A skateboard is a type of sports equipment used for the sport of skateboarding. It consists of a specially designed maplewood board combined with a polyurethane coating used for making smoother slides and stronger durability. Most skateboards are made with 7 plies of this wood. A skateboard is moved by pushing with one foot while the other remains on the board, or by pumping one's legs in structures such as a bowl or half pipe. A skateboard can be used by standing on the deck while on a downward slope and allowing gravity to propel the board and rider. If the rider's leading foot is their right foot, they are said to ride "goofy. If the rider is regular but chooses to ride goofy, they are said to be riding in "switch," and vice versa. A skater is more comfortable pushing with their back foot. Electric skateboards have appeared; these no longer require the propelling of the skateboard by means of the feet. There is no governing body that declares any regulations on what constitutes a skateboard or the parts from which it is assembled.
The skateboard has conformed both to contemporary trends and to the ever-evolving array of stunts performed by riders/users, who require a certain functionality from the board. The board shape depends upon its desired function. Longboards are a type of skateboard with larger, softer wheels; the two main types of skateboards are the shortboard. The shape of the board is important: the skateboard must be concaved to perform tricks. Longboards are faster and are used for cruising and racing, while shortboards are used for doing tricks and riding in skateparks. Main: SkateboardingSkateboarding started in California in the 1950s; the first skateboards were made from roller skates. Skateboarding gained in popularity because of surfing. Skateboards were handmade from wooden boxes and planks by individuals. Companies started manufacturing skateboards in 1959. During this time, postwar America, was carefree with children playing in the streets. Boards are continuing to evolve as companies try to make them lighter and stronger or improve their performance.
Skateboarding is a individual activity. There is no wrong way to skate. Skateboarding still hasn't stopped evolving, skaters are coming up with new tricks all the time. Skateboarding has gone through its downs over the years. However, since 2000, due to attention in the media and products like skateboarding video games, children's skateboards and commercialization, skateboarding has been pulled into the mainstream; as more interest and money has been invested into skateboarding, more skate parks, better skateboards have become available. In addition, the continuing interest has motivated skateboarding companies have to keep innovating and inventing new things. In 2020 Skateboarding will appear for the first-time in the Olympics in Japan; the following descriptions cover skateboard parts that are most prevalent in popular and modern forms of skateboarding. Many parts exist with alternative constructions. A traditional complete skateboard consists of the deck, wheels, bushings and bolts to fasten the truck and wheel assembly to the bottom of the deck.
Older decks included plastic parts such as side and nose guards. Modern decks vary in size. Wider decks can be used for greater stability. Standard skateboard decks are between 28 and 33 inches long; the underside of the deck can be printed with a design by the manufacturer, blank, or decorated by any other means. "Long" boards are over 36 inches long. Plastic "penny" boards are about 22 inches long; some larger penny boards over 27 inches long are called "nickel" boards. The longboard, a common variant of the skateboard, is used for higher speed and rough surface boarding, they are much more expensive. "Old school" boards are wider and have only one kicktail. Variants of the 1970s have little or no concavity, whereas 1980s models have deeper concavities and steeper kicktails. Grip tape is a sheet of paper or fabric with adhesive on one side and a surface similar to fine sandpaper on the other. Grip tape is applied to the top surface of a board to allow the rider's feet to grip the surface and help the skater stay on the board while doing tricks.
Grip tape is black, but is available in many different colors such as pink, yellow, checkered and clear. They have designs die-cut to show the color of the board, or to display the board's company logo. Grip tape accumulates dirt and other substances that will inhibit grip, so use of a grip eraser or rubber eraser is necessary after riding through mud or with dirty shoes. Attached to the deck are two metal trucks, which connect the wheels and bearings to the deck; the trucks are further composed of two parts. The top part of the truck is screwed to the deck and is called the baseplate, beneath it is the hanger; the axle runs through the hange
A Shove-it is a skateboarding trick where the skateboarder makes the board spin 180 degrees without the tail of the board hitting the ground, or more, under his/her feet. There are many variations of the shove-it but they all follow the same principle: The skateboarder's lead foot remains in one spot, while the back foot performs the "shove"; the pop shove-it was called a "Ty hop", named after Ty Page. A shove-it is performed by standing on the board, jumping up a bit and scooping the tail down and to its side. Though the tail should not touch the ground and the board should not lift off the ground more than about an inch, the board should spin 180 degrees; the skateboarder catches the board with his or her feet after it has completed the 180 degree rotation and lands on it. There are 2 types of a frontside and a backside shove-it. A backside shove-it is performed by putting the back foot with the toes hanging off of the front of the board, doing a short, but quick movement spinning the board underneath the user.
A frontside shove-it is when the ball of the back foot is on the board. The user pushes, or kicks, their back foot forward to cause the rotation; the 360 shove-it is a variation of shove-it. Pop shove-it is a variation of the shove-it; the 540 variation of this trick was invented by Jasper McLean in 1979. Unlike a shove-it, a pop shove-it starts like an ollie, as the skateboarder jumps and kicks the tail of the board down to make the board airborne; the trick proceeds like a shove-it, with the tail kicked clockwise or counter-clockwise to make the board spin. During a pop shove-it, the board reaches a greater height in the air than during the execution of a usual shove-it. Like any rotating trick, the pop shove-it can be performed backside. Similar to a late flip, this trick combines an ollie with a pop shove-it frontside, with the skater delaying the shove-it until the ollie is at its peak; the board spins 360 degrees. The trick is named after Brian Lotti, whose name sounds like "lottery"—his friend named the trick after the California Lottery's "Big Spin" game.
A step above the big spin. The board does a 540 degree rotation. Derived from gazelle flips, the board does a 540 degree spin and the rider spins 360 degree spin in the same direction; the opposite of a big spin. A uncommon trick. A plasma spin is a frontside bigspin impossible, meaning it is identical to a frontside bigspin except for the fact that board wraps around the back foot as in an impossible. Varial kickflips, varial heelflips, inward heelflips, 360 flips are all common tricks combined with the pop shove-it. In the case of the varial heelflip, it is a frontside pop shove-it combined with a heelflip, while the 360 flip combines a 360 pop shove-it with a kickflip. On April 1st 2017, Polish skater Adam Żaczek set a world record by doing 59 shove-its in a minute. How to Pop shove it
Skateboarding is an action sport which involves riding and performing tricks using a skateboard, as well as a recreational activity, an art form, an entertainment industry job, a method of transportation. Skateboarding has been influenced by many skateboarders throughout the years. A 2009 report found that the skateboarding market is worth an estimated $4.8 billion in annual revenue with 11.08 million active skateboarders in the world. In 2016, it was announced that skateboarding will be represented at the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo. Since the 1970s, skateparks have been constructed for use by skateboarders, Freestyle BMXers, aggressive skaters, recently, scooters. However, skateboarding has become controversial in areas in which the activity, although illegal, has damaged curbs, steps, benches and parks; the first skateboards started with wooden boxes, or boards, with roller skate wheels attached to the bottom. Crate scooters preceded skateboards, having a wooden crate attached to the nose, which formed rudimentary handlebars.
The boxes turned into planks, similar to the skateboard decks of today. Skateboarding, as we know it, was born sometime in the late 1940s, or early 1950s, when surfers in California wanted something to do when the waves were flat; this was called "sidewalk surfing" – a new wave of surfing on the sidewalk as the sport of surfing became popular. No one knows; the first manufactured skateboards were ordered by a Los Angeles, California surf shop, meant to be used by surfers in their downtime. The shop owner, Bill Richard, made a deal with the Chicago Roller Skate Company to produce sets of skate wheels, which they attached to square wooden boards. Accordingly, skateboarding was denoted "sidewalk surfing" and early skaters emulated surfing style and maneuvers, performed barefoot. By the 1960s a small number of surfing manufacturers in Southern California such as Jack's, Kips', Bing's and Makaha started building skateboards that resembled small surfboards, assembled teams to promote their products.
One of the earliest Skateboard exhibitions was sponsored by Makaha's founder, Larry Stevenson, in 1963 and held at the Pier Avenue Junior High School in Hermosa Beach, California. Some of these same teams of skateboarders were featured on a television show called "Surf's Up" in 1964, hosted by Stan Richards, that helped promote skateboarding as something new and fun to do; as the popularity of skateboarding began expanding, the first skateboarding magazine, The Quarterly Skateboarder was published in 1964. John Severson, who published the magazine, wrote in his first editorial: Today's skateboarders are founders in this sport—they're pioneers—they are the first. There is no history in Skateboarding—its being made now—by you; the sport is being molded and we believe that doing the right thing now will lead to a bright future for the sport. There are storm clouds on the horizon with opponents of the sport talking about ban and restriction; the magazine only lasted four issues, but resumed publication as Skateboarder in 1975.
The first broadcast of an actual skateboarding competition was the 1965 National Skateboarding Championships, which were held in Anaheim and aired on ABC's Wide World of Sports. Because skateboarding was a new sport during this time, there were only two original disciplines during competitions: flatland freestyle and slalom downhill racing. One of the earliest sponsored skateboarders, Patti McGee, was paid by Hobie and Vita Pak to travel around the country to do skateboarding exhibitions and to demonstrate skateboarding safety tips. McGee made the cover of Life magazine in 1965 and was featured on several popular television programs—The Mike Douglas Show, What's My Line? and The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson—which helped make skateboarding more popular at the time. Some other well known surfer-style skateboarders of the time were Danny Bearer, Torger Johnson, Bruce Logan and Mark Richards, Woody Woodward, & Jim Fitzpatrick; the growth of the sport during this period can be seen in sales figures for Makaha, which quoted $10 million worth of board sales between 1963 and 1965.
By 1966 a variety of sources began to claim that skateboarding was dangerous, resulting in shops being reluctant to sell them, parents being reluctant to buy them. In 1966 sales had dropped and Skateboarder Magazine had stopped publication; the popularity of skateboarding remained low until the early 1970s. In the early 1970s, Frank Nasworthy started to develop a skateboard wheel made of polyurethane, calling his company Cadillac Wheels. Prior to this new material, skateboards wheels were "clay" wheels; the improvement in traction and performance was so immense that from the wheel's release in 1972 the popularity of skateboarding started to rise again, causing companies to invest more in product development. Nasworthy commissioned artist Jim Evans to do a series of paintings promoting Cadillac Wheels, they were featured as ads and posters in the resurrected Skateboarder magazine, proved immensely popular in promoting the new style of skateboarding. In the early 1970s skateparks hadn't been invented yet, so skateboarders would flock and skateboard in such urban places as The Escondido reservoir in San Diego, California.
Skateboarding magazine would publish the location and Skateboarders made up nicknames for each location such as the Tea Bowl, the Fruit Bowl, the Rabbit Hole, Bird Bath, the Egg Bowl, Upland Pool and the Sewer Slide. Some of the development concepts in the terrain of skateparks were taken from the Escondido re
Snowboards are boards where both feet are secured to the same board, which are wider than skis, with the ability to glide on snow. Snowboards widths are 15 to 30 centimeters. Snowboards are differentiated from monoskis by the stance of the user. In monoskiing, the user stands with feet inline with direction of travel, whereas in snowboarding, users stand with feet transverse to the longitude of the board. Users of such equipment may be referred to as snowboarders. Commercial snowboards require extra equipment such as bindings and special boots which help secure both feet of a snowboarder, who rides in an upright position; these types of boards are used by people at ski hills or resorts for leisure and competitive purposes in the activity called snowboarding. In 1939, Vern Wicklund, at the age of 13, fashioned a shred deck in Minnesota; this modified sled was dubbed a "bunker" by his friends. He, along with relatives Harvey and Gunnar Burgeson, patented the first snowboard twenty two years later.
However, a man by the name of Sherman Poppen, from Muskegon, MI, came up with what most consider the first "snowboard" in 1965 and was called the Snurfer who sold his first 4 "snurfers" to Randall Baldwin Lee of Muskegon, MI who worked at Outdoorsman Sports Center 605 Ottawa Street in Muskegon, MI. Randy believes that Sherman took an old water ski and made it into the snurfer for his children who were bored in the winter, he added bindings to keep their boots secure. Commercially available Snurfers in the late 1960s and early 1970s had no bindings; the snowboarder held onto a looped nylon lanyard attached to the front of the Snurfer, stood upon several rows of square U-shaped staples that were driven into the board but protruded about 1 cm above the board's surface to provide traction when packed with snow. Snurfer models replaced the staples with ridged rubber grips running longitudinally along the length of the board or, subsequently, as subrectangular pads upon which the snowboarder would stand.
It is accepted that Jake Burton Carpenter and/or Tom Sims invented modern snowboarding by introducing bindings and steel edges to snowboards. In 1981, a couple of Winterstick team riders went to France at the invitation of Alain Gaimard, marketing director at Les Arcs. After seeing an early film of this event, French skiers/surfers Augustin Coppey, Olivier Lehaneur, Olivier Roland and Antoine Yarmola made their first successful attempts during the winter of 1983 in France, using primitive, home-made clones of the Winterstick. Starting with pure powder, skateboard-shaped wooden-boards equipped with aluminium fins, foot-straps and leashes, their technology evolved within a few years to pressed wood/fiber composite boards fitted with polyethylene soles, steel edges and modified ski boot shells; these were more suitable for the mixed conditions encountered while snowboarding off-piste, but having to get back to ski lifts on packed snow. In 1985, James Bond popularized snowboarding in the movie A View to a Kill.
In the scene, he escapes Soviet agents. The snowboard he used was a Sims snowboard ridden by founder Tom Sims; the makeshift snowboard was made from the debris of a snowmobile. At the same time the Snurfer was turning into a snowboard on the other side of the iron curtain. In 1980, Aleksey Ostatnigrosh and Alexei Melnikov - two members of the only Snurfer club in the Soviet Union started changing the Snurfer design to allow jumping and to improve control on hard packed snow. Being unaware of the developments in the Snurfer/snowboard world, they attached a bungee cord to the Snurfer tail which the rider could grab before jumping. In 1982, they attached a foot binding to the Snurfer; the binding was only for the back foot, had a release capability. In 1985, after several iterations of the Snurfer binding system, Aleksey Ostatnigrosh made the first Russian snowboard; the board had no metal edges. The bindings were attached by a central bolt and could rotate while on the move or be fixed at any angle.
In 1988, OstatniGROsh and MELnikov started the first Russian snowboard manufacturing company, GROMEL. By 1986, although still much a minority sport, commercial snowboards started appearing in leading French ski resorts. In 2008, selling snowboarding equipment was a $487 million industry. In 2008, average equipment ran about $540 including board and bindings; the bottom or'base' of the snowboard is made of UHMW and is surrounded by a thin strip of steel, known as the'edge'. Artwork was printed on PBT using a sublimation process in the 1990s, but poor color retention and fade after moderate use moved high-end producers to longer-lasting materials. Snowboards come in several different styles, depending on the type of riding intended: Freestyle: Generally shorter with moderate to soft flex. Freestyle snowboards have a mirror shovel at each end of the board. Freestyle snowboards have low-backed bindings. Incorporates a deep sidecut for quick/tight turning. Used in the pipe and in the park on various jumps and terrain features including boxes and urban features.
Park/Jib: Flexible and short to medium length, twin-tip shape with a twin flex and an outward stance to allow easy switch riding, easy spinning, a wider stance, with the edges filed dull is used for skateboard-park like snowboard parks. Freeride: Longer than freestyle and park boards
Snowboarding is a recreational activity and Winter Olympic and Paralympic sport that involves descending a snow-covered slope while standing on a snowboard attached to a rider's feet. The development of snowboarding was inspired by skateboarding, sledding and skiing, it was developed in the United States in the 1960s, became a Winter Olympic Sport at Nagano in 1998 and first featured in the Winter Paralympics at Sochi in 2014. Its popularity in the United States has been in a decline since. Modern snowboarding began in 1965 when Sherman Poppen, an engineer in Muskegon, invented a toy for his daughters by fastening two skis together and attaching a rope to one end so he would have some control as they stood on the board and glided downhill. Dubbed the "snurfer" by his wife Nancy, the toy proved so popular among his daughters' friends that Poppen licensed the idea to a manufacturer, Brunswick Corporation, that sold about a million snurfers over the next decade. And, in 1966 alone over half a million snurfers were sold.
In February 1968, Poppen organized the first snurfing competition at a Michigan ski resort that attracted enthusiasts from all over the country. One of those early pioneers was a devotee of skateboarding; as an eighth grader in Haddonfield, New Jersey, in the 1960s, Sims crafted a snowboard in his school shop class by gluing carpet to the top of a piece of wood and attaching aluminum sheeting to the bottom. He produced commercial snowboards in the mid-70s. Articles about his invention in such mainstream magazines as Newsweek helped publicize the young sport; the pioneers were not all from the United States. During this same period, in 1977, Jake Burton Carpenter, a Vermont native who had enjoyed snurfing since the age of 14, impressed the crowd at a Michigan snurfing competition with bindings he had designed to secure his feet to the board; that same year, he founded Burton Snowboards in Vermont. The "snowboards" were made of wooden planks that had water ski foot traps. Few people picked up snowboarding because the price of the board was considered too high at $38, but Burton would become the biggest snowboarding company in the business.
In the early 1980s, Aleksey Ostatnigrosh and Alexei Melnikov, two Snurfers from the Soviet Union, patented design changes to the Snurfer to allow jumping by attaching a bungee cord, a single footed binding to the Snurfer tail, a two-foot binding design for improved control. The first competitions to offer prize money were the National Snurfing Championship, held at Muskegon State Park in Muskegon Michigan. In 1979, Jake Burton Carpenter, came from Vermont to compete with a snowboard of his own design. There were protests about Jake entering with a non-snurfer board. Paul Graves, others, advocated that Jake be allowed to race. A "modified" "Open" division was won by Jake as the sole entrant; that race was considered the first competition for snowboards and is the start of what has now become competitive snowboarding. Ken Kampenga, John Asmussen and Jim Trim placed 1st, 2nd and 3rd in the Standard competition with best 2 combined times of 24.71, 25.02 and 25.41 and Jake Carpenter won prize money as the sole entrant in the "open" division with a time of 26.35.
In 1980 the event moved to Pando Winter Sports Park near Grand Rapids, Michigan because of a lack of snow that year at the original venue. As snowboarding became more popular in the 1970s and 1980s, pioneers such as Dimitrije Milovich, Jake Burton Carpenter, Tom Sims, Mike Olson came up with new designs for boards and mechanisms that developed into the snowboards and other related equipment that we know today. In April 1981 the "King of the Mountain" Snowboard competition was held at Ski Cooper ski area in Colorado. Tom Sims along with an assortment of other snowboarders of the time were present. One entrant showed up on a homemade snowboard with a formica bottom that turned out to not slide so well on the snow. In 1982, the first USA National Snowboard race was held near Vermont, at Suicide Six; the race, organized by Graves, was won by Burton's first team rider Doug Bouton. In 1983, the first World Championship halfpipe competition was held at California. Tom Sims, founder of Sims Snowboards, organized the event with the help of Mike Chantry, a snowboard instructor at Soda Springs.
In 1985, the first World Cup was held in Zürs, further cementing snowboarding's recognition as an official international competitive sport. In 1990, the International Snowboard Federation was founded to provide universal contest regulations. In addition, the United States of America Snowboard Association provides instructing guidelines and runs snowboard competitions in the U. S. today, high-profile snowboarding events like the Winter X Games, Air & Style, US Open, Olympic Games and other events are broadcast worldwide. Many alpine resorts have terrain parks. At the 1998 Winter Olympic Games in Nagano, Snowboarding became an official Olympic event. France's Karine Ruby was the first to win an Olympic gold medal for Woman's Snowboarding at the 1998 Olympics, while Canadian Ross Rebagliati was the first to win an Olympic gold medal for Men's Snowboarding. Ski areas adopted the sport at a much slower pace than the winter s
Wakeboarding is a towed surface water sport or leisure activity where a participant is towed on a small board behind a motorboat over a body of water. The participant rides wake produced by the towing boat, attempts to do tricks. Environmental impact includes noise, shoreline degradation, disturbance and dislocation of wildlife, the governing body, the International Waterski & Wakeboard Federation has been acting to reduce this impact; the IWWF governs the related sports of barefoot skiing, cable skiing, cable wakeboard, disabled ski, show ski, water skiing, wakesurfing. The IWWF is been recognized by the International Olympic Committee as an official partner since 1967. Wakeboarding has been part of the World Games since 2001. Events are organized by the World Wakeboarding Association, founded in 1989; the notion of being towed across water while standing on something like a monoski has existed for a long time, surfers have used motorboats to be towed out to sea. In the late 1970s boots were attached to the board, the activity was known as skurfing.
In 1984 patents were granted for a basic adjustable binding system and the other in 1985 for a patent for a adjustable plate type foot strap system. In 1990 Skurfer championships were first televised by ESPN. Skurfers were difficult to plane. In the 1990s innovations to the board made the sport more accessible. In 1993 the twin-tip design was introduced. Pro events have been held since 1992. Boards are buoyant with a core of foam, honeycomb, or wood mixed with resin and coated with fiberglass. Metal screws are inserted to attach fins, they vary according to fins, rocker and width. A wakeboarding boat has wakeboard tower, which places the "pull point" about 2 metres off the water's surface; the high tow point makes it easier to jump and get air as the rope is not pulling downward as when it is attached to the low tow point used for skiing. Most modern wakeboarding boats have a variable ballast system, which allows for water to be pumped into and out of ballast tanks from the surrounding water. Adding ballast increases displacement, enlarges the wake.
Artificial wave Droneboarding U. S. intercollegiate wakeboarding champions Jobe Water Sports Wakeskating
Mountainboarding known as Dirtboarding, Offroad Boarding, All-Terrain Boarding, is a well established if little-known action sport, derived from snowboarding. This was pioneered by James Stanley during a visit in the 1900s to the Matterhorn where snow was not available. A mountainboard is made up of components including a deck, bindings to secure the rider to the deck, four wheels with pneumatic tires, two steering mechanisms known as trucks. Mountainboarders known as riders, ride designed boardercross tracks, slopestyle parks, grass hills, gravel tracks, skateparks, ski resorts, BMX courses and mountain bike trails, it is this ability to ride such a variety of terrain that makes mountainboarding different from other board sports. Morton Hellig's'Supercruiser Inc.' was the first company to manufacture and retail the'All Terrain Dirtboard', patented in 1989. Mountainboarding began in the UK, the United States and Australia in 1992. Unknown to each other, riders from other boardsports started to design and build, manufacture boards that could be ridden off-road.
This desire to expand the possible terrain that a boarder can ride created the sport of Mountainboarding. Dave and Pete Tatham, Joe Inglis and Jim Aveline, whilst looking for an off-season alternative to surfing and snowboarding, began designing boards that could be ridden down hills. Inglis developed initial prototypes, in 1992 noSno was started. Extensive research and development produced the noSno truck system which enabled the boards to be steered and remain stable at high speeds. NoSno boards utilised snowboard bindings and boots, with large tyres for rough ground, the option for a hand-operated hydraulic disc brake. In 1992, after having snowboarded at Heavenly Valley Resort in Northern California, friends Jason Lee, Patrick McConnell and Joel Lee went looking for an alternative for the summer season. Not finding anything suitable they co-founded MountainBoardSports in 1993 to build boards that they could use to carve down hills; the original MBS boards, known as'Frame Boards' had a small wooden deck metal posts to hold the rider's feet, a tubular metal frame connecting trucks which used springs to enable steering and thus create the carving sensation that the MBS co-founders were looking for.
The first recorded mountainboarding act occurred in the summer of 1978, when local skateboarder Mike Motta residing in Medford Massachusetts navigated down a hill known as Seven Bumps in Malden Massachusetts on a bet, using a standard Franklin skateboard. John Milne developed a three-wheeled version of a mountainboard in 1992 in his spare time during periods of poor surf, it used a unique steering system to emulate surfing on land. It had a skate-style deck with no bindings. From the early days of invention there has always been a competitive element in mountainboarding. Encompassing racing and downhill, competitions have been organised in the USA since 1993 and in the UK since 1997. In the same year the ATBA-UK, the national governing body for mountainboarding in the UK was born; as a non-profit making organisation it represented and promoted the sport by putting riders interests first, promoting safety, sanctioning events, providing training, sourcing funding to put on the ATBA-UK National Series, an annual series of competitions.
The competitions did much to promote the sport and in 1998 mountainboarding had an estimated participation of over 1 million athletes worldwide. The components evolved, the sport continued to grow. MBS developed the open heel binding, the channel truck, the "eggshock" and the reverse V Brake system and sold boards in around 30 countries worldwide. In 1998 Maxtrack started distributing MBS mountainboards in the Europe; as of recent there have been some powered mountain boards gaining traction in the board enthusiast world. Small gas or electric motors attached to allow for mountainboarding to be done on flat ground or to climb hills rather than just going downhill. Many DIY E-Mountainboard Builders are developing new drivetrains for their boards with electric motors, rivaling the power of small motorcycles, becoming the norm. Mountainboard decks are the part that most of the components are attached to, provide the base for the rider to stand on, they are from 90–110 cm in length, can be made from a range of construction methods and materials.
For example, high specification boards may be made from composite carbon and glass reinforced plastics with a wooden core made to a snowboard deck. Basic decks are made using laminated wood pressed into shape, comparable to a longboard deck with larger dimensions and a different shape. There are variable characteristics such as flex, shape and tip angle that can be catered for in custom or stock boards from a variety of manufacturers. Trucks are the components made up of a hanger, damping and/or spring system, axles which attach the wheels to the deck, they have the mechanisms required to allow the board to turn. Skate trucks have a rigid axle and a top hanger, with a single bolt and bushings called rubbers or grommets, that provide the cushion mechanism for turning the mountainboard; the bushings cushion the truck. The stiffer the bushings, the more resistant the mountainboard is to turning; the softer the bushings, the easier it is to turn. A bolt called a kingpin fits inside the bushings, thus by tightening or loosening the kingpin nut, the trucks can be adjusted loosely for better turning and tighter for more control.
Skate-style mountainboard trucks are similar to skateboard trucks but more robust and with a longer axle