Pimp My Ride is an American television series produced by MTV and hosted by rapper Xzibit, which ran on MTV for six seasons from 2004 to 2007. Each episode consists of taking one car in poor condition and restoring it, as well as customizing it; the restoration and customizing were done by West Coast Customs for the first four seasons Galpin Auto Sports for seasons 5-6. The show had several international adaptations, including Pimp My Ride UK, Pimp My Ride International, other adaptations in Brazil and the Baltic countries, it spawned imitators, including the CMT series Trick My Truck. This show picks young car owners living in elsewhere in Southern California. An episode of Pimp My Ride begins with the participant showing his or her car off, convincing MTV that it needs to be "pimped". After this segment, the host shows up at the participant's house, takes a look at the car himself, makes wisecracks about the particular things that are wrong with it, promises the owner a complete makeover of the vehicle.
After examining the car, Xzibit takes it to a custom body shop, where the shop team replaces most of the components and rebuilds the interior and exterior from scratch. Each car is a custom "pimp", tailored to the interests of the owners. For example, a Need for Speed: Underground fan had his car painted to look like one specially customized in the Need for Speed: Underground 2 game, while a bowler had a ball spinner installed in his trunk, a badminton player had a badminton net installed in the back of his Dodge Caravan, a surfer got a clothes dryer in the back of his Volkswagen Type 2. Work includes new paint, chrome and rims, internal electronics. Most changes are only cosmetic, mechanical work is only done to enable the car to run. Both WCC and GAS are well known for putting their own whimsical touches in their work, such as the aforementioned dryer, or an electric fireplace in the trunk of another vehicle. At the end of the show, the car is revealed to its owner, as well as all the details of the renovation and the custom features.
The West Coast Customs employees shown on the series included: Good-natured manager Quinton "Q" Dodson Owner Ryan Friedlinghaus The pierced tire-specialist Alex Tough-looking interior and fabric maven Ishmael "Ish" Jimenez Electronics expert Michael "Mad Mike" Martin Accessories specialist, the appropriately named "Big Dane" Paint guys Aren, Buck, 2Shae, Luis. The latter carried on into the following seasons. After the third season, WCC manager "Q" announced that he would not be willing to take a role in the show anymore. Q cited a desire to expand the company's business with a customs shop in St. Louis, Missouri called Coast 2 Coast Customs. Ryan Friedlinghaus, the owner of WCC, was featured in Season 4 as the "lead" for discussions on customizing the cars. In the fifth season, the show moved to another garage, Galpin Auto Sports, as Ryan, the WCC Owner, moved his shop to Corona and signed a deal with another television production company. However, the show retained Mad Mike, now dubbed a "car customization specialist".
The new cast consisted of: "Owner" Beau Boeckmann Electronics expert And "The Wizard of Wiring" Michael "Mad Mike" Martin Wiring and fiberglass fabrication "Jason" Ewing The wheels & tires specialist Gyasi Paint & body Luis Accessories specialist Diggity Dave Interiors Rick Fabricator Cabe Sipes Shop crew Z On three occasions – all season finales – did the show not "pimp" the original automobile. In the final episode of season 1, the car to be pimped was two-halves of Ford Escorts welded together to make one car, a "cut and shut" job, was declared unsafe. In the final episode of season 2, the participant was studying to be an auto mechanic, WCC decided to let him "pimp" his car as a study project. In the final episode of season 5, Xzibit felt that the owner's car, a Nissan Pulsar, was not worth fixing, as heat from the car's engine and battery fluid was leaking into the cab, creating a fire hazard. In all these instances, the vehicles of the participants were replaced with brand new cars, with extensive modifications made to customize each new car for the owner.
Pimp My Ride was one of MTV's most popular shows with nearly all of its worldwide viewers, in the U. S. where it ranked second only to The Real World. Canada's music network, MuchMusic, aired the show until MTV Networks signed a deal with CTV, which resulted in MuchMusic losing their rights to MTV programs. MuchMusic's French-language sister station, MusiquePlus, aired the show subtitled in French under the title Pimp mon char; the show would re-air on Much in the Summer of 2008, showing the seasons. Pimp My Ride was broadcast in Arab countries on both MTV MBC Action. Various participants who had their cars overhauled on Pimp My Ride have stated that elements of the show were faked; these include cars getting their paint removed and additional litter put in before taping in order to make their starting condition look worse.
The Arcadia Formation and its sub-unit, the Tampa Member, are Late Oligocene geologic formations in North Florida, United States. It is part of the Hawthorn Group. Period: Paleogene to NeogeneEpoch: Early Late Oligocene through PlioceneFaunal stage: Chattian through early Blancan ~28.4 to ~2.588 mya, calculates to a period of 25.512 million years The Arcadia Formation and Tampa Member is located southwestern flank of the Ocala Platform from Pasco County and southward in to Hillsborough and Sarasota County, Florida. The Tampa Member and the lower part of the Arcadia Formation form the upper part of the Floridan Aquifer system in parts of southern Florida; the Arcadia Formation is composed of limestones and dolomites which are yellowish gray to light olive gray to light brown in color. The texture is micro to finely crystalline with varying sandy, clayey limestones and dolomites containing phosphate; the clays are yellowish gray to light olive gray in color. They are moderately hard as well as sandy, silty and dolomitic.
Silicified carbonates and opalized claystone have been found. The Tampa Member consists predominantly of limestone with subordinate dolomite and clay similar to that of the subsurface limestone part of the Arcadia Formation. There is less phosphate; the color is white to yellowish gray. It is fossil bearing and variably sandy and clayey mudstone and packstone with little to no phosphate grains. Sand and clay beds are like those in the undifferentiated sediments of the Arcadia Formation; the Arcadia Formation proper casts in dolomite containing mollusks. The Tampa Member contains mollusks and corals in molds and casts with silicified pseudomorphs and shell material. USGS Lithostratigraphic Units of Florida Florida Carbonate "Formations" and Conflicting Interpretations of Injection Well Regulations
17492 Hippasos, provisional designation 1991 XG1, is a Jupiter trojan and member of the Ennomos family from the Trojan camp 54 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 10 December 1991, by astronomer Freimut Börngen at the Karl Schwarzschild Observatory in Tautenburg, Germany; the Jovian asteroid belongs to the 80 largest Jupiter trojans has a rotation period of 17.8 hours. It was named after the Trojan prince Hippasus from Greek mythology. Hippasos is a Jovian asteroid in the so-called Trojan camp, located in the L5 Lagrangian point, 60° behind Jupiter, orbiting in a 1:1 resonance with the Gas Giant, it orbits the Sun at a distance of 4.8 -- 5.5 AU once 8 months. Its orbit has an inclination of 29 ° with respect to the ecliptic; the body's observation arc begins with a precovery published by the Digitized Sky Survey and taken at the Siding Spring Observatory in September 1977, more than 14 years prior to its official discovery observation at Tautenburg. Hippasos is a member of the Ennomos family, one of few known Jovian asteroid families, named after 4709 Ennomos.
A different HCM analysis finds this asteroid to be the parent body of its own Hippasos family, first described by Jakub Rozehnal and Miroslav Brož in 2014. According to the astronomers' model, the Hippasos family consists of 104 known members, was formed 1 to 2 billion years ago; the extrapolated size of the original body is between 67 and 168 kilometers, influenced by the amount of possible interlopers into the family. This minor planet was named from Greek mythology after the Trojan prince Hippasus; the son of King Priam supported Aeneas in the Trojan War. The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 9 March 2001. Hippasos is an assumed C-type asteroid. In December 2013, a rotational lightcurve of Hippasos was obtained from photometric observations by Robert Stephens at the Center for Solar System Studies in Landers, California. Lightcurve analysis gave a well-defined rotation period of 17.75±0.01 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.21 magnitude. According to the survey carried out by the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, Hippasos measures 53.98 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo 0.066, while the Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a standard albedo for a carbonaceous asteroid of 0.057 and calculates a diameter of 55.67 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 10.0.
Asteroid Lightcurve Database, query form Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Google books Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets - – Minor Planet Center 17492 Hippasos at AstDyS-2, Asteroids—Dynamic Site Ephemeris · Observation prediction · Orbital info · Proper elements · Observational info 17492 Hippasos at the JPL Small-Body Database Close approach · Discovery · Ephemeris · Orbit diagram · Orbital elements · Physical parameters
The 2013–14 Big South Conference men's basketball season began on November 8, 2013, concluded in March with the 2014 Big South Conference Men's Basketball Tournament played at the HTC Center in Conway, South Carolina. It was the Big South's 29th season of men's basketball, the final year for one member, the VMI Keydets, who leave for the Southern Conference beginning in 2014–15, it was the second year in which the conference utilized a six-team division format. Player of the Year: John Brown, High Point Freshman of the Year: Andrew Rowsey, UNC Asheville Defense Player of the Year: D. J. Covington, VMI Coach of the Year: Scott Cherry, High Point Scholar-Athlete of the Year: Mike Byron, Gardner–Webb District 20 First Team John Brown, High Point D. J. Covington, VMIDistrict 20 Second Team Rodney Glasgow, VMI Andrew Rowsey, UNC Asheville This table summarizes the head-to-head results between teams in conference play. Teams play each team in their division twice and play teams out of their division once, totaling 16 games
Ntokozo Zakwe is a South African Rapper born in KwaMashu, KwaZulu-Natal. Zakwe was born in the township of KwaMashu in KwaZulu-Natal, he went to Brettonwood High School where he completed his matric and developed his passion for hip hop music. He went to further his studies at the Durban University of Technology but due to financial difficulties he dropped out and chose to pursue his dream of becoming a musician. Zakwe started releasing music as an underground artist, at this stage he released a number of vernacular mixtapes which were titled Street Music; the mixtapes were well received in the underground hip hop scene, this led to two of his tracks within the tapes to make it into Hype Sessions and thus received massive airplay. After the success of his mixtapes, Zulu Boy another durban based emcee, featured Zakwe on his track'Zobe Zisho' which led to Zakwe bagging a recording and artist management deal with Native Rhythms. On 2011 he released his self-titled debut album Zakwe, a huge success and was certified gold status by the Recording Industry of South Africa, earning him five nominations at the South African Music Awards, he won the Metro FM Award for best Hip Hop artist and the first best Lyricist Award at the South African Hip Hop Awards the following year, thus taking his place amongst the best rappers in South Africa.
Zakwe's success and talent earned him endorsement deals with SAB Hennesy. He was one of the performing acts at the 2011 Metro FM awards in the province of Mpumalanga, he was one of the live acts in the 2012 and 2013 South African Music Awards. In February 2013 he was the opening act for American rapper Kanye West at the Dome in johannesburg, South Africa. On 2015 he released Impande an album which became an instant hit and earned him three nominations at the South African Hip Hop Awards for Best Album, Best Male Artist and Best Lyricist, He won the Best Vernacular Hip Hop at the 12th South African Traditional Music Awards for the song'Reverse' featuring Duncan. Zakwe released a hit single called Sebentin featuring Cassper Nyovest and Musiholiq on 2017 which received positive reviews. A remix of the song was released in the same year which featured Blaklez, Cassper Nyovest, Kwesta, HHP and PRO; the remixed version of the song won the Remix Of The Year at the 25th South African Music Awards. On 6 July 2018, Zakwe released his third studio album titled "Cebisa".
Zakwe - 2011 Zakwe - 2012 Zakwe - 2013 Impande - 2015 Cebisa - 2018 Best Street Urban album during the 18th Annual MTN South African Music Awards Remix of the year for the remix of the song "Bathi Ng’yachoma" featuring Zuluboy and danger 18th Annual MTN South Afrcan Music Awards Album of the year for debut album ZAKWE 18th Annual MTN South African Music Awards Male artist of the year 18th Annual MTN South African Music Awards Newcomer of the year 18th Annual MTN South African Music Awards Best Album at the South African Hip Hop Awards - 2015 Best Male Artist at the South African Hip Hop Awards - 2015 Best Lyricist at the South African Hip Hop Awards - 2015 Best Lyricist Award at the first South African Hip Hop Awards — 2012 Best Hip Hop Artist at the Metro FM Awards — 2013 Best Vernacular Hip Hop at the 12th South African Traditional Music Awards Best Remix of the year at the 25th South African Music Awards
William Trufant Foster, was an American educator and economist, whose theories were influential in the 1920s. He was the first president of Reed College. Foster was born in Boston, Massachusetts on January 18, 1879, he attended Roxbury High School in Boston. He graduated from Harvard University with an A. B. in 1901 and an A. M. in 1904. Foster was an instructor of English at Bates College in Maine, from 1901–03 and served as a coach of Bates' internationally known debate program. Foster was professor of English and Argumentation at Bowdoin College in Maine in 1905, he authored "Argumentation and Debating", published in 1908. Foster received a Ph. D. in 1911 from Teachers College, Columbia University. His conception of "the ideal college" set out in the concluding chapter of his dissertation, led to his appointment as the first president of Reed College, he serced from 1911 to 1919. He rejected greek life in favor of an intense academic education, he fostered close intellectual collaboration between faculty and students.
He treated undergraduates as if they were graduate students and created a system of small seminars, comprehensive examinations, undergraduate research, senior theses. He was director of the Pollak Foundation of Economic Research from 1920 to 1950, in Newton, where he emphasized the need to protect consumer interests, he collaborated with his Harvard classmate Waddill Catchings in a series of economics books that were influential in the United States in the 1920s. His influential books, written with Catchings, were Money, Business Without a Buyer, The Road to Plenty, Progress and Plenty. With Catchings, he was one of the leading pre-Keynesian economists, in the underconsumptionist tradition, advocating similar issues to Keynes such as the paradox of thrift and economic interventionism; the two are now mentioned in contemporary economics texts, standing as they do in the shadow of Keynes's The General Theory. Foster and Catchings rejected traditional laissez-faire economics and called for aggressive federal involvement to balance the economy lest destabilizing forces upset prosperity.
The main problem was underconsumption, which could be overcome by strategic government spending in public works. The theory influenced the anti-depression programs of Herbert Hoover, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Federal Reserve Board Chairman Marriner Eccles. Barber, William J.. From New Era to New Deal: Herbert Hoover, the Economists, American Economic Policy, 1921–1933. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-30526-8. Dorfman, Joseph; the Economic Mind in American Civilization. 4. New York: Viking Press. Pp. 339–351. Gleason, Alan H.. "Foster and Catchings: A Reappraisal". Journal of Political Economy. 67: 156–172. Doi:10.1086/258158. JSTOR 1825391. Works by William T. Foster at Project Gutenberg Works by or about William Trufant Foster at Internet Archive Should Students Study? at Wikisource Should Students Study? Hosted by Harper's Magazine Reed Magazine: What's so funny'bout communism and free love? William Trufant Foster edited and contributed three chapters to "The Social Emergency: Studies in Sex Hygiene and Morals".
The work was based on an extension course given at Reed College. Reed College Oral History Project Time Line