Pimpinella saxifraga

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Burnet-saxifrage
Pimpinella saxifraga - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-241.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Pimpinella
Species:
P. saxifraga
Binomial name
Pimpinella saxifraga

Pimpinella saxifraga, known as burnet-saxifrage,[1] solidstem burnet saxifrage,[2] lesser burnet[3] is a plant of the family Umbelliferae, a native of the British Isles and temperate Europe and Western Asia. It is neither a Burnet, which its leaves resemble, nor a Saxifrage although it has a similar herbal effect as a diuretic.

The plant makes up a large part of the turf in some of southern England's chalk downs, it is highly nutritious for sheep and cattle, and in the past was cultivated on calcareous soils for fodder.[3]

John Gerard's Herball (1597) commends the plant's properties, and states that it is: "A speciall helpe to defend the heart from noysome vapours and from the infection of the Plague or Pestilence, and all other contagious diseases for which purpose it is of great effect, the juice thereof being taken in some drink...it is a capital wound herb for all sorts of wounds, both of the head and body, either inward or outward, used either in juice or decoction of the herb, or by the powder of the herb or root..."[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  2. ^ "Pimpinella saxifraga". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  3. ^ a b c Grieve, Maud (1971). A Modern Herbal: The Medicinal, Culinary, Cosmetic and Economic Properties, Cultivation and Folk-lore of Herbs, Grasses, Fungi, Shrubs, & Trees with All Their Modern Scientific Uses, Volume 1. p. 143.

External links[edit]