Pigskin 621 A.D.
Pigskin 621 A. D. is an arcade game released in 1990 by Bally Midway. One player can battle the computer. Two teams compete to score as many touchdowns as possible in the tradition of American football, but actual play is more similar to rugby football. A version for the Sega Genesis, retitled Pigskin Footbrawl and endorsed by coach Jerry Glanville, was released by Razor Soft on December 18, 1992; the player directly controls one member of a five-man team, with the object of carrying a football over the opposing team's goal line. The playing area is littered with hazards such as pits and logs. A ball carrier who trips over any of these, or, punched by an opponent, fumbles the ball; the field is laden with weapons: axes, nooses, spears and torches. A player can pick up one of these by running over it, it will appear at the top of the screen next to the player's score as a "concealed weapon", several weapons may be carried at once and one may be carried over after a touchdown. The ball carrier can be "grappled" a mass tackle into which multiple characters can jump.
Having a concealed weapon as well as having more characters jump into the grapple increases a team's chance of gaining or retaining possession, although weapons cannot be used if both team captains are in the grapple. A character, injured by a concealed weapon is out of play until a touchdown is scored. If one team gets too far behind in score, a computer-controlled troll is added to the losing side to help the odds, behaves more aggressively than regular players. Up to two trolls can be in play at a time during a standard game. During a one player "Pro Pigskin" game, if the computer-controlled team continues to lose even after a troll has been added or falls behind quickly early on, an option for a "Troll Bowl" will appear. If selected the player will face an entire team of trolls with only human players on their own side. Gameplay tips are given between periods and statistics are given at the end of the game. Statistics cover Injuries Inflicted and Pigskin Possession Time. Before the game we can read about teams background.
Both teams are renegades bands. The blue band is led by Thor Akenbak, the red one's captain is Atilla DeSoil. A touchdown is worth six points, with a one-point bonus for keeping possession of the ball for longer than a minimum time, it is possible to gain high scores by eliminating most of the opposing team and maintaining possession of the ball for as long as possible. Since a period can only end on a change of possession, a player can keep gaining single possession points well after the period clock has run out. Pigskin has two pass buttons, a punch button, a button for selecting the team's strategy. There is no scythe; the music plays at a lower volume. The game features soundbites from Atlanta Falcons coach Jerry Glanville. There is a hidden sound test. At one time, the makers of Pigskin 621 A. D. offered tickets to the Super Bowl as part of a sweepstakes promotion associated with the arcade game. The game advertised a free players handbook available by sending a self-addressed stamped envelope to a specified post-office box.
Designers Jeff Nauman and Brian Colin had worked on the Midway Games Arch Rivals and Rampage, which are referenced in the game's tagline "Ancient Archrivals on a Rampage." Pigskin is the last of only seven games made for Midway's MCR-68k system before switching over to newer TMS34010 based systems. Pigskin 621 A. D. at the Killer List of Videogames The Pigskin Player's Handbook! Pigskin 621 A. D. for Arcade Games, GameFAQs Pigskin 621 AD for Arcade, MobyGames
Leather is a natural durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhides and skins. The most common raw material is cattle hide, it can be produced at manufacturing scales ranging from artisan to modern industrial scale. Leather is used to make a variety of articles, including footwear, automobile seats, bags, book bindings, fashion accessories, furniture, it is decorated by a wide range of techniques. The earliest record of leather artifacts dates back to 2200 BC; the leather manufacturing process is divided into three fundamental subprocesses: preparatory stages and crusting. A further subprocess, can be added into the leather process sequence, but not all leathers receive finishing; the preparatory stages are. Preparatory stages may include: soaking, liming, bating and pickling. Tanning is a process that stabilizes the proteins collagen, of the raw hide to increase the thermal and microbiological stability of the hides and skins, making it suitable for a wide variety of end applications.
The principal difference between raw and tanned hides is that raw hides dry out to form a hard, inflexible material that, when rewetted, will putrefy, while tanned material dries to a flexible form that does not become putrid when rewetted. Many tanning methods and materials exist; the typical process sees tanners load the hides into a drum and immerse them in a tank that contains the tanning "liquor". The hides soak while the drum rotates about its axis, the tanning liquor penetrates through the full thickness of the hide. Once the process achieves penetration, workers raise the liquor's pH in a process called basification, which fixes the tanning material to the leather; the more tanning material fixed, the higher the leather's hydrothermal stability and shrinkage temperature resistance. Crusting is a process that lubricates leather, it includes a coloring operation. Chemicals added during crusting must be fixed in place. Crusting culminates with a drying and softening operation, may include splitting, dyeing, whitening or other methods.
For some leathers, tanners apply a surface coating, called "finishing". Finishing operations can include oiling, buffing, polishing, glazing, or tumbling, among others. Leather can be oiled to improve its water resistance; this currying process after tanning supplements the natural oils remaining in the leather itself, which can be washed out through repeated exposure to water. Frequent oiling of leather, with mink oil, neatsfoot oil, or a similar material keeps it supple and improves its lifespan dramatically. Tanning processes differ in which chemicals are used in the tanning liquor; some common types include: Vegetable-tanned leather is tanned using tannins extracted from vegetable matter, such as tree bark prepared in bark mills. It is the oldest known method, it is supple and brown in color, with the exact shade depending on the mix of materials and the color of the skin. The color tan derives its name from the appearance of undyed vegetable-tanned leather. Vegetable-tanned leather is not stable in water.
This is a feature of oak-bark-tanned leather, exploited in traditional shoemaking. In hot water, it shrinks drastically and congeals, becoming rigid and brittle. Boiled leather is an example of this, where the leather has been hardened by being immersed in hot water, or in boiled wax or similar substances, it was used as armor after hardening, it has been used for book binding. Chrome-tanned leather, invented in 1858, is tanned using chromium other chromium salts, it is known as "wet blue" for the pale blue color of the undyed leather. The chrome tanning method takes one day to complete, making it best suited for large-scale industrial use; this is the most common method in modern use. It is more supple and pliable than vegetable-tanned leather and does not discolor or lose shape as drastically in water as vegetable-tanned. However, there are environmental concerns with this tanning method. Aldehyde-tanned leather is tanned using oxazolidine compounds, it is referred to as "wet white" due to its pale cream color.
It is the main type of "chrome-free" leather seen in shoes for infants and automobiles. Formaldehyde has been used for tanning in the past. Chamois leather is a form of aldehyde tanning that produces a porous and water-absorbent leather. Chamois leather is made using marine oils that oxidize to produce the aldehydes that tan the leather. Brain tanned leathers are made by a labor-intensive process that uses emulsified oils those of animal brains such as deer and buffalo, they are known for their exceptional washability. Alum leather is transformed using aluminium salts mixed with a variety of binders and protein sources, such as flour and egg yolk. Alum leather is not tanned. In general, leather is produced in the following grades: Top-grain leather includes the outer layer of the hide, known as the grain, which features finer, more densely packed fibers, resulting in strength and durability. Depending on thickness, it may contain some of the more fibrous under layer, known as the corium. Types of top-grain leather incl
The saddle is a supportive structure for a rider or other load, fastened to an animal's back by a girth. The most common type is the equestrian saddle designed for a horse. However, specialized saddles have been created for oxen and other creatures, it is not known when riders first began to use some sort of padding or protection, but a blanket attached by some form of surcingle or girth was the first "saddle", followed by more elaborate padded designs. The solid saddle tree was a invention, though early stirrup designs predated the invention of the solid tree; the paired stirrup, which attached to the tree, was the last element of the saddle to reach the basic form, still used today. Today, modern saddles come in a wide variety of styles, each designed for a specific equestrianism discipline, require careful fit to both the rider and the horse. Proper saddle care can extend the useful life of a saddle for decades; the saddle was a crucial step in the increased use of domesticated animals, during the Classical Era.
The word "saddle" originates from the Proto-Germanic language *sathulaz, with cognates in various other Indo-European languages, including the Latin sella. Tree: the base on which the rest of the saddle is built - based on wood or a similar synthetic material; the saddler covers it with leather or with a leather-like synthetic. The tree's size determines its fit on the horse's back, as well as the size of the seat for the rider, it provides a bearing surface to protect the horse from the weight of the rider. The solid saddle tree raises the rider above the horse's back, distributes the rider's weight, reducing the pounds per square inch carried on any one part of the horse's back, thus increasing the comfort of the horse and prolonging its useful life. Seat: the part of the saddle where the rider sits, it is lower than the pommel and cantle to provide security Pommel or Pomnel / Swells: the front raised area of the saddle. Cantle: the rear of the saddle Stirrup: part of the saddle in which the rider's feet are placed.
Leathers and Flaps, or Fenders: The leather straps connecting the stirrups to the saddle tree and leather flaps giving support to the rider's leg and protecting the rider from sweat. D-ring: a "D"-shaped ring on the front of a saddle, to which certain pieces of equipment can be attached. Girth or Cinch: A wide strap that goes under the horse's barrel, just behind the front legs of the horse that holds the saddle on. Panels, Lining, or Padding: Cushioning on the underside of the saddle. In addition to the above basic components, some saddles include: Surcingle: A long strap that goes all the way around the horse's barrel. Depending on purpose, may be used by itself, placed over a pad or blanket only, or placed over a saddle to help hold it on. Monkey grip or less Jug handle: a handle that may be attached to the front of European saddles or on the right side of Australian stock saddle. A rider may use it to assist in mounting. Horn: knob-like appendage attached to the pommel or swells, most associated with the modern western saddle, but seen on some saddle designs in other cultures.
Knee rolls: Seen on some English saddles, extra padding on the front of the flaps to help stabilize the rider's leg. Sometimes thigh rolls are added to the back of the flap. There is evidence, though disputed, that humans first began riding the horse not long after domestication as early as 4000 BC; the earliest known saddle-like equipment were fringed cloths or pads used by Assyrian cavalry around 700 BC. These were held on with a surcingle that included breast straps and cruppers. From the earliest depictions, saddles became status symbols. To show off an individual's wealth and status, embellishments were added to saddles, including elaborate sewing and leather work, precious metals such as gold, carvings of wood and horn, other ornamentation; the North Iranian Eurasian nomads known in Europe as Scythians and in Asia as Saka developed an early form of saddle with a rudimentary frame, which included two parallel leather cushions, with girth attached to them, a pommel and cantle with detachable bone/horn/hardened leather facings, leather thongs, a crupper, a felt shabrack adorned with animal motifs.
These were located in Pazyryk burials finds. These saddles, found in the Ukok Plateau, Siberia were dated to 500-400 BC. Iconographic evidence of a predecessor to the modern saddle has been found in the art of the ancient Armenians and steppe nomads depicted on the Assyrian stone relief carvings from the time of Ashurnasirpal II; the Scythians developed an early saddle that included padding and decorative embellishments. Though they had neither a solid tree nor stirrups, these early treeless saddles and pads provided protection and comfort to the rider, with a slight increase in security; the Sarmatians used a padded treeless early saddle as early as the seventh century, BC. and depictions of Alexander the Great depict a saddle cloth. Early solid-treed saddles were made of felt. Asian designs appeared during the Han dynasty 200 BC. One of the earliest solid-treed saddles in the west was the "four horn" design, first used by the Romans as early as the 1st century BC. Neither design had stirrups.
The development of the solid saddle tree was significant.
Pork rind is the culinary term for the skin of a pig. It can be used in many different ways, it can be fried or roasted in pork fat to produce the snack called pork rinds in American English and pork greaves, pork scratchings, or pork cracklings in the UK. The frying renders much of the fat attached to the uncooked rind, causing the size of the cooked product to be reduced considerably. A byproduct of the rendering of lard, it is a way of making the tough skin of a pig edible. In many ancient cultures, animal fats were the only way of obtaining oil for cooking and they were common in many people's diets until the industrial revolution made vegetable oils more common and more affordable. Microwaveable pork rinds are sold in bags that resemble microwaveable popcorn and can be eaten still warm. Pickled pork rinds, are enjoyed refrigerated and cold. Unlike the crisp and fluffy texture of fried pork rinds, pickled pork rinds are rich and buttery, much like foie gras. For the large-scale production of commercial pork rinds, dried pork skin pellets are used.
They are first rehydrated in water with added flavoring, fried in pork fat at 200–210 °C. Cooking makes the rinds float on the oil surface; the rinds are removed from the fat and air dried. Antioxidants may be added to improve stability. Like many snack foods, pork rinds can be high in fat. According to Men's Health, a one-ounce serving contains nine times the protein and less fat than is found in a serving of potato chips, which are much higher in carbohydrates, they add that 43% of pork rind's fat is unsaturated, most of, oleic acid, the same healthy fat found in olive oil. Another 13% of its fat content is stearic acid, a type of saturated fat, considered harmless because it does not raise cholesterol levels. A 60 g serving of pork rind contains 29 g of 375 kcal and 0.65 g of sodium. However, pork rinds are considered an incomplete source of protein because they contain low amounts of some essential amino acids, including methionine and histidine. Torresmo known as toicinho de porco, is a popular bar snack in Brazil served in bite-sized chunks.
It is a common accompaniment to typical dishes such as feijoada and virado. Chicharrones is the term for pork rinds in Colombia. Two kinds of chicharrón exist: chicharrón toteado, which has no meat in it and is similar to the lighter, commercial version, chicharrón cocho, made with part of the pork meat attached to the skin; this makes for a soft, juicy meat. It is traditionally served with beans, fried eggs and plantain in a typical plate called bandeja paisa. Scrunchions is a Newfoundland term for small pieces of pork rind or pork fatback fried until rendered and crispy, they are used as a flavoring over other foods, such as salt fish and potatoes, used as a condiment for fish and brewis. In Quebec, they are called oreilles de Christ and are eaten exclusively as part of traditional cabane à sucre meals. Chicharrones are served in homes or snack in bars and restaurants, little sodas adds in their menu Vigoron or empanadas with chicharrones and famous snack dish called chifrijo. Preparation could change from using pig fat as base and frying, but many prefer using a wok-like pot and wood-fire cooking.
Mexico is one of the world's largest producers and consumers of pork rinds, known as chicharrón or chicharra. It may still have fat attached, called in Spanish chicharrón con gordo in central México, it is served in homes across Mexico. It can be served in a soup sometimes called chicharrón con salsa de chicharrón, it is served as an appetizer, or offered as snack at family reunions. However, chicharrones can be purchased on the street and are eaten with hot sauce and lime juice. One popular breakfast is salsa de chicharron, cooked in green tomato or tomato salsa spiced with epazote. If liquid is drained, the pork rind can be used in tacos, either as fast-food products or kitchen made; the dryness in pork rind pairs with humidity and softness in pico de gallo and both fill a corn tortilla as taco. A byproduct in frying rinds is the decanted residues in fryer called asiento or boronas; the process requires uniformly cooking rinds, while the product dehydrates, it cracks, losing small pieces, which are collected afterwards and become a thick, fatty salsa, that can be mixed as an ingredient in other salsa de chicharrón recipes or used for its flavor and fat in pan frying.
A second byproduct in frying rinds is lard. Cueritos are the same as pork rinds, but are soft and translucent, as they are not cooked unlike the chicharrón, crispy, they are available in Mexico as antojo and sold on the streets by butchers, oftentimes served fresh, but one can find them marinated with vinegar and onion at tienditas, popular convenience stores where the clerk is the owner. If marinated, they are served with lemon and salt, powdered chili and with salsa Valentina. Another vatiety is duritos called chicharrones de harina; these are similar to traditional chicharrones, only made with fried flour leavened with baking s
Pigskin (video game)
Pigskin is a 1979 video game by Acorn Software Products for the TRS-80 Model I Level II. Pigskin is a football game with ten offensive plays and six defensive ones, players can play against the computer or another player. In single-player mode there are five levels of difficulty. J. Mishcon reviewed Pigskin in The Space Gamer No. 30. Mishcon commented that "A super game for kids who will love plenty of scoring but not the answer for a real lover of football."
Notes from the Underground (Hollywood Undead album)
Notes from the Underground is the third studio album by American rap rock band Hollywood Undead. Set to release in Summer 2012, Notes from the Underground was released on January 8, 2013 in the United States and Canada; the album charted at No. 2 on the Billboard 200 with over 53,000 copies sold in its first week, making it their highest charting album to date, despite its predecessor American Tragedy selling around 67,000 copies in its first week. The album has spawned a positive reception. Following extensive touring throughout 2011 to promote their second studio album, American Tragedy, their first remix album, American Tragedy Redux, Charlie Scene announced plans to begin a third studio album in late November 2011; the announcement came after the conclusion of the band's World War III Tour with Asking Alexandria. Charlie Scene stated that the band will begin writing and recording demos while on the Buried Alive Tour with Avenged Sevenfold and begin recording once the tour concludes in December 2011.
He stated the album will sound more similar to Swan Songs than American Tragedy. Commenting on the difference in recording this time around, he stated, "I would say that this time the label gave us full creative control. I think it's going to be more like'Swan Songs' than'American Tragedy.' It'll be a mixture of both. It has been reported that member Charlie Scene sings the chorus instead of lead singer, Danny, in a song featured on the album titled'Rain' with himself and Johnny 3 Tears taking control of the rapping. In an interview with Keven Skinner of The Daily Blam, Charlie Scene revealed more information about the album's details, he revealed." " would be awesome. I think it's bad to do on your first couple records, to ask people on, but I think that the third record is kind of the point where maybe you can have somebody featured. I think it would be cool to have someone else sing a chorus on one of our songs or do a verse." When asked about the masks, he replied that they will be upgrading their masks for the next album as well, as they did with the previous two albums.
Charlie Scene explained that the third album will be released much sooner than American Tragedy was, predicts it will be released by the summer of 2012. "We have a bunch of songs written and we're writing more on the road. We brought some studio equipment with us. After this tour and we're back home, we'll be able to work with producers that we want to work with and dial all the stuff in that we have – skeletons of songs. We have some good stuff that we're excited to work on for sure. One thing that we don't want to do is take as long as it took for us to do'American Tragedy' so there will be a third record out next year and we're hoping for at the latest – summer." He explained that the album will sound more like Swan Songs did, in the lines of it having more party tracks than American Tragedy did. Artistdirect named the band's upcoming album as one of the most anticipated albums of 2012, along with other bands such as Linkin Park, Black Sabbath, others; the band revealed that Griffin Boice and Danny Lohner, who worked with the band on their previous albums, have returned to produce the upcoming third album.
They revealed that they will be upgrading their masks again, like they did prior to the release of their second album, American Tragedy. During 2012, the band is scheduled to play in a series of music festivals, including Epicenter 2012, Aftershock, Rock Fest, others, joining bands such as Stone Temple Pilots, Escape the Fate and more. On October 19, they released the track "Dead Bite" from the album for a free download, along with a lyric video to it and announcement for the upcoming album's first single. On October 29, the lead single "We Are" was released along with the album title, named "Notes from the Underground". In a new interview with J-Dog and Da Kurlzz, they explained how the new album reminds them of the roots of Hollywood Undead, how when they first started recording how much fun they had doing without the label telling them what to do, he explained this record will be more like Swan Songs than American Tragedy, he revealed the album will be released on January 8, 2013. On December 11, the band announced that they will embark on a headlining tour titled "The Underground Tour", to promote Notes from the Underground.
Tour dates range from January 8, 2013, starting in Hollywood, California. A video was released in promotion of the upcoming tour. On October 29, 2012, the first official single from Notes from the Underground, titled "We Are", was released on iTunes, along with a lyric video on the band's official YouTube channel; the song reached No. 33 on the Top Rock Songs chart. Johnny 3 Tears commented on the song saying, "The song is about collective resistance. It's the silent majority; every time we work with Danny Lohner, he takes our music to the next level. Think of it as an ode to our misled youth." A music video for "We Are" was released on December 11, directed by Slipknot member, Clown. Da Kurlzz commented on their work with Clown, saying, "We are excited to be working with someone that thinks as progressively about their art as we do. Clown is a great director, together we are going to deliver something memorable.". USA Today described "We Are", "the horror-loving rap-rock outfit Hollywood Undead previews January's Notes From the Underground
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense, the team controlling the oval-shaped football, attempts to advance down the field by running with or passing the ball, while the defense, the team without control of the ball, aims to stop the offense's advance and aims to take control of the ball for themselves; the offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays, otherwise they turn over the football to the defense. Points are scored by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal; the team with the most points at the end of a game wins. American football evolved in the United States, originating from the sports of association football and rugby football; the first match of American football was played on November 6, 1869, between two college teams and Princeton, under rules based on the association football rules of the time.
During the latter half of the 1870s, colleges playing association football switched to the Rugby Union code, which allowed carrying the ball. A set of rule changes drawn up from 1880 onward by Walter Camp, the "Father of American Football", established the snap, the line of scrimmage, eleven-player teams, the concept of downs; the sport is related to Canadian football, which evolved parallel and contemporary to the American game, most of the features that distinguish American football from rugby and soccer are present in Canadian football. American football as a whole is the most popular sport in the United States; the most popular forms of the game are professional and college football, with the other major levels being high school and youth football. As of 2012, nearly 1.1 million high school athletes and 70,000 college athletes play the sport in the United States annually all of them men, with a few exceptions. The National Football League, the most popular American football league, has the highest average attendance of any professional sports league in the world.
In the United States, American Football is called "football". The terms "gridiron" or "American football" are favored in English-speaking countries where other codes of football are popular, such as the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia. American football evolved from the sports of rugby football. Rugby football, like American football, is a sport where two competing teams vie for control of a ball, which can be kicked through a set of goalposts or run into the opponent's goal area to score points. What is considered to be the first American football game was played on November 6, 1869, between Rutgers and Princeton, two college teams; the game was played between two teams of 25 players each and used a round ball that could not be picked up or carried. It could, however, be kicked or batted with the feet, head or sides, with the ultimate goal being to advance it into the opponent's goal. Rutgers won the game 6 goals to 4. Collegiate play continued for several years in which matches were played using the rules of the host school.
Representatives of Yale, Columbia and Rutgers met on October 19, 1873 to create a standard set of rules for all schools to adhere to. Teams were set at 20 players each, fields of 400 by 250 feet were specified. Harvard abstained from the conference, as they favored a rugby-style game that allowed running with the ball. After playing McGill University using both Canadian and American rules, the Harvard players preferred the Canadian style having only 11 men on the field, running the ball without having to be chased by an opponent, the forward pass and using an oblong instead of a round ball. An 1875 Harvard–Yale game played under rugby-style rules was observed by two impressed Princeton athletes; these players introduced the sport to Princeton, a feat the Professional Football Researchers Association compared to "selling refrigerators to Eskimos." Princeton, Harvard and Columbia agreed to intercollegiate play using a form of rugby union rules with a modified scoring system. These schools formed the Intercollegiate Football Association, although Yale did not join until 1879.
Yale player Walter Camp, now regarded as the "Father of American Football", secured rule changes in 1880 that reduced the size of each team from 15 to 11 players and instituted the snap to replace the chaotic and inconsistent scrum. The introduction of the snap resulted in unexpected consequences. Prior to the snap, the strategy had been to punt. However, a group of Princeton players realized that, as the snap was uncontested, they now could hold the ball indefinitely to prevent their opponent from scoring. In 1881, both teams in a game between Yale-Princeton used this strategy to maintain their undefeated records; each team held the ball. This "block game" proved unpopular with the spectators and fans of both teams. A rule change was necessary to prevent this strategy from taking hold, a reversion to the scrum was considered. However, Camp proposed a rule in 1882 that limited each team to three downs, or tackles, to adva