The Organizer is a 1963 Italian-French-Yugoslavian-produced drama film written by Mario Monicelli and Age & Scarpelli, and directed by Mario Monicelli. Set in Turin at the end of the 19th century, it stars Marcello Mastroianni as a labor activist who becomes involved with a group of factory workers who go on strike. The film had its premiere at the 35th Congress of the Italian Socialist Party, the script was nominated for Best Original Screenplay at the 37th Academy Awards. Towards the end of the day, fatigue starts taking its toll and their request is ignored and they only admonishments to be more careful. Professor Sinigaglia, a labor activist on the run from the police in Genoa, hops off a freight train, there, he runs into a meeting where the undeterred workers discuss the idea of all coming to work an hour late to make their point. Drawing on his own experience, he helps them to prepare effectively by building up a stock of supplies. A confrontation ensues between the strikers and the replacement workers, resulting in Pautassos death and this tragedy draws the attention of the press and the government, forcing the factory owners to send the replacement workers back home.
However, the police manage to track down Sinigaglia to Raouls home. As the duration of the strike reaches a month, the owners are suffering severe financial losses and are close to giving in. Unaware of this and suffering from both low supplies and a low morale, workers meet and vote to end the strike, Sinigaglia reappears, delivers yet more fiery rhetoric and convinces them not only to keep striking but to escalate the movement by occupying the factory. In a showdown between the strikers and an army dispatched to block access to the premises, soldiers fire into the crowd, killing Omero. Sinigaglia is arrested by the police, and Raoul has to go into hiding after attacking a police officer, the films end mirrors its beginning, the grim-faced employees are shown crossing the factory gates to resume work, with Omero now replaced by his younger brother. Meanwhile, Raoul hops on a train to find shelter with a member of the underground labor movement in another city. Others attribute those tonal shifts to Age & Scarpelli, who were among the leading screenwriters of the commedia allitaliana, in an interview, Monicelli said the subject is serious or tragic, but our point of view is comic and humorous.
This is a type of comedy that grows out of the fact that Italians see reality, Rotunno’s black-and-white cinematography makes evocative use of flat lighting and gray skies to accentuate the sense of soot and smoke. Marcello Mastroianni. Plays the title role with a blend of ardor, ingenuousness. He excels as the shaggy-haired, near-sighted, idealistic intellectual who leads a handful of downtrodden workers, in 1964 the National Board of Review placed the film on its Years Five Best Foreign Films. It was nominated for Best Original Screenplay at the 37th Academy Awards, I Compagni at the Internet Movie Database
The Stranger (1967 film)
The Stranger is a 1967 film by Italian film director Luchino Visconti, based on Albert Camus novel LÉtranger, with Marcello Mastroianni. Mersaults friend Sintès beats his girlfriend and is sued by her, at court Mersault testifies to his friends advantage. Sintès is off the hook but now the girls male relatives stalk Mersault and he shoots one of them and ends up in prison. Lo Straniero at the Internet Movie Database
Mario Soldati was an Italian writer and film director. In 1954 he won the Strega Prize for Lettere da Capri and he directed several works adapted from novels, and worked with leading Italian actresses, such as Sophia Loren and Gina Lollobrigida. A native of Turin, Soldati attended the Liceo Sociale, a Jesuit school and he studied humanities at the University of Turin. He studied History of Art at the University of Rome and he started publishing novels in 1929. He achieved the widest notice with America primo amore, published in 1935 and he won literary awards for his work, most notably the Strega Prize for Lettere da Capri in 1954. Also interested in film, Soldati began directing in 1938 and his most well-known films are Piccolo mondo antico and Malombra with Isa Miranda, both based on novels by Antonio Fogazzaro. These two films belong to the early 1940s movement in Italian cinema known as calligrafismo, other popular films were Eugenie Grandet, based on Balzacs novel, with Alida Valli, Fuga in Francia, The River Girl, and La provinciale.
Soldati regularly published articles in Italian newspapers, including Il Mondo, Il Corriere della Sera, La Stampa, Avanti, LUnita and he died at Lerici in 1999. 1954, Strega Prize for Lettere da Capri 2010, his 1950 film Im in the Revue was shown as part of a retrospective on Italian comedy at the 67th Venice International Film Festival, Mario Soldati at the Internet Movie Database Mario Soldati mostra virtuale
Pier Francesco Tosi
Pier Francesco Tosi was a castrato singer and writer on music. His Opinoni de cantori antichi e moderni. was the first full-length treatise on singing, Tosi was born in Cesena, Italy in 1653 or 1654. There is a disagreement among sources whether he was the son of composer Giuseppe Felice Tosi and he was castrated before puberty to preserve his high voice. ”Thereafter, he made his one recorded appearance in opera at Reggio nell’Emilia in 1687 and was based for a time in Genoa. In 1693 Tosi relocated to London where he took on singing students, in 1701 he entered into the service of Austrian Emperor Joseph I and Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine, whom he served as a musical and diplomatic agent, traveling extensively until 1723. In 1724 he returned to a London ablaze with the works of Handel and he took holy orders sometime before his death in Faenza, Italy in 1732. In addition to being a well-known soprano and voice teacher, Tosi was a composer of arias and cantatas. Opinioni is primarily directed to the teacher, laying out what.
Tosi stresses the need for a period of student training in reading and composing music and constructing ornamentation, as well as in grammar, social decorum. All the standard ornaments of the time are presented, messa di voce, eight kinds of trills, passaggi. Tosi dedicates a chapter each to recitative and aria singing, preaching throughout the necessity of improvising one’s own graces, there are a few teachings of Tosi’s in his Opinioni that have been particularly interesting to singers and scholars over the years. Tosi clearly advocates uniting and blending the chest and head registers, another interesting element of Opinioni is Tosi’s discussions on intonation and sol-fa-ing. During a period in various methods of temperament were used by keyboards and even singers, Tosi laments that “except in some few Professors, that modern Intonation is very bad. ”He speaks of a differing “Semitone Major and Minor” whose “ifference cannot be known by an Organ or Harpsichord, if the Keys of the Instrument are not split.
”Consequentially, he warns that “if a Soprano was to sing D sharp, like E flat. While both the Guidonian hexachord system and meantone temperament were becoming antiquated at the time Tosi wrote his treatise, Opinioni was in fact a watershed for much more than just early Baroque music theory and tuning. Tosi spends an amount of time in his treatise praising the “ancient” cantabile style of his generation. Being a pragmaticist, however, he still encourages “it will be of Use to a prudent Scholar, english Translation, Observations on the Florid Song. Trans. by John Ernest Galliard, London, J. Wilcox,1742 or 1743, german Translation and Extensive Commentary, Anleitung zur Gesangskunst. Facsimile Edition with introduction and commentary by Kurt Wichmann, leipzig, VEB Deutscher Verlag für Musik,1966. The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, edited by Stanley Sadie, ISBN 0-333-73432-7 and ISBN 1-56159-228-5 Text for this article has been excerpted by permission of the author from the introduction to P. F
Il bellAntonio is a 1960 Italian-French drama film directed by Mauro Bolognini. The film is a based on a novel by Vitaliano Brancati and adapted for the screen by Pier Paolo Pasolini and it stars Marcello Mastroianni, Claudia Cardinale and Tomas Milian. The film won the Golden Leopard at the Locarno International Film Festival, in the town of Catania, women adore the handsome Romeo, who is a great success with romance. Women think of him as the perfect lover, in reality, his life is plagued by problems, and soon hes the laughing stock of the town because of his alleged impotence. Signora Puglisi Nino Camarda Guido Celano, calderana Maurizio Conti Maria Luisa Crescenzi. Zia Giuseppina Rino Giusti Gina Mattarolo Alice Sandro, nanda Enzo Tiribelli Ugo Torrente Il bellAntonio at the Internet Movie Database
Spirits of the Dead
Spirits of the Dead is an omnibus film comprising three segments. American International Pictures distributed this horror film featuring three stories by Edgar Allan Poe directed by European directors Roger Vadim, Louis Malle and Federico Fellini. Jane Fonda, Alain Delon, Peter Fonda, Brigitte Bardot, the English-language version features narration by Vincent Price. At the age of 22, Countess Frederique inherits the Metzengerstein estate and lives a life of promiscuity and debauchery. While in the forest, her leg is caught in a trap and she is freed by her cousin and neighbor Baron Wilhelm and she becomes enamored with Wilhelm, but he rejects her for her wicked ways. His rejection infuriates Frederique and she sets his stables on fire, Wilhelm is killed attempting to save his prized horses. One black horse somehow escapes and makes its way to the Metzengerstein castle, the horse is very wild and Frederique takes it upon herself to tame it. She notices at one point that a damaged tapestry depicts a horse similar to the one that she has just taken in.
Becoming obsessed with it, she orders its repair, during a thunderstorm, Frederique is carried off by the spooked horse into a fire caused by lightning that has struck. In the early 19th century when northern Italy is under Austrian rule, Wilson relates the story of his cruel ways throughout his life. After playing cards all night against the courtesan Giuseppina, his doppelgänger, named William Wilson, in a rage, the protagonist Wilson stabs the other to death with a dagger. After making his confession, Wilson commits suicide by jumping from the tower of Palazzo della Ragione, former Shakespearean actor Toby Dammit is losing his acting career to alcoholism. He agrees to work on a film, to be shot in Rome, Dammit begins to have unexpected visions of macabre girl with a white ball. While at an award ceremony, he gets drunk and appears to be slowly losing his mind. A stunning woman comforts him, saying she always be at his side if he chooses. Dammit is forced to make a speech and takes delivery of his promised Ferrari and he races around the city, where he sees what appear to be fake people in the streets.
Lost outside of Rome, Dammit eventually crashes into a work zone, across the ravine, he sees a vision of the little girl with a ball. He gets into his car and speeds toward the void, the Ferrari disappears, and we see a view of roadway with a thick wire across it, dripping with blood, suggesting Dammit has been decapitated
The Ape Woman
The Ape Woman is a 1964 Italian-French drama film directed by Marco Ferreri. It was entered into the 1964 Cannes Film Festival, the film was inspired by the real-life story of Julia Pastrana a 19th-century woman exploited as a freak show attraction by her manager Theodore Lent. In 2008 the film was selected to enter the list of the 100 Italian films to be saved. Marie, the Ape Woman, is covered with hair. He tries to sell her to a man who insists on her virginity, after tasting success in Paris, she dies during childbirth. Focaccia recovers her mummy from the museum of history and exhibits it in Naples
Rocco and His Brothers
Rocco e i suoi fratelli is a 1960 Italian film directed by Luchino Visconti, inspired by an episode from the novel Il ponte della Ghisolfa by Giovanni Testori. Set in Milan, it tells the story of an immigrant family from the South, the title is a combination of Thomas Manns Joseph and his Brothers and the name of Rocco Scotellaro, an Italian poet who described the feelings of the peasants of southern Italy. The film stars Alain Delon, Renato Salvatori, Annie Girardot, the films score was composed by Nino Rota. Parts of the scenes were filmed in Lierna, Lake Como. After the death of his father, Rocco Parondi, one of the five sons of a poor rural Italian family travels north from Lucania to join his older brother Vincenzo in Milan, led by the matriarch Rosaria. She is the hand to which the five fingers belong as she states in the film and she has a powerful influence on her sons. Presented in five sections, the film weaves the story of the five brothers Vincenzo, Rocco, Ciro. Vincenzo, the eldest brother, is living in Milan when his mother.
An initial scene ensues between the Parondi family and Vincenzos fiancée Ginettas family, and the whole Parondi family moves in together, despite early friction between Rosaria and Ginetta, he soon gets married and starts a family of his own. After settling down, Vincenzo doesnt interact much with the Parondi brothers, Simone struggles to adapt to urban life, and the arrival of Nadia, a prostitute from Cremona will lead to his tragic downfall. She incites him to pursue a career in boxing as a fast way to fame and wealth. After initially pursuing Vincenzo only to find him happy in his new family life, Simone falls in love with Nadia and demands for more than a casual relationship, but she rejects him. Rocco, who left to military service in Turin, meets Nadia who has just been released from jail for prostitution charges. His innocence and purity of heart ignites her to give up her old life style, upon becoming aware of this, Simone attacks Nadia and Rocco with a gang of friends, culminating in the rape of Nadia by Simone.
Rocco subsequently, in an act of sacrifice, tells Nadia to go back to Simone realizing how much he had hurt his brother and how much he loved her. Somewhat in the manner of Dostoyevskys Prince Myshkin character, Rocco often acts to preserve the well-being of family members at some cost to his own happiness. He saves Simone from a variety of disasters, such as when Rocco recovers, Simone loses the ability to compete as a boxer because of his obsession with Nadia, his alcoholism, and dissolute lifestyle. He kills her in a fit of rage when she returns to prostitution
Mauro Bolognini was an Italian film and stage director of literate sensibility, known for his masterly handling of period subject matter. Bolognini was born in Pistoia, in the Tuscany region of Italy, after earning a masters degree in architecture at the University of Florence, Bolognini enrolled at the Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia in Rome, where he studied stage design. After graduation, he interested in film direction and set out to work as an assistant to directors Luigi Zampa in Italy. Bolognini began directing his own films in the mid-1950s. Bolognini returned to features in 1966 with Madamigella di Maupin featuring Catherine Spaak, in 1981, Bolognini filmed The Lady of the Camellias, inspired by the Alexandre Dumas, fils novel and play. Throughout the decade, he continued directing films, as well as the television miniseries The Charterhouse of Parma. His final feature was the erotic drama Husband and Lovers starring Julian Sands and Joanna Pacula. In the mid-1960s, Bolognini started to show an interest, as director, in the production of operas.
Fatti di gente per bene / The Murri Affair Per le antiche scale / Down the Ancient Staircase Leredità Ferramonti / The Inheritance Gran bollito / Black Journal Dove vai in vacanza, / Where Are You Going on Holiday
La Traviata (1983 film)
La Traviata is a 1983 Italian film written and directed by Franco Zeffirelli. It is based on the opera La traviata with music by Giuseppe Verdi, soprano Teresa Stratas, tenor Plácido Domingo, and baritone Cornell MacNeil starred in the movie, in addition to singing their roles. The film premiered in Italy in 1982 and went into general release there the following year and it opened in theatres in the U. S. on April 22,1983. The movies soundtrack with James Levine conducting the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra won a Grammy Award for Best Opera Recording, the film opens in the Paris home of courtesan Violetta Valéry, where sheets cover the furniture in dimly lit rooms. Creditors and movers are removing much of the artwork, one of them curiously wanders through the rooms, until he comes upon Violetta and looking pallid and weak, and he stares at her with undisguised awe. She is startled to see him and follows him to see what he is doing. As she gazes down the hallway, her delirious mind drifts back to a happier time.
One of her guests, Count Gastone, has brought him his friend, the young nobleman Alfredo Germont. She becomes dizzy and retires to her bedroom to recover, he follows her, at first Violetta rejects him, telling him love means nothing to her, but she is touched by his concern and offers him a camellia, telling him to return it when it has wilted. He promises to see her the next day, three months pass, and Violetta and Alfredo are living together in a peaceful country house outside Paris. She has fallen deeply in love him and has abandoned her former life. During his absence, his father Giorgio arrives and requests that, for the sake of his family, Violettas unsavory reputation has threatened his daughters engagement. After declaring her love for Alfredo, she agrees to Giorgios demand. He kisses her forehead in a gesture of gratitude for her sacrifice, Violetta is in the midst of writing a letter of farewell to Alfredo when he enters. She tells him repeatedly of her love before rushing out. Giorgio returns and attempts to comfort his son, who suspects Barone Douphol is the real reason Violetta left, when he finds an invitation from Flora Bervoix on the desk, he decides to confront Violetta at the party.
Violetta arrives with Baron Douphol, who challenges Alfredo at the gambling table and he misunderstands her apprehension and demands she admit she loves Douphol. When she does, an infuriated Alfredo humiliates and denounces her in front of the other guests, having arrived in search of his son, witnesses the scene and castigates Alfredo for his boorish behavior
Bellissima is an Italian neorealism film by Italian director Luchino Visconti. The film, which is a satire of the industry, was shot at the Cinecittà studios. Alessandro Blasetti, a film director, appears as himself. Bellissima is the feature film in Viscontis oeuvre with a predominantly comic tone. Bellissima centers on a mother in Rome, who drags her young daughter to Cinecittà to attend an audition for a new film by Alessandro Blasetti. Maddalena is a mother who loves movies and whose efforts to promote her daughter grow increasingly frenzied
Federico Fellini was an Italian film director and screenwriter. Known for his style that blends fantasy and baroque images with earthiness. His films have ranked, in such as Cahiers du cinéma and Sight & Sound. Sight & Sound lists his 1963 film 8½ as the 10th greatest film of all time, in 1993, he was awarded an honorary Oscar for Lifetime Achievement at the 65th Annual Academy Awards in Los Angeles. Fellini was born on 20 January 1920, to parents in Rimini. His father, Urbano Fellini, born to a family of Romagnol peasants and small landholders from Gambettola and his mother, Ida Barbiani, came from a bourgeiois Catholic family of Roman merchants. Despite her familys vehement disapproval, she had eloped with Urbano in 1917 to live at his parents home in Gambettola, a civil marriage followed in 1918 with the religious ceremony held at Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome a year later. The couple settled in Rimini where Urbano became a traveling salesman, Fellini had two siblings, Riccardo, a documentary director for RAI Television, and Maria Maddalena.
In 1924, Fellini started primary school in a run by the nuns of San Vincenzo in Rimini. In 1926, he discovered the world of Grand Guignol, the circus with Pierino the Clown, Guido Brignone’s Maciste all’Inferno, the first film he saw, would mark him in ways linked to Dante and the cinema throughout his entire career. Enrolled at the Ginnasio Giulio Cesare in 1929, he made friends with Luigi ‘Titta’ Benzi, in Mussolini’s Italy and Riccardo became members of the Avanguardista, the compulsory Fascist youth group for males. He visited Rome with his parents for the first time in 1933, the sea creature found on the beach at the end of La Dolce Vita has its basis in a giant fish marooned on a Rimini beach during a storm in 1934. To say that my films are autobiographical is an overly facile liquidation and it seems to me that I have invented almost everything, character, dreams, for the pleasure of being able to recount them. In 1937, Fellini opened Febo, a shop in Rimini. with the painter Demos Bonini.
His first humorous article appeared in the Postcards to Our Readers section of Milan’s Domenica del Corriere, deciding on a career as a caricaturist and gag writer, Fellini travelled to Florence in 1938, where he published his first cartoon in the weekly 420. According to a biographer, Fellini found school exasperating and, in one year, had 67 absences, failing his military culture exam, he graduated from high school in July 1938 after doubling the exam. In September 1939, he enrolled in law school at the University of Rome to please his parents, biographer Hollis Alpert reports that there is no record of his ever having attended a class. Installed in a family pensione, he met lifelong friend