Ávila is a Spanish fortified city located in the autonomous community of Castile and León, is the capital of the Province of Ávila. It is sometimes called the Town of Stones and Saints, it claims that it is one of the towns with the highest number of Romanesque and Gothic churches per capita in Spain, it has prominent medieval town walls, built in the Romanesque style. The town is known as Ávila de los Caballeros, Ávila del Rey and Ávila de los Leales, each of these epithets being present in the town standard. Orson Welles once named Ávila as the place in which he would most desire to live, calling it a "strange, tragic place", while writer José Martínez Ruiz, in his book El alma castellana, described it as "perhaps the most 16th-century town in Spain". Welles filmed his "Chimes at Midnight" in 1965 at Avila, it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985. Situated 1132 metres above sea level on a rocky outcrop on the right bank of the Adaja river, a tributary of the Duero, Ávila is the highest provincial capital in Spain.
It is built on the flat summit of a rocky hill, which rises abruptly in the midst of a veritable wilderness. Ávila's position results in a temperate Mediterranean climate, with warm summers and chilly winters with snowfalls, bordering on a cold semi-arid climate. The hottest month, has an average temperature of 20.6 °C, the coldest month, has an average of 3.0 °C. The average annual precipitation is 416 mm. Annual rainfall is low compared to surrounding areas, implying; the Adaja is dry for several months of the year and the town has had water supply problems. Ávila is the provincial capital city in Spain with the coldest winter low temperatures, caused for its altitude, as the city has an average elevation of 1,132 metres above sea level. In pre-Roman times, Ávila was inhabited by the Vettones, who called it Obila and built one of their strongest fortresses here. There are Bronze Age stone statues of boars nearby. Ávila may have been the ancient town known as Abula, mentioned by Ptolemy in his Geographia as being located in the Iberian region of Bastetania.
Abula is mentioned as one of the first towns in Hispania, converted to Christianity by Secundus of Abula, Abula may alternatively have been the town of Abla. After the conquest by ancient Rome, the town was called Abela; the plan of the town remains Roman. Roman remains that are embedded in town walls at the eastern and southern entrances appear to have been ashlar altar stones. By tradition, in the 1st century, having travelled via the Roman province of Hispania Baetica, brought the Gospel to Avila, was created its first bishop. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Ávila became a stronghold of the Visigoths. Conquered by the Moors, it was attacked by the northern Iberian Christian kingdoms, becoming a uninhabited no man's land, it was repopulated about 1088 following the definitive reconquest of the area by Raymond of Burgundy, son in law of Alfonso VI of León and Castile. He employed two foreigners, Casandro Romano and Florin de Pituenga, to construct a stone frontier town and creating the walls that still stand.
The city achieved a period of prosperity under the Catholic Monarchs in the early 16th century, their successors Charles V and Philip II of Spain, but began a long decline during the 17th century, reducing to just 4,000 inhabitants. In the 19th century, there was some population growth with the construction of the railway line from Madrid to the French border at Irun and an important junction near the town. In 1936, at the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, the town became part of the area occupied by rebel troops. Growth continued again under Franco, but Ávila has not had a major influence in Spanish society in recent history, apart from the nurturing of politicians such as Adolfo Suárez, the first democratically elected prime minister Spanish post-Franco, José María Aznar, prime minister from 1996 to 2004, who represented Ávila in the Cortes but was not from the town, its main monument is the imposing Walls of Ávila, begun in 1090. The enclosed area is 31 hectares with a perimeter of 2,516 metres, 88 blocks of semicircular towers, 2,500 merlons, curtain walls 3 m thick, with an average height of 12 m, 9 gates.
The Walls of Ávila is the largest illuminated monument in the world. It is possible to walk upon the walls themselves for half their circumference. While some of the walls will never be navigable in this way because of their integration into other structures, a large stretch of the walls has yet to be made safe for pedestrians; the construction of the iron-grey granite Gothic Cathedral of Ávila is said to have commenced in 1107 under Alvar Garcia de Estrella. Other historians believe the Cathedral to be the work of the master mason Fruchel in the 12th century, coinciding with the repopulation of the town led by Raymond of Burgundy; the eastern apse, which forms part of the town walls, is half church, half fortress, it was here that the loyal citizens elevated Alonso VII as their king, hence Ávila del Rey. Th
Arévalo is a municipality in Spain, it is situated in the province of Ávila and is part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. The name came from the Celtic word arevalon, meaning "place near the wall." The city is the capital of La Moraña. Queen Isabella I of Castile was raised here as a young girl; the government of Spain has declared this city a Historic-Artistic site due to its many examples of Mudejar art. The city is the hometown and birthplace of an author known as the Young Man of Arévalo, one of the most famous known crypto-Muslim author after the forced conversions of Muslims in Spain, it is located at an altitude of 820 meters and is near the junction of the two rivers Adaja and Arevalillo. Its encompassed area is 46.07 km² and its population is 13.122. In medieval times, it was the head of the agricultural sector of the same name. La Muralla; the city walls, of which only the north part can be appreciated, as the east part is destroyed. It is being restored, they had five doors and formed a triangle with the castle in its superior vertex.
The two sides of the triangle are formed by the rivers Adaja. The base of the triangle was protected by a pit; the parish church of Santo Domingo de Silos. The church of San Juan; the church of Santa María whose tower is crossed by the street of the same name. The church of San Miguel which possesses a great collection of works of art; the church of San Martín or of the Torres Gemelas. A mosque, it conserves a peculiar style; the church of El Salvador in which the floats for the Easter processions are kept. In addition to this there are many other brick monuments from different eras; the palace of los Gutierrez de Altamirano, the house of the militia, the palace of Cárdenas, the palace of río Ungria, the palace of real, the palace of Ballesteros Ronquillo, the palace of Sedeño and the palace of general Vicente del Río. There are diverse convents, the castle in which the museum of cereal resides, plaza del Arrabal plaza Del Real, plaza de San Pedro and plaza de la Villa; the highway A-6 unites Madrid with La Coruña and some of the population uses this transit system to commute to the main cities of the northwest peninsula.
The train line Madrid-Hendaya has a stop in this town. From this line, the town is communicated thanks to its numerous regional trains with cities such as Madrid, Ávila, Medina del Campo, Burgos, Palencia and Santander. Farming, cattle ranching, lumber industry, a small but powerful industrial sector and other businesses which are fundamentally based upon the processing of agriculture are the main forms of employment. There are 3 schools, C. P. La Moraña, C. P. Los Arevacos and el Amor de Dios, which operate in this district. Additionally there are 3 centers for secondary education, Los Salesianos, I. E. S Adaja y I. E. S Eulogio Florentino Sanz. In addition, Arévalo has other places of interest like la formidable Avenida Emilio Romero, a sports facility, a new bridge constructed, the plaza of the villa, the municipal library, the museum of el cereal, the history of Arévalo museum, the nature center in la Plaza del Real, the Tuesday market in the fairground. Arévalo celebrates the festival of its patron saint San Victorino on 7 July, with its traditional parade of cabezudos, the opening of its fairground, bullfights in the town's streets.
The festivals conclude with fireworks from the castle until 11pm. Autun, France The official page of the city council Information about Arévalo La Llanura
Cabezas del Villar
Cabezas del Villar is a municipality located in the province of Ávila, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2006 census, the municipality has a population of 399 inhabitants
Becedillas is a municipality located in the province of Ávila, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2006 census, the municipality has a population of 147 inhabitants
Becedas is a municipality located in the province of Ávila, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census, the municipality has a population of 355 inhabitants. Becedas maps.google.es Becedas www.becedas.es www.becedas.info
Candeleda is a town and municipality located in the province of Ávila, in the autonomous community of Castile and León, Spain. Is known as "La Andalucía de Ávila" According to the 2011 INE census, the municipality has a population of 5,213 inhabitants, making it the fifth largest municipality in the province after Ávila –the capital–, Arévalo, Arenas de San Pedro and Las Navas del Marqués; the town is located on the southern hillside of the Gredos mountains, 432 m above sea level, giving it a microclimate with a thermal regime of mild winters and hot summers and average summer temperatures of 26 °C. Candeleda is related and culturally, with the neighbouring town of Arenas de San Pedro and the Tiétar valley in Castile and León, the region of La Vera in Extremadura, as well as the Campana de Oropesa region and the city of Talavera de la Reina in Castile-La Mancha. Due to the long distance between Candeleda and Ávila, links with the capital are limited to administrative and medical matters; the village festival and processions in honour of the town's patron saint, the Virgin of Chilla, are held annually on the second and third Sunday of September.
According to the Official Gazette of Castile and Leon the heraldic blazon is: Shield with Spanish form and half way broken. First of Dávalos, on an azure field a golden castle, with tree towers on it and the central one being higher than the others, sable stone mansory and gules windows and doors, with a silver and gules compony bordure. Second of Estúñiga, of silver, a sable ribbon highlighted by a gold chain placed as an orle. Third, in azure, a silver hermitage with grass in vert; as crown at the top, the Spanish Royal Crown. And the description of the flag is: Square flag of 1x1 proportion, of crimson colour, in its centre the municipal coat of arms in their colours; the most accepted theory about the origin of the town’s name states that it is a combination of the Latin Candela –not in the sense of light or candle, but in that of chestnut blossom or Holm Oaks present in the municipality– together with the -etum suffix, which denotes abundance. The demonym for the inhabitants is candeledano/a.
Candeleda municipality is located in the south west of the Gredos mountains, Ávila province, bordering the provinces of Cáceres and Toledo. It is located 101 km from the province’s capital; the closest cities are Talavera de la Reina, 61 km away, Plasencia, 120 km away. The altitude of the municipality ranges from the 252 m of the Rosarito reservoir and the 2592 m of the Almanzor peak, the highest point of the Central System mountains range. On the south end of the municipality, at the border with the province of Toledo has its course the Tiétar river; the Tiétar river runs along the border with the province of Toledo, south of the municipality. Several tributaries –the Santa Maria and Alardos gorges– have their sources in the Gredos mountains and descend perpendicularly to the mountains and the Tiétar river and join the latter at the end of their course; the Rosarito reservoir, between the provinces of Ávila and Toledo, holds Tiétar’s water before it enters into Extremadura. This reservoir built in 1958 is used for water supply, hydropower generation and recreational purposes, has a capacity of 82 hm3 and an area of 1475 ha.
The broad altitude range of the municipality results in different climate zones. According to the Köppen climate classification, in the main urban area at 428 m the climate is classified as Csa, a Mediterranean temperate climate with mild winters and hot summers with average temperatures of around 26 °C; the peaks of the Gredos mountains, the highest of, the Almanzor peak, have a Dsb continental climate. Total rainfall in the municipality is abundant, influenced by the geographical position of Candeleda, located south from the Sierra de Gredos mountain range; the municipality’s different bioclimatic floors allow a great variety of vegetation. Chestnuts, Pyrenean oaks and maritime pines are abundant in the middle floor, while holm oaks and cork oaks occupy the lower floors; the flatter lands are most suitable for agricultural use. El Raso is a village dependent on Candeleda located in the western part of the municipality 10 km away from the town core and at an altitude of 720 m. According to the INE, El Raso had a population of 482 people in 2011.
It was founded in 1934 as a town devoted to intensive goat farming on the southern slopes of the Gredos mountains. The village is now devoted to goat husbandry and rural tourism, its patron saint is St. James, it holds an annual festival on 25 July featuring heifers, fire bulls and popular dances. In 2011 Candeleda had 5,213 inhabitants. 24% of the total population was above 64 years of age. 239 residents originated from foreign countries, most Romanian and Colombian. In total, 101 people came from South America; the municipality relies on the tertiary sector of the economy and it is dependent on tourism. In 2011, right in the middle of the Spanish financial crisis, the total number of unemployed people was 512. In 2007 19.9% of the working population was employed in the primary sector.64.2% of farmland was devoted to pasture. 4.2% of land was devoted to fields of tree crops, 50.3% of which were olive groves and 49.3% orchards. 13.8% of land were forest species. Livestock is of great importance in the municipality.
Candeleda is the town with the largest number of goats in the province of Ávila. The 22,000 goats of the municipality provide employment for
Arevalillo is a municipality located in the province of Ávila, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census, the municipality has a population of 120 inhabitants. A window to Arevalillo