Georges Saupique was a French sculptor born on 27 January 1880 in Paris. He died in Paris on 20 November 1962. After studies at the Stanilas college in Paris and the lycée Henri-IV, he studied at Paris' École nationale supérieure des beaux-arts his teachers including Hippolyte Lefèbvre, Jules Coutan and Aristide Rousaud. During the 1914-1918 war he served, he married Jacqueline Bouchot a professor at the École du Louvre. He was a friend of the sculptor Raymond Delamarre and started to show his work at the Salon des artistes français in 1922. In 1923 he exhibited at the Salon d'automne and in 1925 took part in the Exposition internationale des Arts décoratifs and presented there his bas-relief "L'Auroch" in the exhibition's pavilion called "La Douce France", awarded the international prize for architecture. In 1935 some of this pavilion was erected in Étampes- See entry below. From 1926 he exhibited his work at the Salon des Tuileries and in 1927 the financier Octave Homberg commissioned Saupique to decorate the hall of his office in Paris' rue Pasquier.
Saupique took two years to complete four large allegories L'Afrique noire", L'Indochine, L'Afrique du Nord, et Les Antilles", each 21 metres high. These are held in a private collection. Saupique created several reliefs for the front of the rue Pasquier building and seven of these are still in place. In 1931 he sculpted the "Fontaine des lions" for the AOF building and decorated one of the exhibitions pavilions. Saupique had a love of and a knowledge of animals. 1935 saw him commissioned to work on four bas-reliefs for the ocean liner "Normandie" and in 1936 work started on building the Église du Sacré-Cœur in Gentilly for use by the Cité universitaire and Saupique was commissioned to execute several stone sculptures both inside and outside the church including some magnificent bas- reliefs around the main entrance door as well as four bronze angels for the bell tower. Work on the decoration of the palais de Chaillot for the Paris exhibition of 1937 gave work opportunities to 57 sculptors and Saupique worked on a huge relief on the side of the building giving on to the rue Franklin.
This was called "L'Asie". After the war he worked with Louis Leygue including the massive restoration needed on Reims cathedral by Henri Deneux, he was the sculptor of one of the bronze works making up the Mémorial de la France combattante at mont Valérien. In 1946 he worked on the bust of Marianne. Le musée du Louvre in Paris, the musée des Années Trente at Boulogne-Billancourt and the musée Rodin at t Meudon all hold several of his works. Saupique created a huge body of work in his lifetime and this is a summary of most of these sculptures, he was involved in war memorials covering both World Wars. In 1886 a bronze statue of Berlioz had been erected in Paris' square Hector-Berlioz in the 9th arrondissement but this had been requisitioned by the Germans in 1941 and the bronze melted down for re-use. In 1948 a replacement had been sculpted in stone by Saupique. Jacques Jaujard was a director of the Musées de France and Saupique's bronze bust of him is kept in the Musée du Louvre département des Sculptures.
Saupique created several decorative works for the passageways of the ocean liner "Normandie", broken up in 1942. One bas-relief depicted the voyage of Eric the Red to Greenland, another the "Normans in Scicilly" and Odin Freya entering the Seine in a fleet of drakkars; the "Pergola de la Douce France" is located in the gardens of the Tour Guinette in Étampes and was part of a larger composition created in 1925 for the Exposition des Arts décoratifs et industriels. It was acquired by Étampes in 1934; the work comprises four large stone blocks on which sixteen bas-reliefs have been created by various sculptors. Saupique executed the reliefs "Le Saint Graal" and "L’Aurochs"; the remaining reliefs include "Les serpents des druides" executed by members of Pierre Seguin's workshop, two works by Louis Nicot called "Le Cerf" and "Taliésin et Ganiéda", Pablo Manès "Lancelot et Guenièvre", "Le Cheval sauvage" by Georges Hilbert, Ossip Zadkine's "Le Dragon", Raoul Lamourdedieu's two works "Merlin et Viviane" and "Joseph d’Arimathie", Joachim Costa's three works called "Tristan et Iseult", " La fée Koridwen" and "Le nain Gwyon ", Jan and Joël Martel's "L’île d’Avalon" and "Le roi Arthur" and François Pompon's "Le Sanglier".
This 1946 Saupique sculpture is in front of the Meudon town hall. François Rabelais was the parish priest of Meudon from 1551 to 1553. A good example of Saupique's bust of "Marianne" can be seen here. Saupique's statue of a woman holding flowers can be seen in Barentin; this statue stands in the square Henri-Bouchot. It was in bronze but was melted down by the Vichy régime. A replacement in stone executed by Saupique. Sergent Bobillot had been badly injured in the siege of Tuyên Quang in 1882 and died in Hanoi in 1885, his remains were returned to Paris in 1996. In 1888 Auguste Paris had created a bust of Bobillot, placed in Paris' place Paul Verlaine; this was destroyed by the Germans in 1942 during the occupation and Saupique executed a new bust in 1959. The Pont Boieldieu was rebuilt in 1955, connecting the rue Grand-Pont on the river's right bank with the rue St Sever on the left bank and two huge sculptures are positioned on each side of the bridge. Georges Saupique and Jean-Marie Baumel were the sculptors involved and worked on the compositions between 1956 and 1957.
The sculptures recall Rouen's maritime history. Baumel's two sculptures are on the right side of the bridge and Saupique was responsible for the two on the left. Baumel's sculptures depict the Rouen navigator and explorer Cavelier de La Salle heading an expedition towards America an
Grande Île (Strasbourg)
The Grande Île is an island that lies at the historic centre of the city of Strasbourg in France. Its name means "Large Island", derives from the fact that it is surrounded on one side by the main channel of the Ill River and on the other side by the Canal du Faux-Rempart, a canalised arm of that river. Grand Île was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988. At the time, the International Council on Monuments and Sites noted that Grand Île is "an old quarter that exemplifies medieval cities". Grande Île is sometimes referred to as "ellipse insulaire" because of its shape, it measures some 1.25 kilometres by 0.75 kilometres at broadest. At the centre of the island lies Place Kléber, the city's central square. Further south is Strasbourg Cathedral, the world's fourth-tallest church and an ornate example of 15th-century Gothic architecture. At the western end of the island is the quarter of Petite France, the former home of the city's tanners and fishermen, now one of Strasbourg's main tourist attractions.
The Grande Île houses the former fluvial customs house Ancienne Douane. Besides the cathedral, the Grande Île is home to four other centuries-old churches: St. Thomas, St. Pierre-le-Vieux, St. Pierre-le-Jeune, St. Étienne. Being the historical center of Strasbourg and the seat of local secular power, it houses the city's most imposing 18th-century hôtels particuliers and palaces, including the Palais Rohan, the Hôtel de Hanau, Hôtel des Deux-Ponts, Hôtel de Klinglin, Hôtel d'Andlau-Klinglin, Hôtel de Neuwiller, among many others; the island is home to the Episcopal palace of the Archdiocese of Strasbourg. To mark Grande Île's status as a World Heritage Site, 22 brass plates were placed on the bridges giving access to the island. UNESCO
Hôtel de Klinglin
The Hôtel de Klinglin known as the Hôtel du Préfet, is a historic building located near Place Broglie on the Grande Île in the city center of Strasbourg, in the French department of the Bas-Rhin. It has been classified as a Monument historique since 1970; the Hôtel de Klinglin serves as the residence of the prefect of the department of Bas-Rhin. It should not be confused with the Préfecture administrative on the Place de la République, which houses the administrative functions of the prefect; this grand hôtel particulier, of a different design than most in Strasbourg, was built between 1732 and 1736 for the royal moneylender François-Joseph de Klinglin. The architects were Joseph Massol. After Klinglin's disgrace and imprisonment in 1752, the hôtel became the seat of the royal Intendancy of Alsace, which it remained until the French Revolution. Between 1789 and 1799, it was used as the seat of the Directoire du district and since 1800, it has served as the residency of the prefect of Bas-Rhin, with two intervals: between 1871 and 1918, it housed the Statthalter of Alsace-Lorraine and between 1940 and 1944, the Gauleiter.
During the Siege of Strasbourg in 1870, the hôtel was damaged by Prussian artillery: the exterior walls withstood but the roof collapsed and all the interiors were destroyed. It was rebuilt and refurnished using as much original material as possible; the architect responsible for the reconstruction was Jean Geoffroy Conrath, who faithfully rebuilt the opera house nearby. The Hôtel du préfet is not open for tourists apart on special days such as European Heritage Days. Media related to Hôtel de Klinglin at Wikimedia Commons Hôtel du préfet - 2 place du Petit Broglie on archi-wiki.org Recht, Roland.
A town square is an open public space found in the heart of a traditional town used for community gatherings. Other names for town square are civic center, city square, urban square, market square, public square, piazza and town green. Most town squares are hardscapes suitable for open markets, political rallies, other events that require firm ground. Being centrally located, town squares are surrounded by small shops such as bakeries, meat markets, cheese stores, clothing stores. At their center is a fountain, monument, or statue. Many of those with fountains are called fountain square. In urban planning, a city square or urban square is a planned open area in a city. In Mainland China, People's Square is a common designation for the central town square of modern Chinese cities, established as part of urban modernization within the last few decades; these squares are the site of government buildings and other public buildings. The best-known and largest such square in China is Tienanmen Square.
The German word for square is Platz, which means "Place", is a common term for central squares in German-speaking countries. These have been focal points of public life in cities from the Middle Ages to today. Squares located opposite a Palace or Castle are named Schlossplatz. Prominent Plätze include the Alexanderplatz, Pariser Platz and Potsdamer Platz in Berlin, Heldenplatz in Vienna, the Königsplatz in Munich. A piazza is a city square in Italy, along the Dalmatian coast and in surrounding regions. San Marco in Venice may be the worlds best known; the term is equivalent to the Spanish plaza. In Ethiopia, it is used to refer to a part of a city; when the Earl of Bedford developed Covent Garden – the first private-venture public square built in London – his architect Inigo Jones surrounded it with arcades, in the Italian fashion. Talk about the piazza was connected in Londoners' minds not with the square as a whole, but with the arcades. A piazza is found at the meeting of two or more streets.
Most Italian cities have several piazzas with streets radiating from the center. Shops and other small businesses are found on piazzas. Many metro stations and bus stops are found on piazzas. In Britain, piazza now refers to a paved open pedestrian space, without grass or planting in front of a significant building or shops. King's Cross station in London is to have a piazza as part of its redevelopment; the piazza will replace the existing 1970s concourse and allow the original 1850s façade to be seen again. There is a good example of a piazza in Scotswood at Newcastle College. In the United States, in the early 19th century, a piazza by further extension became a fanciful name for a colonnaded porch. Piazza was used by some in the Boston area, to refer to a verandah or front porch of a house or apartment. A central square just off Gibraltar's Main Street, between the Parliament Building and the City Hall named John Mackintosh Square is colloquially referred to as The Piazza. A large open square common in villages and cities of Indonesia is known as alun-alun.
It is a Javanese term which in modern-day Indonesia refers to the two large open squares of kraton compounds. It is located adjacent a mosque or a palace, it is a place for court celebrations and general non-court entertainments. In traditional Persian architecture, town squares are known as meydan. A maydan is considered as one of the essential features in urban planning and they are adjacent to bazaars, large mosques and other public buildings. Naqsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan and Azadi Square in Tehran are examples of classic and modern squares. Squares are called "markt" because of the usage of the square as a market place; every town in Belgium and the southern part of the Netherlands has a "Grote Markt" or "Grand Place" in French. The "Grote Markt" is the place where the town hall is situated and therefore the centre of the town; the same naming can be found in surrounding regions as for example Cologne has several central squares named "-markt" or "Markt". In Russia, central square is a common term for an open area in the heart of the town.
In a number of cities this square does not have an individual name, i.e. named so: Tsentráĺnaya Plóshchad́, e.g. Central Square. Throughout Spain, Spanish America, the Spanish East Indies, the plaza mayor of each center of administration held three related institutions: the cathedral, the cabildo or administrative center, which might be incorporated in a wing of a governor's palace, the audiencia or law court; the plaza remains a center of community life, only equaled by the market-place. This open space at the center of the cities is from the Mediterranean where public spaces always had important role for public life; the origin of the word Plaza is, via Latin platea, from Greek πλατεῖα plateia, meaning "broad". The Plaza is the heir to the Roman "Forum", this is the heir of the Greek. Most viceregal cities in Spanish America and the Philippines were planned around a square "plaza de armas", where troops could be mustered, as the name implies, surrounded by the governor's palace and the main church.
In the United Kingdom, in London and Edinburgh, a "square" has a wider meaning. There are public squares of the type desc
Argentoratum or Argentorate was the ancient name of the city of Strasbourg. The name was first mentioned in 12 BC, when it was a Roman military outpost established by Nero Claudius Drusus. From 90 AD the Legio VIII Augusta was permanently stationed there; the Romans under Nero Claudius Drusus established a military outpost belonging to the Germania Superior Roman province close to a Gaulish village near the banks of the Rhine, at the current location of Strasbourg, named it Argentoratum. Its name was first mentioned in 12 BC but "Argentorate" is the toponym of the Gaulish settlement that preceded it before being latinised, though it is not known by how long. From 90 AD the Legio VIII Augusta permanently stationed in Argentoratum; the Roman camp of Argentoratum included a cavalry section and covered an area of 20 hectares, from 6 hectares in Tiberian times. Other Roman legions temporarily stationed in Argentoratum were the Legio XIV Gemina and the Legio XXI Rapax, the latter during the reign of Nero.
The Alemanni fought a Battle of Argentoratum against Rome in 357 AD. They were defeated by Julian Emperor of Rome, their king Chnodomar was taken prisoner. On 2 January 366 the Alemanni crossed the frozen Rhine in large numbers. From the 4th century, Strasbourg was the seat of the Bishopric of Strasbourg. Early in the 5th century the Alemanni appear to have crossed the Rhine and settled what is today Alsace and a large part of Switzerland. From this period on Argentoratum disappears from historical records and is replaced by the toponym "Stratisburgum"; the centre of the camp of Argentoratum proper was situated on the Grande Île, with the Cardo being the current Rue du Dôme and the Decumanus, the current Rue des Hallebardes. As systematic archaeological studies between 1947 and 1953, conducted by Jean-Jacques Hatt and director of the Musée archéologique de Strasbourg, have shown, Argentoratum was destroyed by fire and rebuilt six times between the first and the 5th century AD: in 70, 97, 235, 355, in the last quarter of the 4th century, in the early years of the 5th century.
It was under Trajan and after the fire of 97 that Argentoratum received its most extended and fortified shape. Many Roman artifacts have been found along the current Route des Romains in the suburb of Kœnigshoffen, on the road that lead to it, such as the stele of Caius Largennius; this was where the largest burial places were situated as well as the densest concentration of civilian dwelling places and commerces next to the camp. Among the most outstanding finds in Kœnigshoffen were the fragments of a grand Mithraeum, shattered by early Christians in the 4th century. Archaeological digs by J.-J. Hatt below the current Église Saint-Étienne in 1948 and 1956 have unearthed the apse of a church dating back to the late 4th century or early 5th century, considered the oldest church in Alsace, it is supposed. Argentoratum on Livius.org www.argentoratum.com Histoire de Strasbourg: quand Strasbourg était Argentorate Argentorate, Strasbourg, by Jean-Jacques Hatt
Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle
Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, sometimes spelled de l'Isle or de Lile, was a French army officer of the French Revolutionary Wars. He is known for writing the words and music of the Chant de guerre pour l'armée du Rhin in 1792, which would be known as La Marseillaise and become the French national anthem. Rouget de Lisle was born at Lons-le-Saunier, reputedly on a market day, his parents lived in the neighbouring village of Montaigu. A plaque was placed at the precise spot of his birth and a statue erected in the town's center in 1882, he was the eldest son of Claude Ignace Rouget at Jeanne Madeleine Gaillande. He attained the rank of captain. A royalist, like his father, he refused to take the oath of allegiance to the new constitution. Rouget de Lisle was thrown into prison in 1793, narrowly escaping the guillotine, he was retired to Montague. The song that has immortalized him, La Marseillaise, was composed at Strasbourg, where Rouget de Lisle was garrisoned in April 1792. France had just declared war on Austria, the mayor of Strasbourg, baron Philippe-Frédéric de Dietrich, held a dinner for the officers of the garrison, at which he lamented that France had no national anthem.
Rouget de Lisle wrote the words in a fit of patriotic excitement. The piece was at first called Chant de guerre pour l'armée du Rhin and only received its name of Marseillaise from its adoption by the Provençal volunteers whom Barbaroux introduced into Paris and who were prominent in the storming of the Tuileries Palace on 10 August 1792. After the war, Rouget de Lisle wrote a few other songs of the same kind as the Marseillaise and in 1825 he published Chants français in which he set to music fifty songs by various authors, his Essais en vers. He returned to public life after the July Revolution. Rouget de Lisle died in poverty in Val de Marne, his ashes were transferred from Choisy-le-Roi cemetery to the Invalides on 14 July 1915, during World War I. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Rouget de Lisle, Claude Joseph". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. Texts on Wikisource: "Rouget de l'Isle, Claude Joseph". New International Encyclopedia.
1905. "Rouget de Lisle". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. 1907. "Rouget de Lisle, Claude Joseph". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920. "Rouget de Lisle, Claude Joseph". Collier's New Encyclopedia. 1921. Free scores by Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle at the International Music Score Library Project
Hôtel de Hanau
The Hôtel de Hanau known as the Hôtel de ville and as the Hanauer Hof, is a historic building located on Place Broglie on the Grande Île in the city center of Strasbourg, in the French department of the Bas-Rhin. It has been classified as a Monument historique since 1921; the Hôtel de Hanau stands on a site owned by the rulers of Hanau-Lichtenberg, a county of the Holy Roman Empire. The current building, a typical hôtel particulier with a grand portal, a grand courtyard and two ornate façades, was commissioned by Johann Reinhard III, the last Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg, in 1728, it was constructed between 1731 and 1736 by Joseph Massol, the executive architect of Palais Rohan at the same time. It became state-owned in 1790 in the wake of the French Revolution. Today the building is the Hôtel de ville or city hall for the city of Strasbourg, a role it has had since 1805 and the first visit of Napoleon, who bestowed propriety of the hôtel to the city, it is now principally used for weddings, official receptions and banquets, whilst the administration of the city and the Strasbourg Eurométropole is run from the centre administratif near Parc de l'Étoile.
The city hall is not open for tourists apart on special days such as European Heritage Days. Media related to Hôtel de Hanau at Wikimedia Commons Hôtel de ville - place Broglie on archi-wiki.org Recht, Roland.