click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Pizza Connection Trial

The Pizza Connection Trial was a criminal trial against the Sicilian and American Mafias that took place in New York City, New York. The trial centered on a number of independently owned pizza parlors used as fronts for narcotics sales and collections that had imported $1.65 billion of heroin from Southwest Asia to the U. S. between 1975 and 1984. The trial lasted from September 30, 1985, to March 2, 1987, ending with 17 convictions, with sentences handed down on June 22, 1987. Lasting two years, it was the longest in the judicial history of the United States; the trial centered on a Mafia-run enterprise that distributed vast quantities of heroin and cocaine in the United States, laundered the cash before sending it back to the suppliers in Sicily. The U. S. defendants utilized a number of independently owned pizza parlors as fronts for narcotics sales and collections – hence the name "Pizza Connection". Evidence at the trial proved that the enterprise imported $1.65 billion of heroin from Southwest Asia to the U.

S. between 1975 and 1984. Arrests of conspirators were coordinated in the U. S. Italy and Spain on April 8, 1984, following the capture of Gaetano Badalamenti and several family members in Madrid, Spain. Badalamenti was the former Commissioner of the Sicilian Mafia, a key supplier of heroin and cocaine to U. S. Mafia distributors; the arrests were carried out by U. S. authorities, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Drug Enforcement Administration, the U. S. Customs Service and the New York City Police Department, who worked in close cooperation with the Italian National Police and prosecutors, as well as the Swiss authorities; the arrests followed a two-year investigation carried out by U. S. and Italian authorities who shared sensitive information and agreed to coordinate their efforts to strike the U. S./Italian mafia-narcotics business. Thirty-eight mafia members and associates were indicted in the case, 35 were named in the charges presented to the jury. Of those 35, four were convicted in Italy, four in Switzerland and four were fugitives.

27 of the defendants were residing in the U. S. at the time of the arrests. Out of those, only 22 defendants ‒ believed to be just a fraction of the number of Mafiosi involved in the scheme ‒ stood trial. Prior to the start of the trial, one defendant was murdered, one died of natural causes and another was murdered during the trial. All were Sicilian born, many could not speak English; each defendant had his own attorney for the trial, which made the courtroom crowded. Sicilian Mafia cooperator Tommaso Buscetta testified at the trial against his former criminal associates. S. drug trade in the early 1970s. Buscetta had fled from Italy in the early'80s when the faction of the mafia with which he was associated lost the battle for control of heroin trafficking, many of his family members were killed. A close associate of many of the defendants, Buscetta was captured in Brazil shortly after the April 1984 arrests, ordered extradited to Italy. On the trip to Italy following his extradition, Buscetta attempted to commit suicide in an effort to protect his family from more killings.

The Italian authorities saved him, Buscetta decided to cooperate. Italian and U. S. authorities coordinated Buscetta's debriefing and protection, he was transferred to the U. S. placed in the Witness Protection Program and granted immunity from prosecution for his testimony at the Pizza Connection trial. Buscetta appeared as a pivotal witness in the Maxi Trial in Palermo, after the Italian court recognized and applied the U. S. grant of immunity for his testimony there. Italian prosecutor Giovanni Falcone and Italian National Police leader Giovanni De Gennaro presented Buscetta and other witnesses at the trial, which led to the conviction of more than 300 Sicilian Mafia members. Falcone and De Gennaro worked with Assistant United States Attorney Richard A. Martin to arrange for Buscetta's protection and testimony. Martin was one of the lead prosecutors of the Pizza Connection trial, became the Special Representative of the U. S. Attorney General in Rome, Italy. While he didn't stand trial in connection to the case Henry Hill confessed in several interviews to being involved in the Pizza connection case.

Another key witness was Salvatore Contorno, a Sicilian mafioso who became a state witness following the example of Buscetta. He agreed to testify in return for entry in the United States' Witness Protection Program after having been the target of an attempted murder by the Corleonesi and losing family members in the battle for control of the Sicilian mafia, he gave evidence. On the witness stand, he told how in the spring of 1980 he was present at a meeting in a farmhouse in Bagheria, Sicily, in the territory of the Mafia boss Leonardo Greco. Among those present were five of the defendants at the trial: Salvatore Greco, Giuseppe Ganci, Gaetano "Tommy" Mazzara, Salvatore Catalano, Francesco Castronovo. Contorno watched as the men "took out two plastic garbage bags and extracted packages of white powder in clear plastic envelopes, each bearing different tiny scissor cuts or pen or pencil marks to identify the individual owner, they poured samples of the powder into a bottle heating on a hot plate."

These same marked samples were intercepted by the Drug Enforcement Administration is a seizure of 40 kilograms of 85 percent pure heroin two weeks in Milan, Italy

Scott Beach

Scott Beach was an American actor, writer and DJ, best known for his performance in the 1960s-themed 1973 film American Graffiti. Born Alvin Scott Beach, he appeared in numerous motion pictures, most notably as a German scientist patterned after Wernher von Braun in The Right Stuff, his deep voice was heard in films. He once said that director George Lucas liked his voice and used him in his films, beginning with THX 1138. Beach appeared as Mr. Gordon in American Graffiti and provided an uncredited stormtrooper voice in Star Wars. Beach was an early and beloved performer at the original Renaissance Pleasure Faires in Agoura and Novato, where for many years he portrayed the Lord Mayor of the Shire and was a mentor and an inspiration to many aspiring actors. Along with his acting career, Beach was a natural for radio and was on the staff of KSFO in San Francisco, California. During a radio broadcast on January 28, 1973, he reported that the Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Vietnam had been signed on the previous day in Paris, France.

That agreement known as the Paris Peace Accords, ended direct U. S. military involvement in the Vietnam War. Beach concluded his report about the peace agreement by stating, "I fear that the last U. S. soldier to die in Vietnam is still alive." He was correct. See McMahon and Judge. Beach twice served as the narrator in performances of Arthur Honegger's King David with the Masterworks Chorale of San Mateo, California, he narrated other performances of the oratorio in both the original French and the English translation used by the Masterworks Chorale. He was the host of the San Francisco Opera broadcasts over KKHI during the early 1970s. Beach provided the voice of the comic strip cat "Garfield" in the character's first television appearance. Beach was married to Neva Beach, together they have two children. Beach died on February 13, 1996 at the California Pacific Medical Center at the age of 65. Scott Beach on IMDb Scott Beach at AllMovie Photographs of Scott Beach may be found at Broadcast Legends

Burren, County Down

Burren is a small village in County Down, Northern Ireland. It is near Warrenpoint. Burren Heritage Centre is a converted national school at the foot of the Mourne Mountains, telling the story of the area. In the year 1927, Tamnaharry Park became a convent when the Dominican Sisters of South Africa purchased the property; the new Convent Chapel of Our Lady of the Assumption was dedicated, its high altar consecrated, by Bishop Mulhern on 24 May 1939. Dr P. Clery, O. P. Dean of Dublin, preached the dedication sermon. By 1945, the Sisters had acquired a new novitiate in County Kildare and were succeeded in Tamnaharry by the Sisters of St Joseph of the Apparition; the house remained in religious hands until 1969. James Larkin, trade union organiser and socialist activist was once resident here. Frank Mitchell, UTV Live and U105 presenter. P. J. Bradley, South Down MLA. Paddy O'Rourke, inter-county football manager. Kevin McKernan Daniel McCartan Carrick Primary School and two pre-schools are located in the village, Carrick has 417 pupils while nearby Clontifleece Primary School closed in 2013 with 34 children enrolled.

Gaelic football is a popular sport in Burren and the local team, St. Mary's Burren GAA, enjoyed considerable success at national level during the 1980s winning the All-Ireland club football title on two occasions — 1986 and 1988 as well as winning five Ulster club titles and 2 Ulster Under-21, they enjoyed good runs in Ulster in 2010 and 2011, reaching the final in 2011 losing to a strong Crossmaglen team. "Burren, County Down". Culture Northern Ireland. Archived from the original on 10 March 2007. "Burren Heritage Centre". Ireland's Eye

Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2005

The Victoria's Secret Fashion Show is an annual fashion show sponsored by Victoria's Secret, a brand of lingerie and sleepwear. Victoria's Secret uses the show to market its goods in high-profile settings; the show features some of the world's leading fashion models, such as current Victoria's Secret Angels Tyra Banks, Heidi Klum, Gisele Bündchen, Adriana Lima, Karolína Kurková, Alessandra Ambrosio, Selita Ebanks, Izabel Goulart. The Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2005 was taped in New York City, United States at the 69th Regiment Armory; the show featured musical performances by Chris Botti and Ricky Martin. Gisele Bündchen was wearing the Victoria's Secret Fantasy Bra: Sexy Splendor Fantasy Bra worth $12,500,000. Tyra Banks led the finale

Cosmoledo

Cosmoledo Atoll is an atoll of the Aldabra Group and belongs to the Outer Islands of the Seychelles, is located 1,029 km southwest of the capital, Victoria, on Mahé Island. The name Cosmoledo is said to honor a Portuguese navigator, part of Juan de Nova's crew. Menai and Wizard Islands were named after ships that explored the atoll on the Moresby Expedition in 1822. In 1878, Sergeant Rivers visited the atoll and reported that judging by the turtle remains on the beach, the atoll was visited by fishermen and whalers, he found a destroyed hut and ‘turtle park’ on Menai. He reported that Menai was covered with tall mangroves. Cosmoledo was settled shortly after this and a visitor in 1895, noted 200-300 coconut trees and goats. By 1901 there were just one on Wizard and four on North-east Island. Exploitation of guano on North-east Island was taking place in 1901. A few years mangrove bark had become an important product; the atoll was inhabited as a turtling station until 1992 when it was abandoned.

Cosmoledo Atoll is a raised coral atoll, 17 km long east–west, 12.5 km north–south. The islands land area is 5.2 km2, the lagoon and the reef flats have an area of 145 km2. The closest island is Astove Island, 35 km farther south; the lagoon is up to 8.2 metres deep. Geologically, it is the twin of Astove Island, standing on the same volcanic basement measuring 85 km from north to south and 52 km from east to west and rising from a depth of over 4 km; the two islands are sometimes known together as the Cosmoledo Group. The two peaks join at a depth of around 1 km. Unlike the steep wall of Astove, the sea floor falls to about 50 metres over a distance of up to a kilometer more steeply reaching 500 metres in about 1.5 km. Two main passes lead from the ocean to the shallow lagoon, one northwest of South Island and one between Pagoda Island and Wizard Island. On the western coast, elevated reef rock forms undercut headlands mirroring the waves of the sea and separated by sandy beaches. There are sand dunes in the south, rising to about 10 meters.

The Constitution of Seychelles names 20 islands although there are a number of unnamed islets in the atoll. The South-East passage is between Wizard Island. Menai Island west coast is sandy. Johannes Point, the NW extremity of the island, is conspicuous; the village is located at this point. Menai village has a large cemetery; the village was abandoned in 1992. The island belongs to Outer Islands District. Cosmoledo is an Important Bird Area and holds Seychelles' largest colonies of all three species of booby that breed in Seychelles; the atoll holds the last viable population of brown booby, breeding on South Island, with a few on West-North Island. It has the Indian Ocean's largest population of red-footed booby censused by the Island Conservation Society as about 15,000 pairs. Exploitation has wiped out the lesser frigatebird and has done the same to the great frigatebird, down to just 15 pairs compared to hundreds of pairs in the 1970s. Despite this, hundreds of non-breeding frigatebirds of both species are to be seen, these being from Aldabra.

The lesser frigatebird once bred but now may be extinct. Cosmoledo has Seychelles' largest colony of sooty tern breeding on the northern end of Wizard Island. Second only to Aldabra are the numbers of breeding red-tailed tropicbird, black-naped tern and crested tern; the lagoon is an important feeding ground for migratory waders, with crab plover and ruddy turnstone most common. There are three endemic races of land bird: the Madagascar white-eye, the souimanga sunbird and a particular form of Madagascar turtle dove; the Madagascar cisticola is common and there are a few pied crow present. The flora is similar to that of Aldabra, with fewer species but including several plants endemic to the group; as on Aldabra there are areas of tall mangrove on the lagoon side of Menai Island. Coconuts are common only on Menai. Lizards include Bouton's snake-eyed skink and Madagascar banded lizard, the latter found nowhere else in Seychelles. Green turtle nest in reasonably large numbers, despite decades of exploitation in the past and poaching in the present.

The reefs offer some of the best diving in Seychelles. The Island Conservation Society has carried out conservation and rehabilitation work on the atoll, including the eradication of introduced rats and cats on several islands. There are fly-fishing cruises to the atoll on a regular basis; the IDC have proposed a plan for an eco-resort with about 20 rooms to be built at Menai in 2019. National Bureau of Statistics Atoll research Bulletin Atoll Research Bulletin vol. 83 "Notes on some of the Seychelles Islands, Indian Ocean" Atoll Research Bulletin vol. 136 "Coral islands of the Western Indian Ocean" Satellite Images Island Conservation Society Fishing at Cosmoledo

Koro Koro Puzzle Happy Panechu!

Koro Koro Puzzle Happy Panechu! is a puzzle video game software developed and published by Nintendo for the Game Boy Advance. It was released only in Japan on March 8, 2002, it is the first Game Boy Advance title. In Koro Koro Puzzle Happy Panechu!, the basic strategy is to first fill the screen with colored blocks called Panechus and make them disappear by making a group of Panechus in one color come together to fill up the bomb meter. Combine the bombs into mega bombs to blow up the screen big time; the bomb meter is the blue dotted field in the bottom right. When you make Panechus disappear, you get black spots in this field, which will be turned into bombs the next time you press A. Try to make long combos for higher bomb scores. A combo is. You can hear. For some instances, a 1 combo will make them say "HAPPY", a 2+ combo will make them say "SO HAPPY", a 6+ combo will make them say "MEGA HAPPY" and so on. You can see at the top of the bomb meter. If the field gets filled up a "DANGER!!" Alert will come up, you get 10 seconds to clear things up or it is game over.

There are five different play modes. Block Battle – Set off bombs to send blocks to the AI opponents screen; the first one to get a cluttered screen loses. The left side will show you the opponent's status. Knock-Out Game – Blow up bombs next to the enemy platform in the middle to harm him, bigger bombs means more harm; the status bar to the left shows how much energy the enemy got left. The enemy will send magic blocks into the playing field to hinder you. IQ Puzzles – Clear the screen of Panechus in the least possible number of moves. Any panechus left on the screen and you lose. Unlike the other modes you can't make more Panechus appear with the A button and there are no bombs or bomb meter. High Score Game – Gather as many points as possible in the set time by blowing up big bombs. Time Challenge – Clear the screen in as short time as possible; the top right meter ticks up, when it fills, new blocks falls onto the screen. Panechus – The cute little creatures with big lips, they come in four colors: pink, yellow and green.

When three or more of them in the same color come together, they vanish. Bombs – These black objects are important in the game; when they get together they stick to each other. Two or more sticking together can be blown up with the B button, hurting enemies. Stick four up in a square to make a big bomb, stick two big bombs together to make an bigger bomb, two of those will get you the largest bomb to create. Bigger bombs means more firepower. Hindering Blocks – These are in the way, they can be longer rows. They don't stick together, you can blow them up with bombs; the bombs need to touch the block directly to blow it up. Magic Blocks – These are pretty much the same as the Hindering Blocks, except they are nice and transparent looking; these only appear in the Knock-Out mode. Diamonds – These are rare objects; when blown up with the B button, they make. You can make them appear by shutting a Panechu up inside a big bomb. IQ Mode Blocks – There are three kinds of blocks in this mode: IQ-Panechu, which works like a normal Panechu.

It is possible to reverse the tilt sensor to be able to properly play it on a GBA SP. In the menu, go to "option" choose the blue "tilt sensitivity" one. On this screen and hold first UP L R, B. After this, you should get a confirmation message accompanied by a little chime. You might want to reconfigure your sensitivity back to. Japanese Official Nintendo website