Minnesota Point known as the Park Point neighborhood of Duluth, United States. The Point separates Lake Superior from the Duluth Harbor Basin. Lake Avenue South / Minnesota Avenue serves as a main route in the community. Near the end of Minnesota Point is a small airport, Sky Harbor Airport. Beyond the airport 3/4 mile, is an old growth red and white pine forest. Within the forest is a Minnesota Department of Natural Resources designated area, the Minnesota Point Pine Forest Scientific and Natural Area, which encompasses 18 acres. Minnesota Point is 7 miles in length, when included with adjacent Wisconsin Point, which extends 3 miles out from the city of Superior, totals 10 miles. Due to the short and easy portage across Minnesota Point, the Ojibwa name for the city of Duluth is Onigamiinsing. In the 1850s, the Saint Louis River was established as the border between neighboring states Minnesota and Wisconsin and the two ports Duluth and Superior became fierce economic competitors for shipping traffic off of Lake Superior.
As commercial traffic on Lake Superior increased with the completion of the Sault Ste Marie canal connecting Lake Superior to Lake Michigan, Congress appropriated the funds to build a lighthouse on the narrow opening in Minnesota Point, known as Superior Entry. The lighthouse built between 1855 and 1858 was the first to use RH Barret's Fifth Order Fresnal lamp and Barret became the station's first lighthouse keeper, succeeded in 1861 by Samuel Stewart Palmer; this lighthouse was affectionately known by the name, "The Old Standby." Since the digging of an artificial canal in 1870–1871, Minnesota Point is technically an island, connected to the rest of the city of Duluth since 1905 by the Aerial Lift Bridge. Canal Park and Downtown Duluth – to the immediate north Minnesota Point Light Wisconsin Point Light Wisconsin Point City of Duluth website City map of neighborhoods History of the Minnesota Point Lighthouse
A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city. In most English-speaking countries, suburban areas are defined in contrast to central or inner-city areas, but in Australian English and South African English, suburb has become synonymous with what is called a "neighborhood" in other countries and the term extends to inner-city areas. In some areas, such as Australia, China, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, a few U. S. states, new suburbs are annexed by adjacent cities. In others, such as Saudi Arabia, Canada and much of the United States, many suburbs remain separate municipalities or are governed as part of a larger local government area such as a county. Suburbs first emerged on a large scale in the 19th and 20th centuries as a result of improved rail and road transport, which led to an increase in commuting. In general, they have lower population densities than inner city neighborhoods within a metropolitan area, most residents commute to central cities or other business districts.
Suburbs tend to proliferate around cities that have an abundance of adjacent flat land. The English word is derived from the Old French subburbe, in turn derived from the Latin suburbium, formed from sub and urbs; the first recorded usage of the term in English, was made by John Wycliffe in 1380, where the form subarbis was used, according to the Oxford English Dictionary. In Australia and New Zealand, suburbs have become formalised as geographic subdivisions of a city and are used by postal services in addressing. In rural areas in both countries, their equivalents are called localities; the terms inner suburb and outer suburb are used to differentiate between the higher-density areas in proximity to the city center, the lower-density suburbs on the outskirts of the urban area. The term'middle suburbs' is used. Inner suburbs, such as Te Aro in Wellington, Eden Terrace in Auckland, Prahran in Melbourne and Ultimo in Sydney, are characterised by higher density apartment housing and greater integration between commercial and residential areas.
In New Zealand, most suburbs are not defined which can lead to confusion as to where they may begin and end. Although there is a geospatial file defining suburbs for use by emergency services developed and maintained by Fire and Emergency New Zealand, in collaboration with other government agencies, to date this file has not been released publicly. New Zealand company Koordinates Limited requested access to the geospatial file under the Official Information Act 1982 but this request was rejected by the New Zealand Fire Service on the basis that it would prejudice the health & safety of, or cause material loss, to the public. In September 2014 a decision was made by the Ombudsman of New Zealand ruling that the New Zealand Fire Service refusal to release the geospatial file without agreeing to terms which included, among other restrictions, a prohibition on redistribution of the geospatial file, was reasonable. In the United Kingdom and in Ireland, suburb refers to a residential area outside the city centre, regardless of administrative boundaries.
Suburbs, in this sense, can range from areas that seem more like residential areas of a city proper to areas separated by open countryside from the city centre. In large cities such as London and Leeds, suburbs include separate towns and villages that have been absorbed during a city's growth and expansion, such as Ealing and Guiseley. In the United States and Canada, suburb can refer either to an outlying residential area of a city or town or to a separate municipality or unincorporated area outside a town or city; the earliest appearance of suburbs coincided with the spread of the first urban settlements. Large walled towns tended to be the focus around which smaller villages grew up in a symbiotic relationship with the market town; the word'suburbani' was first used by the Roman statesman Cicero in reference to the large villas and estates built by the wealthy patricians of Rome on the city's outskirts. Towards the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, the capital, was occupied by the emperor and important officials.
As populations grew during the Early Modern Period in Europe, urban towns swelled with a steady influx of people from the countryside. In some places, nearby settlements were swallowed up as the main city expanded; the peripheral areas on the outskirts of the city were inhabited by the poorest. Due to the rapid migration of the rural poor to the industrialising cities of England in the late 18th century, a trend in the opposite direction began to develop; this trend accelerated through the 19th century in cities like London and Manchester that were growing and the first suburban districts sprung up around the city centres to accommodate those who wanted to escape the squalid conditions of the industrial towns. Toward the end of the century, with the development of public transit systems such as the underground railways and buses, it became possible for the majority of the city's population to reside outside the city and to commute into the
Duluth Transit Authority
The Duluth Transit Authority is the transit agency that provides mass transit service — only buses — in the city of Duluth, United States. The agency serves nearby Proctor and Superior, Wisconsin, as well as the eastern edge of Hermantown, Minnesota; the organization was formed in 1969 by the Minnesota State Legislature. In 2009, the DTA was named Transit System of the Year by the Minnesota Public Transit Association. Express service is provided during rush hours to New Duluth, Lakeside and Hermantown. During peak hours, an average of 45 buses will be in service at any one time; the transit agency owns three park-and-ride lots and has bike racks on the front of every bus. As of 2009, the DTA had 6 hybrid buses in service. According to the agency, the system carried 3.26 million riders in 2011, a 3% increase from 2010. Duluth Transit Authority is the Minnesota's third-largest transit system by ridership, after the Metro Transit and University of Minnesota Campus Shuttle systems in Minneapolis – Saint Paul.
This list is derived from the current DTA system map. 1 Grand Ave Zoo 2 New Duluth 3 Proctor 4 Ramsey – Raleigh via West 8th 5 West to the Mall 6 East Mainline/UMD 7 East Mainline/Lakeside 8 Downtown to LSC - Mall 9 Piedmont 9M Piedmont/Mall 10 Duluth Heights/Mall 10H Duluth Heights/Mall/Southeast 6th 10E Duluth Heights/Ecklund 11 East 8th–UMD 11K East 8th–UMD – Kenwood 11M East 8th–UMD – Morley Heights 12 Kenwood – UMD 13 Woodland - East 4th - UMD 14 West 4th Blvd 15 Park Point 16 Superior 17 Tower Ave 18 Duluth Heights-UMD 20 Downtown to United Healthcare/Airpark 21 Lakeside to the Mall 22 Lincoln Park to Lakeside 23 UMD Circulator GE Grocery Express Port Town Trolley Duluth Transportation Center is the downtown hub for the Duluth transit system. The DTC was built in February 2016; the building was constructed by Mortenson Construction. The DTC has eight docks for boarding buses, with space for layovers. Skyways to nearby buildings were replaced during construction, improving pedestrian access
Piedmont (United States)
The Piedmont is a plateau region located in the Eastern United States. It sits between the Atlantic coastal plain and the main Appalachian Mountains, stretching from New Jersey in the north to central Alabama in the south; the Piedmont Province is a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian division which consists of the Gettysburg-Newark Lowlands, the Piedmont Upland and the Piedmont Lowlands sections. The Atlantic Seaboard fall line marks the Piedmont's eastern boundary with the Coastal Plain. To the west, it is bounded by the Blue Ridge Mountains, the easternmost range of the main Appalachians; the width of the Piedmont varies, being quite narrow above the Delaware River but nearly 300 miles wide in North Carolina. The Piedmont's area is 80,000 square miles; the name "Piedmont" comes from the French term for the same physical region meaning "foothill" from Latin "pedemontium", meaning "at the foot of the mountains", similar to the name of the Italian region of Piedmont, abutting the Alps.
The surface relief of the Piedmont is characterized by low, rolling hills with heights above sea level between 200 feet and 800 feet to 1,000 feet. Its geology is complex, with numerous rock formations of different materials and ages intermingled with one another; the Piedmont is the remnant of several ancient mountain chains that have since been eroded away. Geologists have identified at least five separate events which have led to sediment deposition, including the Grenville orogeny and the Appalachian orogeny during the formation of Pangaea; the last major event in the history of the Piedmont was the break-up of Pangaea, when North America and Africa began to separate. Large basins formed from the rifting and were subsequently filled by the sediments shed from the surrounding higher ground; the series of Mesozoic basins is entirely located inside the Piedmont region. Piedmont soils are clay-like and moderately fertile. In some areas they have suffered from erosion and over-cropping in the South where cotton was the chief crop.
In the central Piedmont region of North Carolina and Virginia, tobacco is the main crop, while in the north region there is more diversity, including orchards and general farming. The portion of the Piedmont region in the southern United States, is associated with the Piedmont blues, a style of blues music that originated there in the late 19th century. According to the Piedmont Blues Preservation Society, most Piedmont blues musicians came from Virginia, the Carolinas, Georgia. During the Great Migration, African Americans migrated to the Piedmont. With the Appalachian Mountains to the west, those who might otherwise have spread into rural areas stayed in cities and were thus exposed to a broader mixture of music than those in, for example, the rural Mississippi delta. Thus, Piedmont blues was influenced by many types of music such as ragtime and popular songs—styles that had comparatively less influence on blues music in other regions. Many major cities are located on the Atlantic Seaboard fall line, the eastern boundary of the Piedmont.
The fall line, where the land rises abruptly from the coastal plain, marks the limit of navigability on many major rivers, so inland ports sprang up along it. Within the Piedmont region itself, there are several areas of urban concentration, the largest being the Philadelphia metropolitan area in Pennsylvania; the Piedmont cuts Maryland in half. In Virginia, the Greater Richmond metropolitan area is the largest urban concentration. In North Carolina, the Piedmont Crescent includes several metropolitan clusters such as Charlotte metropolitan area, the Piedmont Triad, the Research Triangle. Other notable areas include the Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC Combined Statistical Area in South Carolina, in Georgia, the Atlanta metropolitan area. Cecil Piedmont Atlantic Piedmont region of Virginia Interstate 85 Godfrey, Michael A.. Field Guide to the Piedmont. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0-8078-4671-6. Hilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History "Piedmont Plain". New International Encyclopedia.
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd U. S. state on May 11, 1858, created from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory. The state has a large number of lakes, is known by the slogan the "Land of 10,000 Lakes", its official motto is L'Étoile du Nord. Minnesota is the 12th largest in area and the 22nd most populous of the U. S. states. This area is the center of transportation, industry and government, while being home to an internationally known arts community; the remainder of the state consists of western prairies now given over to intensive agriculture. Minnesota was inhabited by various indigenous peoples for thousands of years prior to the arrival of Europeans. French explorers and fur traders began exploring the region in the 17th century, encountering the Dakota and Ojibwe/Anishinaabe tribes. Much of what is today Minnesota was part of the vast French holding of Louisiana, purchased by the United States in 1803.
Following several territorial reorganizations, Minnesota in its current form was admitted as the country's 32nd state on May 11, 1858. Like many Midwestern states, it remained centered on lumber and agriculture. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, a large number of European immigrants from Scandinavia and Germany, began to settle the state, which remains a center of Scandinavian American and German American culture. In recent decades, immigration from Asia, the Horn of Africa, the Middle East, Latin America has broadened its demographic and cultural composition; the state's economy has diversified, shifting from traditional activities such as agriculture and resource extraction to services and finance. Minnesota's standard of living index is among the highest in the United States, the state is among the best-educated and wealthiest in the nation; the word Minnesota comes from the Dakota name for the Minnesota River: The river got its name from one of two words in the Dakota language,'Mní sóta' which means "clear blue water", or'Mnißota', which means cloudy water.
Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers by dropping milk into water and calling it mnisota. Many places in the state have similar names, such as Minnehaha Falls, Minneota, Minnetonka and Minneapolis, a combination of mni and polis, the Greek word for "city". Minnesota is the second northernmost U. S. state and northernmost contiguous state. Its isolated Northwest Angle in Lake of the Woods county is the only part of the 48 contiguous states lying north of the 49th parallel; the state is part of the U. S. region known as part of North America's Great Lakes Region. It shares a Lake Superior water border with Michigan and a land and water border with Wisconsin to the east. Iowa is to the south, North Dakota and South Dakota are to the west, the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba are to the north. With 86,943 square miles, or 2.25% of the United States, Minnesota is the 12th-largest state. Minnesota has gneisses that are about 3.6 billion years old. About 2.7 billion years ago, basaltic lava poured out of cracks in the floor of the primordial ocean.
The roots of these volcanic mountains and the action of Precambrian seas formed the Iron Range of northern Minnesota. Following a period of volcanism 1.1 billion years ago, Minnesota's geological activity has been more subdued, with no volcanism or mountain formation, but with repeated incursions of the sea, which left behind multiple strata of sedimentary rock. In more recent times, massive ice sheets at least one kilometer thick ravaged the state's landscape and sculpted its terrain; the Wisconsin glaciation left 12,000 years ago. These glaciers covered all of Minnesota except the far southeast, an area characterized by steep hills and streams that cut into the bedrock; this area is known as the Driftless Zone for its absence of glacial drift. Much of the remainder of the state outside the northeast has 50 feet or more of glacial till left behind as the last glaciers retreated. Gigantic Lake Agassiz formed in the northwest 13,000 years ago, its bed created the fertile Red River valley, its outflow, glacial River Warren, carved the valley of the Minnesota River and the Upper Mississippi downstream from Fort Snelling.
Minnesota is geologically quiet today. The state's high point is Eagle Mountain at 2,301 feet, only 13 miles away from the low of 601 feet at the shore of Lake Superior. Notwithstanding dramatic local differences in elevation, much of the state is a rolling peneplain. Two major drainage divides meet in Minnesota's northeast in rural Hibbing, forming a triple watershed. Precipitation can follow the Mississippi River south to the Gulf of Mexico, the Saint Lawrence Seaway east to the Atlantic Ocean, or the Hudson Bay watershed to the Arctic Ocean; the state's nickname, "Land of 10,000 Lakes", is apt, as there are 11,842 Minnesota lakes over 10 acres in size. Minnesota's portion of Lake Superior is the largest at 962,700 acres and deepest body of wate
West Duluth refers to an official neighborhood district in the west–central part of Duluth, United States. Grand Avenue, Central Avenue, Cody Street, Interstate Highway 35 are four of the main routes in West Duluth. Other main routes in West Duluth include 40th Avenue West, 46th Avenue West, Mike Colalillo Drive. Seven neighborhoods are located within official West Duluth district boundaries: Cody Denfeld Fairmount Irving Oneota Spirit Valley Bayview Heights West Duluth covers an area of 5,726 acres, or 13% of the city area, making it the third largest district in the city. Note that, as with many other Duluth neighborhood districts, the area is developed to a major extent is smaller than the district figure; this is due to the harsh topography of the area. The 2000 census enumerated 11,431 residents in the district, a 3% change from 1990. 23.8% of the population is under 18, 15.7% over 65. 73.5% of households are owned higher than the city figure of 64.1%. The official figure places household density at just 0.85 / acre, but in most areas where development has taken place the density is much higher.
As with the rest of the city, the housing stock tends to be old by American standards, with a large percentage of homes having been built before 1939. The entrance to the Bong Bridge is located within West Duluth at 46th Avenue West. On a map, the core of West Duluth's "downtown", or center of activity forms a triangle, with the sides being Grand Avenue, Central Avenue, Bristol Street in Spirit Valley; this area is formed by two building styles, the first old joined buildings containing small, locally-owned stores on the first floor and apartments on the second, fronted by broad sidewalks. These occupy much of the Central avenue portions; the other type, enclosed by Grand Avenue, Central Avenue, facing Bristol Street on both sides consists of more recent construction resembling suburban sprawl, despite never sprawling, but only replacing older buildings. A strip mall, "Valley Shopping Center" is anchored by a Kmart store. A large sea of asphalt, divided by buildings and concrete barriers, sits between the mall to other establishments, such as a large Super One supermarket.
Just outside the core is a new urbanist rowhouse development. West Duluth's Spirit Valley business district is accessible from Interstate Highway 35 at Central Avenue; the Spirit Valley neighborhood, according to the city's official map, follows Grand Avenue between 46th Avenue West and 59th Avenue West. West Duluth students attend Stowe Elementary School, Laura MacArthur Elementary School, Lincoln Park Middle School, Duluth Denfeld High School; the local Catholic school is grades K -- 8, affiliated with the parish of the same name. An exception to this is the Bayview Heights neighborhood, where students attend Proctor's public schools. In 2004, a large section of 59th Avenue West was given new road surface pavement. In the summer of 2005, a large portion of Grand Avenue was given new road surface pavement. A stretch from 46th Avenue West to 59th Avenue West was re-paved; the street lane format was altered, new stoplights were put in, new sidewalks were poured, as well as the addition of newer lamp posts.
In the spring of 2006, construction started on the second phase of Grand Avenue. A section from 40th Avenue West to 46th Avenue West was redone; this project repaired the sewage lines for several homes in the area. In the summer of 2010, a $66 million 3-year project went underway to reconstruct a large section of Interstate Highway 35 in West Duluth. All pavement was replaced, along with many concrete guardrails. Unused railroad bridges were removed, many freeway entrance and exit ramps were given new pavement; the Minnesota Department of Transportation referred to the 2010–2012 road construction project in the media as the "Interstate 35 Mega Project" in Duluth. In 2014, 57th Avenue West, between Cody Street and Highland Street, was reconstructed with new road surface pavement. In the past several years, numerous business and residential structures have been built in and around the West Duluth area. In 2003, the West Duluth Menards was rebuilt as a larger store. At the time of completion, the Menards was the largest in the country.
The building is located at West Superior Street. In 2004, the West Duluth Clinic opened its doors in its newly constructed offices located at 42nd Avenue West and Grand Avenue. In 2005, an Advance Auto Parts shop was built at the intersection of Grand Avenue and Central Avenue. In summer 2005, an Acme Electric Tool Crib business was built on 44th Avenue Grand Avenue. In 2006, work was completed on a new building which housed both the Subway and Papa John's Pizza franchises; this lot was a used car dealership. In 2011, work was completed on expanding Duluth Denfeld High School to accommodate more students as part of the school district's Red plan. A new addition was added to the existing Denfeld building, opening in fall 2011. In 2012, work was completed on a new middle school building, Lincoln Park Middle School, opening for the 2012–2013 school year; the Spirit Valley Days festival takes place every August in West Duluth. Events include: Duluth, Minnesota Interstate Highway 35 Interstate Highway 35 in Minnesota U.
S. Highway 2 U. S. Highway 2 in Minnesota Grand Avenue – State Highway 23 40th Avenue West – County Road 91 City of Duluth website City map of neighborhoo
Canal Park, Duluth
Canal Park is a tourist and recreation-oriented district of Duluth, United States. Situated across the Interstate 35 freeway from Downtown Duluth, it is connected by the famous Aerial Lift Bridge to the Park Point sandbar and neighborhood. Canal Park Drive and Lake Avenue South serve as the main routes in Canal Park. Canal Park is a conversion of an old warehouse district into restaurants, cafés, hotels; this conversion began in the 1980s as an attempt to use Duluth's rich industrial past, the decline of which had left the city in economic turmoil at the time, as an asset in a prospective tourist industry. The Duluth Entertainment Convention Center now connected to the new Amsoil Arena and the area's prominent entertainment venue, is located in the district; the DECC provides an indoor connection to the skywalk system in Downtown Duluth. Many annual events such as the Bayfront Blues Festival, held in Bayfront Festival Park; some of Canal Park's attractions include a 4.2 mile long lakewalk, a lighthouse pier, the Lake Superior Maritime Visitor Center, the Great Lakes Aquarium, the William A. Irvin floating ship museum.
Those interested in boats will enjoy watching vessels from around the world enter Duluth's port. Until January 2017, Canal Park was the home of broadcast studios for four Red Rock Radio stations; the Duluth NBC affiliate KBJR is still located in Canal Park. Downtown Duluth Duluth, Minnesota Park Point