Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya
Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya, or FGC, is a railway company which operates several unconnected lines in Catalonia, Spain. The lines operated include metro and commuter lines in and around the city of Barcelona, tourist mountain railways, whilst most lines are conventional adhesion railways, the FGC operates two rack railways and four funicular railways. FGC operates some of the Barcelona commuter rail network, all lines are overhead DC electrified at 1. 5kV. There are two systems, The Metro del Vallès and Línia de Balmes are standard-gauge lines that run from Plaça de Catalunya railway station to Av. Tibidabo, Reina Elisenda and Sant Cugat del Vallès, and on to Sabadell or Terrassa, there is an unelectrified metre-gauge freight line to the port of Barcelona, which diverges from the main line between Sant Boi and Cornellà. L6 and L7 used to be known as U6 and U7, s-prefixed lines are suburban lines, extending into metropolitan fare zone 2 or 3. R-prefixed lines are Interurban lines, extending beyond zone 3, lines R1-R4, R7 and R8 are run by Rodalies de Catalunya, R5 and R6 are run and operated by FGC.
The FGC operates three mountain railway lines, The Montserrat Rack Railway, which runs from Monistrol, on FGCs suburban line to Manresa and this line re-opened in 2003, having opened in 1892 and closed in 1957. It is of metre gauge using the Abt rack railway system, the Vall de Núria Rack Railway, in the Pyrenees mountains of northern Catalonia. This is of metre gauge using the Abt rack railway system, the Ferrocarril Turístic de lAlt Llobregat, which runs from La Pobla de Lillet to Clot del Moro, in northern Catalonia. This line is of 600 mm gauge, and operates using adhesion only, the FGC operates four funicular railways, The Funicular de Sant Joan, from the upper station of the Montserrat Rack Railway to the summit of the mountain of Montserrat. The Funicular de Santa Cova, from the station of the Montserrat Rack Railway to a nearby shrine. The Funicular de Gelida, connecting the town of Gelida with its railway station, the Funicular de Vallvidrera, connecting a station on the Metro del Vallès suburban line to the top of the Tibidabo hill.
On 1 January 2005, ownership of the non-electrified broad-gauge line from Lleida to La Pobla de Segur passed from RENFE to FGC. This is the most derelict line in Catalonia — the stretch from Lleida to Balaguer had been upgraded in the recent past, but from Balaguer northwards the track was in an appalling state. There are even plans to extend the line to the Pyrenees and possibly on to connect with railways in France — the plan when the line was built, but never carried out. In September 2012, FGC announced that it was planning to start operating freight services across the Spanish rail network, initial routes would be Barcelona – Sevilla and Barcelona – Madrid. FEVE History of rail transport in Spain List of FGC lines RENFE Transportation in Spain FGC website
The Barcelona Metro is an unofficial brand name for an extensive network of rapid transit electrified railway lines that run mostly underground in central Barcelona and into the citys suburbs. It is part of the public transport system of Barcelona. As of 2014, the network is operated by two companies, Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona and Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya. It is made up of 12 lines, combining the lines owned by the two companies, two lines, L9 and L10 are being built at present, with both lines having different sections of each opened between 2009 and 2016. They are due to be completed in the near future, three lines on the network have opened as automatic train operation/driverless vehicle systems since 2009, Line 11, Line 9 and Line 10, in chronological order. The first rapid transit service in Barcelona was founded in 1863 by the private company Ferrocarril de Sarrià a Barcelona. Later this line evolved in what now is basically the current L6 metro service and this railway system, now part of the Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya company, was inspired by the London Underground naming style having long names for the lines.
This third one was built between the Plaça de Catalunya and la Bordeta to link the city centre with the Plaça dEspanya and Montjuïc and these two rapid transit companies contrasted with the first one in being inspired by the Métropolitain de Paris. Today the network consists of 12 lines managed by 2 different operators, Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona, the major network, operated by TMB, consists of eight lines, numbered L1 to L5 and L9 to L11, covering 102.6 kilometres of route and 141 stations. FGC lines are numbered L6, L7, L8 and L12 and these lines, except all L12 and part of L7, share tracks with commuter rail lines. The Barcelona Metro lines do not have a name of their own but are referred to by their colour or by the number. Construction work is taking place currently on L9/L10, which run from Badalona and Santa Coloma de Gramenet to the Zona Franca district. The lines, which share a section between Bon Pastor and Torrassa, will be the longest automated metro line in Europe, at 47.8 kilometres.
The project was approved in 2000 but has been challenged by some technical difficulties, the first section of Line 9 that runs between La Sagrera and Can Zam opened in 2009, and by June 2010 eleven new stations on the new Lines L9 and L10 had opened. As of February 2016, the 15-station,19. 6-kilometre south section of Line L9 between Zona Universitària and the airport opened, TMB rolling stock FGC rolling stock In addition to the one-way ticket there are a number of other tickets and cards. All of the Autoritat del Transport Metropolità transport cards are valid, fares can be found on this page. As of mid 2016, there are currently 180 operational stations in the Barcelona Metro, served by the 12 lines in current use, the average distance between stations is 650 metres. An overwhelming majority of stations in the network lack related buildings or structures aboveground, the official TMB metro indicator, a red rhombus with a M inside, remains unused by FGC lines, which use their company logo and a different rhombus-shaped logo inside stations
Founded as a Roman city, in the Middle Ages Barcelona became the capital of the County of Barcelona. Barcelona has a cultural heritage and is today an important cultural centre. Particularly renowned are the works of Antoni Gaudí and Lluís Domènech i Montaner. The headquarters of the Union for the Mediterranean is located in Barcelona, the city is known for hosting the 1992 Summer Olympics as well as world-class conferences and expositions and many international sport tournaments. It is a cultural and economic centre in southwestern Europe, 24th in the world. In 2008 it was the fourth most economically powerful city by GDP in the European Union, in 2012 Barcelona had a GDP of $170 billion, it is leading Spain in both employment rate and GDP per capita change. In 2009 the city was ranked Europes third and one of the worlds most successful as a city brand, since 2011 Barcelona has been a leading smart city in Europe. During the Middle Ages, the city was known as Barchinona, Barçalona, Barchelonaa.
Internationally, Barcelonas name is abbreviated to Barça. However, this refers only to FC Barcelona, the football club. The common abbreviated form used by locals is Barna, another common abbreviation is BCN, which is the IATA airport code of the Barcelona-El Prat Airport. The city is referred to as the Ciutat Comtal in Catalan. The origin of the earliest settlement at the site of present-day Barcelona is unclear, the ruins of an early settlement have been excavated in the El Raval neighbourhood, including different tombs and dwellings dating to earlier than 5000 BC. The founding of Barcelona is the subject of two different legends, the first attributes the founding of the city to the mythological Hercules. In about 15 BC, the Romans redrew the town as a castrum centred on the Mons Taber, under the Romans, it was a colony with the surname of Faventia, or, in full, Colonia Faventia Julia Augusta Pia Barcino or Colonia Julia Augusta Faventia Paterna Barcino. It enjoyed immunity from imperial burdens, the city minted its own coins, some from the era of Galba survive.
Some remaining fragments of the Roman walls have incorporated into the cathedral. The cathedral, known as the Basilica La Seu, is said to have founded in 343