A pink triangle has been a symbol for various LGBTQ identities intended as a badge of shame, but reclaimed as a positive symbol of self-identity. In Nazi Germany in the 1930s and 1940s, it began as one of the Nazi concentration camp badges, distinguishing those imprisoned because they had been identified by authorities as homosexual men, a category that included bisexual men and transgender women. In the 1970s, it was revived as a symbol of protest against homophobia, has since been adopted by the larger LGBTQ community as a popular symbol of LGBTQ pride and the LGBTQ rights movement. In Nazi concentration camps, each prisoner was required to wear a downward-pointing, equilateral triangular cloth badge on their chest, the color of which identified the reason for their imprisonment. Early on, homosexual male prisoners were variously identified with a green triangle or red triangle, the number 175, or the letter A; the use of a pink triangle was established for prisoners identified as homosexual men, which included bisexual men and transgender women.
The pink triangle was assigned to sexual offenders, such as rapists and pedophiles. If a prisoner was identified as Jewish, the triangle was superimposed over a yellow second triangle pointing the opposite way, to resemble the Star of David like the yellow badge identifying other Jews. Prisoners wearing a pink triangle were harshly treated by other prisoners. While the number assigned a pink triangle in German concentration camps is hard to estimate, Richard Plant – author of The Pink Triangle: The Nazi War Against Homosexuals – gives a rough estimate of the number convicted for homosexuality "between 1933 to 1944 at between 50,000 and 63,000". After the camps were liberated at the end of the Second World War, many of the prisoners imprisoned for homosexuality were re-incarcerated by the Allied-established Federal Republic of Germany. An homosexual man named Heinz Dörmer, for instance, served in a Nazi concentration camp and in the jails of the new Republic; the Nazi amendments to Paragraph 175, which turned homosexuality from a minor offense into a felony, remained intact in East Germany until 1968 and in West Germany until 1969.
West Germany continued to imprison those identified as homosexual until 1994 under a revised version of the Paragraph, which still made sexual relations between men up to the age of 21 – as well as male homosexual prostitution – illegal. While lawsuits seeking monetary compensation have failed, in 2002 the German government issued an official apology to the LGBTQ community. Rudolf Brazda, one of the last known homosexual concentration camp survivors, died on August 3, 2011 at the age of 98. In the 1970s, newly active European and North American gay liberation advocates began to use the pink triangle to raise awareness of its use in Nazi Germany. In 1972, gay concentration camp survivor Heinz Heger's memoir Die Männer mit dem rosa Winkel brought it to greater public attention. In response, the German gay liberation group Homosexuelle Aktion Westberlin issued a call in 1973 for gay men to wear it as a memorial to past victims and to protest continuing discrimination. In the 1975 movie The Rocky Horror Picture Show, the bisexual, transvestite character Dr. Frank N. Furter wears a pink triangle badge on one of his outfits.
In 1976, Peter Recht, Detlef Stoffel, Christiane Schmerl made the German documentary Rosa Winkel? Das ist doch schon lange vorbei.... Publications such as San Francisco's Gay Sunshine and Toronto's The Body Politic promoted the pink triangle as a memorial to those, persecuted. In the 1980s, the pink triangle was used not just as a memorial but as a positive symbol of both self and community identity, it represented both gay and lesbian identity, was incorporated into the logos of such organizations and businesses. It was used by individuals, sometimes discreetly or ambiguously as an "insider" code unfamiliar to the general public; the logo for the 1987 March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights was a silhouette of the US Capitol Dome superimposed over a pink triangle. Taking a more militant tone, the AIDS Coalition To Unleash Power was formed by six gay activists in New York City in 1987, to draw attention to the disease's disproportionate impact on gay and bisexual men, the apparent role of "genocidal" homophobia in slowing progress on medical research, adopted an upward-pointing pink triangle on a black field along with the slogan "SILENCE = DEATH" as its logo.
Some use the triangle in this orientation as a specific "reversal" of its usage by the Nazis. The Pink Panthers Movement in Denver, Colorado adopted a pink triangle with clawed panther print logo, adapted from the original Pink Panthers Patrol in New York City. In the 1990s, a pink triangle enclosed in a green circle came to be used as a symbol identifying "safe spaces" for LGBTQ people at work or in school; the pink triangle served as the basis for the "biangles", a symbol of bisexual identity which consists of pink and blue triangles overlapping in a lavender or purple area. The pink and blue symbolize either homosexuality and heterosexuality, or female and male gender, reflecting bisexuals' attraction to both; the symbol of the pink triangle has been included in memorials. In 1980 a jury chose the pi
Club Harmony was a cruise ship, last owned by Polaris Shipping and operated by Harmony Cruises. She was built in 1969 by the Wärtsilä Turku Shipyard in Turku, Finland as the container ship Axel Johnson for the Sweden-based Rederi AB Nordstjernan and operated on their Johnson Line services. In 1986 she was sold to Regency Cruises with the intention of being converted into a cruise ship under the name Regent Sun, but she was laid up instead. In 1987 she continued laid up. In 1988 the ship was acquired by Costa Cruises, renamed Costa Marina and rebuilt into a cruise ship at the T. Mariotti shipyard in Genoa, Italy, she entered service as the Costa Marina in 1990. From 2002 she was marketed more towards German passengers. On August 3, 2011 it was announced by parent company Carnival that new ships would be built for Costa to replace their older ships, starting with the Costa Marina; the Costa Marina left the fleet in November 2011, was replaced by Iberocruceros' Grand Voyager for her Red Sea cruises.
Costa Marina was chartered to South Korea’s Harmony Cruise and renamed Harmony Princess with Marshall Islands registry, for cruises between Korea and Japan. In 2012, her owners renamed her Club Harmony, but she was laid up in January 2013. In September 2014, she was sold for demolition in India and arrived at Alang the following month as Harmony 1. Costa Cruises
Past Mortem is a detective novel by Ben Elton first published in 2004. It is about a serial killer on the loose in England in the London area, Scotland Yard's attempts at tracking him or her down. At the same time, Past Mortem raises a number of sociological and moral questions such as bullying, revenge, "getting a life" versus living in the past, domestic violence, the changing market value of people as they get older. Apart from its serious aspects, the book contains a lot of humour when the respective private entanglements of Detective Inspector Edward Newson, the officer in charge of the police investigation, his assistant, Detective Sergeant Natasha Wilkie, are described. However, as one critic put it, "some of the descriptions of the sex scenes might prove a bit much for the faint-hearted"; when Adam Bishop, a middle-aged self-made man in the building trade, is cruelly murdered at his London home Detective Inspector Ed Newson has a hunch that the crime has been committed by a psychopath who has killed before.
He links up the new case with a number of older, unsolved ones, a certain pattern emerges: It turns out that each victim was a bully many years ago when they went to school, that they have now been killed in the same way as they used to torture their peers. However, when Newson and Sergeant Natasha Wilkie talk to the former victims they soon find out that none of them could be the serial killer. Although successful in his job, when it comes to his private life Edward Newson is a lonely, sex-starved man secretly in love with his assistant, Natasha. Now in his mid-thirties, he nostalgically looks back at his school days and the two girls with whom he was romantically involved when they were all 14—Helen Smart, the leftist intellectual, Christine Copperfield, the "golden girl". Newson logs on to Friends Reunited. To his surprise, more of his former classmates than he would have thought are online, soon a class reunion is being organised—by Christine Copperfield, of all people; this is the point.
The serial killer uses the same web site—Friends Reunited—as the source of his knowledge about instances of bullying that happened decades ago. When Helen Smart posts a long account of how back at school she was forced by Christine Copperfield to stuff a tampon down her throat the murderer is supplied with one more story on which he or she might act. Christine Copperfield dies. In the tradition of the whodunnit, while new murders are committed, the identity of the killer remains unknown to the final pages of the novel. Jane Jakeman of The Independent said the book has "an obvious solution" and criticized the sexual aspects of the storyline saying that "Elton relentlessly exploits every crude possibility". Stephanie Merritt of The Observer called the book "engaging and smartly plotted" but felt the book has "potential to date quickly". Adam Lively of The Times praised the "warm-hearted characterisation" calling the lead character, Ed Newson, "engagingly characterised" but did feel it has a "predictable outcome"
"Who Would Have Thought" is a song written by Darren Hayes and Guy Chambers, for Hayes' third solo album This Delicate Thing We've Made, released as a limited-edition 7" vinyl and digital download alongside the "Me, Myself and" single release. Hayes added an animated video for the song as a teaser on his official website, as well as his MySpace profile, on 9 April 2007, he single failed to chart due to its ineligibility as a promotional release. The b-side "The Only One" is included on the album This delicate thing. Promotional CD single"Who Would Have Thought" – 3:34Digital download"Who Would Have Thought" – 4:15 "Breathless" – 3:19 "The Only One" – 2:587" vinyl"Who Would Have Thought" – 4:15 "Who Would Have Thought" – 3:58 Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Alexander Anderson was a Scottish surgeon and botanist. Anderson studied at the University of Edinburgh. Fellow Aberdonian William Forsyth employed him at the Chelsea Physic Garden in London, prior to Anderson's emigration to New York in 1774, where he stayed with his brother John, a printer, he was appointed in 1785 superintendent of the government botanic garden at St. Vincent, where he showed much activity, he was a correspondent of Sir Joseph Banks, through whom he contributed to the Royal Society in 1789 an account of a bituminous lake on St. Vincent, afterwards published in the Philosophical Transactions for that year. In January 1791 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, proposed by Daniel Rutherford, John Walker and William Wright. In the same year he went into Guiana on a botanising expedition; the Society of Arts voted him a silver medal in 1798 for a paper upon the plants in the garden at St Vincent. He contemplated the production of a flora of the Caribbean islands, some sheets of which he sent to Banks.
He resigned his post in July 1811, died on 8 September in the same year. Anderson was succeeded as superintendent by the surgeon William Lochhead; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Anderson, Alexander". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900
Simon Drew is an English illustrator and cartoonist, noted for his quirky punning captions featuring animals which he draws in a fine pen-and-ink style. He was born in Reading on 9 October 1952, was educated at Bradfield College, Berkshire, he read Zoology at Exeter University, trained as a teacher at Reading University before teaching for five years in West Sussex. In 1981, he established his own gallery in Dartmouth, Devon, UK for the sale of illustrations and the work of studio potters which, since 1985, has been short-listed by the British Crafts Council for its high standards, his first book, A Book of Bestial Nonsense appeared in 1986. He has produced work for Friends of the Earth, including posters and stage designs. On 12 August 2011 Drew appeared in an episode of Channel 4's Come Dine With Me during which he won joint first place with two of the three other contestants on the show. Drew was a candidate for Totnes in the 2010 general election, standing as an independent, his platform was satirical, in reaction to the expenses scandal.
He polled 390 votes. A Book of Bestial Nonsense Nonsense in Flight Still Warthogs Run Deep The Puffin's Advice Cat with Piano Tuna Camp David: Nonsense in Art Beastly Address Book for Beastly Friends Handel's Warthog Music: Nonsense in Music A Pig's Ear A Beastly Birthday Book Great Mistakes of Civilisation Bird Dropping Dogsbodies The Duck Stops Here The Very Worst of Simon Drew Illustrations for The New Book of Exeter Riddles(Lawrence Sail and Kevin Crossley-Holland Spot the Book Title Pie Aaaaaarrgh Squared Book of Maritime Nonsense Spot the Author Quotations of Oscar Wilde And So I Face the Vinyl Curtain. New Simon Drew Address Book Book of Pointless Verses Shepherd Spy: A Tale Of Violence And Intrigue And Terrorist Sheep The Plot Thickens Ludicrous Limericks A is for Aardvark Gin'll Fix It A Birthday Book Golf: Fairway Fables The Wisdom of Wine Fowl and Fancy Fauna