-day New York, extending into Pennsylvania and the Ohio Valley, where they maintained hunting grounds; the British took over Canada in 1763 following defeat of the French in the Seven Years' War, known in the Colonial America as the French and Indian War. They completed survey of the township about 1776; the town was named after North Yorkshire. In the 1813 census, Pickering had 180 residents —40 more than neighbouring Scarborough. A large influx of Quaker immigrants from the eastern United States arrived in the early 1810s; the main thoroughfare at this time was the Kingston Road, which cut through the south of the township on its way from York east to Kingston. Pickering was represented in the Mackenzie Rebellion of 1837. One of the leaders, Peter Matthews, had been one of the most prominent members of the community. In 1941, the southeastern portion of the township became the independent town of Ajax.
Ontario County, Ontario became Durham Region in 1974, some of the town lines were modified. As a result, Pickering Village, one of the population centres of the original township, became part of Ajax, along with its secondary school. Toronto and Rouge Park border Pickering on the west; the southern part of the city is suburban, with industrial areas restricted to the area around Pickering Nuclear Generating Station. Most of the suburban areas were built as subdivisions after World War II, starting in the area around Frenchman's Bay. Prior to the war, the few suburban areas in the township were the communities of Dunbarton, Fairport Beach, Liverpool Market, Rouge Hill. Squires Beach, located by the lakeshore in the southeast part of the city, is now a ghost town; the northern part of the municipality is rural used for agricultural purposes. However, a number of residential developments are found in this area, the locally controversial Seaton area falls within this part of the city; the primary rural communities in Pickering are Claremont and Whitevale.
John Diefenbaker, a Prime Minister of Canada, lived in Greenwood for a number of years. The abandoned ghost town of Altona is located there. Cherrywood, another hamlet in Pickering, is one of the few areas that are protected within the Greenbelt; the communities of Kinsale in the northeast and Green River on the York-Durham town line are other small communities in Pickering, with a population each of between 50-100 people. Most of these communities were founded in the 1700s and 1800s and have churches and historic estates that have been restored through government funding. Dixie is a small rural community situated with more contemporary buildings; the film industry has been active in communities such as Whitevale, since the 1980s, due to the quality of the historical buildings and untouched nature of the landscape. The television shows Hannibal Suits, American Gods have filmed extensively in Whitevale and in other locations in Pickering. Nautical Village is located at Frenchman's Bay and features entertainment, a playground, a boardwalk, shops and an art gallery.
Pickering had rapid growth in the post-war period through the second half of the twentieth century. Toronto's continuing growth resulted in more people moving into Pickering for suburban housing. Between 1996 and 2001, the municipality experienced a growth rate of 10.3 percent. Population growth has slowed in recent years, growing only between the 2001 and 2016 census; the lower population growth in the early 21st century is the result of the city's development restrictions on land in the northern portion of its area, in an effort to contain sprawl. Negotiations are ongoing to permit development in this area; the city has estimated. The province of Ontari
The Golden Horseshoe is a secondary region of Southern Ontario, Canada which lies at the western end of Lake Ontario, with outer boundaries stretching south to Lake Erie and north to Lake Scugog. The region is the most densely industrialized in Canada. With a population of 7,826,367 people in its core and 9,245,438 in its greater area, the Golden Horseshoe accounts for over 21% of the population of Canada and more than 55% of Ontario's population, it is part of the Quebec City -- the Great Lakes Megalopolis. The core of the Golden Horseshoe starts from Niagara Falls at the eastern end of the Niagara Peninsula and extends west, wrapping around the western end of Lake Ontario at Hamilton and turning northeast to Toronto, before terminating at Oshawa; the term "Greater Golden Horseshoe" is used to describe a broader region that stretches inland from the core to the area of the Trent–Severn Waterway, such as Peterborough in the northeast, to Barrie and Lake Simcoe in the north, to the Grand River area, including centres such as Brantford, Waterloo Region, Guelph to the west.
The extended region's area covers 33,500 km2, out of this, 7,300 km2 or 22% of the area is covered by the environmentally protected Greenbelt. The Greater Golden Horseshoe forms the neck of the Ontario Peninsula; the "horseshoe" part of the region's name is derived from the characteristic horseshoe shape of the west end of Lake Ontario with Cootes Paradise between Burlington and Hamilton positioned in the centre. The "golden" part is attributed to the region's wealth and prosperity, according to the Canadian Oxford Dictionary; the phrase "Golden Horseshoe" was first used by Westinghouse Electric Corporation president Herbert H. Rogge in a speech to the Hamilton Chamber of Commerce on January 12, 1954: Hamilton in 50 years will be the forward cleat in a'golden horseshoe' of industrial development from Oshawa to the Niagara River... 150 miles long and 50 miles wide... It will run from Niagara Falls on the south to about Oshawa on the north and take in numerous cities and towns there, including Hamilton and Toronto.
The speech writer who penned the phrase was Charles Hunter MacBain, executive assistant to five Westinghouse presidents including Rogge. The Golden Horseshoe has been recognised as a geographic region since the 1950s, but it was only on July 13, 2004 that a report from the provincial Ministry of Public Infrastructure Renewal entitled Places to Grow coined the term Greater Golden Horseshoe, extending the boundaries west to Waterloo Region, north to Barrie/Simcoe County, northeast to the county and city of Peterborough. A subsequent edition released February 16, 2005, broadened the term further, adding Brant and Northumberland Counties to the now quasi-administrative region; the Greater Golden Horseshoe region is designated in Ontario Regulation 416/05 under the Places to Grow Act. The designation Greater Golden Horseshoe has legal significance with respect to taxation: In April 2017, the Government of Ontario announced plans to impose a 15 per cent Non-Resident Speculation Tax on non-Canadian citizens, non-permanent residents and non-Canadian corporations buying residential properties containing one to six units in the Greater Golden Horseshoe.
The provincial transit authority Metrolinx makes use of the term Greater Golden Horseshoe. The Metrolinx definition is consistent with the original 2004 Places to Grow definition. However, the city and county of Peterborough is not included; the population of the Golden Horseshoe was 7.82 million residents at the 2016 census. The region is projected to grow to 11.5 million people by 2031. The economy of this region is diverse; the Toronto Stock Exchange is the third largest in North America by market capitalization, seventh largest in the world. Cities such as Hamilton, Oakville and Kitchener all contain major large-scale industrial production facilities, Hamilton being dominated by the steel industry and Oakville and Oshawa in the automotive industry. Other significant automotive-production facilities exist in Brampton, St. Catharines and Alliston. While manufacturing remains important to the economy of the region, the manufacturing sector has experienced a significant decline since 2000 as a result of unfavourable currency exchange rates, increasing energy costs, reduced demand from the United States, by far the largest market for Ontario's goods.
Hamilton and Toronto have two of the largest seaports in Lake Ontario. The Welland Canal system handles recreational traffic through the Great Lakes. Large rail and truck distribution facilities are located in Toronto and Brampton. Food processing is a key ingredient in the economy. Niagara Falls has one of the world's largest per-capita tourist economies, benefiting from millions of tourists coming to see its majestic waterfalls, shop in its numerous stores, visit its many attractions; the winemaking and fruit growing industries of the Niagara Peninsula produce award-winning wines, which are beginning to attract attention around the world, in particular the ice wine for which the region is known. However, as of 2014, sectors such as information technology, health care, tourism and finance provide the bulk of growth in the Golden Horseshoe; the suburban cities within Greater Toronto such as, Brampton and Mississauga, along with the city of Waterloo, are emerging as hubs for technology and innovation.
Scarborough Town Centre
The Scarborough Town Centre is a shopping mall in Toronto, Canada. Central to the Scarborough City Centre in the former city of Scarborough, it is adjacent to the Scarborough Centre station and Scarborough Centre Bus Terminal, it was constructed by Oxford Properties and opened in 1973 to become the sixth largest shopping mall in Canada, fourth largest in Ontario and third in Toronto by retail space. The mall is located on the north side of Albert Campbell Square, across from the Scarborough Civic Centre; the mall is served by Highway 401 and can be reached through a turnaround ramp on McCowan Road, Progress Avenue, Brimley Road. The TTC's Line 3 Scarborough has a station adjacent to the mall, Scarborough Centre, opened in 1985 with service running southwest to Kennedy station on the Bloor–Danforth line and east to McCowan Station. Scarborough Town Centre includes Hudson's Bay and Cineplex Cinemas as its anchors, it has more than 121,000 m2 and about 250 plus stores, making it the fourth-largest shopping centre in Greater Toronto, after Square One Shopping Centre, Yorkdale Shopping Centre, Toronto Eaton Centre.
Scarborough Town Centre is Toronto's east end. In addition to the RT, Scarborough Town Centre is a busy terminal for a number of TTC bus routes, as well as GO Transit; the mall itself and most of the land surrounding it are owned by OMERS pension fund under their Oxford Properties division. In 2006, ten prominent members of Scarborough's community were inducted into the Scarborough Walk of Fame, this was the first annual ceremony; the stars of the Walk of Fame are located behind the main atrium, in front of H&M. Formerly, they were located on a walkway between the food courts of the mall, on the upper level; the first inductees were burn-unit founder Dr. Lloyd N. Carlsen, educator Dr. R. H. King, NBA player Jamaal Magloire, pulmonary scientist Dr. Charles C. Macklin, artist Doris McCarthy, Lieutenant Governor of Ontario and former television personality, The Honourable David Onley, Olympic hockey player Vicky Sunohara, pioneer David Thomson, hip-hop artist Wes Williams, geriatric care entrepreneur Dr. Joseph Yu Kai Wong.
The mall was constructed in 1972 and was opened on May 2, 1973. At that time it included Simpson's and Eaton's. Miracle Food Mart, a supermarket was located in the mall. Scarborough Town Centre opened with 130 stores adjacent to the borough's administration buildings, it provided a central landmark in an otherwise newer suburban area of Toronto. Y-shaped, with its stem towards the Civic Centre, a second phase of construction added the northern department store and two wings; the construction added 22,000 m2 of retail space, was opened on August 8, 1979. In 1998-1999, the mall was expanded once again to allow retail space; the mall's latest renovation in 2010, branded "Lighten Up," gave retailers such as Victoria's Secret interests in retail space. Victoria's Secret have opened one of Canada's first Pink stores in the former Disney Store in July 2010. Other major retailers, Forever 21 and Aritzia, have replaced Birk's; the mall has the largest Zara store in the east GTA at 2,200 m2. On August 4, 2016, the new food court opened below the existing food court and was branded as TASTE MRKT.
The upper level of the food court is now closed and has reopened as a mall space with unique dining atmosphere for shoppers by offering more upscale, interior-patio style seating underneath the existing skylight. The Sears store closed in late 2017 as part of the liquidation of Sears Canadian operations; the Sears store is expected to be redeveloped by the mall in the future, though they have not yet said what is planned. The 1st floor has been remodeled into Urban Behavior. In 2018, the mall opened a Muji store near the Centre Court; the store is the 5th in the GTA. A Miniso opened outside of Walmart, in the former Roots Canada, which has relocated next to Aritzia. List of shopping malls in Canada List of shopping malls in Toronto List of largest enclosed shopping malls in Canada Oxford Properties Group
Yorkdale Shopping Centre
Yorkdale Shopping Centre, or Yorkdale, is a major retail shopping mall in Toronto, Canada. It is located several kilometres northwest of Downtown Toronto at the interchange of Highway 401 and Allen Road, adjacent to the Yorkdale subway station in the former city of North York. Yorkdale is one of the largest shopping mall in the country and has the highest sales per unit area of any mall in Canada, it surpasses Vancouver's Pacific Centre, with current merchandise sales levels at CA$1,905/square foot. At 18 million annual visitors, it is the country's busiest mall; the mall contains over 250 stores, including many luxury retailers. Many international companies have opened their first retail locations in Canada at Yorkdale. Yorkdale is owned by a joint venture between the Ontario Municipal Employees Retirement System through its subsidiary Oxford Properties Group and the Alberta Investment Management Corporation. In the 1950s, the department store chain T. Eaton & Co. bought a 40-hectare site at Dufferin Street and Highway 401 for a new massive, suburban location.
In 1958, rival department store chain Simpson's purchased a 8-hectare site to the east and the plan to build the complex was announced that year. Design of the mall was given to the Seattle firm of John Graham Consultants, except for the Simpson's store, designed by John Andrews of John B. Parkin Associates. Howard Lesser was the development consultant. Using Lesser's market research, the developers determined how much floor space to give up to each category of retailer, chose retailers who would appeal to a broad range of shoppers; the mall opened on February 1964, under the ownership of the Trizec Corporation. Its gross leasable area was by far the biggest in Canada at the time, it was one of the largest shopping centres in the world. When it opened, Yorkdale was the first Canadian mall to include two major department stores: Simpson's and Eaton's, under the same roof, it was built at a cost of $40 million. Before large suburban malls like Yorkdale became popular, most people in the Toronto area did their major shopping downtown.
Yorkdale was at the edge of the urbanized city. The new shopping centre had required the construction of the Spadina Expressway renamed Allen Road, as the developers would not proceed until the freeway was approved for construction; the mall was constructed with a novel system for its retailers to receive merchandise. While other Canadian shopping centres had their receiving doors located at the back side, Yorkdale was constructed with a one-way, two-laned road for trucks running beneath the centre that leads directly to retailers' basement storages; the design of the mall included 40-foot wide halls and 27-foot tall ceilings. The corridors still retain this look and feel although renovations in 2006 replaced the ceilings, windows and skylights; the Universal Man statue in the west parking lot was relocated from the base of the CN Tower to accommodate the construction of the Rogers Centre in 1987 and relocated to Yorkdale in 1994. In 1999, Yorkdale completed a major overhaul, adding a Rainforest Cafe restaurant, a Famous Players SilverCity movie theatre, an Indigo Books and Music store on the north side of the mall, facing Highway 401.
In 2005, a $60 million expansion on the former site of its Eaton's department store increased the size of Yorkdale to 1,404,646 sq ft, increased the number of stores from about 210 to 260. A highlight of this expansion was the construction of a 60-foot high glass atrium running 300 feet in length, which hangs from an exterior support structure; the expansion added Old Navy, Zara, H&M, Home Outfitters as sub-anchors. This gave Yorkdale the title of the third largest mall in Ontario after Square One Shopping Centre in Mississauga and Toronto Eaton Centre, ahead of Scarborough Town Centre in terms of retail floor space; the renovation project continued into 2006 and 2007. This renovation matched the earlier sections of the mall to the style of the 2005 expansion. Key elements of this project included new public washrooms, opening of a Moxie's Grill & Bar restaurant, new sliding automatic doors at all entrances. An advertising campaign, branded as "Change It Up!" was launched in conjunction with the renovation and redevelopment, winning a MAXI Award from the International Council of Shopping Centers in 2007.
Expansion continued in the second half of the decade. In April 2008, Yorkdale opened a Michael Kors store. Additions included Armani Exchange, Crate & Barrel, BOSS, a Tiffany & Co. In January 2011, Yorkdale announced another expansion, adding another 145,000 sq ft, sufficient for 40 store fronts, 800 underground parking spaces; this new wing took the space of the southwest parking lot. The expansion relocated and doubled the number of seats at the food court, improved public access, landscaped portions of the property; the expansion, costing $35 million, was opened in the summer of 2012, completed in November 2012. The existing food court was relocated to a new location on the third level of the former Eaton's department store; the new food court, named "Dine on 3", covers 45,000 sq ft and features 18 different eateries, including A&W, KFC and Subway. The area of the former food court was redeveloped into a new wing, which housed new stores including a Microsoft Store and a Tesla showroom, as well as a larger Apple Store.
The new parking garage was built below the wing. In June 2013, Sears Canada announced the closing of their store at Yorkdale; the former Sears space is now used for Sporting Life and Restor
Sears Canada Inc. was the Canadian subsidiary of the American-based Sears department store chain. In operation from 1953 until January 14, 2018, headquartered in Toronto, the company's roots were in Simpsons-Sears—a joint venture between the Simpsons retail chain and the U. S. Sears chain—which operated a national mail order business and co-branded Simpsons-Sears stores modelled after the U. S. Sears chain. Following the purchase of Simpsons by the Hudson's Bay Company in 1978, the joint venture was dismantled, the Simpsons-Sears stores became owned by Sears. In 1999, Sears Canada acquired the remaining assets and locations of the historic Canadian chain Eaton's. From 2014, Sears Holdings owned a 10% share in the company. ESL Investments was the largest shareholder of Sears Canada. In 2016, the retailer had a network that included 140 corporate stores, 71 Hometown stores, over 900 catalogue and online merchandise pick-up locations, 69 Sears Travel offices and a nationwide repair and service network.
The company published a general merchandise catalogue until the last quarter of 2016 and offered shopping online at sears.ca until October 19, 2017. After filing for creditor protection in June 2017, Sears Canada announced that they would be closing 20 full-line locations, 15 Home stores, 10 Outlet stores and 14 Sears Hometown stores; the stores closings resulted 2,900 employee layoffs. These stores closed on Sunday, October 1, 2017. In September 2017, Sears Canada announced the closing of 10 additional stores, in addition to the 59 store closings announced in June. On October 10, 2017, Sears Canada announced that it would seek court approval to shut down all of its remaining stores in Canada and lay off 11,240 remaining staff; the approval was granted by the Ontario Superior Court on October 13, 2017. Liquidation sales began on October 19, 2017; the remaining Sears stores closed on January 14, 2018. Store fixtures and equipment from the closed stores were sold until January 26, 2018. Sears Canada began its operations as Simpsons-Sears Limited, a catalogue and mid-market suburban retailer, as a joint-venture between the Simpsons Limited, a Canadian department store chain, Sears, Roebuck and Co. of the United States.
In 1952, General Robert E. Wood, the Chairman of U. S. retailer Sears, sent a letter to Edgar G. Burton, President of the Robert Simpson Company of Toronto, proposing a partnership between their two companies in order to serve the Canadian market; the deal to create Simpsons-Sears Limited, a Canadian catalogue and department store chain separate from the Simpson's chain, was signed on September 18, 1952 and the terms were 50-50. Each company invested $20 million and had equal representation on the new company's Board of Directors; the new company was to have two main objectives. The first was to expand Simpson's mail order business, sold to the new company; the second goal was to build a string of stores modelled on Sears, Roebuck's format across the country. The agreement contained a provision that would prove to be a major challenge in years. Under its terms, Simpsons-Sears could not open a retail store within 25 miles of Simpson's existing stores in Toronto, Halifax and London. In return, Simpson's promised not to build any stores outside of those five cities.
Simpsons-Sears mail order business, was free to operate anywhere in Canada as was the new Simpsons-Sears Acceptance Company, the credit arm of the operation. The business operations of Simpsons-Sears began when the first Simpsons-Sears Spring/Summer Catalogue was printed by Photo-Engravers and Electrotypers, Ltd. and delivered to 300,000 Canadian homes in early 1953. On September 17, 1953, the first Simpsons-Sears retail store opened in Ontario; the second Simpsons-Sears store opened in Kamloops, British Columbia in December of that year. In 1954, Simpsons-Sears opened Canada’s first large suburban department store, in Vancouver – Burnaby, BC, based on new the modern Sears, Roebuck model, spreading across the U. S. Simpsons-Sears introduced “We Service What We Sell”, in 1955, a slogan backed up by a trained nationwide corps of service technicians. In 1963, Simpsons-Sears opened its first full-line store in Quebec, in Quebec City’s Fleur de Lys complex; the company made its public debut on the Toronto and Montreal stock exchanges on April 5, 1965, with the listing of its Class “A” non-voting shares.
That year, Sears began its long-standing partnership with the Boys and Girls Clubs of Canada, to support its youth programming. In 1968, Simpsons-Sears became the first Canadian retailer to begin buying products from Mainland China. In 1971, Simpsons-Sears opened a new head office building in downtown Toronto. In 1972, Simpsons and Simpsons-Sears agreed to end the 25-mile restriction and permit Simpsons and Simpsons-Sears stores anywhere; the following year Simpsons-Sears opened a store in the city of Mississauga 30 km west of Toronto. To avoid confusing customers used to Simpsons, new stores were opened under the "Sears" banner. All existing Simpsons-Sears stores were rebranded to the Sears banner as well. However, the name of the company remained Simpsons-Sears Limited. In 1973, Sears achieved its first billion-dollar sales year. In 1974, Simpsons-Sears opened a Sears store at Hillcrest Mall in Richmond Hill, its first location in a mall that had a Simpsons store. In 1978, Simpsons and Simpsons-Sears put forward a plan to merge their businesses.
This plan had to have approval of the Foreign Investment Review Agency, as Sears, Roebuck would become the prime shareholder. Before approval could be attained, the Hudson’s Bay Company made a counter bid and acquired Simpsons Limited. Simpson
Hillcrest Mall, or Hillcrest, is a 54,419-square-metre enclosed shopping centre located in the town of Richmond Hill, Canada, on the northwest corner of Yonge Street and Carrville Road. It has 135 shops and restaurants. Hillcrest Mall was built on a 19-hectare lot on the northwest corner of Yonge Street and Carrville Road. Architectural drawings were produced by Bregman and Hamann, the interior design by Robert Meiklejohn; the project was a joint venture of Greater York Group. Lighting at the mall was designed with input from the David Dunlap Observatory to mitigate light pollution; this included minimal signage, shielded lights in the parking lot, a light-absorbing parking lot surface. It opened on August 8, 1974 with four anchor stores Simpsons, Sears, a Loblaws supermarket, it had over 100 stores occupying 50,000 m2 at its grand opening, during which the first 10,000 Simpsons patrons received a rose, a symbolic gesture reflecting Richmond Hill's past status as the rose growing capital of Canada.
Simpsons used a rose in its local advertising. Hillcrest Mall held a draw, the winner of, given a two-week all expenses paid trip to Mexico; the central square featured four ficus trees imported from Florida under a vaulted ceiling. The market court was a food court with picnic gaslight lamps. A 250-seat auditorium with stage and kitchen was part of the design, was made available for community activities; the auditorium was used for fashion shows. A five auditorium movie theatre operated by Cineplex Odeon Corporation opened in October 1980, with a total seating capacity of 519. Hudson's Bay Company acquired Simpsons in 1978, by 1991 had rebranded the anchor store as The Bay. Zellers opened in the mall in 1998, acquiring the anchor retail space when its parent HBC purchased the assets of Kmart Canada in May 1998. HBC leased the retail space occupied by Sears at the southern end of the mall after Sears did not renew its lease, used it for Hudson Bay's Men's Store and Home; the mall underwent extensive renovations in 2000.
In late 2002, construction of a separate building in the northeast corner of the mall's parking lot was completed. In 2006, a farmers' market was established on the premises, operating from the mall's parking lot two days a week. Oxford Properties bought Hillcrest Mall from Cadillac Fairview in April 2011. In 2011, HBC sold the leases of most of its Zellers stores to Target Corporation. In January 2015, Target announced the liquidation of all its Canadian stores and closed in mid 2015; the lease was acquired by landlord Oxford Properties. The space was redeveloped and jointly leased to discount retailers Marshalls and HomeSense, which opened in September 2018. In 2013, an application was made to Richmond Hill Town Council to exempt the mall from the Retail Business Holidays Act so that it may open on six public holidays: New Year's Day, Family Day, Good Friday, Victoria Day, Canada Day, Labour Day, Thanksgiving; the holiday exemption application was accepted, the mall now only closes on Easter Sunday and Christmas.
On September 12, 2015, Hudson's Bay expanded anchor store was reopened. The $125 million project expanded the store by 7,500 m2 of retail space to 11,000 m2 total, into, merged its "Men's Store and Home"; the vacated anchor space was reconstructed for other tenants, which by the end of 2016 included Sporting Life, H&M, Pandora. On October 24, 2017, Hillcrest announced that they would put Marshalls, HomeSense and Old Navy stores in the former Target space in November 2018 along with a major interior renovation; the mall’s interior got a refresh with new floors, washrooms, upgraded food court, new entrances 1 & 6, completed by October 2018. Several large retailers used to be located at Hillcrest Mall: Kmart Closed in 1998 and replaced with Zellers Zellers - Opened in 1998. Replaced by Target. Target - Opened in 2013, liquidated and closed in mid-2015. Replaced by North expansion Sears Closed in 1986. Replaced with Hudson's Bay Men's Store and Home The Bay Men's Store and Home - closed in 2015, replaced by south expansionThe York Regional Police Community Resource Centre was located in the mall, has now relocated to the southwest corner of Elgin Mills Road West and Yonge Street.
Cineplex Inc. is a Canadian entertainment company headquartered in Toronto, Ontario. Through its operating subsidiary Cineplex Entertainment LP, Cineplex operates 162 theatres across Canada; the company operates theatres under numerous brands, including Cineplex Cinemas, Cineplex Odeon, SilverCity, Galaxy Cinemas, Cinema City, Famous Players, Scotiabank Theatres and Cineplex VIP Cinemas. Cineplex owns and operates multiple brands for entertainment and restaurants, it is a joint partner in the Scene loyalty program with Scotiabank. Cineplex stakes a partial claim to the history of the Famous Players Film Company, founded in 1912, as its earliest predecessor, though that company did not have any operations in Canada until 1920, when it bought Nathan Nathanson's Paramount Theatre chain, which Nathanson had established four years earlier. Nathanson, along with being the 5th richest person in the world, became the first president of the resulting entity, Famous Player Canadian Corporation. In 1923, Famous Players bought out rival Allen Theatres.
In 1979, Garth Drabinsky and Nat Taylor opened its first "Cineplex" theatre complex, Toronto Eaton Centre. Galaxy Entertainment Inc. was established in 1999 by Ellis Jacob, a former Chief Operating Officer of Loews Cineplex Entertainment, Stephen Brown, a former Cineplex Chief Financial Officer. With investments from Onex Corporation and Famous Players, the new company focused on smaller markets that were served by smaller theatres and old equipment, opening large, major chain-style locations under the Galaxy Cinemas banner. In October 2003, Loews Cineplex Entertainment underwent bankruptcy in 2001 due to the economic recession of the early 2000s, consolidated its Canadian operations with Galaxy Cinemas, forming Cineplex Galaxy Income Fund. Jacob became the chief executive of Cineplex Galaxy Cinemas and Brown became the CFO. On June 13, 2005, Cineplex Galaxy announced its acquisition of Famous Players from Viacom for $500 million; this deal was completed on July 22, 2005. To satisfy antitrust concerns, on August 22, 2005 the group announced the sale of 27 locations in Ontario and western Canada to Empire Theatres.
Eight days after Cineplex Galaxy announced its purchase of Famous Players Theatres, Loews Cineplex Theatres and AMC Theatres announced a merger. While AMC Theatres operated in Canada and was ranked third behind Cineplex Galaxy Income Fund and the enlarged Empire Theatres, Cineplex Odeon and AMC Theatres remained competitors. In 2012, AMC sold 4 of its theatres to Cineplex Entertainment, in an effort to divest their Canadian operations and focus on their U. S. assets. Cineplex Galaxy Income Fund, the owners of the chain, renamed Cineplex Galaxy LP to Cineplex Entertainment on October 3, 2005. In 2011, Cineplex Galaxy became Cineplex Inc. Cineplex Entertainment announced on March 31, 2006 that it had sold seven more theatres in Quebec to Chelsea-based Fortune Cinemas Inc. On June 29, 2007, Cineplex Entertainment announced its purchase of three Cinema City theatres in western Canada. Two theatres in Winnipeg and one in Edmonton were acquired. With the bankruptcy of Fortune Cinemas, Cineplex Entertainment acquired some of Fortune Cinemas theatres.
The Starcité Gatineau and the Cavendish theaters were reopened as Cineplex Entertainment theatres. In July 2012, Cineplex Entertainment purchased four of AMC's Canadian theaters, including the Yonge Dundas 24 at 10 Dundas East, adjacent to the Toronto Eaton Centre, the Forum in Montreal; the purchase of the Yonge Dundas 24, presently Canada's largest multiplex cinema, brought Cineplex Entertainment full circle, as the original Cineplex at Eaton Centre was the namesake for the present company. The company earlier acquired the Tinseltown Movies 12 theatre from another American chain, Cinemark, in the Gastown neighbourhood of Vancouver. In December 2012, Cineplex Entertainment opened its first VIP cinema outside Ontario, the first Cineplex built from the start as a VIP cinema was in Edmonton, Alberta, in the SW neighborhood of Windermere in the Windermere, it was the first Cineplex to be 18+ VIP. Cineplex reopened a theater in Coquitlam, B. C, renovated to host 19+ VIP, shortly after. On June 27, 2013, Empire Company announced that it would sell or close its Empire Theatres chain to focus on its retail and real estate operations.
To that end, Empire Theatres sold or closed all of its theatres. Cineplex Entertainment announced the purchase of 24 Empire Theatres locations in Atlantic Canada that same day; the sale included 2 IMAX screens in Halifax, NS and St. John's, NL. and 2 Empire Extra screens in Dartmouth, NS and Dieppe, NB. The acquired Empire Extra screens were rebranded as UltraAVX. Cineplex Entertainment received Competition Bureau Approval to buy 24 Empire Theatres in Atlantic Canada for C$194 million on October 10, 2013; the Empire Theatres in Atlantic Canada closed on October 22, 2013 after the evening shows and the sale was completed on October 24, 2013. On October 24 & 25, 2013, the theatres reopened as Cineplex Cinemas. Following the sale of Empire Theatres operations to Cineplex and Landmark Cinemas, Cineplex became the only significant chain in Atlantic Canada, a role held by Empire only. At first, the Empire Kanata and Whitby Theatres were to be sold to Cineplex, but were sold to La