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Pike's Peak Gold Rush

The Pike's Peak Gold Rush was the boom in gold prospecting and mining in the Pike's Peak Country of western Kansas Territory and southwestern Nebraska Territory of the United States that began in July 1858 and lasted until the creation of the Colorado Territory on February 28, 1861. An estimated 100,000 gold seekers took part in one of the greatest gold rushes in North American history; the participants in the gold rush were known as "Fifty-Niners" after 1859, the peak year of the rush and used the motto Pike's Peak or Bust! In fact, the location of the Pike's Peak Gold Rush was centered 85 miles north of Pike's Peak; the name Pike's Peak Gold Rush was used because of how well known and important Pike's Peak was at the time. The Pike's Peak Gold Rush, which followed the California Gold Rush by one decade, produced a dramatic but temporary influx of immigrants into the Pike's Peak Country of the Southern Rocky Mountains; the rush was exemplified by the slogan "Pike's Peak or Bust!", a reference to the prominent mountain at the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains that guided many early prospectors to the region westward over the Great Plains.

The prospectors provided the first major European-American population in the region. The rush created a few mining camps such as Denver City and Boulder City that would develop into cities. Many smaller camps such as Auraria and Saint Charles City were absorbed by larger towns. Scores of other mining camps have faded into ghost towns, but quite a few camps such as Central City, Black Hawk and Idaho Springs survive. For many years, people had suspected the mountains in present-day Colorado contained numerous rich gold deposits. In 1835, French trapper Eustace Carriere lost his party and ended up wandering through the mountains for many weeks. During those weeks he found many gold specimens which he took back to New Mexico for examination. Upon examination, they turned out to be "pure gold", but when he tried to lead an expedition back to the location of where he found the gold, they came up short because he could not quite remember the location. In 1849 and 1850, several parties of gold seekers bound for the California Gold Rush panned small amounts of gold from various streams in the South Platte River valley at the foot of the Rocky Mountains.

The Rocky Mountain gold failed to impress or delay men with visions of unlimited wealth in California, the discoveries were not reported for several years. As the hysteria of the California Gold Rush faded, many discouraged gold seekers returned home. Rumors of gold in the Rocky Mountains persisted and several small parties explored the region. In the summer of 1857, a party of Spanish-speaking gold seekers from New Mexico worked a placer deposit along the South Platte River about 5 miles above Cherry Creek, now part of metropolitan Denver. William Greeneberry "Green" Russell was a Georgian who worked in the California gold fields in the 1850s. Russell was married to a Cherokee woman, through his connections to the tribe, he heard about an 1849 discovery of gold along the South Platte River. Green Russell organized a party to prospect along the South Platte River, setting off with his two brothers and six companions in February 1858, they rendezvoused with Cherokee tribe members along the Arkansas River in present-day Oklahoma and continued westward along the Santa Fe Trail.

Others joined the party along the way until their number reached 107. Upon reaching Bent's Fort, they turned to the northwest, reaching the confluence of Cherry Creek and the South Platte on May 23; the site of their initial explorations is in present-day Confluence Park in Denver. They began prospecting in the river beds, exploring Cherry Creek and nearby Ralston Creek but without success. In the first week of July 1858, Green Russell and Sam Bates found a small placer deposit near the mouth of Little Dry Creek that yielded about 20 troy ounces of gold, the first significant gold discovery in the Rocky Mountain region; the site of the discovery is in the present-day Denver suburb of Englewood, just north of the junction of U. S. Highway 285 and U. S. Highway 85; the first decade of the boom was concentrated along the South Platte River at the base of the Rocky Mountains, in the canyon of Clear Creek in the mountains west of Golden City, at Breckenridge and in South Park at Como and Alma. By 1860, Denver City, Golden City, Boulder City were substantial towns that served the mines.

Rapid population growth led to the creation of the Colorado Territory in 1861. The Pike's Peak Gold Rush sent many Americans into a frenzy, prompting them to pack up their belongings and head to Colorado; this initial boom influenced people to begin falsifying information sending people out to the west without any proof of a true presence of gold. As early as the spring of 1859, people raced to the Pike's Peak country; some dared to go out in the winter of 1858 to try to get a head start, only to realize that they would have to wait until the snow melted to begin their mining for gold. Hardrock mining boomed for a few years, but declined in the mid-1860s as the miners exhausted the shallow parts of the veins that contained free gold, found that their amalgamation mills could not recover gold from the deeper sulfide ores; this problem was solved and gold and silver mining in Colorado became a major industry. Colorado produced 150,000 ounces of gold in 1861 and 225,000 troy ounces in 1862; this led Congress to establish the Denver Mint.

Cumulative Colorado production by 1865 was 1.25 million ounces, of which sixty percent was placer gold. Australian gold rushes Colorado Silver Boom Horace Greeley, namesake of Greeley, who mined for gold in the rush Klondi

List of first-class cricket centuries by W. G. Grace

William Gilbert Grace known as W. G. Grace, is considered one of the greatest cricketers of all time, his first-class cricket career spanned 44 seasons, from 1865 until 1908, during which time he claimed over 2,800 wickets and over 800 catches. Despite this, he is best known for his batting ability: possessing a "high backlift and willingness to play off both front and back foot", he stood apart from other batsmen of the time, he scored over 50,000 first-class runs, a feat achieved by only six other cricketers, was the first cricketer to score 100 or more centuries. Disputes regarding the first-class status of a number of matches in which W. G. Grace played have resulted in him having varying career statistics published. Of his centuries, 124 were scored in matches universally accepted as being first-class, these are the figures which are published on both Cricinfo and CricketArchive. A number of further matches are considered to be first-class by some sources. Grace, in his 1899 reminiscences, records both of these centuries among his tally of first-class centuries.

In Wisden Cricketers' Almanack's first-class records section, he is listed as having scored 126 centuries, the eleventh most hundreds scored during a career. He retains this position with the lower total of 124 appearing eleventh on Cricinfo's list. Grace made his first-class debut in June 1865 appearing for the Gentlemen of the South against the Players of the South at The Oval, but did not score his first century until his tenth match, making an unbeaten 224 for England against Surrey County Cricket Club at the same ground. In 1871, he reached 100 on the most during any season of his career. In doing so, he became the first batsman to pass 2,000 first-class runs in a season, tallying 2,739 in total, he scored the first triple century in first-class cricket in 1876, amassing 344 for the Gentlemen of Marylebone Cricket Club against Kent after the Gentlemen had been forced to follow on. Less than two weeks Grace passed 300 once more, scoring 318 not out for Gloucestershire against Yorkshire, he scored 177 in his only innings between the two triple-centuries, scored 839 runs in eight days.

He scored his 100th century in 1895. Somerset's captain, Sammy Woods recollects the moment in his reminiscences: During May we had a weird game at Bristol v. Gloucester. We scored 200 for 1 wicket. W. G. went on and took 5 wickets, we were all out for 300. He proceeded to go in first and help himself to 288, to get his hundredth century. I had the satisfaction of giving him a full pitch to get to his hundred, not that he wanted any help. Grace comments in his memoirs that he was glad to make his hundredth century at Gloucestershire's ground. Excluding the two centuries not considered first-class by some modern statisticians, Grace's hundredth century came in the same month when he scored 169 for Gloucestershire against Middlesex at Lord's, he scored his final first-class century in July 1904 for London County, reaching 166 against the Marylebone Cricket Club. He played first-class cricket for another four seasons, scored 15 and 25 for the Gentlemen of England in his final outing, an innings defeat against Surrey.

* denotes that he remained not out. Pos. denotes his position in the batting order. Inn. Denotes the number of the innings in the match. Date denotes the date. Drawn denotes. Lost denotes. Won denotes. D denotes. T denotes. General"Player Oracle Reveals Results: WG Grace in first-class matches where score is at least 100". CricketArchive. Retrieved 2010-11-09. Specific

When the Boys Meet the Girls (album)

When the Boys Meet the Girls is the eighth studio album by the American R&B vocal group Sister Sledge, released on June 7, 1985 by Atlantic Records. It was the group's first release on the Atlantic label. Prior to this album, the group's releases had been released under the Cotillion label, a subsidiary of Atlantic which became defunct in 1985. Produced by Nile Rodgers, this album reached number nineteen in the UK charts; the two singles released from this album charted in the UK, "Frankie", released in June 1985 peaked at number one. The single was was certified gold by the BPI in July 1985; the other single, "Dancing on the Jagged Edge",Released in August 1985 peaked at number 50 on the charts in the UK. This album was certified gold on August 6, 1985. "When the Boys Meet the Girls" – 5:26 "Dancing on the Jagged Edge" – 5:44 "Frankie" – 4:17 "You’re Fine" – 5:21 "Hold Out Poppy" – 3:56 "The Boy Most Likely" – 4:12 "You Need Me" – 4:47 "Following the Leader" – 5:02 "Peer Pressure" – 3:19 Sister Sledge - When the Boys Meet the Girls album releases & credits at Discogs Sister Sledge - When the Boys Meet the Girls album to be listened as stream on Spotify

Spike McRoy

Robert Lynn "Spike" McRoy, Jr. is an American professional golfer who has played on the PGA Tour and the Nationwide Tour. McRoy was raised in Huntsville, Alabama, he got his nickname Spike from his great uncle, a Ty Cobb fan, who sent McRoy a miniature Detroit Tigers uniform when he was born. Cobb was known for his aggressive base running – "spiking" opposing infielders as he rounded the bases. McRoy graduated from Virgil I. Grissom High School in 1986, he attended the University of Alabama graduating with a bachelor's degree in corporate finance in 1991. He was on the Alabama Crimson Tide golf team while there, he turned professional after graduating. McRoy has split his playing time between the PGA Tour and Tour equally throughout his career, has just over a half-dozen top-10 finishes in each venue. He was the top money winner on the Tour in 2000 with $300,638 in earnings, victories at the Dakota Dunes Open and the Tour Championship. In 2002, he captured his first win in a PGA Tour event at the B.

C. Open. McRoy last played a full PGA Tour season in 2005 and continues to compete on the PGA Tour and Tour. McRoy is married with three lives in Huntsville, he was inducted into the Huntsville-Madison County Athletic Hall of Fame in 2009. 2002 B. C. Open 2000 Dakota Dunes Open, Tour Championship 1990 Cajun Classic 1992 Alabama Open, two wins on the Hooters Tour Note: McRoy never played in the Masters Tournament. CUT = missed the half-way cut "T" = tied 1996 PGA Tour Qualifying School graduates 1997 PGA Tour Qualifying School graduates 2000 Tour graduates Alabama Crimson Tide golf Official website Spike McRoy at the PGA Tour official site

Rovers (Australia)

Rover Scouts known as Rovers, is the fifth and final youth section of Scouts Australia, Rover Scouts are adults aged between 18 and 25 years of age and are organised into local Crews, which can be associated with a Scout Group or operate stand-alone. Rover Scouts began in 1918, are based on founder Baden-Powell's book Rovering to Success using the theme of St George or knighthood. Rover Scouts are encouraged to become better citizens through taking part in Scouts Australia's training programs, developing leadership skills, participating in outdoor activities, attending national and international events, providing service to the community and building their life skills. Rover Scouts are distinguished by a red shoulder panel on the blue Scout uniform shirt, with green badges on each shoulder if the wearer is a invested/knighted member, as well as the traditional'knot' of five ribbons – this distinguishes Rovers from every other section; the Rover Scout Section is organised from a National level down, however the day-to-day running of the section is organised at a Branch level.

The larger states are split into Regions. There are around 3000 Rovers nationally in about 250 Crews. Unlike the other sections of Scouts Australia, Rover Scouts are self-governing with Rovers under 25 becoming the leaders while still taking part in the program. After the 1970 Design for Tomorrow Report, instead of becoming a new section, Rover Scouts began to admit young women into their Crews and asked their over 25 leaders to step back to become Rover Advisers, with the Crew Leaders, Region Chairs and Branch Chairs taking up the responsibility for their Rovers; the National Rover Council, a group of Rover representatives from each state, who co-ordinate interstate efforts was founded in 1979 and just like the Crew, all are under 26 years old. A Rover Crew is led by an elected committee; the committee consists of a Crew Leader, Assistant/Deputy Crew Leader and Treasurer but large Crews may add a Fundraiser, a Quartermaster, training officer, Venturer liaison/recruitment officer and other roles.

Rover Scouts are young adults and make their own decisions but sometimes Crews wish to have input from people over the age of 25, called Rover Advisers. These people are selected by the Crew because of their previous experience, both in Scouting and in life; the next step in the Rover Scout government ladder is the Region Rover Council. These bodies run Rovering in their geographic areas and are based on the same Regions as the other sections of the Scouting Movement; these Regions can run various Branch events on behalf of the Branch. There are Region Rover Councils in New South Wales and Victoria, assisting the Crews in their area by offering service, organising social functions, distributing information, assisting with training, promoting the Baden-Powell Scout Award and many other tasks. Not all states have Region Rover Councils, with Crews in the smaller states reporting directly to their Branch Rover Council; the Branch Rover Council is formed by representatives from each of the Region Rover Councils or directly from Crews, may have representatives from sub-committees.

This body approves Branch awards, co-ordinates training, liaises with other Branch Rover Councils and National Rover Council, develops policies and initiatives and encourages the further development of Rovering. These bodies communicate with their respective Branch Scout Orginisations where the whole State is organised and Branch Rover Councils send their elected members to represent Rover interests. Branch Rover Councils Commissioners and Chairs directly represent Rovers to the wider organisation in this way. Branch Rover Councils have a number of sub-committees which organise various parts of Rovering life. For example, these may include: Management Committees that run campsites and manage assets and property Event Committees, which organise some of the main events in Rovering Rover Motorsport is CAMS affiliated but the responsibility of the Branch Rover Council Diversity and Inclusion Committees that help support members Award approval Committees for the conferring of Rover awardsSome states have a Lone Rover Crew, which accept members from country or other areas where the nearest Rover Crew is further than practical travel allows or who cannot attend a regular Rover Crew due to work or other commitments.

New South Wales and South Australia have Lones Crews. The Australian National Rover Council, is the body, it assists the running of Rovering conducted at a Branch level, designs policy to affect Rovering as a whole in Australia. This team works together to develop a strategic plan and implement this over the course of their elected year, they liaise with the Branch Rover Council Chairmen and the Branch Commissioners/Advisors for Rovers in each state to help them with any issues, ideas or help that they may need plus implement any actions or policies that effect the whole nation. The NRC is composed of an executive of a Chairman, Vice Chair and a Training and Development Officer, delegates from each state, plus the Scouts Australia National Team, a representative from the Scouts Australia National Youth Council and New Zealand Rovers. Additional project and support officers are elected from time to time; the council meets as a whole at their annual meeting where there are two del


Duwaine Whitfield, better known by his stage name of Wittyboy, is a British DJ, record producer and composer from Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. Whitfield was raised in Leeds where he was influenced by a mix of speed garage, hip hop and dancehall from an early age, he began to gain support on national radio stations along with regular nightclub performances within the bassline music scene. After a number of successful underground releases, Wittyboy was given his first major label opportunity- remixing singer Estelle's No Substitute Love. Wittyboy continued to grow his remix portfolio working with the likes of Nitin Sawhney featuring Roxanne Tataei on his remix of Distant Dreams, followed by his remix of Craig David's Are You Up For This< and Jodie Aysha's – Pozer. Wittyboy has been featured on a number of compilations such as Nitin Sawhney - London Undersound and Instrumentals, Pure Garage Rewind Back To The Old Skool and Pure Bassline, both mixed by DJ EZ, Ministry of Sound's The Sound of Bassline series and Fabric Live 47.

Wittyboy has been featured in numerous publications such as Vibrations Magazine, DJ Mag, issue 80 of RWD Magazine, Super Super Magazine and iDJ Magazine. Witty Boy E. P, Northern Line Records Danger E. P, Northern Line Records Music Hustler EP, Music Hustler Records So Happy & Seductive, Illusive Entertainment Broken Silence EP, Wittyboy Music The Shakedown EP, Chip Butty Records Narcos EP, Wittyboy Music Kiss My Eyes Conversations Bad Dreams Iron Man Murder Charge Nacho Riddim Iron Man VIP Spanish Rose Attention Stupid Games Danger World War 3 So Happy Seductive Hungry Giant Bubble & Tweak Running To You Without You The Shakedown Warlord Backup Plan Mutya Buena – Just a Little Bit Craig David – Are You Up For This Craig David Feat. Tinchy Stryder – Where's Your Love Sticky Featuring Courtney Dennie – I'm In Love Ear Dis – I Feel Roll Deep Ft. Janee – Do Me Wrong Spoonface – Pon Me Sofa Nitin Sawhney – Distant Dreams Estelle – No Substitute Love Leon Jean-Marie – Bring It On Cotti Feat Doctor – Calm Down DJ Matchstick & Erica Iji – It's Over Alex Mills – Beyond Words Toddla T & Herve* Feat.

Serocee – Shake It East 17 VS Witty Boy – Trouble Rainboy – Woman of the Wind Lauren Mason - P. S Jodie Aysha – Pozer I Haunt Wizards – Flowers Bloom Serocee – Oh Na Na. Official Website