Pink Dot SG

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pink Dot SG
Pink Dot SG - 20090516.jpg
The LGBT community converging at Hong Lim Park in Singapore for the inaugural Pink Dot SG in 2009
Status active
Genre LGBT
Dates May 16, 2009 (2009-05-16)
May 15, 2010 (2010-05-15)
June 18, 2011 (2011-06-18)
June 30, 2012 (2012-06-30)
June 29, 2013 (2013-06-29)
June 28, 2014 (2014-06-28)
June 13, 2015 (2015-06-13)
June 4, 2016 (2016-06-04)
July 1, 2017 (2017-07-01)
July 21, 2018 (2018-07-21)
Begins May 16, 2009 (2009-05-16)
Frequency Annually
Venue Speakers' Corner, Singapore
Location(s) Hong Lim Park Singapore
Coordinates 1°17′11.73″N 103°50′47.02″E / 1.2865917°N 103.8463944°E / 1.2865917; 103.8463944Coordinates: 1°17′11.73″N 103°50′47.02″E / 1.2865917°N 103.8463944°E / 1.2865917; 103.8463944
Country Singapore
Years active 8
Inaugurated 2009
Previous event July 1, 2017 (2017-07-01)
Next event July 21, 2018 (2018-07-21)
Attendance 20,000
Website
pinkdot.sg


Pink Dot SG is an annual, nonprofit, free-for-all event that started in 2009 in support of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community in Singapore. Attendees of Pink Dot events gather to form a "pink dot" to show support for inclusiveness, diversity and the freedom to love;[1] in addition to the titular formation, Pink Dot events usually feature concert performances and booths sponsored by organizations supporting the LGBT community and cause.

History[edit]

In September 2008, the rules governing activities conducted at Singapore's Speakers' Corner at Hong Lim Park were relaxed, allowing demonstrations organised by Singaporeans to be held at the park, providing that all participants are either citizens or permanent residents.[2] This allowed the first Pink Dot SG event to take place at the Speakers' Corner on 16 May 2009. A total of nine Pink Dot SG events have been held to date, after Pink Dot SG 2009, many organisations around the world modeled LGBT events after the Pink Dot concept, often borrowing the "Pink Dot" prefix.

The design of the Pink Dot SG mascot "Pinkie", a personification of the pink dot, was provided by graphic designer Soh Ee Shaun.[3][not in citation given]

Events[edit]

Pink Dot SG 2009[edit]

Pink Dot SG 2009 was held on Saturday, 16 May, launching with a campaign video titled "RED + WHITE = PINK", it was Singapore's first public, open-air, pro-LGBT event and established the record for the greatest turnout for a gathering at Speakers' Corner in Hong Lim Park since the venue's inception. The event was deemed a milestone for Singapore's LGBT community.[4]

Local celebrities served as ambassadors of the event, namely actor Timothy Nga, actress Neo Swee Lin and radio DJ Rosalyn Lee,[5] during the event, formations of the words "LOVE" and "4All" were created by participants. The event concluded with the formation of the titular Pink Dot.[6][7]

The pioneer Pink Dot SG event was given extensive coverage in both international and local media.[7] Locally, The Straits Times and TODAY newspapers covered the event. However, the number of attendees reported was inconsistent. Organisers estimated an attendance of 2,500, while The Straits Times reported a turnout of 1,000, and TODAY reported "at least 500". Internationally, the event was covered by the BBC[6] and the New York Times,[8] with reports syndicated to publications around the world through wire services the Associated Press[9] and Agence France-Presse.[10]

Pink Dot SG 2010[edit]

Pink Dot SG 2010 was held on Saturday, 15 May, at the Speakers' Corner in Hong Lim Park, this was the first year the Pink Dot event ran under a campaign theme: "Focusing on Our Families".[11] Pink Dot 2010 garnered a record turnout of 4,000 participants who gathered to form a pink dot in the park.

The event received coverage by local media, including video coverage by Channel News Asia and and article and photograph in The Sunday Times,[12] the event also received international coverage by the BBC, the Associated Press, Reuters and Agence France-Presse.[13]

Pink Dot SG 2010's ambassadors were local celebrities, namely actor Adrian Pang, actress Tan Kheng Hua and DJ Bigkid.[14]

Pink Dot SG 2011[edit]

Pink Dot SG 2011 was held on Saturday, 18 June, at the Speakers' Corner in Hong Lim Park with a new record of more than 10,000 participants, the 2011 event featured the theme song "I Want To Hold Your Hand" by the Beatles and a campaign video by Boo Junfeng.[15]

Pink Dot SG 2011 was the first time the event series had a multinational company – Google – as a corporate sponsor. Google would continue to lend its support in subsequent years. Local musical cabaret trio the Dim Sum Dollies made an appearance as the official ambassadors of the event.[16]

Pink Dot SG 2011 was covered widely by local and international mainstream media.[17] An aerial shot of Pink Dot SG was featured on xinmsn news for June's "2011 Year in Pictures",[18] this was also the first time Pink Dot SG was featured in "Time Out Singapore" with a full article devoted to it. The event was also promoted in an article on CNNGo.[19]

The success of the 2011 event spurred the international renditions of Pink Dot in locations such as Utah, New York, Hong Kong, Anchorage and Koahsiung.

Pink Dot SG 2012[edit]

Pink Dot 2012 flew under the campaign theme "Someday"[20] and was held on Saturday, 30 June, at the Speakers' Corner in Hong Lim Park, the 2012 rendition was the first in which participants –15,000 this time – formed a glowing pink dot with mobile phones, torches and flashlights.[21] The theme song for the event was "True Colors".[22]

Pink Dot SG 2012 saw Barclays as an official corporate supporter, along with returning Google.[23][24] Celebrity ambassadors for the event were former actress Sharon Au, actor Lim Yu-Beng as well as actor-comedian drag queen Kumar.[25]

Pink Dot SG 2012 was even more widely reported in the mainstream media [26][27][28][29] and also very widely covered by international media agencies, including The Wall Street Journal,[30] Taiwan's lihpao,[31] Thailand's PBS,[32] and Egypt's bikyamasr.[33] Notably, before the event, singer Jason Mraz, who was giving a performance on 29 June in Singapore,[34] made a shout out in a video in support of Pink Dot 2012.

The 2012 event inspired the startup of Pink Dot Okinawa.

Pink Dot SG 2013[edit]

Pink Dot 2013 was held the evening of Saturday, 29 June, at the Speakers' Corner in Hong Lim Park, the event marked its fifth year by seeking to recognise the efforts of Singapore's LGBT community by running under a campaign of "Home". "Home" is the title of a local National Day song, which doubled as the event's theme song. The campaign featured a video, directed by local filmmaker Boo Junfeng, depicting three individual, true-life experiences.[35][36] Like the previous year, the event included the formation of a Pink Dot with pink lights.

Pink Dot organisers claimed a record turnout of 21,000, which was 6,000 more than the previous year, the record-breaking event was notably the largest-ever civil society gathering in the country.[37] To accommodate the large number of participants, a second "satellite" focal point was created to channel traffic away from the busiest areas. Prior to the formation of the Pink Dot, participants were treated to a range of activities by more than 20 community groups and partners.[38]

Pink Dot SG 2013's list of corporate contributors grew to include global financial firm J.P. Morgan, local hotel PARKROYAL on Pickering, contact lens specialist CooperVision and audio branding agency The Gunnery, in addition to returning giants Google and Barclays.[39] Local actress Michelle Chia, theatre company W!LD RICE, artistic director Ivan Heng and sportscaster Mark Richmond were the ambassadors of PinkDot SG 2013.[40][41]

Pink Dot continued to receive wider media coverage by local and international media, including Indonesia-based Asia Calling,[42] The Economist,[37] the BBC,[43] The Guardian[44] and Reuters.[45] The event was also featured in the YouTube-sponsored video "Proud to Love", a compilation of video clips supporting the LGBT community, equal rights and marriage equality.[46] Additionally, before the event, the band Fun made a shout-out in a video in support of Pink Dot 2013.

Pink Dot SG 2014[edit]

Pink Dot SG 2014 was held the evening of Saturday, 28 June, at the Speaker's Corner with a new record turnout of 26,000, the event's theme – "For Family, For Friends, For Love" –highlighted the LGBT community's contributions to society, and its theme song was "We Are Family".[47] In addition to the traditional Pink Dot formation with torches, 2014's event included a blue heart formation within the Pink Dot. Pink Dot SG 2014 also featured a "Community Voices" segment, in which local LGBT individuals and straight allies were invited to speak and share their stories.[48]

Ambassadors of the event included Broadway performer Sebastian Tan, actor Brendon Fernandez and, for the first time, a politician: Nominated Member of Parliament Janice Koh.[47] Taiwan-based Singaporean Pop Idol Stefanie Sun also supported the event through a 20-second video.[49] Local YouTube stars Tree Potatoes also made a shout-out in a video. Pink Dot SG 2014 saw energy company giant BP and multinational banking firm Goldman Sachs join a growing list of corporate sponsors.[50]

Notably, Pink Dot SG 2014 was the first year the event drew strong flak from Singapore's Muslim and Christian communities, these religious communities voiced disagreement with the event and counter-demonstrated in a "WearWhite" event, in which participants dressed in white apparel. In response, and foreseeing possible unruly behaviour, Pink Dot organisers for the first time deployed security personnel at the event,[51] as a result, local media gave heavy coverage of parties for and against Pink Dot, and the event itself was widely reported by both local and foreign media and made full-page articles on many local newspapers.[52][53][54][55][56][57][58]

Pink Dot SG 2015[edit]

Pink Dot SG 2015 was held the evening of 13 June at the Speaker's Corner, Hong Lim Park, the date of the event was chosen to prevent a clash with the Islamic month of Ramadan. The event ran under the campaign title "Where Love Lives" and included a campaign video directed by local filmmaker Boo Junfeng, the event also coincided with the launch of a pioneering LGBT support network for major local universities.[59]

The celebrity ambassadors for Pink Dot SG 2015 included local actor Patricia Mok, Campus SuperStar winner Daren Tan and local YouTube celebrities Munah Bagharib and Hirzi Zulkiflie.[60] However, it was noted that Munah did not turn up for the event for unknown reasons. Veteran actor Patricia Mok mentioned that she seeks to reach out to the local older population for support of the LGBT community.[61]

The list of corporate sponsors grew to include three new companies – social network Twitter, movie exhibitor Cathay Organisation and financial news company Bloomberg[62] – in addition to Google, JP Morgan, Barclay, Goldman Sachs and The Gunnery. However, PARKROYAL hotel on Pickering, which had sponsored previous events, discontinued its sponsorship, deciding to "[channel] resources to support other equally meaningful causes".[59] Contact Lens specialist CooperVision also did not continued support for Pink Dot SG.

Even more so than in 2014, Pink Dot SG 2015 drew voices from both anti-LGBT and pro-LGBT groups. Both sides have been given wide coverage on local mainstream media.[63][64][65][66]

Pink Dot SG 2016[edit]

Pink Dot SG 2016 was held on 4 June at the Speaker's Corner in Hong Lim Park at 3pm.

Pink Dot SG 2017[edit]

Pink Dot SG 2017 was held on 1 July at the Speaker's Corner in Hong Lim Park, with an estimated attendance of 20,000. Ambassadors included singer Nathan Hartono, paralympian swimmer Theresa Goh and actor Ebi Shankara.[67]

The Ministry of Home Affairs banned foreign residents and entities from organising and participating in the event, stating that LGBT discourse in the country should be restricted to its citizens.[68] Only Singaporean citizens and permanent residents were thereby permitted to attend the rally; the identity card of each participant was verified at police checkpoints as they entered the barricaded park.[68][69] Organisers said that 20,000 Singaporeans and residents attended the event, a drop from 25,000 and above in previous years;[70] in addition, foreign companies such as Airbnb, Apple, Facebook, Goldman Sachs, Google, Microsoft, NBC Universal, Salesforce, Twitter and Uber were not permitted to sponsor the event.[71][72] Despite the new regulations, 120 Singaporean companies donated to the event, making up for the loss of contributions from the multinationals.[73][74]

International events[edit]

After the success of Pink Dot SG 2011, many organisations and individuals around the world were inspired to organise Pink Dot events. Events of varying attendances have been organised in Hong Kong, Montreal, Toronto, New York, Okinawa and Utah. Smaller gatherings were also organised in Anchorage, London, Malaysia and Taiwan. Common to all events was the gathering of participants in a Pink Dot formation.

Pink Dot Anchorage[edit]

As an Alaska PrideFest event, Pink Dot Anchorage organised a gathering on 18 June 2011 at the Anchorage Town Square. Approximately100 participants attended and created a heart-shaped formation. [75]

Pink Dot Hong Kong[edit]

2011[edit]

On 24 June 2011, Hong Kong's Pink Alliance organised a gathering at Psychic Jack Lounge in Central Hong Kong.[76]

2014[edit]

Inspired by Pink Dot Singapore, Pink Dot HK 2014 was held on 15 June 2014 in Tamar Park. Pink Dot HK was co-organized by the LGBT groups BigLove Alliance and Pink Alliance and ran under the theme "We Are Family: The Freedom to Love", the event included an outdoor picnic and funfair, as well as a closing concert featuring performers such as Denise Ho and Anthony Wong.[77] The event was widely covered by local media, including the Oriental Daily News.[78] Turnout was estimated at 12,000.

Before the event, the Bank of America Tower was decorated in pink to publicise the event.[79]

2015[edit]

Pink Dot Hong Kong 2015 was held on 20 September 2015, once again at Tamar Park in front of the Central Government Complex. Notable attendees included actor Gregory Wong, singer Anthony Wong, singer Denise Ho, United States Consul General Clifford Hart, and Chairman of the Equal Opportunities Commission Dr. York Chow.[80] Turnout was estimated at more than 15,000.[80]

Pink Dot London[edit]

On 18 June 2011, Singaporeans in London organised a picnic at Hyde Park, London, in conjunction with the Pink Dot event occuring in Singapore that day.

Pink Dot MTL[edit]

Pink Dot MTL is a movement inspired by the Singapore event that believes love is best built on a foundation of trust and honesty, not fear and shame, the group hopes to bring LGBT individuals in Montreal closer to their families and friends, so that change for the better can happen through conversations, not coverups and covert lives.[81][82]

On 18 Aug 2012, nearly 300 attendees gathered at Place Émilie-Gamelin, Montreal, Quebec, for a Pink Dot event. Prior to the event, a competition was held in which LGBT individuals were invited to submit their personal coming-out stories, the top three writers were sent an invitation to the event, and their stories were read out in front of other participants.[83]

On 17 Aug 2013, a second Pink Dot event was held at Place Émilie-Gamelin, the event had a one-page feature in the local gay magazine Fugues.[84][85]

On 16 August 2014, a first-ever nighttime Pink Dot event was held at Place Émilie-Gamelin, the event began at 11pm and featured glowsticks.

Pink Dot NY[edit]

Pink Dot picnics were held on 7 June 2011, 6 October 2012 and 22 June 2013 in Central Park, New York, around 30 participants turned up for each event. Pink Dot NY has not continued in subsequent years.

Pink Dot OK[edit]

2013[edit]

Pink Dot Okinawa was inspired by Singapore's Pink Dot. Pink Dot Okinawa was the island's first LGBT event and was held on 14 July 2013 with a turnout of 800 people, the event was held in a park in Naha city, Okinawa, for its large tourist crowd and diverse culture.[86] Pink Dot OK 2013 featured pre-night club events,[87] a pre-event beach party, an LGBT book fair[88] and an after-party, the event was covered by local media, including the Okinawa Times and Ryukyu Shimpo. The mascot for the event was Pinkmaaru, a winking cartoon animal with the event's name, "Pink Dot OK".[89]

2014, 2015 & 2016[edit]

Pink Dot OK 2014 was held on 20 June 2014 in Naha city with an estimated turnout of 12,000. Star Trek actor George Takei made a shout-out to the event.

Pink Dot OK 2015 was held on 19 July at Tembusu Square on Kokusai street in Naha city.

Pink Dot OK 2016 was scheduled to be held on 17 July in Naha city.

Pink Dot Penang[edit]

Pink Dot Penang was started in 2011 and was well-received in the local LGBTIQ community. A group called "Penang Freedom to Love" was formed after the event to continue spreading the idea of "love has no boundaries".

In 2014, a Pink Dot event was planned to be held in one of the hotels in Penang, Malaysia, on 29 March 2014 by Penang Freedom to Love, SUARAM and some other local groups. Flying under the slogan "Sit in solidarity in the day, Dance together in the night", Pink Dot Penang was meant to be a two-part event including a workshop during the day and a party at night at the 1926 heritage hotel. However, the event was cancelled on 16 March due to religious pressure from Perkasa and other Muslim activists, who made police reports claiming the event was a "sex festival".[90]

Pink Dot TO[edit]

On 21 May 2016, ACAS (Asian Community AIDS Services) and the Chinese Canadian National Council's Toronto Chapter organised Pink Dot TO in Toronto at Market 707 in support of LGBT Asians in Canada, the event featured speeches, a march and performances.

Pink Dot TW[edit]

2011[edit]

A Pink Dot gathering was organised by the Taiwan Adolescent Association on Sexualities on 18 June 2011 in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Participants gathered at the Kaohsiung Cultural Central.

2015[edit]

Pink Dot TW 2015 was held on May 16, 17, and 30, at Kaohsiung Aozihdi Park, National Cheng Kung University, and HuaShan Grand Green, respectively. Originally planned to be held on 20 May 2015, the HuaShan event was postponed in light of bad weather, the event runs on the slogan "Let's get closer, let the picnic be pinker" with a campaign video of the same title.

Pink Dot Utah[edit]

Pink Dot Utah is a campaign inspired by the Singapore event and flies under the theme "Support, Love, Courage" aiming to engender an appreciation of Utah's diversity – regardless of race, language, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression, the campaign encourages individuals of the LGBT community to share their life stories which are then featured on the campaign website. It is organised by the Support Love Courage Council.[91]

On 20 December 2013, District Judge Robert J. Shelby struck down the same-sex marriage ban as unconstitutional rendering same-sex marriage legal US-wide.[92]

2011[edit]

Pink Dot Utah 2011 was held on National Coming Out Day, 11 October 2011, at the Spring Mobile Ball Park in Salt Lake City, Utah. More than 3000 participants showed up for the inaugural Pink Dot event.[91] Several community organisations and businesses were in attendance at the event, including representatives from First Baptist Church and Utah's Latino community.

Pink Dot Utah organisers invited Emmy award-winning composer, Kurt Bestor and Anchor of Fox's Live at Five and News at Nine Newscasts co-host, Hope Woodside as celebrity ambassadors of the event,[93] the event was also covered by local media The Salt Lake Tribune.[94]

2012[edit]

A Pink Dot event was held on 22 September 2012 in Jordan Park, Salt Lake City, Utah. A "pinkdot Baby" contest was also held in the duration of the campaign.[95] Pink Dot Utah 2012 also featured performances by celebrities and speeches by various speakers. Pink Dot Utah 2012 was supported by Mormons Building Bridges which encourage heterosexual Latter-day Saints to offer love and support to their LGBT brothers and sisters,[96] the event was given mentioned by popular LGBT blogsite JoeMyGod.com.[97]

Another Pink Dot event, Pink Dot St. George, was also held in Utah on 3 November 2012 in Vernon Worthen Park, Saint George, Utah,[98] featuring speeches by three speakers,[99] the programme received local media coverage by Dixie Sun News.[100]

Reaction, criticism and controversy[edit]

Counter-campaigns by Religious groups[edit]

Since 2014, Pink Dot drew strong flak from Muslim and Christian religious groups in Singapore. One response to the event, FamFest, or Red Dot Family Movement, was organised by LoveSingapore, a network of Singaporean churches. FamFest was initially planned to be held on the same day as Pink Dot 2014 at the Padang. However, the event was cancelled upon rejection of its application by the Ministry of Social and Family Development which deemed the location unsuitable. FamFest continued as a virtual rally on Facebook.

In a separate response to the appearance of a Muslim woman in the Pink Dot SG 2014 campaign video, Islamic religious teacher Ustaz Noor Deros called for a Wear White campaign in defense of traditional Islamic values, the event was held in conjunction with the start of the Muslim month of Ramadan, the day after Pink Dot SG 2014. Notably, an evening prayer marking the fasting month coincides with Pink Dot SG 2014 event. Faith Community Baptist Church and the LoveSingapore network of churches have also called on their members to join local Muslims in the campaign to dress in white.[101] The Wear White campaign saw Muslim mosque goers and two churches wearing white in the days following the event.

In light of possible unrest, security personnel were deployed at the event for crowd management purposes.[51] However, the event proceeded without interference with Wear White campaign organisers informing supporters to distance from the Pink Dot gathering and FCBC announcing that its members did not intend to picket the event,[53] since 2014, Pink Dot in the subsequent years has seen similar opposition from the Wear White campaign.

Other Religious groups and Pink Dot 2014[edit]

Other religious groups in Singapore as a result of the series of reactions to Pink Dot SG 2014 have announced or reinforced their stand on LGBT issues.

On behalf of the Muslim community, the Islamic Religious Council of Singapore (MUIS) has earlier advised Muslims not to be confrontational towards the LGBT community. It indicated that it does not approve of the "pervasiveness" of the LGBT lifestyle but cautioned against mosques being involved in the Pink Dot and Wear White initiatives. Minister-in-charge of Muslim Affairs, Mr Yaacob Ibrahim has also issued a statement addressing that Singaporeans who wanted to express support for a cause or lifestyle choice should express it in a way that does not divide the community, he emphasised on tolerance and the need "to keep the social fabric as tight as possible".[102]

Also in response, The National Council of Churches of Singapore (NCCS) has issued a statement:

The Council also wishes to state that while it does not condone homosexual or bi-sexual practices, it also does not condemn those who are struggling with their gender identity and sexual orientation.[103]

On behalf of the Catholic Church, Archbishop William Goh has also reiterated that:

This kind of lifestyle should not be promoted by Catholics as it is detrimental to society, is not helpful to integral human development and contrary to Christian values. Thus, whilst the Church urges compassion, acceptance, patient understanding and mutual respect for these individuals, she believes that there are ways to ensure justice and the protection of their dignity without the risk of endangering the future of the marriage institution, family and society[104]

Archbishop William Goh later release a second statement apologising for any insensitivity in his previous statement and added that while the Church does not disapprove of non-sexual same-sex relationships, it is by Catholic teaching that marriage is between a man and a woman and that sex before marriage is not allowed.[105]

Corporate Sponsorship[edit]

Pink Dot SG events have featured a growing number of corporate sponsors with succeeding events, the involvement of corporate organisations in the local LGBT scene have faced criticised by various pro-family groups.

In 2015, furniture retailer IKEA, upon receiving feedback from pro-LGBT groups, has announced a review of its support for a magic show staged by a pastor known for his views against homosexuality, the pastor is also responsible for previous anti-Pink Dot movements and IKEA is known globally to be a supporter of the LGBT community.[106][107] However, after the review, IKEA Singapore decided to continue support for the magic show, this decision has drawn flak from pro-LGBT groups including the organisers of Pink Dot[108] and support from pro-family organisations.[109]

Threats of Violence Against Community[edit]

In 2016, Bryan Lim Sian Yang, a member of the Facebook group "We Are Against Pinkdot In Singapore" threatened to "open fire" on the community.

"I am a Singaporean citizen. I am a NSman, I am a father. And I swore to protect my nation. Give me the permission to open fire. I would like to see these £@€$^*s die for their causes".

The post was widely shared on social media and attracted much attention due to the recent 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting. Lim claimed his post was taken out of context and was meant to be figurative,[110] the authorities investigated Lim following police reports made about the post, and he later plead guilty to a lessened charge of "making a threatening, abusive or insulting communication under the Protection from Harassment Act (PoHA)", and was fined $3,500.[111] If convicted of the original charge, Lim could be sentenced to up to 5 years in jail and/or fined.[112]

Impact[edit]

International human rights[edit]

Pink Dot SG was deemed significant enough to be included in the US Department of State's human rights reports for 2009, released on 11 March 2010:[113]

On May 16, a rally in support of "the freedom of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender persons in Singapore to love" took place at Speakers Corner. Participants held pink umbrellas aloft and arranged themselves to form a large pink dot when seen from nearby high‐rise buildings, the rally took place without disturbance.

Pink Dot SG was also featured in the 2011 documentary film Courage Unfolds, by the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission and the Lesbian Activism Project of the Philippines. The documentary film highlights the issues faced by LGBT people in Asia.[114]

Google's LGBT campaign[edit]

Google is notably the first Pink Dot corporate sponsor and has supported the event since 2011. Google Singapore has thus launched the "Legalize Love" 2012 campaign seeking to promote a supportive culture for LGBT people in and outside the workplace;[115] in Google Maps, Google has also presented a 360-degree panorama of Hong Lim Park featuring Pink Dot 2013 during both the day and night.

Section 377A of the Penal Code of Singapore[edit]

In 2012, Tan Eng Hong challenged the constitutionality of section 377A of the Penal Code which criminalizes sex between mutually consenting men, before the courts,[116] the challenge garnered much public debate[117] and, in response, Pink Dot SG made the following statement:

WE RECOGNISE that the matter has been taken to the court, and we should let the law take its course. We understand the need to respect the sanctity of the Judiciary, and not undertake acts seen to pressure it, or prejudice a case that stands before it.

WE ACKNOWLEDGE that a society as pluralistic and diverse as ours will have a multitude of viewpoints, which all of us have to respect and cherish, as it is this spectrum of opinions, beliefs and ideas that make Singapore strong, not the differences that seek to divide us from being truly, one united people.[118]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About Pink Dot SG". Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "Singapore Statutes Online - 493 - Public Entertainments and Meetings (Speakers' Corner) (Exemption) (No. 2) Order 2011". Statutes.agc.gov.sg. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  3. ^ "Pinkdot.sg Mascot". Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  4. ^ "New photos from gay pride celebrations in Singapore, Latvia and Russia - Steve Rothaus' Gay South Florida". Miamiherald.typepad.com. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  5. ^ "Pink Dot's Ambassadors". Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Leyl, Sharanjit (17 May 2009). "Singapore gays in first public rally". BBC News. 
  7. ^ a b Leyl, Sharanjit (17 May 2009). "Singapore gays in first public rally". BBC News. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  8. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20121002202001/http://a8.sphotos.ak.fbcdn.net/hphotos-ak-snc6/247281_1826897989978_1166152950_31696432_7964900_n.jpg. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2011.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ https://archive.is/20120904014443/http://www.gmanews.tv/story/161602/Singapores-gay-community-holds-first-ever-rally. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2011.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ "S'poreans don pink to support gay rights". News.asiaone.com. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  11. ^ "Love, Kinship and Families take centre stage at Pink Dot 2010". Pink Dot Sg. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  12. ^ [1] Archived 3 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ "Proud to be pink". Hindustantimes.com. Archived from the original on 6 February 2011. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  14. ^ "Come make Pink Dot 2010; Come make history!". Pink Dot Sg. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  15. ^ "Blogger". Pinkdotsg.blogspot.sg. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  16. ^ "COME MAKE PINK DOT: 18 JUNE 2011!". Pink Dot Sg. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  17. ^ [2] Archived 21 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ "2011 Year in Pictures: Pink Dot". 
  19. ^ "Pink Dot 2011: Is Singapore's 'freedom to love' event a barometer of social acceptance?". Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  20. ^ "Pink Dot 2012 Campaign Video Glossary". Pink Dot SG. 
  21. ^ "More Than 15,000 Singaporeans at Pink Dot 2012!". Pink Dot SG. 
  22. ^ "Pink Dot 2012 Song: True Colours". Pink Dot SG. 
  23. ^ "First Night Pink Dot brightens up with more corporate support". Pink Dot SG. 
  24. ^ Manjur, Rezwana. "Barclays shows support for Pink Dot". Marketing Interactive. 
  25. ^ "Local Stars Light Up First Night Pink Dot Concert". Pink Dot SG. 
  26. ^ "Pink Dot draws 15,000". TODAYonline. Archived from the original on 8 August 2012. 
  27. ^ "Fight for talent goes pink". TODAYonline. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012. 
  28. ^ "Estimated record number of S'poreans turn out for Pink Dot". Yahoo! News. 
  29. ^ Wei Chou, Han. "'Drag Queens' and 'showgirls' turn heads on Orchard Road". CNA. 
  30. ^ Mahtani, Shibani. "Pink Dot in Singapore Highlights Gay-Rights Debate". The Wall Street Journal. 
  31. ^ 央社, 中. 星民眾挺同志 點亮粉紅星光. Taiwan Lih Pao (in Chinese). 
  32. ^ สื่อออนไลน์ในสิงคโปร์. PBS (in Thai). 
  33. ^ Hassan, Alisha. "Singapore lesbians look for change despite being "criminals"". bikyamasr. Archived from the original on 3 July 2012. 
  34. ^ Elizabeth, Soh. "Earth-loving Mraz shines at the Gardens". Yahoo! News. 
  35. ^ "Growing Support for the Freedom to Love". Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  36. ^ "PINK DOT 2013: Bringing somewhere-over-the-rainbow Home". Retrieved 11 Nov 2014. 
  37. ^ a b "Fifty shades of pink". The Economist. 2013-07-06. Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  38. ^ "Support for the Freedom to Love Blazes Forth". Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  39. ^ "Growing Support for the Freedom to Love". Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  40. ^ "New heroes come out in support of the Freedom to Love". Pink Dot Sg. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  41. ^ "Record-breaking attendance at Pink Dot 2013". Yahoo News Singapore. 29 June 2013. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  42. ^ "Homoseksual Singapura Mendesak Persamaan Hak". YouTube. 2014-04-18. Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  43. ^ "Global Gay Pride: Parades held in cities all over the world - BBC News". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  44. ^ Emine Saner. "Gay rights around the world: the best and worst countries for equality | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  45. ^ Danubrata, Eveline (2013-06-30). "Singapore's 'Pink Dot' rally shows growing pressure for gay rights". Reuters. Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  46. ^ "Show your pride. Share your love. #ProudToLove". YouTube. 2013-06-27. Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  47. ^ a b "Pink Dot 2014: For Family, For Friends, For Love". Pink Dot Sg. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  48. ^ onlinecitizen. "26,000 crowd celebrate the freedom to love at Pink Dot 2014". The Online Citizen. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  49. ^ "Pop Idol Stefanie Sun Supports the Freedom to Love!". Pink Dot Sg. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  50. ^ "Additional Corporate Contributors to Enliven Pink Dot 2014". Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  51. ^ a b [3] Archived 28 June 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  52. ^ Tan, Qiuyi (28 June 2014). "26,000 take part in Pink Dot gathering". Channel NewsAsia. Archived from the original on 30 June 2014. Retrieved 29 June 2014. 
  53. ^ a b "Pink Dot goes off without a hitch". TODAYonline. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  54. ^ "Pink Dot rally organisers welcome police advisory". TODAYonline. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  55. ^ "Singapore gay rally draws thousands amid controversy". BBC News. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  56. ^ Satish Cheney (28 June 2014). "Singapore gay community rallies against religious conservatives". Global News. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  57. ^ "White is the new anti-gay as Singapore religious protest 'Pink Dot' rally". InterAksyon.com. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  58. ^ "9 Glorious Pictures Of Singapore's 'Pink Dot, In Country Where Gay Sex Is Banned". The Huffington Post UK. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  59. ^ a b "Varsity students to launch independent LGBT network". TODAYonline. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  60. ^ "Pink Dot 2015 Ambassadors". Pink Dot Sg. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  61. ^ "Pink Dot 2015 returns with a Channel 8 twist". Mothership.sg. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  62. ^ "Corporate sponsors for Pink Dot 2015". Pink Dot Sg. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  63. ^ "Religion-based ideas in public sphere must face scrutiny". TODAYonline. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  64. ^ "Logic and empathy should guide LGBT discourse". TODAYonline. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  65. ^ "Race, religion transcend sexuality". TODAYonline. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  66. ^ "The Straits Times". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  67. ^ "Pink Dot rally pulls in the crowds". The Straits Times. 1 July 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2017. 
  68. ^ a b CNN, Sophie Jeong and Spencer Feingold, (1 July 2017). "Foreigners banned at Singapore LGBT rally". CNN. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  69. ^ "Singapore gay pride rally draws thousands amid new curbs". Reuters. 1 July 2017. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  70. ^ "Singapore holds no-foreigner LGBT rally". BBC News. 1 July 2017. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  71. ^ Kok, Xing Hui (4 May 2017). "Pink Dot gets 103 Singapore sponsors and $201,000 - surpassing targets". The Straits Times. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  72. ^ Tay, Vivienne (16 June 2017). "MHA shuts down 10 foreign sponsors' requests for Pink Dot participation". Marketing Interactive. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  73. ^ "Pink Dot 2017 draws thousands despite new restrictions". Yahoo News Singapore. 1 July 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2017. 
  74. ^ "One country in Asia has embraced same-sex marriage. Where's next?". The Economist. 22 June 2017. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  75. ^ "Alaska hearts Pink Dot". Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. 
  76. ^ "Join the Pink Dot splash in Hong Kong!!". Retrieved 13 November 2012. 
  77. ^ "About Pink Dot Hong Kong". Pink Dot Hong Kong. Archived from the original on 16 June 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2014. 
  78. ^ "娛樂蘋台 | 即時新聞 | 20140615 | 【一點粉紅】1萬2千人撐場 明哥:最好嘅生日禮物". Hk.apple.nextmedia.com. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  79. ^ "Pink Dot Hong Kong - News". Pinkdot.hk. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  80. ^ a b Grundy, Tom (20 September 2015). "Sea of Pink: Over 15,000 attend gay equality rally as Hong Kong lags years behind on LGBTQ rights". Hong Kong Free Press. 
  81. ^ "About". Retrieved 13 November 2012. 
  82. ^ "PinkDot MTL 2012". Retrieved 12 November 2014. 
  83. ^ "Your Stories". Retrieved 13 November 2012. 
  84. ^ "Pink Dot MTL in Fugues August 2013 Edition". Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  85. ^ "De rose vêtu pour célébrer la diversité". fugues (in French). 
  86. ^ "About PinkDot Okinawa". Archived from the original on 18 July 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  87. ^ "Pre Night Event". Archived from the original on 16 July 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  88. ^ "Pre-Event". Archived from the original on 18 July 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  89. ^ "Japan to host its first Pink Dot LGBT pride festival in July". Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  90. ^ "Penang Perkasa Calls on Police To Investigate Organisers of Pink Dot Penang 2014". Retrieved 16 March 2014. 
  91. ^ a b "About PinkDot Utah". Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  92. ^ "Salt Lake mayor marries gay couple after ban ended". Archived from the original on 22 December 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  93. ^ "Hope Woodside joins pinkdot Utah as a Celebrity Ambassador". Archived from the original on 21 December 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  94. ^ "Utahns come out for pinkdot". Retrieved 5 July 2012. 
  95. ^ "Utah pinkdot Baby Contest". Archived from the original on 15 April 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2012. 
  96. ^ "Entertainment Announced for pinkdot Utah 2012". Archived from the original on 3 November 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2012. 
  97. ^ "Utah's Pink Dot 2012". Retrieved 10 November 2012. 
  98. ^ "First Annual PinkDot St. George Event to be held on November 3, 2012". Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2012. 
  99. ^ "FiAnnual PinkDot St. George Event to be held on November 3, 2012". Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2012. 
  100. ^ "PinkDot Utah to make first appearance in St. George". Retrieved 10 November 2012. 
  101. ^ Howard Lee. "Christians join Muslims in protest against Pink Dot". The Online Citizen. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  102. ^ [4] Archived 27 June 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  103. ^ "National council of churches issues statement on Pink Dot controversy". Archived from the original on 28 June 2014. Retrieved 29 June 2014. 
  104. ^ "Archbishop's Message: Re-statement of the church's position on the family". Catholicnews.sg. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  105. ^ "Pastoral Letter To Catholics With Same-sex Orientation". Catholicnews.sg. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  106. ^ Terry Xu. "Magic shows, Ikea and the corporatisation of LGBT politics". The Online Citizen. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  107. ^ RACHEL AU-YONG. "Ikea Singapore reviewing support for pastor's magic show after backlash from gay rights groups". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  108. ^ "Important to respect variety in viewpoints and perceptions". TODAYonline. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  109. ^ "Ikea Singapore to continue tie-up with magic show by Lawrence Khong". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  110. ^ http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/spore-netizen-apologises-over-open-fire-comment
  111. ^ hermesauto (2016-11-04). "Man fined $3,500 over 'open fire' online comment". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2017-03-28. 
  112. ^ http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/courts-crime/singapore-netizen-bryan-lim-charged-over-lgbt-open-fire-facebook-comment
  113. ^ "Sexual Orientation / Gender Identity References" (PDF). Globalequality.org. Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  114. ^ "Courage Unfolds". Youtube.com. Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  115. ^ Aloysius, Low. "Google launches campaign in Singapore to legalize gay love". Asia.cnet.com. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2015. 
  116. ^ "Court to decide on hearing date for Section 377A case". Channelnewsasia.com. Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  117. ^ "Debate over Section 377A intensifies". Todayonline.com. Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  118. ^ "Statement in Response To Section 377A". Pinkdot.sg. Retrieved 2015-09-05. 

External links[edit]