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Pike County, Pennsylvania

Pike County is a county located in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 57,369, its county seat is Milford. Pike County is included in NY-NJ-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 2006, Pike County was the fastest-growing county in the state of Pennsylvania. Pike County was named for General Zebulon Pike, it was organized on March 1814 from part of Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Some English settlement in the area had started during the colonial years; the longtime original inhabitants were the Lenape Native Americans, known by the English colonists as the Delaware Indians because their territory was along the Delaware River, as well as the coastal mid-Atlantic area. In 1694, Governor Benjamin Fletcher of the colony of New York sent Captain Arent Schuyler to investigate claims that the French were recruiting Indian allies for use against the English. In 1696, governor Fletcher authorized purchases of Indian land near the New York border by a number of citizens of Ulster County.

Nicholas Depui was the first to settle in the area, in 1725. Thomas Quick moved to the area that would become Milford in 1733. Andrew Dingman settled on the Delaware River at the future site of Dingmans Ferry in 1735; the early settlers traded with them. As settlement increased and their land practices encroached on Lenape uses, land disputes arose; the colonists' infamous Walking Purchase of 1737 swindled the Lenape out of more than half of present-day Pike County. As the Lenape realized what had happened, violent conflicts arose between the colonists. Early in the nineteenth century, coal was discovered nearby in the area that would become Carbondale; this became significant as the British restricted export of British coal to the United States after the War of 1812, creating a fuel shortage in expanding New York City. To get the coal to New York, developers proposed a gravity railroad from Carbondale to Honesdale, along with a canal from Honesdale to the Hudson River at Kingston; the state of New York approved the canal proposal in 1823.

Work on the 108-mile Delaware and Hudson Canal began in 1825 and was completed in 1828. The canal system, which terminated at the Hudson River near present-day Kingston, proved profitable, but the barges had to cross the Delaware via a rope ferry across a "slackwater dam," which created bottlenecks in the canal traffic and added to the cost of transportation. John Roebling proposed continuing the canal over the river as part of an aqueduct. Built in 1848, his innovative design required only three piers, where five would ordinarily have been required. Three other suspension aqueducts were subsequently built for the canal. Roebling's Delaware Aqueduct is still standing the oldest suspension bridge in America. For fifty-one years, coal flowed to New York City via the canal, but the development of railroads, which were faster and operated when the canals were frozen, brought the end of the canal era. The New York and Erie Railroad supplanted the canal and in 1898 the water route was abandoned. From 1904 to 1926, Grey Towers in the borough of Milford, Pennsylvania was the site of summer field study sessions for the Master's program of the Yale School of Forestry, together with the Forester's Hall, a commercial building, adapted and expanded for this purpose.

In 1926, the Pennsylvania Power and Light Company built a hydroelectric plant on Wallenpaupack creek at the former village of Wilsonville. The town now lies under Lake Wallenpaupack, created by a dam. A crew of 2,700 men worked for two years to complete the dam for the project at a cost of $1,026,000; this required the acquisition of nearly a hundred properties, a number of farms and homes were razed or moved. In addition, 17 miles of roads and telephone lines were relocated, a cemetery was moved to make way for the project; the rural area of the county made it attractive as a country destination. Several camps were developed in the area of Milford, the county seat, it has several hundred late 19th and early 20th-century buildings that contribute to a National Historic District listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Yale ran summer field studies for its Master's program in forestry there from 1904 to 1926. Since the late 20th century, Pike County has been the fastest-growing county in Pennsylvania.

The area has low state and county taxes, affordable housing. Interstate 80 and Interstate 84 provide rapid commutes to New York City's northern suburbs. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 567 square miles, of which 545 square miles is land and 22 square miles is water; the terrain rises from the river valley in the east to the rolling foothills of the Poconos in the west. The highest point is one of two unnamed hills in Greene Township that top out at 2,110 feet above sea level; the lowest elevation is 340 feet, at the confluence of the Bushkill and the Delaware rivers. Sullivan County, New York Orange County, New York Sussex County, New Jersey Warren County, New Jersey Monroe County Wayne County Pike County has a humid continental climate, warm-summer except along the Delaware River from Dingmans Ferry down where it is

Talon (roller coaster)

Talon is a inverted roller coaster located at Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom in Allentown, Pennsylvania. Manufactured by Bolliger & Mabillard and designed by Werner Stengel at a cost of $13 million, Talon opened to the public in 2001 and was marketed as the tallest and longest inverted coaster in the Northeast, it stands 135-foot tall, reaches a maximum speed of 58 mph, features four inversions. On April 28, 2000, Dorney Park announced that a 135-foot-tall four inversion inverted roller coaster would be built for the 2001 season. No further details were given until August 30, 2000 when Dorney Park announced the full details of the new $13 million roller coaster and its name, Talon; the ride would be the Northeast's longest inverted roller coaster and would be built on a portion of land set aside for a major attraction by Cedar Fair when they purchased the park in 1992. Construction continued through the winter; the first parts of Talon to be put into place were the brake run and transfer track in October 2000.

The roller coaster was topped off on November 21, 2000 and the track was completed in early 2001. After testing was complete, Talon opened on May 5, 2001. Having dispatched from the station, the train begins to climb the 135-foot lift hill. Once at the top, the train goes through a pre-drop before making a sharp 120-foot downward right turn; the train enters a 98-foot tall vertical loop. After exiting the loop, the train goes through a zero-gravity roll before dropping back to the ground and entering an immelmann loop; the train makes a full 360-degree upward right turn followed by a left turn leading into another drop. After the drop, the train makes banked right turn into a flat spin. Next, the train makes a left turn before heading to an airtime, back up which leads into the brake run. After exiting the brake run, the train makes a right turn into a second, set of brakes before entering the station. One cycle of the ride lasts about 2 minutes. Talon operates with two steel and fiberglass trains.

Each train has eight cars that can seat four riders in a single row for a total of 32 riders per train. The train structure is coloured blue and turquoise, the seats are black, the over-the-shoulder restraints are yellow; the steel track of Talon is 3,110 feet long, the height of the lift is 135 feet high, the entire track weighs just under 3,000,000 pounds. It was manufactured by Clermont Steel Fabricators located in Ohio. Unlike other B&M coasters, the track is filled with sand to reduce the noise produced by the trains; the tracks are painted yellow while the supports are blue. The entrance sign has a mini-slogan as "The Grip Of Fear; the word "Talon" is named after a claw, found on birds of prey and mythical creatures. The ride is themed as a bird of prey. Official page

Poor Conrad

The Poor Conrad was the name of several secret peasants' leagues, which in 1514 revolted against the rule of Duke Ulrich of Württemberg. The rebels adopted the term used by the nobility to mock them, meaning "poor fellow" or "poor devil"; the battle flag of the rebels depicted a farmer lying in front of a cross, under the words Der arme Conrad. Duke Ulrich's excessive lifestyle had badly dented the Württemberg treasury, while the rural population was beset by their seignory under the condition of serfdom. Instead of cutting down his expenses, the duke raised further taxes in 1513 to finance his planned campaign against the Duchy of Burgundy; as the citizens of Stuttgart and Tübingen refused to pay a wealth tax, he had an excise imposed on meat and fruit to the disadvantage of the unprivileged population. The crop failures of 1508 and 1513 meant; this in turn led to a hike in food prices. In order to collect the tax, Ulrich had the unit of measurement of weight reduced, a move which aroused general indignation.

For example, for the price of one kilogram of flour, one received only 700 grammes. As a protest against the measure, Peter Gaiß from Beutelsbach carried out a "trial by ordeal" on 2 May 1514: the new weights of Duke Ulrich were to be thrown in the Rems River at Großheppach. Were they to float, they would be legitimized; as was to be expected, the ordeal "proved" the peasants right. The next day, the authorities reacted and insisted on the surrender of the weights, a demand that Peter Gaiß rejected. Instead he convoked a growing crowd of dissatisfied peasants, which moved to the nearby town of Schorndorf, where little damage was inflicted, but the duke was so concerned that he dropped the unpopular tax; this calmed the situation in the Rems Valley temporarily. Shortly thereafter, further riots broke out in Leonberg and Grüningen, encouraged by town priest Rainhard Gaißlin. Peter Gaiß travelled again across the country, persuading people to riot against Duke Ulrich. In mid-July, the rebels occupied Schorndorf for ten days.

Marching through the Württemberg estates, the rebels set up a camp on the Kappelberg spur near Beutelsbach. However, news of approaching well-armed ducal troops persuaded more and more rebels to leave the camp; the Poor Conrad rebellion collapsed quietly. Ducal troops occupied the Rems Valley without resistance, hauling the remaining 1,700 rebels off to Schorndorf, where they were tortured and their commanders beheaded. Fines had to be paid, they were deprived of their rights; the peace did not last long. Some ten years the rural population rebelled again, leading to the German Peasants' War.2014 marked the 500 anniversary of the rebellion. A stamp was issued and several exhibitions were held in Fellbach, Schorndorf and Weiblingen. 500 Anniversary celebration website

House by the Sea (album)

House by the Sea is the second studio album of Levinhurst, released in 2007. Margaret Reges of Allmusic gave it 3 out of 5 stars, writing "House by the Sea is graced with a continuity and vision that surpasses its predecessor. There's a fine line between continuity and humdrum homogeneity, House by the Sea bumbles into the realm of sleep-inducing monotony by the time the fifth track rolls around." "Nobody Cares" "Never Going to Dream Again" "Beautiful Lie" "Unreality" "I Am" "Heart and Soul" "Another Way" "Forgiven" "House by the Sea" Cindy Levinson - vocals Lol Tolhurst - keyboards, synthesizer Eric Bradley - acoustic and bass guitars Gray Tolhurst - guitar

Cooperative Linux

Cooperative Linux, abbreviated as coLinux, is software which allows Microsoft Windows and the Linux kernel to run in parallel on the same machine. Cooperative Linux utilizes the concept of a Cooperative Virtual Machine. In contrast to traditional virtual machines, the CVM shares resources that exist in the host OS. In traditional VM hosts, resources are virtualized for every OS; the CVM gives both OSs complete control of the host machine while the traditional VM sets every guest OS in an unprivileged state to access the real machine. The term "cooperative" is used to describe two entities working in parallel. In effect Cooperative Linux turns the two different operating system kernels into two big coroutines; each kernel has its own complete CPU context and address space, each kernel decides when to give control back to its partner. However, while both kernels theoretically have full access to the real hardware, modern PC hardware is not designed to be controlled by two different operating systems at the same time.

Therefore, the host kernel is left in control of the real hardware and the guest kernel contains special drivers that communicate with the host and provide various important devices to the guest OS. The host can be any OS kernel that exports basic primitives that allow the Cooperative Linux portable driver to run in CPL0 mode and allocate memory. Dan Aloni started the development of Cooperative Linux based on similar work with User-mode Linux, he announced the development on 25 Jan 2004. In July 2004 he presented a paper at the Linux Symposium; the source was released under the GNU General Public License. Other developers have since contributed various patches and additions to the software. Cooperative Linux is different from full x86 virtualization, which works by running the guest OS in a less privileged mode than that of the host kernel, having all resources delegated by the host kernel. In contrast, Cooperative Linux runs a specially modified Linux kernel, Cooperative in that it takes responsibility for sharing resources with the NT kernel and not instigating race conditions.

Most of the changes in the Cooperative Linux patch are on the i386 tree—the only supported architecture for Cooperative at the time of this writing. The other changes are additions of virtual drivers: cobd and cocon. Most of the changes in the i386 tree involve the initialization and setup code, it is a goal of the Cooperative Linux kernel design to remain as close as possible to the standalone i386 kernel, so all changes are localized and minimized as much as possible. The coLinux package installs a port of the Linux kernel and a virtual network device and can run under a version of the Windows operating system such as Windows 2000 or Windows XP, it does not use a virtual machine such as VMware. Debian, Ubuntu and Gentoo are popular with the coLinux users. Due to the rather unusual structure of the virtual hardware, installing Linux distributions under coLinux is difficult. Therefore, users in most cases use either an existing Linux installation on a real partition or a ready made filesystem image distributed by the project.

The filesystem images are made by a variety of methods, including taking images of a normal Linux system, finding ways to make installers run with the strange hardware, building up installs by hand using the package manager or upgrading existing images using tools like yum and apt. An easier way to get an up-to-date filesystem image is to use QEMU to install Linux and "convert" the image by stripping off the first 63 512-byte blocks as described in the coLinux wiki. Since coLinux does not have access to native graphics hardware, X Window or X Servers will not run under coLinux directly, but one can install an X Server under Windows, such as Cygwin/X or Xming and use KDE or GNOME and any other Linux application and distribution. All of these issues are fixed by using coLinux based distributions such as andLinux, based on Ubuntu, or TopologiLinux, based on Slackware. Ethernet network via TAP, PCAP, NDIS and SLiRP. Does not yet support 64-bit Windows or Linux, but a port is under development by the community.

A sponsor was willing to complete the port, but the job got cancelled. No multi-processor support. Linux applications and the underlying kernel are able to use only one CPU. WinLinux Win32-loader Topologilinux, a Slackware-based coLinux distribution andLinux, a Ubuntu-based coLinux distribution Platform virtualization Comparison of platform virtualization software Cygwin MSYS Wubi Longene Chroot Official website Cooperative Linux on Virtualization with coLinux a developerWorks by M. Tim Jones speedLinux Portable Ubuntu Remix, another Ubuntu-based coLinux distribution

Electoral district of Mornington

The electoral district of Mornington is an electoral district of the Victorian Legislative Assembly. The electorate can be described as outer metropolitan and rural, including animal farming, grape production and wineries; the district is 155 square kilometres in area. It was first created in 1859 when the Electoral district of Evelyn and Mornington was abolished and split in two; the district of Mornington included the entire Mornington Peninsula, Phillip Island and French Island. It includes Mornington, Mount Eliza, Mount Martha and Tuerong, parts of Baxter and Moorooduc. David Morris, retained his seat after the 2014 Victorian election. District profile from the Victorian Electoral Commission