The Pietroasele Treasure found in Pietroasele, Buzău, Romania, in 1837, is a late fourth-century Gothic treasure that included some twenty-two objects of gold, among the most famous examples of the polychrome style of Migration Period art. Of the twenty-two pieces, only twelve have survived, conserved at the National Museum of Romanian History, in Bucharest: a large eagle-headed fibula and three smaller ones encrusted with semi-precious stones, their multiple styles, in which Han Chinese styles have been noted in the belt buckles, Hellenistic styles in the golden bowls, Sasanian motifs in the baskets, Germanic fashions in the fibulae, are characteristic of the cosmopolitan outlook of the Cernjachov culture in a region without defined topographic confines. When Alexandru Odobescu published his book on the treasure, he considered that such magnificent work could only have belonged to Athanaric, leader of the Thervings, a Gothic people. Modern archaeologists cannot connect the hoard with such a glamorous name.
The treasure was shipped to Russia in December 1916, as German armies advanced through Romania in World War I, was not returned until 1956. An atomic analysis of the Pietroasele gold hoard has concluded that from the point of view of Ir/Au, Cu/Au and Ag/Au concentrations the three styles are clustered. At least from the iridium concentration data, the assumption of a Dacian provenance of the hoard raw material is improbable as the hypothesis that Roman imperial gold coins were used for manufacturing Pietroasa artifacts is not in accordance with the elemental concentrations. Ring of Pietroassa Treasure of Osztrópataka Romanian Treasure Pietroasele treasure, at the National Museum of Romanian History Illustrations Coins depicting the treasure A great gold eagle brooch Vivid: Romania through international eyes, Tim Judy, "The treasure of the Pietroasa" Part I: December 2005 Part II: January 2006
Charles Martin Bowman was a politician in Ontario, Canada. He was a Liberal member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario who represented the ridings of Bruce North from 1898 to 1914 and Bruce West from 1914 to 1919. Bowman was born in St. Jacobs, Canada West, the son of Isaac Erb Bowman, educated there and in Berlin, he entered his father's tanning business and set up a tannery in Southampton in 1882. After a fire destroyed that business, he purchased a tannery at Port Elgin, he went on to operate a furniture business in Southampton. With James Conmee, Bowman was awarded a contract for construction on the Algoma Central Railway. In 1902 he and James Whalen, son-in-law of Liberal M. P. James Conmee, formed the Great Lakes Dredging Company, obtaining large contracts to dredge the Fort William and Port Arthur harbors. In 1886, he married Louisa Hesse, he died in Kitchener, Ontario in 1932. Charles Martin Bowman: Elected Director of Mutual Life Assurance Co. of Canada 1916, Chairman in 1926. Chairman of the Board of Mutual Life Assurance Co. of Canada.
Ref.: Who's Who in Canada, Advance Press Service Bowman served on the town council for Southampton and served as reeve for the town. In the 1898 provincial election, he ran as the Liberal candidate in the riding of Bruce North, he defeated Conservative candidate D. M. Jormyn by 419 votes. Ontario Legislative Assembly parliamentary history A History of Ontario: its resources and development. Part II, A Fraser
Teodoro Esteban López Calderón is an officer of the Spanish Navy who serves as its Chief of Staff, holding the rank of Admiral General. Up until his appointment to that post in March 2017, he served as the head of Defense Operations Command, responsible for overseeing military operations abroad. López Calderón was born in 1954 in the city of Cartagena and joined the Spanish Navy in 1973. Throughout his naval career, he had command of the second anti-mine squadron, the frigate Cataluña, the 41st Escort Squadron, the 2nd Group of Naval Action Forces. During the latter, López Calderón took part in Operation Active Endeavor, as the 2nd Group included the Spanish surface ships that were assigned to the mission. In addition, he was a technical adviser to the Minister of Defense and head of the Navy General Staff's strategic planning section. López Calderón was the chief of Defense Operations Command on the General Staff, he was appointed by the Council of Ministers as the replacement of Admiral General Jaime Muńoz-Delgado on 31 March 2017 as the new Chief of Staff of the Navy.
He is married with five children and has two grandchildren. He can speak fluent English along with his native Spanish. Spain Grand Cross of Naval Merit Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Civil Guard Grand Cross of the Royal and Military Order of San Hermenegildo Commander with Star of the Royal and Military Order of San Hermenegildo Commander of the Royal and Military Order of San Hermenegildo Cross of the Royal and Military Order of San Hermenegildo Cross of Military Merit Cross of Naval Merit Cross of the Order Guard Merit of the Civil Guard Cross of the Order Police Merit United States Meritorious Service Medal France Chevalier of the Order of National Merit of the French Republic NATO NATO Meritorious Service Medal Article 5 Medal for Operation Active Endeavor