AT&T Mobility LLC known as AT&T Wireless, marketed as AT&T, is a wholly owned subsidiary of AT&T Inc. that provides wireless services to 153 million subscribers in the United States including Puerto Rico and the U. S. Virgin Islands. AT&T Mobility is the second largest wireless telecommunications provider in the United States and Puerto Rico behind Verizon Wireless and the largest wireless telecommunications provider in North America when including AT&T Mexico. Known as Cingular Wireless from 2000 to 2007, a joint venture between SBC Communications and BellSouth, the company acquired the old AT&T Wireless in 2004. In January 2007, Cingular confirmed. Although the legal corporate name change occurred for both regulatory and brand-awareness reasons both brands were used in the company's signage and advertising during a transition period; the transition concluded in late June, just prior to the rollout of the Apple iPhone. On March 20, 2011, AT&T Mobility announced its intention to acquire T-Mobile USA from Deutsche Telekom for $39 billion.
If it had received government and regulatory approval, AT&T would have had more than 130 million subscribers. However, the U. S. Department of Justice, the Federal Communications Commission, AT&T Mobility's competitors opposed the move on the grounds that it would reduce competition in the cellular network market. In December 2011, in the face of both governmental and widespread consumer opposition, AT&T withdrew its offer to complete the merger. Customers can choose to have one of the AT&T's Mobile Share Unlimited plans; as of January 8, 2016 AT&T no longer offers 2 year contracts for subsidized smart phones to its consumer customers. Customers who have 2 year contracts are grandfathered, until they upgrade to a new device they will have to choose from AT&T's NEXT installment plans for smartphones. AT&T reintroduced unlimited data plans for its customers who have either AT&T U-verse or AT&T's DirecTV. Unlimited data plans may be speed throttled. On the TV requirement was dropped for the Unlimited Plan followed by the introduction of the new Unlimited Plus and Choice plan series.
The new Unlimited Plans come with Entertainment perks for DirecTV, Uverse TV and DirecTV Now customers. With the inclusion of these new plans AT&T has introduced a free roaming in Mexico for its postpaid customers on select Mobile Share Plans and free Canada and Mexico roaming on Unlimited Plans. On May 21, 2018 AT&T dropped its roaming restrictions on the Unlimited Plans allowing customer to roam in Canada and Mexico without limits. AT&T allows existing customers to stay on legacy right plans. Within AT&T's 21-state landline footprint, other AT&T services are offered at the AT&T retail stores, including signing up for home phone, U-verse. AT&T stores outside of its footprint offer wireless services. All AT&T company-owned stores nationwide sell DirecTV. A large number of AT&T Mobility employees are unionized, belonging to the Communications Workers of America; the CWA represented 15,000 of the previous 20,000 AT&T Wireless employees as of early 2006. As of the end of 2009, the CWA website claims 40,000 workers of AT&T Mobility are represented by the union.
Cingular Wireless was founded in 2000 as a joint venture of SBC Communications and BellSouth. The joint venture created the nation's second-largest carrier. Cingular grew out of a conglomeration of more than 100 companies, with 12 well-known regional companies with Bell roots; the 12 companies included: Three companies spun off from Advanced Mobile Phone Service Ameritech Mobile Communications BellSouth Mobility Southwestern Bell Mobile Systems BellSouth Mobility DCS BellSouth Wireless Data CCPR Services d/b/a Cellular One of Puerto Rico and U. S. Virgin Islands Pacific Bell Wireless Pacific Bell Wireless Northwest SBC Wireless SNET Mobility Southwestern Bell WirelessSBC Wireless had operated in several northeast markets under the "Cellular One" brand, while BellSouth's wireless operations incorporated the former Houston Cellular. Cingular's lineage can be traced back to Advanced Mobile Phone Service, a subsidiary of AT&T created in 1978 to provide cellular service nationwide. AMPS was divided among the Regional Bell Operating Companies as part of the Bell System divestiture.
With the exception of Pacific Bell and BellSouth Mobility DCS, the digital network consisted of D-AMPS technology. The Pacific Bell and BellSouth Mobility DCS networks used GSM technology on the PCS frequency band. In October 2007, AT&T's president and chief executive officer Stan Sigman announced his retirement. Ralph de la Vega, group president-Regional Telecom & Entertainment, was named as president and CEO of AT&T Mobility. In February 2004, after a bidding war with Britain's Vodafone Plc Cingular announced that it would purchase its struggling competitor, AT&T Wireless Services, for $41 billion This was more than twice the company's trading value; the merger was completed on October 26, 2004. The combined company had a customer base of 46 million people at the time, making Cingular the largest wireless provider in the United States. AT&T Wireless was legally renamed New Cingular Wireless Services. Shortly after, new commercials were shown with the "AT&T" transforming into the Cingular logo, with the Cingular logo's text turned blue to acknowledge the change.
Some of the companies that co
Central High School Neighborhood Historic District
The Central High School Neighborhood Historic District in Little Rock, Arkansas comprises the area surrounding Little Rock Central High School. The area was designated to provide historic context to the National Historic Landmark school, it includes the restored Magnolia Gas Station, a staging area for the media during the school integration crisis of 1957. Until the early 21st century, this building served as the National Park Service visitor center for the historic district. Residences in the surrounding area include bungalows, Tudor Revival and Colonial Revival styles
Capitol View/Stifft's Station
Capitol View/Stifft's Station is a neighborhood of Little Rock, Arkansas, in the west-central portion of the city encompassing 1500 homes. Its boundaries include the area south of West Markham, north of Interstate 630, east of Pine, west of Summit, as well as south of Riverview between Park and Summit. Capitol View/Stifft's Station is just west of Downtown, north of the Central High School Historic District, southeast of Pulaski Heights and uses the 72205 ZIP code; the Capitol View/Stifft's Station neighborhood is the result of Little Rock's early 20th century westward growth. Located west of the Arkansas State Capitol, Capitol View and Stifft's Station were the combined result of numerous additions to, what was at the time, western Little Rock; the architecture of the neighborhood is predominately Craftsman, Craftsman Bungalow, Bungalow with modest Tudor or Colonial Revival detailing. The dominance of these styles in the neighborhood reflects its principal growth period of 1920 to 1929 with 40% of building stock constructed within this decade.
Combined with construction undertaken in the 1930s, this period accounts for the majority of housing stock built within the neighborhood. Although construction of Interstate 630 in the 1970s altered the southern edges of the area, the neighborhood is intact and much of the original housing stock remains. There are architecturally and significant structures and sites which merit preservation and protection within the area. Two structures in the area are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the T. R. McGuire House and Lamar Porter Field; the T. R. McGuire House, located at 114 Rice Street, is a 1904 Colonial Revival cottage executed in structural concrete blocks. Although there are several Colonial Revival cottages throughout the area, The T. R. McGuire House is exemplary as a triumph in concrete block construction. Lamar Porter Field, developed as a Works Progress Administration project, consists of a stadium and ball field which has served as the center of activity and social gatherings for the neighborhood.
The facility was constructed on property donated by the Porter family and now owned by the Billy Mitchell Boys and Girls Club. The neighborhood contains two historic districts: the Capitol View Historic District and the Stifft Station Historic District. Capitol View is the eastern part of the Capitol View/Stifft's Station neighborhood; the Capitol View Historic District comprises the area east of Woodrow, North of Seventh street or the railroad tracks, South of Markham, west of Schiller south of Second Street. North of Second Street, Summit marks the eastern boundary. Between Park and Summit, the area extends north to include the area between Riverview; the Capitol View Historic District is contained within Section 4, Township 1 North, Range 12 West of Little Rock, Arkansas. Its most distinctive features include a river view from a bluff high above the Arkansas River as well as, appropriately, a view of the Arkansas State Capitol from numerous vantage points both north and south of Markham Street, which bisects the district and divides it into two unequal parts.
Its varied topography, characterized by substantial variation in elevation enhances the possibilities of scenic overlooks and, no doubt, was a principal attraction for developers in the late nineteenth and first quarter of the twentieth century. The district has remained exclusively residential in character throughout its history. A handful of duplexes, three apartment buildings and a pair of grocery stores are the only exceptions among the 501 buildings included in the Capitol View historic district; the architecture of the Capitol View Historic District is, like the entire Capitol View/Stifft's Station neighborhood, predominately Craftsman, Craftsman Bungalow and Bungalow with modest Tudor or Colonial Revival detailing. Building scale and decorative detailing is homogeneous. Forested pockets of hardwoods and evergreens remain as present-day reminders of the wooded appeal of this area and its welcome change from the developed “Original City of Little Rock”. Or as an Arkansas Gazette reporter observed in 1915, like Pulaski Heights, this hilly terrain "...owe much of its fame for beauty of landscape to the pines, those majestic green robed sentinels that stood watch over the hill and vale long before the city dwellers came hence to build their bungalows and chicken coops."As of 2004, 269 of the 501 properties included in the district are contributing historic buildings, 181 are non-contributing historic buildings and 51 are non-contributing buildings constructed since 1950.
The additions or portions of additions included within the Capitol View Historic District, listed chronologically according to the dates they were first platted, are: Worthen's Subdivision, Capitol Hill Extension, Plunkett's Second Addition, the northwest corner of E. M. Phillips Addition, Ferndale Addition, Capitol View and Union Depot, Virginia Heights, Young's Park and Bodman's Addition; the Capitol View Historic District provides a glimpse of an exclusively residential neighborhood intended for middle and working-class residents. Time has wrought its changes on both the socio-economic and ethnic diversity of the area, though it remains solidly middle-class in many sections. Like other mid-town neighborhoods such as the Central
South Main Street Apartments Historic District
The South Main Street Apartments Historic District encompasses a pair of identical Colonial Revival apartment houses at 2209 and 2213 Main Street in Little Rock, Arkansas. Both are two-story four-unit buildings, finished in a brick veneer and topped by a dormered hip roof, they were built in 1941, are among the first buildings in the city to be built with funding assistance from the Federal Housing Administration. They were designed by the Little Rock firm of Swaim & Allen; the district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1995. National Register of Historic Places listings in Little Rock, Arkansas
Interstate 430 is a 12.93 miles long Interstate highway in Pulaski County, Arkansas that bypasses the cities of Little Rock and North Little Rock. I-430 begins at an interchange southwest of Downtown Little Rock with I-30, U. S. Route 67 and U. S. 70 and travels north to cross the Arkansas River and end at I-40 and U. S. 65. The first plans for the freeway appeared in 1955. Interstate 430 starts its 12.93 miles route at a trumpet interchange with I-30, U. S. Route 67 and U. S. 70. From the interchange, I-430 travels northwest and runs over Highway 338 before having a diamond interchange with AR 5; the freeway goes north to pass Remington College and intersect Colonel Glenn Road before curving eastward to intersect Shackleford Road and turning back north. After going under Kanis Road, the highway has a cloverleaf interchange with I-630, at its western terminus. After I-630, the roadway goes past Immanuel Baptist Church and Breckenridge Village to intersect Rodney Parham Road near the Colony West Shopping Center and AR 10.
The AR 10 interchange was the final I-430 interchange before the freeway crossed the Arkansas River on the I-430 Bridge. After the bridge, the roadway passes Rosenbaum Lake and intersects with AR 100 before ending at a three-way interchange with I-40 and U. S. 65. Early plans for the Interstate Highway System include a route along the same alignment as the present Interstate 30 through the Little Rock area, but are not detailed enough to show how the cities would be served. In 1955, a map of the Interstate Highway's plans shows a complete beltway around Little Rock, including present-day I-430, I-440 and Highway 440; when preliminary urban routes were laid out in 1955, the beltway was shortened to the current route of I-430. The entire highway is in Pulaski County
Hillcrest (Little Rock)
Hillcrest Historic District is a historic neighborhood in Little Rock, Arkansas, listed on the National Register of Historic Places on December 18, 1990. It is referred to as Hillcrest by the people who live there, although the district's boundaries encompass several neighborhood additions that were once part of the incorporated town of Pulaski Heights; the town of Pulaski Heights was annexed to the city of Little Rock in 1916. The Hillcrest Residents Association uses the tagline "Heart of Little Rock" because the area is located directly in the center of the city and was the first street car suburb in Little Rock and among the first of neighborhoods in Arkansas; the Hillcrest Historic District includes several neighborhood additions platted between 1890 and 1920, including Hillcrest, Pulaski Heights, Auten & Moss, The Hollenberg, Midland Hills, Lincoln Park, several others. The area was once part of the town of Pulaski Heights. In the 19th Century, this hilly area outside of the Little Rock city limits was referred to by city locals and developers as The Highlands or The Heights and extended west of Little Rock 3 to 4 miles.
Investors in the City Electric Street Railway Company acquired much of the land in 1888 before any residential or commercial development began. The street car company was second in a line of street car companies in Little Rock but the first to run on electricity, steam, or coal; the plan to extend electric and steam powered street car service to the area in the 1880s was a means to promote the area's development and increase ridership of the street car. In the early days, there were only two ways to get to the highlands and neither were easy. A shorter and more direct route required a bridge over a deep ravine where the St. Louis & Choctaw Railroad tracks ran at West 3rd Street; the street car company contracted with the railroad to build a steel bridge, but it was delayed by the Panic of 1893. Several railroads had gone bankrupt and steel was expensive. Michigan real estate developers moved to Little Rock on advice from lumbermen harvesting timber and bought out the street car company and lumbermen's interest.
These investors established a land company and built homes for themselves, but it took a few more years for a wooden bridge to be built over the ravine. The street car line was extended to the area in 1902 by a subsequent railway company; the street car traveled from downtown Little Rock to near the current intersection of Markham Street and Kavanaugh Boulevard called Stifft's Station. From there, it followed the hill along Kavanaugh named Prospect Avenue, to where North Martin intersects today. Another stop was at the fourth at Beechwood; the street car continued around the horseshoe bend to the Country Club with several stops in between. With more convenient transportation, building of residences for wealthier, prominent citizens of Little Rock began in earnest, the area grew to include many diverse architectural styles and structures built over several decades until the mid-century. Only a few houses that were built in the 19th century are standing today, belonged to the original investors who came to Little Rock from Michigan.
Most of the homes in Hillcrest Historic District today were built in the early part of the 20th century and are of the Arts & Crafts or Bungalow styles. The Hillcrest Historic District includes the first story of the former town hall building on the southeast corner of Kavanaugh and Beechwood. One of the oldest educational institutions in Arkansas—Mount St. Mary Academy—a girls' Catholic school is located in the district and has been in operation for over 100 years. Hillcrest Historic District contains some of Little Rock's most historic construction in both commercial and residential areas, the district design overlay helps ensure the integrity of these architectural features. Additionally, the Hillcrest Historic District includes Allsopp Park, a major city park situated on the slopes of two ravines north and south of the old Hillcrest neighborhood which runs along a ridge on the district's northern section. Hillcrest Historic District tends to be more politically liberal than other areas of the city, including the nearby Heights area.
In 2006, Hillcrest voters formed the core of a majority in Arkansas' House District 37, electing Arkansas' first gay member of the state's House of Representatives. When listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990, it covered an area, bounded by Woodrow and Markham Streets and North Lookout Rd. In 1992 the boundaries were increased to include an additional area bounded by Jackson Street, Harrison Street, Lee Avenue, Evergreen Street; the historic district is distinctive within the city for its well-preserved cross-section of architectural styles popular before World War II. Many of what make Hillcrest a historic district and famous neighborhood are the sought-after houses of diverse architectural styles. Ranging from Prairie to Queen Anne style, the houses were built from all different time periods to represent Hillcrest as a different type on suburb; the different types of houses contained in the historic district include: Queen Anne Colonial Revival Pyramid Cottages Prairie "Foursquare" Craftsman Craftsman Bungalow "Period Houses" - English Revival Modernistic Houses CommercialMost residences were developed between about 1890 and 1940.
The district includes a number of individually-listed properties, including: Retan House, at 2510 Broadway Werner Knoop House, at 6 Ozark Point Reid House, at 1425 Kavanaugh St. Williamson House, at 325 Fairfax St. Boone House, at 4014 Lookout. Architect Theo Sanders designed several houses in the neigh
Governor's Mansion Historic District
The Governor's Mansion Historic District is a historic district covering a large historic neighborhood of Little Rock, Arkansas. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978 and its borders were increased in 1988 and again in 2002; the district is notable for the large number of well-preserved late 19th and early 20th-century houses, includes a major cross-section of residential architecture designed by the noted Little Rock architect Charles L. Thompson, it is the oldest city neighborhood. The district is located south of Little Rock's central business district, in an area that was, until 1869, a country estate; the area was developed between 1880 and 1940. It includes a number of high quality Queen Anne Victorians, including the Hornibrook House, a fine example of the style in brick. One of the city's finest examples of Colonial Revival architecture, the Hotze House, stands at 1619 S. Louisiana Street; the Craftsman style is the best represented of the period styles in the district, with more than 92 houses, most two-story brick structures built in a modest scale.
The district includes five significant churches, out of ten within its bounds. When the district was first listed in 1978, the district covered a 65-acre area bounded by the Arkansas Governor's Mansion grounds, 13th, Gaines, 18th Streets. However, there was concern over the scope of this listing, the city performed a detailed survey of a much larger area; this resulted in a significant expansion of the district in 1988, adding 224.5 acres and including 473 contributing buildings bounded by Louisiana St. Twenty-Third St. & Roosevelt Rd. Chester and State Sts. & Thirteenth & Twelfth Sts. It has since had smaller amendments and enlargements in 1993, 1996, 1999, 2002; the 2002 increase added 12 contributing buildings in a 4.8-acre area located along Louisiana Ave. from W. 23rd St. and 24th St. National Register of Historic Places listings in Little Rock, Arkansas