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The Pirzada (Peerzada) family
EtymologyPersian for "Son of a saint"
Place of originPaktia,

A Pirzada (Persian: پیرزاده ‎) is historically described as official custodians of Sufi mausoleums and shrines in Muslim lands, with their earliest mentions being in India, Baghdad, Iraq, during the period of the Umayyad caliphate. Often a Peerzada was a descendant of those buried within the tomb they were assigned to, hence most of the Peerzadas are successor to Saint buried in the tomb.

It also serves as surname for their ascendants in many Indo-Aryan cultures and their accompanying languages, with Peerzada translating into “the son of a saint” in Persian. Today, predominantly-Muslim families bearing the name can be found in various regions around the world, including Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir and the northern regions of India. Much of their lineage can be traced to the central Asian plateaus, consisting of the Soviet Union’s former republics, such as Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan. Much of the modern-day Peerzada diaspora derives from the mass migration of the community from Central Asia towards several different areas immediately at a date that is estimated to be sometime during the 15th century.


Pirzadas of India and Pakistan[edit]

The earliest recorded instance of the surname lays in a Mughal court official named Nur-ud-din Peerzada, who served at the Serai Nurmahal in the city of Nurmahal in Punjab, in 1693. By the time the Indian subcontinent was fully under control of the British Empire, Ehsan Peerzada ran a carpet-weaving guild in Amritsar that wove rugs for use by members of the British Royal Family, and Anglo aristocrats that resided in the British Raj, such as Sir John Lawrence, the first British governor of the Punjab province.

Peerzadas of Kashmir[edit]

Peerzadas in Kashmir moved from Iran with Muslim missionaries to spread Islam. Most of the Peerzadas in Kashmir have the suffix as Shah, Owaisi, Abtahie with their names owing to the origin in Iran; the roots of Peerzadas in Kashmir is Syed.

Peerzadas of Turkey[edit]

The origins of Peerzadas as they lay in Central Asia also translated into their presence in the realms of the former Ottoman Empire; as late as 1710, Ottoman census records indicate Peerzadas residing in Turkish municipalities such Istanbul, Denizli, Bursa, and Tokat, with their professions revolving around textiles, finance, and military service. Cüneyt Peerzada held the rank of Binbaşı, or Major, in the Kapıkulu Süvarileri, or Six Divisions of Cavalry of the Ottoman Empire, as per records from 1741; the Peerzadas of Turkey also practiced carpet-weaving in much the same fashion as their counterparts in the Indian subcontinent, with Ottoman tax receipts displaying a thriving artisan practice in Tokat as late as 1874.

Peerzadas of Iran[edit]

Peerzadas were first recorded in modern-day Persia during the rule of the Qajar Dynasty, which ruled Iran from 1785 to 1925. Census records indicate their first presence being in the village of Urmia, close to the border with Azerbaijan, in the year 1783, although they had been a mainstay in the region for close to a century prior. Originally a farming community, Peerzadas eventually began to emerge as an astute family of financial bankers in the cities of Tehran and Qom, with tax records indicating their roles as facilitators of mercantile trade and credit among officials of the Qajar dynasty and foreigners wishing to ship their wares to Persia; some Peerzadas eventually harnessed their financial backgrounds for the purpose of the Qajar themselves, with an upwards of six generations of the family serving as civil servants and bureaucrats for the government till the last-recorded instance of 1911. In addition, Peerzadas combined their expertise in textiles and finance in order to benefit from Isfahan’s status as the artisan hub of Islamic crafts and goods, as the family not only wove, but handled the business behind their own autonomous carpeting businesses.

Peerzadas of Afghanistan[edit]

The Peerzadas of Afghanistan were relatively few in number: the community never expanded beyond a few dozen patrons of a single family, although a minority of them are found in the city of Ghazni Afghanistan.



Peerzadas are affiliated with sardars or Sikhism and Islam due to their origins in Central Asia, although there does exist a diversity in regards to the sects and subdivisions of the faith. Peerzadas found in 99% Sunni Muslims around the world,Pakistan and Northern India sympathize with the Sunni branch of Islam, while there exists a small minority of them within them who actively profess faith in the Aga Khan and subsequently the practices of the Shia Imami.


At their core, every individual belonging to the Peerzada family comes from an Hashmi bloodline originating in Mekkah, they originally belong to the Banu Hashim tribe of Muhammad, which is predominately found in Saudi Arabia. They are Syed's. Especially Pakistan and India are descendants of Muslim Bin Aqeel (the first martyr of karbala in kofa), they are found in the footprints of mass migration from Saudi Arabia after the tragedy of Karbala like to, Afghanistan, Sub-Continent,Iran, Turkey etc.

List of notable Peerzadas[edit]