Hercules (1958 film)
Hercules is a 1958 Italian peplum film based upon the Hercules and the Quest for the Golden Fleece myths. The film stars Steve Reeves as the titular hero and Sylva Koscina as his love interest Princess Iole. Hercules was produced by Federico Teti; the film spawned a 1959 sequel, Hercules Unchained, that starred Reeves and Koscina. Hercules made Reeves an international film star and paved the way for the dozens of 1960s peplum films featuring bodybuilder actors as mythological heroes and gladiators battling monsters and evil queens. Hercules is on the road to the court of King Pelias of Iolcus to tutor Pelias' son Prince Iphitus in the use of arms. Pelias' beautiful daughter Princess Iole updates Hercules on the history of her father's rise to power and the theft of the kingdom's greatest treasure, the Golden Fleece; some suspect—and it proves true—that King Pelias has acquired the throne through fratricide. Hercules and Iole are attracted to each other and a romance develops. King Pelias is warned by a seeress about a stranger wearing one sandal.
When his nephew Jason, the rightful King of Iolcus, arrives in town wearing one sandal, Pelias takes fright and packs him off to retrieve the Golden Fleece from the distant land of Colchis. Jason and Hercules sail aboard the Argo with their friends Ulysses and his father, Argos, the twins Castor and Pollux, the lyre-strumming Orpheus, the physician Aesculapius and others. After weathering a tempest at sea, the Argonauts dally in a lush garden-like country with Antea, the Queen of the Amazons and her ladies. Jason falls in love with Antea, when the Amazons plot the deaths of the heroes, Hercules forces Jason to board the Argo and secretly set sail in the night. On the shores of Colchis, the heroes battle hairy ape-men while Jason slays a dragon and retrieves the Golden Fleece; the Argonauts embark for home with their prize. In Iolcus, the populace greet the returning heroes but Pelias and his henchman Eurysteus steal the Golden Fleece, deny Jason's claim, plot his destruction. A tense battle between Pelias' forces and the heroes follows.
Hercules halts Pelias' cavalry dead in its tracks by toppling the portico of the palace upon them. The defeated Pelias drinks poison. Jason ascends the throne while Iole set sail for new adventures. Subplots involve the death of Pelias' headstrong son Prince Iphitus, exploits for Hercules resembling the Labors of the Nemean Lion and the Cretan Bull; the film was shot in Eastmancolor. An American Bison served as the Cretan Bull. American producer Joseph E. Levine acquired the U. S. distribution rights to the film, due in part to his wide release along with an intensive promotional campaign, Hercules became a major box-office hit. Hercules was released in Italy on 20 February 1958, it premiered in England on May 18, 1959. S. on July 22, 1959. Warners advanced Levine $300,000 for the privilege of distributing the film in the US. In America, the film generated a Dell comic book adaptation with illustrations by John Buscema and a 33 RPM long-playing RCA Victor recording of the film's soundtrack; the Mystery Science Theater 3000 presentation of the movie, episode #502, was first aired on December 18, 1993, on Comedy Central.
The MST3K presentation edited the original movie to fit the TV show's time constraints, which causes Hercules's characters to go from "the midst of one plot development before the commercial... somewhere else entirely" afterwards. Although two other MST3K episodes featuring Hercules movies were ranked in the Top 100 list of episodes as voted upon by MST3K Season 11 Kickstarter backers, Hercules did not make the cut. In his rankings of all 191 MST3K episodes, writer Jim Vorel ranked the episode #78, the highest of the four Hercules movies that aired on Comedy Central. "It’s a mish-mash of Greek myth," Vogel writes, "the most purely entertaining film in the series.... The total abject devotion of all the other men toward Hercules is hilarious."The MST3K version of Hercules was included as part of the Mystery Science Theater 3000, Volume XXXII DVD collection, released by Shout! Factory in March 24, 2015; the other episodes in the four-disc set include Space Travelers, Radar Secret Service, San Francisco International.
Hughes, Howard. Cinema Italiano - The Complete Guide From Classics To Cult. London - New York: I. B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1-84885-608-0. New York Times Tribute to Steve Reeves Retrieved 29 August 2008. Hercules on IMDb
Italy the Italian Republic, is a country in Southern Europe. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Austria and the enclaved microstates San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301,340 km2 and has a temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. With around 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous EU member state and the most populous country in Southern Europe. Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has been home to a myriad of peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout modern-day Italy, the most famous of which being the Indo-European Italics who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era and Carthaginians founded colonies in insular Italy and Genoa, Greeks established settlements in the so-called Magna Graecia, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively; the Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People.
The Roman Republic conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the peninsula, in some cases through the establishment of federations, the Republic expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's technology, economy and literature flourished. Italy remained the metropole of the Roman Empire; the legacy of the Roman Empire endured its fall and can be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments and the Latin script. During the Early Middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous rival city-states and maritime republics in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great prosperity through shipping and banking, laying the groundwork for modern capitalism.
These independent statelets served as Europe's main trading hubs with Asia and the Near East enjoying a greater degree of democracy than the larger feudal monarchies that were consolidating throughout Europe. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars and polymaths such as Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and Machiavelli. During the Middle Ages, Italian explorers such as Marco Polo, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci, John Cabot and Giovanni da Verrazzano discovered new routes to the Far East and the New World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Italy's commercial and political power waned with the opening of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting between the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, it was subsequently conquered and further divided by European powers such as France and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign control led to a period of revolutionary political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and political division, Italy was entirely unified in 1871, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a great power. From the late 19th century to the early 20th century, Italy industrialised, namely in the north, acquired a colonial empire, while the south remained impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite being one of the main victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist dictatorship in 1922. Participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. Following the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, reinstated democracy, enjoyed a prolonged economic boom and, despite periods of sociopolitical turmoil became a developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world's most culturally and economically advanced countries, with the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth. Its advanced economy ranks eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy owns the third-largest central bank gold reserve, it has a high level of human development, it stands among the top countries for life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military and diplomatic affairs. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European Union and a member of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen Area and many more; as a reflection
Attila (1954 film)
Attila is a 1954 Italian-French co-production, directed by Pietro Francisci and produced by Dino De Laurentiis and Carlo Ponti. Based on the life of Attila the Hun, it stars Anthony Quinn as Attila and Sophia Loren as Honoria, with Henri Vidal, Irene Papas, Ettore Manni and Christian Marquand. Scott Marlowe made his screen debut in the film. Along with The Pride and the Passion and Houseboat, it was one of Loren's biggest box-office successes during the 1950s. Filmed following the breakthrough Italian-American co-production, Attila, Scourge of God represented an independent attempt by the same Italian producers to make a film with an American lead actor in hopes of licensing it to a US studio for distribution on more lucrative terms, it failed to secure this goal for a variety of reasons unforeseen at the outset. However, three and a half years it proved to be the vehicle which launched the career of Joe Levine as a producer and presenter of international films, many of them Italian in origin.
While never to be a financially or critically acclaimed motion picture, Attila achieved the status of a significant product in the evolution of world film markets. The story is set in 450 A. D; the Huns, a horde of barbarians from the distant plains of Asia, move toward the rich western lands of Germania, led by a savage chief, Attila. Flavius Aetius, a Roman general, is the only person who knows Attila since he was a hostage with the Huns for years. Aetius and his companion Prisco carry a message from the Roman emperor Valentinian III to the Hun's king Rua. After reaching their palace, Aetius learns that the king died, that two brothers Bleda and Attila are now ruling the Hun kingdom. Bleda favours peace and tolerance, but Attila is at odds with him, tensions develop, yet Aetius knows to make an alliance between the Huns. Aetius returns to the Imperial court at Ravenna, where the childish emperor Valentinian III is busy with Roman parties in his palace and enjoying himself, while ignoring the fact that the Empire is beginning to fall apart.
Because of this, his mother Galla Placidia is ruling the Empire. Honoria, daughter of Galla Placidia and sister of Valentinian, hopes to get rid of them, but needs help to do so, she asks Aetius to join her in a coup d'état, but he has vowed an oath to serve the Empire and refuses if he's arrested and stripped of his military rank by Valantinian and Galla Placidia due to his alliance to the Huns. The two brothers battle, Attila wins by ordering his bodyguard to fire arrows at Bleda and his bodyguard during the hunt, declares himself the sole leader of the Huns, riling them to support his aspirations of conquering the Roman Empire. Flavius Aetius returns to Ravenna, finds Emperior Valentinian enraged by imagined attempts against his rule. Galla Placidia realizes that the Empire is now on the edge of destruction and gives Aetius full military power in an effort to protect her son; as a Roman field army marches to block Attila's path, Honoria slips away from the Imperial court and visits the Hun in his camp.
The battle is joined with a frontal attack on the Roman encampment by Hunnic cavalry. This first move is a deception, designed to draw the legions out of their fortified position. Aetius decides to pursue the retreating Huns, anyway, his cavalry charges and his foot soldiers follow them into the fray. After a clash of arms on the open plains, the fighting moves into the Hun camp. Here Honoria is killed, but Aetius is soon killed by an arrow through the neck and the Romans lose their will to fight. They flee the field and the Huns follow to burn their encampment; as night falls, Attila takes Bleda, to view the carnage strewn battlefield. There, a badly wounded Roman archer manages to fire a last shot; the arrow kills Bleda. This traumatizes the Hun, he appears to lose his passion for plunder. On the way toward Rome, a sullen Attila and his horde come upon a procession of Christians led by Pope Leo I. Bewildered by the assembly he faces, Attila speaks alone with the Pope in the middle of a stream that separates his army from the religious gathering.
Leo calmly tells Attila, "You can kill everybody...old people, children..." and Attila hears the disembodied words of his murdered brother Bleda. "Innocent blood won't be washed away. It will come back to haunt you." With this warning in mind, Attila decides to turn back towards the Alps, leaving Rome unscathed. Anthony Quinn as Attila Sophia Loren as Honoria Henri Vidal as Aetius Irene Papas as Grune Ettore Manni as Bleda Christian Marquand as Ezio Claude Laydu as Valentiniano Caesar Colette Règis as Galla Placidia Guido Celano as Tribe Chieftain Marco Guglielmi as Kadis Eduardo Ciannelli as Onegesius, counsellor to Attila Carlo Hintermann as Tribe Chieftain Mimmo Palmara as Lottatore Mario Feliciani as Ippolito Attila's release was a signal moment in US film distribution, it established an exhibition pattern which came to be known as "saturation booking". Joseph E. Levine a US states-rights distributor/exhibitor based in Boston moved some 90 prints through regional distribution hubs, managing to assemble ad hoc arrays of low-end theaters, where he could book short period playdates with favorable box-office terms.
This dense concentration of venues allowed for the cost effective use of local TV and radio spots, he spent far more than most would have considered prudent. Following this pattern, Levine was able to generate over $2 million in US box-office rentals with only
The Queen of Sheba (1952 film)
The Queen of Sheba is a 1952 Italian adventure film directed by Pietro Francisci. King Solomon sends his son, Prince Rehoboam on a spy mission to Sheba where he falls in love with the beautiful Queen, he tries to prevent a war between their two countries but After the Queen finds out her lover is a spy, she leads her army in an assault against Jerusalem. The siege is a failure and ends with the Queen and Prince reuniting with the blessing of both King Solomon and Sheba's advisors. Leonora Ruffo as Balkis, Queen of Sheba Gino Cervi as King Solomon of Jerusalem Marina Berti as Zamira, Betrothed of Rehoboam Gino Leurini as Prince Rehoboam of Jerusalem Franco Silva as Kabaal, Commander of Sheban Army Mario Ferrari as Chaldis, High Priest of Sheba Dorian Gray as Ati Umberto Silvestri as Isachar, Companion of Rehoboam Isa Pola as Tabui Nyta Dover as Kinnor Franca Tamantini as False mother Fulvia Mammi as True mother Achille Majeroni as Blind merchant Aldo Fiorelli as Abner Pietro Tordi as Onabar Mimmo Palmara Ugo Sasso Afro Poli Cesare Fantoni The Queen of Sheba on IMDb
Rome is the capital city and a special comune of Italy. Rome serves as the capital of the Lazio region. With 2,872,800 residents in 1,285 km2, it is the country's most populated comune, it is the fourth most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4,355,725 residents, thus making it the most populous metropolitan city in Italy. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio, along the shores of the Tiber; the Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been defined as capital of two states. Rome's history spans 28 centuries. While Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome at around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, making it one of the oldest continuously occupied sites in Europe; the city's early population originated from a mix of Latins and Sabines.
The city successively became the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, is regarded by some as the first metropolis. It was first called The Eternal City by the Roman poet Tibullus in the 1st century BC, the expression was taken up by Ovid and Livy. Rome is called the "Caput Mundi". After the fall of the Western Empire, which marked the beginning of the Middle Ages, Rome fell under the political control of the Papacy, in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870. Beginning with the Renaissance all the popes since Nicholas V pursued over four hundred years a coherent architectural and urban programme aimed at making the city the artistic and cultural centre of the world. In this way, Rome became first one of the major centres of the Italian Renaissance, the birthplace of both the Baroque style and Neoclassicism. Famous artists, painters and architects made Rome the centre of their activity, creating masterpieces throughout the city.
In 1871, Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, which, in 1946, became the Italian Republic. Rome has the status of a global city. In 2016, Rome ranked as the 14th-most-visited city in the world, 3rd most visited in the European Union, the most popular tourist attraction in Italy, its historic centre is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The famous Vatican Museums are among the world's most visited museums while the Colosseum was the most popular tourist attraction in world with 7.4 million visitors in 2018. Host city for the 1960 Summer Olympics, Rome is the seat of several specialized agencies of the United Nations, such as the Food and Agriculture Organization, the World Food Programme and the International Fund for Agricultural Development; the city hosts the Secretariat of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Union for the Mediterranean as well as the headquarters of many international business companies such as Eni, Enel, TIM, Leonardo S.p. A. and national and international banks such as Unicredit and BNL.
Its business district, called EUR, is the base of many companies involved in the oil industry, the pharmaceutical industry, financial services. Rome is an important fashion and design centre thanks to renowned international brands centered in the city. Rome's Cinecittà Studios have been the set of many Academy Award–winning movies. According to the founding myth of the city by the Ancient Romans themselves, the long-held tradition of the origin of the name Roma is believed to have come from the city's founder and first king, Romulus. However, it is a possibility that the name Romulus was derived from Rome itself; as early as the 4th century, there have been alternative theories proposed on the origin of the name Roma. Several hypotheses have been advanced focusing on its linguistic roots which however remain uncertain: from Rumon or Rumen, archaic name of the Tiber, which in turn has the same root as the Greek verb ῥέω and the Latin verb ruo, which both mean "flow". There is archaeological evidence of human occupation of the Rome area from 14,000 years ago, but the dense layer of much younger debris obscures Palaeolithic and Neolithic sites.
Evidence of stone tools and stone weapons attest to about 10,000 years of human presence. Several excavations support the view that Rome grew from pastoral settlements on the Palatine Hill built above the area of the future Roman Forum. Between the end of the bronze age and the beginning of the Iron age, each hill between the sea and the Capitol was topped by a village. However, none of them had yet an urban quality. Nowadays, there is a wide consensus that the city developed through the aggregation of several villages around the largest one, placed above the Palatine; this aggregation was facilitated by the increase of agricultural productivity above the subsistence level, which allowed the establishment of secondary and tertiary activities. These in turn boosted the development of trade with the Greek colonies of southern Italy; these developments, which according to archaeological ev
Hercules, Samson and Ulysses
Hercules and Ulysses, is a 1963 Italian Metrocolor peplum film directed by Pietro Francisci. The costume designers for this movie used re-purposed Nazi helmets for the Philistine headgear. On one of the many Greek Islands and Ulysses are asked to kill a sea serpent menacing the coast and its inhabitants, they succeed. Shipwrecked, they come to Phoenicia and encounter the mighty Samson, who they help in battling the vicious Phoenicians. Kirk Morris: Hercules Iloosh Khoshabe: Samson Enzo Cerusico: Ulysses Liana Orfei: Delilah Diletta D'Andrea: Leria Fulvia Franco: Ithaca Queen Aldo Giuffrè: Seren Pietro Tordi: Azer Hercules and Ulysses opened on December 20, 1963 in Italy, it was released in May 1965 in the United States. Hercules and Ulysses on IMDb Hercules and Ulysses at AllMovie Hercules and Ulysses at the TCM Movie Database
Siege of Syracuse (film)
Siege of Syracuse is a 1960 historical drama film about the Roman Siege of Syracuse, which took place between 213 and 212 B. C. during the Second Punic War with Carthage. The film was directed by Pietro Francisci. Rossano Brazzi as "Archimedes" Tina Louise as "Diana / Artemide / Lucrezia" Sylva Koscina as "Clio" Enrico Maria Salerno as "Gorgia" Gino Cervi as "Gerone" Alberto Farnese as "Marcus Claudius Marcellus" Luciano Marin as "Marco" Alfredo Varelli as "Kriton" Walter Grant as "Tiresias" Mara Lombardo as "Selinonte Dancer" List of historical drama films List of films set in ancient Rome L'assedio di Siracusa on IMDb