Pinet, Valencia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Pinet
View of the village of Pinet, Vall d'Albaida, Valencia, Spain, from the west
Flag of Pinet
Flag
Coat of arms of Pinet
Coat of arms
Pinet is located in Spain
Pinet
Pinet
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 38°59′0″N 0°20′17″W / 38.98333°N 0.33806°W / 38.98333; -0.33806Coordinates: 38°59′0″N 0°20′17″W / 38.98333°N 0.33806°W / 38.98333; -0.33806
Country Spain
Autonomous community Valencian Community
ProvinceValencia
ComarcaVall d'Albaida
Judicial districtOntinyent
Government
 • AlcaldeJuan Ramón Chismol Mahiques
Area
 • Total11.9 km2 (4.6 sq mi)
Elevation
180 m (590 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total156
 • Density13/km2 (34/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Pinetell, pinetella
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
46838
Official language(s)Valencian and Spanish
WebsiteOfficial website

Pinet is a municipality located in the north-east of the comarca of Vall d'Albaida in the south of the province of Valencia, Valencian Community, Spain, and some 82.6 km from the regional capital, Valencia.[2]

Pinet borders with the following municipalities: Barx, Quatretonda, Gandia and Llutxent, all of which lie within the province of Valencia.

Etymology[edit]

The name of the municipality is derived from the Valencian term “pi”, meaning “pine tree”.[3]

History and demography[edit]

Historically, the village belonged to the barony of Llutxent, under the authority of the Maza family, and subsequently the houses of Mandas and Dos Aguas.

In 1530, Pope Clement VII created the Vicariate of Pinet, which was run under the authority of the Dominicans of Llutxent until 1835.

By 1646, only 20 inhabitants were recorded as living in the municipality following the expulsion of the Moriscos, which was implemented was particular intensity in Valencia.[4]

Towards the end of the 18th century, the population had risen to around 150 inhabitants, before reaching some 300 hundred at the beginning of the 20th century.

By 1920, the population had reached 434 inhabitants, from which point it entered a progressive decline in consonance with the rural flight experienced in many areas throughout Spain during the 20th century.[5]

Recent demographic trend
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2005 2007
268 249 252 235 228 212 207 192 185 190

Economy[edit]

Dry stone wall in Pinet

The local economy was traditionally based on a combination of dryland (grape, prune, olive, almond and carob, among others) and irrigation (apple and other fruit) agriculture, dry stone walling and the production of baskets, rugs, espadrilles, hats and other articles made from esparto and palm leaves.

In common with other rural areas throughout Spain, these activities have been in decline since the mid-20th century, their place having been taken by livestock farming (poultry and pig farming), services, construction and tourism.

Geography and topography[edit]

Pinet is located in the north-east of the Valle de Albaida comarca and covers an area of 11.9 km2.

It is situated at the head of a horse-shoe shaped valley, the surface of which is composed of reddish marl deposited by water erosion originating in the mountains that lie at its north-easterly and northern extremes.

The municipality’s altitude ranges from 466 metres above sea level in its most southerly point, to 700 metres above sea leval in the area known as Alto del Collado dels Caragols, located in its north east; the village of Pinet lies at an altitude of 348 metres.

Pinet is located on the poorly-defined Pinet Syncline, which runs from North-North West to South-South East; this structure would appear to have been formed by two large, vertical faults.[5]

River Pinet[edit]

The River Pinet runs through the municipality from north to south, running eventually into the River Vernisa, which is in turn an affluent of the River Serpis.

As is characteristic with the rivers and streams in the comarque, the River Pinet is a wash, that is, a stream bed that is dry during the summer months and which carries abundant water following the typical heavy rains known as cold drop which fall in autumn and spring.[6]

Climate[edit]

The municipality enjoys a typically Mediterranean climate, characterised by hot summers and relatively cold winters, with an average of two snowfalls per year; the climate is rated Csa in accordance with the Köppen climate classification system.

The average annual temperature is around 17 °C, with maximums in summer of 45 °C and minimum in winter of -7 °C.[5]

Rainfall averages around 600 mm per year, although recent years have seen volumes of more than 1000 mm, mainly due to the large downpours to which the area is subject during the autumn as a result of the weather phenomenon known as cold drop.

Flora and fauna[edit]

Olive trees in Pinet

The predominant vegetation in the lower valley is that associated with dryland fruit farming (almonds, olives, apricots, etc.), whilst the surrounding mountains host pine and cork forests and shrubland, interspersed with holly oak and wild herbs and plants such as silene diclinis, laurel, snapdragon, honeysuckle, rosemary, thyme, oregano, etc.

The forested areas are home to such animal species as Bonelli's eagle, golden eagle, short-toed snake eagle, common bent-wing bat, finch and greenfinch, whilst the fruit trees are host to such species as titmice, sparrow, blackbird, golden oriole, wren, nightingale, Cetti's warbler and wagtail, among others.

There are also wild boar and rabbit present in the area.

El Surar[edit]

El Surar

El Surar (in Spanish, El Paraje Natural Municipal de El Surar[2]), the southernmost cork oak forest in Valencia, is a Municipal Natural Park located in the municipalities of Pinet and Llutxent.

Declared a Municipal Natural Park by Generalitat Valenciana on March 4, 2005, it can be accessed on foot, by bicycle, on horseback or by car via signposted roads and tracks from the village of Pinet.

Route of the Monasteries of Valencia[edit]

Route marker for Route of the Monasteries of Valencia in Pinet

Pinet lies on the Route of the Monasteries of Valencia (GR-236), a religious and cultural route that connects five monasteries located in central region of the Province of Valencia, (Valencian Community).

Of the Route’s four different itineraries, three (by foot, on horseback and by MTB) cross through Pinet, with a separate variant also passing through El Surar.

Monuments and festivities[edit]

Parish church of St. Peter the Apostle[edit]

The 18th-century parish church of St. Peter the Apostle has a single nave with chapels set between masonry buttresses.

Patron Saint festivities[edit]

Pinet celebrates its main festivities during the last weekend of June in honour St. Peter and the Christ of the Mountain.

Pinet “Llata” Festival[edit]

A fair held in late summer in celebration of Pinet’s traditional craft of manufacturing products from esparto and palm leaves. Includes practical demonstrations, workshops and a culinary fair with local gastronomic dishes.

Transport[edit]

The only road within the municipality is the CV-608, which connects the village of Pinet with the village of Llutxent, which lies on the CV-610 regional road, joining the towns of Gandia and Xàtiva.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Revisión del Plan General de Pinet" (in Spanish)
  3. ^ "Origen historicolingüístic i contingut semàntic de la toponímia municipal valenciana a través d'un SIG - Joan Carles Membrado Tena" (in Valenciano)
  4. ^ http://dukespace.lib.duke.edu/dspace/bitstream/handle/10161/7193/OHalley_duke_0066D_11863.pdf?sequence=1
  5. ^ a b c "Revisión del Plan General de Pinet" (in Spanish)
  6. ^ "SARC de la Diputación de Valencia" (in Spanish)