The Pioneer Football League is a collegiate athletic conference which operates in the United States. The conference participates in the NCAA's Division I Football Championship Subdivision as a football-only conference, it has member schools that range from New York, North Carolina, Florida in the east to California in the west. It is headquartered in St. Louis, in the same complex that contains the offices of the Missouri Valley Conference and Missouri Valley Football Conference. Unlike most other Division I FCS conferences, the Pioneer League consists of institutions that choose not to award athletic scholarships to football players. Most of the PFL's members are private schools. Morehead State University is the only public school in the conference. Following an NCAA rule change passed in January 1991, which required Division I schools to conduct all sports at the Division I level by 1993, the conference was formed by charter members Butler University, the University of Dayton, Drake University, the University of Evansville, Valparaiso University.
The University of San Diego joined in 1992, the league played its first season in 1993. The six original schools which played in the 1993 season had sponsored football at the Division I, Division II and Division III levels. Original contraction In 1997, the league reduced to five members when the University of Evansville downgraded football from Division I to club status. 2001 expansion In 2001, the conference nearly doubled in size and was reorganized with the five pre-2001 members forming the North Division, newcomers Austin Peay State University, Davidson College, Jacksonville University and Morehead State University forming the South Division. The reorganization spawned a new championship system in which the best record holders from each division would play in a title game for the conference championship. 2005–2008 membership changes On April 8, 2005, Austin Peay announced its departure from the league effective after the 2005 season. As a result, the conference reverted to round-robin play.
On April 7, 2006, Campbell University announced the reinstatement of football effective in 2008, on December 5, 2007, accepted an invitation to the PFL. In February 2008, Marist College announced that it would join the PFL for the 2009 season, after the MAAC stopped sponsoring football. Although Campbell moved in 2011 from the Atlantic Sun Conference to the Big South Conference, which sponsors football, it did not join the Big South in football and remained in the PFL through the 2017 season.2013 membership changes & automatic playoff berth On June 13, 2011, Mercer University and Stetson University were announced as league members bringing membership to 12 schools. In addition, as of 2013, the league has an automatic bid into the FCS division I playoffs. Soon after its PFL membership was announced, Mercer accepted an invitation to join the Southern Conference effective July 1, 2014. During its one season in the league, Mercer set a Division I win-loss record for start-up programs. On July 1, 2014, Mercer University joined the Southern Conference for all sports, including football.
The next change in conference membership was announced on November 14, 2016, when Campbell announced it would transition to scholarship football and add that sport to its existing Big South membership effective with the 2018 season, temporarily reducing the PFL membership to 10. Barring any further changes to conference membership, the PFL would have returned to 11 members in 2021, following the November 20, 2017 announcement of Presbyterian College that it would join the conference starting with the 2021 season. Presbyterian will remain in the Big South Conference for all other sports.2019: Jacksonville drops football On December 3, 2019 Jacksonville University announced that they were discontinuing their football program immediately. According to a university release, the university employed independent consultants who conducted a data-driven evaluation of how it invested in Division I athletics to arrive at the decision. NoteEvansville dropped football following the 1997–98 season. Jacksonville dropped football following the 2019–20 season.
One in-state rivalry exists in the PFL. A second had existed before Jacksonville discontinued its football program. Butler and Valparaiso first played in 1927, had nine meetings prior to 1951; that year, the two teams began playing every year, in 2006 began playing for the Hoosier Helmet Trophy. Butler leads 47–24; the two schools had an all-sports rivalry as well when both were in the Horizon League together from 2007–2012. Jacksonville and Stetson had a football rivalry that ran from 2013, when Stetson began PFL play, to 2019, after which Jacksonville dropped football; the schools have been conference rivals in other sports since 1998, when Jacksonville joined the ASUN Conference, home to Stetson since 1985. Butler and Dayton have a rivalry based on proximity to each other; the teams have met every year since 1977 with the exception of 1991 and 1992. Dayton leads 26–11–1. * – Won at PFL Championship GameItalics=Co-champions The Pioneer Football League has had alliances with the Gridiron Classic and the Sports Network Cup.
In addition, league members are allowed to accept at-large invita
Eddyville-Blakesburg-Fremont Community School District is a school district headquartered in Eddyville, Iowa. The district is within Mahaska and Wapello counties, with additional small sections in Davis and Keokuk counties, it serves Eddyville, Fremont and Kirkville. As of 2012 it had about 850 students, it was formed on July 1, 2012 by the merger of the Fremont Community School District and the Eddyville-Blakesburg Community School District. On Tuesday September 13, 2011, the merger was approved in a referendum, with the E-B district voters doing so on a 335-86 basis and the Fremont voters doing so on a 91-60 basis; as part of the merger plans, the pre-merger E-B and Fremont boards were to, for a period, continue to meet while a newly-selected combined EBF board was to begin business. Eddyville-Blakesburg-Fremont Junior-Senior High School Blakesburg Elementary School Eddyville Elementary School Fremont Elementary School Eddyville-Blakesburg-Fremont Community School District "Iowa School District Profiles: Eddyville-Blakesburg-Fremont Community School District."
Iowa State University Iowa Community Indicators Program, Department of Economics, June 2013
Pope Benedict VI was Pope from 19 January 973 to his death in 974. His brief pontificate occurred in the political context of the establishment of the Holy Roman Empire, during the transition between the reigns of German emperors Otto I and Otto II, incorporating the struggle for power of Roman aristocratic families such as the Crescentii and Tusculani; the son of a Roman of German ancestry named Hildebrand, Benedict VI was born in Rome in the region called Sub Capitolio. Prior to his election as pope, he was the Cardinal deacon of the church of Saint Theodore. On the death of Pope John XIII in September 972, the majority of the electors who adhered to the imperial faction chose Benedict to be his successor, he was not consecrated until January 973, due to the need to gain the approval of the Holy Roman Emperor, Otto I. Installed as pope under the protection of Otto I, Benedict was seen as a puppet of the emperor by the local Roman aristocracy who resented the emperor's dominance in Roman civil and ecclesiastical affairs.
Record of Benedict's reign as pope is scant. There is a letter dated to Benedict's reign from Piligrim, Bishop of Passau, asking for Benedict to confer on him the Pallium, make him a Bishop so that he could continue his mission to convert the Hungarian people to Christianity. However, the response from Benedict is considered to be a forgery, he is known to have confirmed privileges assumed by certain monasteries and churches. At the request of King Lothair of France and his wife, Benedict placed the monastery of Blandin under papal protection. There is a papal bull from Benedict in which Frederick, Archbishop of Salzburg and his successors are named Papal vicars in the former Roman provinces of Upper and Lower Pannonia and Noricum. Otto I died soon after Benedict's election in 973, with the accession of Otto II, troubles with the nobility emerged in Germany. With the new emperor so distracted, a faction of the Roman nobility opposed to the interference of the German emperors in Roman affairs, took advantage of the opportunity to move against Benedict VI.
Led by Crescentius the Elder and the Cardinal-Deacon Franco Ferrucci, Benedict was taken in June 974, imprisoned in the Castel Sant'Angelo, at that time a stronghold of the Crescentii. Ferrucci was proclaimed as the new pope, taking the name Boniface VII. Hearing of the overthrow of Benedict VI, Otto II sent an imperial representative, Count Sicco, to demand his release. Unwilling to step down, Boniface ordered a priest named Stephen to murder Benedict whilst he was in prison, strangling him to death. Benedict was succeeded, after the overthrow of the Antipope Boniface VII, by Pope Benedict VII. Norwich, John Julius, The Popes: A History Gregorovius, The History of Rome in the Middle Ages, Vol. III Mann, Horace K; the Lives of the Popes in the Early Middle Ages, Vol. IV: The Popes in the Days of Feudal Anarchy, 891-999 Encyclopædia Britannica