Place de la Bourse is a square in Bordeaux and one of the city's most recognisable sights. Built from 1730 to 1775 along the Garonne River, it was a multi-building development designed by architect Ange-Jacques Gabriel, it is within the historic part of the city, recognized on the UNESCO World Heritage List as "an outstanding urban and architectural ensemble" of the 18th century. In the original plan, a statue of King Louis XV of France was erected in the square; this statue was destroyed during the French Revolution. After the destruction of the statue, a Corinthian column-fountain was built on the square. In 1869 the sculpture Three Graces was installed in the same location. Design of the surrounding buildings was finished by Ange-Jacques Gabriel in 1739. After his death, his son finished the construction of the buildings; this square is one of the most representative works of classical French architectural art of the eighteenth century. In the north stood the Palais de la Bourse and in the south the Hotel des Fermes.
It was designed by Ange-Jacques Gabriel between 1735 and 1738. The sculptures represent Minerve protecting Mercury favoring the commerce of the city. In 2007 it was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List as "an outstanding urban and architectural ensemble" of the 18th century
Koenraad Elst is a right wing Hindutva activist, known for his support of the Out of India theory and publication of Hindu Nationalist literature. He has been subject to heavy criticism from academics for the anti-Islamic and fundamentalist themes of his works. Elst was born into a Flemish Catholic family but he rejects Roman Catholicism and instead calls himself a “secular humanist”, he graduated in Indology and philosophy at the Catholic University of Leuven. Around that time, Elst became interested in Flemish nationalism. Between 1988 and 1992, Elst was at the Banaras Hindu University. In 1999, he received a Ph. D. in Asian Studies from Leuven. His doctoral dissertation on Hindu revivalism was published as Decolonizing the Hindu Mind. Prema Kurien notes Elst to be unique among the VOI scholars in the regard of his having an advanced academic degree in a related field of their professional discourse. In two books, Update on the Aryan Invasion Debate and Asterisk in Bhāropīyasthān, Elst argues against the academically accepted view that the Indo-European languages originated in the Kurgan culture of the Central Asian steppes and that the migrations to Indian subcontinent in the second millennium BCE brought a proto-Indo-European language with them.
He instead proposes that the language originated in India and it spread to Middle East and Europe when the Aryans, migrated out. According to Elst, the linguistic data are a soft type of evidence and are compatible with a variety of scenarios; the dominant linguistic theories may be compatible with an out-of-India scenario for Indo-European expansion. One of the few authors to use paleolinguistics, he is deemed as one of the leading proponents of the OIT school of thought. Though, the theory has been rejected by the scholarly community and is not deemed as a serious competitor to the Kurgan hypothesis, the rejection is disputed. Elst was an editor of the New Right Flemish nationalist journal Teksten, Kommentaren en Studies from 1992 to 1995, focusing on criticism of Islam and had associations with Vlaams Blok, a Flemish nationalist far-right political party, he has been a regular contributor to The Brussels Journal, a controversial conservative blog. In Ram Janmabhoomi vs Babri Masjid, Elst makes the case for the birthplace of Rama, the Hindu god/king to correspond with the site of Babri Masjid and concurrently portrays Islam as a fanatic bigoted faith.
The book was published by Voice of India, a publication house, self-describedly devoted to furthering the Hindu nationalist cause and had attracted immense criticism for publishing anti-Muslim literature in abundance. It was though praised by L. K. Advani, former deputy Prime Minister of India, who commanded an important role in the demolition of the said masjid. In Ayodhya and After, Elst was more explicit in the support of the demolition and termed it an exercise in national integration which provided "an invitation to the Muslim Indians to reintegrate themselves into the society and culture from which their ancestors were cut off by fanatical rulers and their thought police, the theologians". In another interview, Elst has went on to claimed that it was a justified act of revenge which enforced fears of Hindu repercussion, thus curtailing Muslim violence, he though has retrospectively rejected the use of violent force in the demolition of the temple and has urged the Muslims to contend with the construction of a peace monument.
An intellectual heir of the school of thought championed by Ram Swarup and Sita Ram Goel— the founders of the Voice of India, who were themselves critical of both Christianity and Islam—Elst is a prominent author of the house and adopts their hard-line stance against the two religions in his book. Elst argues that there existed an universal spirituality among all the races and faiths, prior to the introduction of “Semitic” faiths which corrupted it. In Decolonizing the Hindu Mind, he contends that the "need for'reviving' Hinduism spring from the fact that the said hostile ideologies have managed to eliminate Hinduism physically in certain geographical parts and social segments of India, to neutralize the Hindu spirit among many nominal Hindus."He is a vocal proponent of Hindutva, a Hindu nationalist movement, associated with the far-right and supports Bharatiya Janata Party. Elst perceives Hindutva as a tool to decolonize the mental and cultural state of Indians and return to the past days of Hindu glory.
He has written in support of the view that the Vedic science was advanced and may be only understood by a Hindu mystic. The Saffron Swastika is regarded to be his magnum opus, which argues against the idea that the brand of Hindutva practiced by Bharatiya Janata Party / Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh are fascist in ideology. Advani had high regards for the work, terming Elst as a'great historian' and carried a "heavily marked" copy of the book from which he quoted the passages that discussed him. In other essays and conferences, Elst has supported for outright attacks on the enemy ideology of Islam which, in his opinion, is inseparable with terrorism and hence, must be destructed, he calls for an Indian-ization of Muslims and Christians by forcing them to accept the supremacy of Hindu culture and terms it as the Final Solution for the Muslim Problem. In his 1992 book, Negationism in India: Concealing the Record of Islam, Elst attempts to demonstrate that there exists a prohibition of criticism of Islam in India and accuses secular historians of suffering from Hindu Cowardice wherein they ignore Muslim crimes against Hindu communities, in order to fulfill their Marxist agen
Christopher Elwin Neame was a British film producer and screenwriter. He was born in Windsor and educated at the King's School, Canterbury, he was of Beryl Heanly and the grandson of Ivy Close. Neame lived in the south of France with his wife Sally-Ann. Neame was the third of four generations of the Neame family in the film business, his son Gareth works in the media industry, after spending many years at the BBC now works as the Managing Director of Carnival Films. He has a daughter Emma, married to the artist Andrew Litten. Neame's credits as a producer include a number of UK films and television series, such as Emily, Danger UXB, The Knowledge, The Flame Trees of Thika, The Irish R. M. and Soldier, Soldier. His screenplay credits include Graham Greene’s Monsignor Quixote, which he produced, which received Christopher Award and BAFTA nominations, he adapted Monsignor Quixote for the stage. He wrote the screenplay of H. E. Bates’s Feast of July. In 2003 his memoir, Rungs On a Ladder, about his years with Hammer Films, was published.
In 2004, he continued his life story in A Take on British TV Drama - Stories from the Golden Age and the following year, Principal Characters completed the trilogy. Courtenay, the stage musical, for which he wrote the Book and Lyrics was premièred in Britain in 2003, he co-wrote the book and lyrics for the opéra bouffe Lyssi, recorded for CD in 2006. Christopher Neame on IMDb Obituary in The Telegraph