Kenneth Martin Follett, is a Welsh author of thrillers and historical novels who has sold more than 160 million copies of his works. Many of his books have achieved high ranking on best seller lists. For example, in the USA, many reached the number 1 position on the New York Times Best Seller list, including Edge of Eternity, Fall of Giants, A Dangerous Fortune, The Key to Rebecca, Lie Down with Lions, Winter of the World, World Without End. Follett was born on 5 June 1949 in Wales, he was the first child of Martin Follett, a tax inspector, Lavinia Follett, who went on to have two more children and James. Barred from watching films and television by his Plymouth Brethren parents, he developed an early interest in reading but remained an indifferent student until he entered his teens, his family moved to London when he was ten years old, he began applying himself to his studies at Harrow Weald Grammar School and Poole Technical College. He won admission in 1967 to University College London, where he studied philosophy and became involved in centre-left politics.
He married Mary, in 1968, their son Emanuele was born in the same year. After graduation in the autumn of 1970, Follett took a three-month post-graduate course in journalism and went to work as a trainee reporter in Cardiff on the South Wales Echo. In 1973 a daughter, Marie-Claire, was born. After three years in Cardiff, he returned to London as a general-assignment reporter for the Evening News. Finding the work unchallenging, he left journalism for publishing and became, by the late 1970s, deputy managing director of the small London publisher Everest Books, he began writing fiction during evenings and weekends as a hobby. He said he began writing books when he needed extra money to fix his car, the publisher's advance a fellow journalist had been paid for a thriller was the sum required for the repairs. Success came at first, but the 1978 publication of Eye of the Needle, which became an international bestseller and sold over 10 million copies, made him both wealthy and internationally famous.
Each of Follett's subsequent novels has become a best-seller, ranking high on the New York Times Best Seller list. As at January 2018, he has published 44 books; the first five best sellers were spy thrillers: Eye of the Needle, The Key to Rebecca, The Man from St. Petersburg and Lie Down with Lions. On Wings of Eagles was the true story of how two of Ross Perot's employees were rescued from Iran during the revolution of 1979; the next three novels, Night Over Water, A Dangerous Fortune and A Place Called Freedom were more historical than thriller, but he returned to the thriller genre with The Third Twin which in the Publishing Trends annual survey of international fiction best-sellers for 1997 was ranked no. 2 worldwide, after John Grisham's The Partner. His next work, The Hammer of Eden, was another contemporary suspense story followed by a Cold War thriller, Code to Zero. Follett returned to the World War II era with his next two novels, Jackdaws, a thriller about a group of women parachuted into France to destroy a vital telephone exchange – which won the Corine Literature Prize for 2003 – and Hornet Flight, about a daring young Danish couple who escape to Britain from occupied Denmark in a rebuilt Hornet Moth biplane with vital information about German radar.
Whiteout is a contemporary thriller about the theft of a deadly virus from a research lab. Follett surprised his readers with his first non-spy thriller, The Pillars of the Earth, a novel about building a cathedral in a small English village during the Anarchy in the 12th century; the novel was successful, received positive reviews and was on the New York Times Best Seller list for 18 weeks. It topped best-seller lists in Canada and Italy, was on the German best-seller list for six years, it has sold 26 million copies so far. On 16 August 2017, it was published as a computer game by German developer and publisher Daedalic Entertainment, its much-later sequel, World Without End, returns to Kingsbridge 157 years and features the descendants of the characters in Pillars. It focuses on the destinies of a handful of people as their lives are devastated by the Black Death, the plague that swept Europe from the middle of the 14th century; the next novel in the series, A Column of Fire, was published in September 2017.
Beginning in 1558, the story follows the romance between Ned Willard and Margery Fitzgerald over half a century. It commences at a time when Europe turns against Elizabethan England and the queen finds herself beset by plots to dethrone her. Follett's novels, Fall of Giants, Winter of the World and Edge of Eternity, make up the Century Trilogy. Fall of Giants followed the fates of five interrelated families - American, Russian and Welsh - as they moved through the world-shaking dramas of the First World War, the Russian Revolution and the struggle for women's suffrage. Fall of Giants, published in 14 countries, was internationally popular and topped several best-seller lists. Winter of the World picks up where the first book left off, as its five interrelated families enter a time of enormous social and economic turmoil, beginning with the rise of the Third Reich, through the Spanish Civil War and the great dramas of World War II, to the explosions of the American and Soviet atom bombs and the beginning of the long Cold War.
The final novel in the'Century' trilogy, Edge of Eternity, which follows those families through the events of the second half of the 20th century, was published on 16 September 201
Pillar of Fire (novel)
Pillar of Fire is a 1995 historical fantasy novel by Judith Tarr. It deals with the reigns of Egyptian pharaohs Akhenaten and Tutankhamun and the Exodus from the perspective of a Hittite slave girl of Ankhesenpaaten, it draws on Ahmed Osman's theory that Moses and Ankhenaten were the same person. The idea of Akhenaten as the pioneer of a monotheistic religion that became Judaism has been considered by various scholars starting with Sigmund Freud's views in Moses and Monotheism. Tarr comments in the endnotes that she was surprised at how little she had to tweak historical fact to write the story; the audiobook version, published in 1998, ran for 22 hours and was read by Anna Fields. Set in ancient Egypt the narrative is based on the notion that Moses and the Pharaoh Akhenaten were one and the same. Narrated in the third person from the viewpoint of a Hittite slave girl, the novel juxtaposes the Exodus story with the events in the Egyptian court; the novel was a NESFA 1995 Hugo Recommendation. Publishers Weekly:With her usual skill, Tarr combines fact and fiction to create yet another remarkably solid historical novel set in ancient Egypt.
This narrative is based on an intriguing premise: What if Moses, patriarch of monotheism, the Pharaoh Akhenaten, who forbade the Egyptians from worshiping any god save the sun god Aten, were one and the same?.... The juxtaposition of the Exodus story with the events in the Egyptian court makes for an engrossing saga, Nofret's shrewd skepticism in the face of such great events lends the tale intimacy; this is a entertaining blend of romance and historical detail. Tarr's novel represents the most dramatic connection between the Amarna phase of Egyptian history and Hebrew monotheism. LCCN 95-6315 Judith Tarr. Pillar of Fire. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-8125-3903-5. Rewriting Moses, by Brian Britt, references Pillar of Brian. "Crete And Quarrel". Washington Post. Describes Pillar of Fire "highly acclaimed". Kliatt magazine, September, 1997, review of Pillar of Fire, p. 54 Library Journal, June 15, 1995, Cynthia Johnson, review of Pillar of Fire, p. 96 Publishers Weekly May 22, 1995, review of Pillar of Fire, p. 50 Judith Tarr, Sidelights
Egon Weiner was a Chicago sculptor and longtime professor at the Art Institute of Chicago. He was known for a 33-foot-tall abstract bronze sculpture, Pillar of Fire, which can be found on the grounds of the Chicago Fire Academy on the spot where, legend has it, Mrs. O'Leary's cow knocked over the lantern that started the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. Frank Lloyd Wright Monument at the entrance of Austin Gardens, Oak Park, Illinois. Art and Human Emotions. Springfield, IL: Thomas, 1974. Obituary: "Egon Weiner, 81, created'Pillar of Fire'". Numerous articles on Weiner, spanning several decades, can be found at Google News
Pillar of Fire International
The Pillar of Fire International is a Methodist Christian sect with headquarters in Zarephath, New Jersey. In 1901, the Church was founded by Alma Bridwell White in Colorado; the Pillar of Fire was incorporated as the Pentecostal Union, but changed its name to distance itself from Pentecostalism in 1915. While the Pillar of Fire is Methodist in doctrine, Alma White and her followers believed that the Methodist Church had become corrupt. Alma White and the members of the Pillar of Fire dedicated themselves to the holiness movement in the Wesleyan tradition. Adherents were referred to as "Holy Rollers" and "holy jumpers" because of their religious frenzy. White was noted for her association with the Ku Klux Klan, her feminism, anti-Catholicism, anti-pentecostalism and nativism. In the 1920s, 1930s, 1940s, the Pillar of Fire Church was vocal in its support of the Ku Klux Klan, to an extent, unique for a religious denomination. Alma White spoke and wrote prolifically of her and the Pillar of Fire Church's support for the Klan and many of the Klan's principles including anti-Catholicism, white supremacy, antisemitism and temperance.
In 1943, shortly before her death and the Pillar of Fire Church but not distanced themselves from the discredited and nearly bankrupt Klan organization, while continuing to promote many of the Klan's intolerant principles. In a 1920s sermon she republished in 1943, she said We have no connection with the Klan organization. We endorse them in the principles; however there is no room in our hearts for racial prejudice. Yet White and the Pillar of Fire advocated for white supremacy in the same 1943 book-set which asserted distaste for racial prejudice. In her chapter titled "White Supremacy" she wrote The slaveholder, in many instances, was as much to be pitied as the slaves. He, was a victim of the system..... Where the slaves were well treated they were happy and contented... But some radicals could never see this side of the question, they dwelt continually on the cruelties of a few hard taskmasters and ignored the good people who had the welfare of their dependants at heart. No matter what the better class of slave owners might do, they had to bear the stigma of cruelty with the worst of tyrants.....
Where property rights are involved, supported by the government, the only safe and sane way to make wrongs right is by cool-headed procedure. She said to the New Brunswick Daily Home News, "My people are not members of the Klan, but we agree with some of the things that they stand for to assert our American right of free speech. We have always stood for one hundred percent Americanism and so does the Klan, so we agree there." Yet the Pillar of Fire's pulpit and the Pillar of Fire's printing operation were used extensively to advocate for many of the most intolerant of Klan values. In 1922, Bishop Alma White preached a sermon promoting the Klan at the Pillar of Fire Church in Brooklyn, New York and published that sermon in The Good Citizen; the speech was titled "Ku Klux Klan and Woman's Causes" and one section was subtitled "White Supremacy." The Klansmen stand for the supremacy of the white race, legitimate and in accordance with the teachings of the Holy Writ, anything, decreed by the Almighty should not work a hardship on the colored race...
It is within the rights of civilization for the white race to hold the supremacy. When the black man was liberated it was time for women to be enfranchised, without which the colored man with his newly-acquired rank became her political master.... The white women bore the sting of humiliation for more than half a century in being placed in an inferior position to the black men in the use of the ballot and the rights of citizenship... To whom shall we look to champion the cause and to protect the rights of women? Is there not evidence that the Knights of the Klu Klux Klan are the prophets of a new and better age? The Pillar of Fire Church argued against social and political equality for Blacks and advocated for racial segration and repeal of the fifteenth amendment; the Pillar allowed the Klan to hold meetings or cross burnings on at least several of the church's numerous properties including numerous documented Klan gatherings in Zarephath, New Jersey. White participated directly in many of these meetings.
During this time, the Pillar of Fire Church published The Good Citizen, a monthly 16 page political magazine and three books, The Ku Klux Klan in Prophecy, Klansmen: Guardians of Liberty, Heroes of the Fiery Cross, all of which promoted the Klan and its agenda from 1921 until 1933. Ideologically, in these publications, the Pillar of Fire Church promoted anti-Catholicism, antisemitism and white supremacy, all under the guise of patriotism; the organization has since repudiated its historical relationship with the KKK at its website in 2009: Much talk has arisen over her brief but significant association with the KKK, publicly condemned and repented of by the POF leadership with a request for full forgiveness. Despite these and other errors in its history, the Lord in His grace and mercy has chosen to bless the ministry, and in the local paper in 1997: We regret and repent, ask for full forgiveness for anything in our past, short of Christian standards based on God's Word, following Jesus' model prayer that teaches us to pray and forgive us our sins for we forgive e
S Is for Space
S is for Space is a collection of science fiction short stories written by Ray Bradbury. It was compiled for the Young Adult sections of libraries. "Chrysalis" A science fiction story in which three men anxiously watch their fellow-scientist as he is encased in a mysterious green chrysalis. They come to believe he is undergoing metamorphosis inside the chrysalis."Pillar of Fire" A science fiction/horror short novel. Set in the year 2349, it depicts a Utopian society in which all corpses are incinerated for hygienic reasons. All horror literature has been burned to produce a healthier mindset; when his grave is disturbed, a man who died four centuries earlier rises from his tomb to infiltrate the utopia and launch a vendetta to restore fear."Zero Hour" A science fiction story, involving a world-wide befriending of children by sinister aliens."The Man" A rocket ship lands on an isolated planet, expecting an astounded welcome. However, they find they have been preceded by a much more important visitor."Time in Thy Flight" A science fiction story.
A high-school teacher takes three children on a field-trip in a time machine."The Pedestrian" A science fiction story about a society addicted to television."Hail and Farewell" A fantasy story concerning a middle-aged man who never physically aged past his pre-adolescence."Invisible Boy" A comical story about an old woman who convinces a boy she has turned him invisible."Come into My Cellar" A science fiction story about mushrooms and alien invasions."The Million-Year Picnic" A science fiction story in which a family travels to an unsullied Mars to escape a ravaged Earth. Adapted as the final chapter of The Martian Chronicles."The Screaming Woman" A mystery/suspense story, describing a young girl who tries to procure help in digging up a woman buried in an empty lot."The Smile" A science fiction story describing a world devastated by nuclear war, whose inhabitants systematically destroy artifacts of the past. The story touches on one boy, enchanted by Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa."Dark They Were, Golden-Eyed" An atomic war on Earth drives a family to flee to a human colony Mars."The Trolley" An idyllic story about the last trolley-ride in a small town."The Flying Machine" A story set in ancient China, whose Emperor discovers a peasant has invented a flying-machine."Icarus Montgolfier Wright" A story concerning the first man to fly a rocket ship.
Tuck, Donald H.. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy. Chicago: Advent. P. 63. ISBN 0-911682-20-1. S Is for Space title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database S Is for Space publication contents at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
Tactical High Energy Laser
The Tactical High-Energy Laser, or THEL, was a laser developed for military use known as the Nautilus laser system. The mobile version is the Mobile Tactical High-Energy Laser, or MTHEL. In 1996, the United States and Israel entered into an agreement to produce a cooperative THEL called the Demonstrator, which would utilize deuterium fluoride chemical laser technologies. In 2000 and 2001 THEL shot down 28 Katyusha artillery rockets and five artillery shells. On November 4, 2002, THEL shot down an incoming artillery shell; the prototype weapon was the size of six city buses, made up of modules that held a command center, radar and a telescope for tracking targets, the chemical laser itself and reagent tanks, a rotating mirror to reflect its beam toward speeding targets. It was discontinued in 2005. On July 18, 1996, the United States and Israel entered into an agreement to produce a cooperative THEL, called the Advanced Concept Technology Demonstrator, which would utilize deuterium fluoride chemical laser technologies.
Primary among the four contractors awarded the project on September 1996 was Northrop Grumman. THEL conducted test firing in FY1998, Initial Operating Capability was planned in FY1999. However, this was delayed due to reorienting the project as a mobile, not fixed, called Mobile Tactical High Energy Laser; the original fixed location design eliminates most weight and power restrictions, but is not compatible with the fluid, mobile nature of modern combat. The initial MTHEL goal was a mobile version the size of three large semi trailers. Ideally it would be further downsized to a single semi trailer size. However, doing this while maintaining the original performance characteristics is difficult. Furthermore, the Israeli government, providing significant funding, decreased their financial support in 2004, postponing the IOC date to at least 2010. In 2000 and 2001 THEL shot down 28 Katyusha artillery rockets and five artillery shells. On November 4, 2002, THEL shot down an incoming artillery shell.
A mobile version completed successful testing. During a test conducted on August 24, 2004 the system shot down multiple mortar rounds; the test represented actual mortar threat scenarios. Targets were intercepted by the THEL destroyed. Both single mortar rounds and salvo were tested. Many military experts, such as the former head of the Administration for the Development of Weapons and the Technological Industry, Aluf Yitzhak Ben Yisrael, considered THEL to be a success and called for its implementation. However, in 2005, the US and Israel decided to discontinue developing the THEL after the project budget had surpassed $300 million; the decision came as a result of "its bulkiness, high costs and poor anticipated results on the battlefield." During the 2006 Lebanon War, Ben Yisrael the chairman of the Israeli Space Agency, renewed his calls to implement the THEL against high-trajectory fire. In 2007, Ehud Barak requested to reconsider project Skyguard. Chemical laser Laser science Active laser medium Laser applications Laser construction List of lasers Deuterium fluoride laser List of laser articles Advanced tactical laser Airborne laser Boeing YAL-1 High Energy Liquid Laser Area Defense System Skyguard
Antony Tudor was an English ballet choreographer and dancer. Tudor was born William Cook in London, he discovered dance accidentally. Tudor’s first exposure to professional ballet was in his late teens when he first saw Diaghilev's Ballet Russes, he witnessed the dancer Serge Lifar of the Diaghilev Ballet in Balanchine’s Apollon Musagète in 1928. The Ballet Russes would introduce him to Anna Pavlova, whom further inspired his journey into the world of dance. Tudor reached out to Cyril Beaumont, the owner of a ballet book shop in the Charing Cross Road district in London, to seek advice regarding training and was instructed to study with Marie Rambert, a former Diaghilev Ballet dancer who taught the Cecchetti method, he began dancing professionally with Marie Rambert in 1928, becoming general assistant for her Ballet Club the next year. A precocious choreographer, at age twenty-three he created for her dancers Cross Garter'd Lysistrata, The Planets and other works at the little Mercury Theatre, Notting Hill Gate, his two most revolutionary, Jardin Aux Lilas and Dark Elegies, before the age of thirty, himself dancing the main roles.
In 1938, he founded the London Ballet with Rambert members, including his future life partner, Hugh Laing, Andrée Howard, Agnes de Mille, Peggy van Praagh, Maude Lloyd and Walter Gore. With the onset of World War II, in 1940 he was invited with them to New York, joining Richard Pleasant's and Lucia Chase's reorganized Ballet Theater. Chase's company was to become the American Ballet Theatre, with which Tudor was associated for the rest of his life, he was a resident choreographer with Ballet Theater for ten years, restaging some of his earlier works but creating new works, his great Pillar of Fire and Juliet, Dim Lustre and Undertow, on that company by the end of the war. Retiring from dancing in 1950, he headed the faculty of the Metropolitan Opera Ballet School, taught at the Juilliard School recurrently from 1950 onwards, was artistic director for the Royal Swedish Ballet from 1963-64, he choreographed three works for the New York City Ballet. Tudor continued his teaching career as Professor of Ballet Technique at the Department of Dance, University of California, Irvine from 1973, while rejoining American Ballet Theatre in 1974 as associate artistic director, creating The Leaves Are Fading and Tiller In the Fields, his last major work, in 1978.
With Laing, he continued seasonal residence in California. Muses in which specific ballets where created for include Hugh Laing and Nora Kaye. While specific ballets were not created for them, Diana Adams and Sallie Wilson can be considered as muses of Mr. Tudor; as a teacher, Tudor was known for focusing on physical and psychological details to strip away the ego allowing the dancer to be pushed outside their comfort zone and extend their potential. In an interview with Dick Cavett, Tudor is noted as saying, "You’ve got to get rid of the personal mannerisms to get to the character in the ballet and dancers don't want to let go. Breaking down a person isn't hard, but you cannot break them down unless you are willing to pick up the ashes right away and turn them into the Phoenix. That's the tough thing. You're tempted to lay them flat and walk on them. " Tudor was awarded a creative arts medal by Brandeis University, the Dance Magazine and Capezio awards, New York City's Handel Medallion, both Kennedy Center and Dance/USA National Honors.
Tudor was inducted into the Mr. & Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney Hall of Fame at the National Museum of Dance in 1988. Tudor is accepted as of the great originals of modern dance forms. Along with George Balanchine, he is seen as a principal transformer of ballet into a modern art, but of a genius that uses, rather than proceeds from, ballet forms, his work is considered as modern “psychological” expression, but — like their creator - of austerity and nobility, remarkably using only classical forms. Mikhail Baryshnikov said, "We do Tudor's ballets. Tudor's work is our conscience." A disciplined Zen Buddhist, Tudor died on Easter Sunday in his residence at the First Zen Institute of America, aged 79. Thirty of Tudor's dances have been documented in Labanotation by the Dance Notation Bureau; the scores' introductory material contains history of the dances, cast lists, stylistic notes, background on Tudor, information needed to stage the works. The Antony Tudor Ballet Trust was established to continue staging Mr. Tudor’s works.
His Last Will and Testament appointed Sally Brayley Bliss as the sole Trustee of his ballets upon his Will submission to The Surrogate’s Court of the State of New York in 1987. The Trust includes the following répétiterus: Diana Byer, John Gardner, Airi Hymninen, James Jordan, Donald Mahler, Amanda McKerrow, Christopher Newton, Kirk Peterson, David Richardson, Willy Shives, Lance Westwood, Celia Franca and Sallie Wilson. Tara McBride is the Administrator for the trust. Chazin-Bennahum, Judith; the Ballets of Antony Tudor: Studies in Psyche and Satire. New York: Oxford University Press. Perlmutter, Donna. Shadowplay: The Life of Antony Tudor. NYC: Limelight Editions. ISBN 978-0-87910-189-3. Zen Notes obituary issue, 34:5, includes "Tudor Dies" by Mary Farkas. Clara Gibson Maxwell, "Dancing Tudor's Cereus," Zen Notes, 28:10: 6 Entry of Antony Tudor's Dances on the Dance Notation Bureau's On-line Theatrical Dances Catalog. Antony Tudor on IMDb Archival film of Antony Tudor's Gala Performance in 1959 at