Whig Hill is a historic home located near Plainville, Onondaga County, New York. The main house was built in 1833, is a 2 1⁄2-story, five-bay, Greek Revival-style brick dwelling with a nearly flat roof. Whig Hill was the principal element within a listing Whig Hill and Dependencies, which included two barn clusters, a tenant house, other outbuildings; the barn cluster north of Genesee Street, described in 1975, is no longer present, in 2009. The south barn remains, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975. Historic American Buildings Survey No. NY-6178, "Whig Hall, State Route 370 & Gates Road, Onondaga County, NY", 4 photos, 2 data pages, 1 photo caption page
Solvay, New York
Solvay is a village located in Onondaga County, New York, a suburb of the city of Syracuse. According to the 2010 census, the village had a total population of 6,584; the village is named after the Solvay brothers, Belgian inventors of the chemical process employed by the Solvay Process Company the major industry of the village. The area was within the former Central New York Military Tract, but Solvay was in a location reserved for members of the Onondaga tribe; the village was founded in 1794 by James Geddes and was called "Geddesburgh." The first residents were Irish, subsequently joined by Tyroleans and Poles. The community became known for its population Italian in extraction, it still retains a large segment of population of Italian descent. More many families of Ukrainian descent have settled in the village; the village was renamed "Solvay" after 1884, when the Solvay Process Company built a Solvay process plant to produce soda ash. The Village of Solvay was incorporated in 1895. Other major businesses of Solvay include a foundry.
A metal recycling center. The Solvay Process plant, by owned by Allied Chemical and Dye Corporation, closed in 1985; the community has remained stable despite this loss. Reflecting paternalistic programs of the Solvay Process Company and the Hazard family, the first village and school library was in Guild Hall. Solvay received a Carnegie library in 1902. James A. Randall of Syracuse was the architect; the building was constructed with Hazard support. Since the Hazards' time, the village has provided superior services. Solvay has its own municipal electric company which provides service to the village at one of the least expensive rates in the nation. A typical three bedroom home in the village, electric sees an average bill of around $225 per month in the winter and $160 in the summer; the Solvay Public Library was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2007. Solvay is located at 43°3′26″N 76°12′53″W, in the town of Geddes west of Syracuse and south of the New York State Fairgrounds.
Its eastern boundary is shared with Syracuse. The village is south of the east end of Onondaga Lake and is south of Interstate 690; the Erie Canal passes through the village. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.6 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 6,844 people, 3,030 households, 1,766 families residing in the village; the population density was 4,164.6 people per square mile. There were 3,291 housing units at an average density of 2,002.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 95.81% White, 0.67% African American, 1.02% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, 1.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.37% of the population. There were 3,030 households out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.4% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.7% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.94. In the village, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, 20.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.5 males. The median income for a household in the village was $34,084, the median income for a family was $40,057. Males had a median income of $34,045 versus $23,822 for females; the per capita income for the village was $19,441. About 10.6% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over. Rivette, Judith Lamanna. Solvay Stories, 2003, Solvay Stories II, 2004. Onondaga Landmarks: A Survey of Historic and Architectural Sites in Syracuse and Onondaga County, 1975. Darlington, James W. "Solvay." Encyclopedia of New York State. Syracuse University Press, 2005.
Village of Solvay official website Solvay Public Library History of the Solvay Public Library Solvay statistics, 2000 Census Solvay-Geddes Historical Society
Jordan, New York
Jordan is a village in Onondaga County, New York, United States. The population was 1,368 at the 2010 census, it is part of the Syracuse Metropolitan Statistical Area. It was named after the Jordan River. Jordan is located in the northwest part of the town of Elbridge, west of Syracuse; the village bloomed with the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825. Due to the canal, Jordan became larger than Elbridge Village, farther south. Jordan became an incorporated village in 1835. In 1983, much of the village was included in the Jordan Village Historic District and listed on the National Register of Historic Places; when the Erie Canal first began construction on July 4, 1817, construction started in Rome, New York. Lock 51 in Jordan was built around 1818 to 1824; the Erie Canal was active until 1918. The Jordan Lodge 386 F. & A. M. known as the Masonic building, is located in Jordan on North Main Street. It was built in 1979. Bush Funeral Home, established in 1904, is located on North Main Street. Jordan is located at 43°4′N 76°28′W.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.2 square miles, all of it land. The village was located on the Erie Canal, re-routed farther north; the New York State Thruway passes north of the village, but there is no interchange at all in the town. Skaneateles Creek flows through the village; the Jordan Aqueduct still stands. Jordan is by the junction of New York State Route 31 and New York State Route 317; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,314 people, 499 households, 336 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,136.7 people per square mile. There were 542 housing units at an average density of 468.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.34% White, 0.46% African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.38% from other races, 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.07% of the population. There were 499 households out of which 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.5% were non-families.
28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.25. In the village, the population was spread out with 32.0% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males. The median income for a household in the village was $34,728, the median income for a family was $40,234. Males had a median income of $32,583 versus $26,250 for females; the per capita income for the village was $15,844. About 6.3% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.4% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over. Olive Pond Amies, educator Sheldon Peck, Folk Artist and Abolitionist Census 2010 Village of Jordan, NY "SEX & AGE Census 2010" Village of Jordan official website The Eagle Observer, weekly newspaper New York State Rural Water Information Jordan Big M Article
Clay, New York
Clay is a town in Onondaga County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 58,206, making it Syracuse's largest suburb; the town was named after statesman. Clay is northwest of New York, it is the largest town in the county, contains part of the village of North Syracuse, is an affluent suburb of Syracuse. It contains the major retail strip of Syracuse's northwesterly suburbs, along New York State Route 31, including the Great Northern Mall. Prior to European settlement in the area, Clay was inhabited by the Onondaga Nation, part of the Iroquois Confederacy, some of whose descendants still live in the area today. Clay was within the Central New York Military Tract; the town was first settled by outsiders around 1791 and was known as West Cicero. The Town of Clay was formed in 1827 from the Town of Cicero, one of the original townships of the military tract. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 48.8 square miles, of which 48.0 square miles is land and 0.8 square miles of it is water.
The northern town line is the border of New York, marked by the Oneida River. The Seneca River marks the western town line. Both these rivers join into the Oswego River near the community of Three Rivers; the renovated Erie Canal follows the rivers around the border of Clay. New York State Route 31 is an east–west highway through the town. New York State Route 481 intersects NY-31 west of Euclid. Clay is north of Onondaga Lake; as of the census of 2000, there were 58,805 people, 22,294 households, 15,940 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,224.9 people per square mile. There were 23,398 housing units at an average density of 487.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 92.13% White, 3.50% African-American, 0.47% Native American, 2.01% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, 1.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.39% of the population. There were 22,294 households out of which 38.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.5% were non-families.
22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.11. In the town, the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males. The median income for a household in the town was $90,412, the median income for a family was $97,493. Males had a median income of $40,387 versus $27,996 for females; the per capita income for the town was $22,011. About 4.1% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over. Bayberry — A suburban residential community in the town. Belgium — A hamlet on NY-31 near the western town line. Cherry Estates — A hamlet near the eastern town line.
Clay — The hamlet of Clay is located on NY-31. Country Meadow — A large neighborhood off of Caughdenoy Rd, site of the 2008 Parade of Homes. Elmcrest — A hamlet in the southwest part of Clay. Euclid — A hamlet in the northern part of the town on NY-31. Fairway East — A sprawling subdivision linking Morgan Road with Soule Road. There are many streets and 500 homes. Gatewood — A neighborhood in the eastern part of the town off of Maple Road. Consists of three streets and 72 houses. Great Northern Mall — A large regional mall at the junction of routes NY-31 and NY-481. Built in Clay in 1988, it is one of three major enclosed malls in the Syracuse area. Kimbrook — A suburban residential community. Lawton Valley Hunt — A large housing development between Caughdenoy Road, NY-31, Lawton Road; the final phase of the development has been completed. Lynelle Meadows — A suburban residential community. Moyers Corners — A hamlet on NY-31 near the western town line, east of Belgium. North Syracuse — The Village of North Syracuse is within the Town of Clay.
Pinegate North & South — A suburban residential community located across from Soule Road Middle and Elementary Schools. Rodger Corner — A hamlet south of Clay village; the Farmstead — A new upscale neighborhood off of Maple Road, site of the 2014 Parade of Homes. Three Rivers — A hamlet at the western town line at the junction of the Oneida and Seneca Rivers. Willow Stream — A suburban residential community. Woodard — A hamlet in the southwest part of Clay. Youngs — A hamlet north of Clay village. Parts of Clay are covered by Clay Fire Department. Patrick Corbin, pitcher for the Washington Nationals Matilda Maranda Crawford, newspaper correspondent Richard Gere, actor James W. Ostrander, politician Clay history and genealogy links Official website
Administrative divisions of New York (state)
The administrative divisions of New York are the various units of government that provide local government services in the state of New York. The state is divided into counties, cities and villages. Cities and villages are municipal corporations with their own governments that provide most local government services. Whether a municipality is defined as a city, town, or village is dependent not on population or land area, but rather on the form of government selected by the residents and approved by the state legislature; each such government is granted varying home rule powers as provided by the New York Constitution. New York has various corporate entities that serve single purposes that are local governments, such as school and fire districts. New York has 62 counties, which are subdivided into 62 cities. In total, the state has more than 3,400 active local governments and more than 4,200 taxing jurisdictions. Counties and incorporated municipal governments in New York State have been granted broad home rule powers enabling them to provide services to their residents and to regulate the quality of life within their jurisdictions.
They do so while adhering to the United States Constitution and the Constitution of the State of New York. Articles VIII and IX of the state constitution establish the rights and responsibilities of the municipal governments; the New York State Constitution provides for democratically elected legislative bodies for counties, cities and villages. These legislative bodies are granted the power to enact local laws as needed in order to provide services to their citizens and fulfill their various obligations; the county is the primary administrative division of New York. There are sixty-two counties in the state. Five of the counties are boroughs of the city of New York and do not have functioning county governments. While created as subdivisions of the state meant to carry out state functions, counties are now considered municipal corporations with the power and fiscal capacity to provide an array of local government services; such services include law enforcement and public safety and health services, education.
Every county outside of New York City has a county seat, the location of county government. Nineteen counties operate under county charters, while 38 operate under the general provisions of the County Law. Although all counties have a certain latitude to govern themselves, "charter counties" are afforded greater home rule powers; the charter counties are Albany, Chautauqua, Dutchess, Herkimer, Nassau, Onondaga, Putnam, Rockland, Suffolk, Tompkins and Westchester. Sixteen counties are governed through an assembly with the power of a board of supervisors, composed of the supervisors of its constituent towns and cities. In most of these counties, each supervisor's vote is weighted in accordance with the town's population in order to abide by the U. S. Supreme Court mandate of "one person, one vote". Other counties have legislative districts of equal population. Most counties in New York do not use the term "Board of Supervisors." 34 counties have a County Legislature, six counties have a Board of Legislators, one county has a Board of Representatives.
The five counties, or boroughs, of New York City are governed by a 51-member City Council. In non-charter counties, the legislative body exercises executive power as well. Although the legislature can delegate certain functions and duties to a county administrator, who acts on behalf of the legislature, the legislature must maintain ultimate control over the actions of the administrator. Many, but not all, charter counties have an elected executive, independent of the legislature. In New York, each city is a autonomous incorporated area that, with the exceptions of New York City and Geneva, is contained within one county. Cities in New York are classified by the U. S. Census Bureau as incorporated places, they provide all services to their residents and have the highest degree of home rule and taxing jurisdiction over their residents. The main difference between a city and a village is that cities are organized and governed according to their charters, which can differ among cities, while most villages are subject to a uniform statewide Village Law.
Villages are part of a town, with residents who pay taxes to and receive services from the town. Cities are neither part of nor subordinate to towns except for the city of Sherrill, which for some purposes is treated as if it were a village of the town of Vernon; some cities are surrounded by a town of the same name. There are sixty-two cities in the state; as of 2000, 54.1% of state residents were living in a city. In 1686, the English colonial governor granted the cities of New York and Albany city charters, which were recognized by the first State Constitution in 1777. All other cities have been established by act of the state legislature and have been granted a charter. Cities have been granted the power to revise the
Skaneateles (village), New York
Skaneateles is an affluent village in the town of Skaneateles, Onondaga County, New York, United States. The village is located on the shores of Skaneateles Lake, one of the Finger Lakes; as of the 2010 census, the village had a population of 2,450 residents. Settlers populated the eastern Finger Lakes region in the 1790s. Water power from the outlet from Skaneateles Lake made the site of the present village attractive. Although it had been thought that the first permanent Caucasian settler in the area was John Thompson, further research has shown that Abraham A. Cuddeback was first, arriving in 1794 from Minisink, New York. Part of the town of Marcellus, the town and village of Skaneateles were annexed from Marcellus and Spafford on February 26, 1830 and March 18, 1840 respectively; the old Genesee Road, which connected Utica, Auburn and Avon became the Seneca Turnpike in 1800. The Seneca Turnpike, together with the Hamilton and Skaneateles Turnpike, opened in 1826, made the new community more accessible.
Isaac Sherwood, founder of the Sherwood Inn, developed a stage coach line through Skaneateles. The village, which incorporated in 1833 and 1855, attracted prominent residents from an early date. In 1803 a major New York State landowner from New York City, William J. Vredenburgh, erected an ambitious mansion. In 1839 Nicholas Roosevelt, "one of the leading industrial entrepreneurs of the period had built the big steam engines for the Philadelphia waterwork" from New York City, retired to Skaneateles with his wife, Lydia Latrobe – daughter of the noted architect, Benjamin Henry Latrobe. In the same year, Richard DeZeng, an engineer and canal builder, retired from Oswego, New York to a mansion on the lake. Acquired forty years by another member of the Roosevelt family, Samuel Montgomery Roosevelt, the Greek Revival house became known as "Roosevelt Hall." It may be the work of Ithiel Town, the partner of Alexander Jackson Davis, who designed the house of Reuel Smith, a wealthy Massachusetts importer who retired to Skaneateles.
Built in 1852, the architecturally distinguished house, designed in the Gothic Revival style, has been designated to the National Registry. Many early residents such as James Canning Fuller came from Great Britain because of the Quaker community here, giving the early village a cosmopolitan tone. Fuller and his wife, maintained an active Underground Railroad station at their village home. Fuller was co-founder of the British-American Institute, a Canadian school for fugitive slaves, together with the adjoining settlement of Dawn, near Dresden, Ontario. For more than two centuries Skaneateles has attracted visitors and tourists. An excursion boat, launched in 1816 was the first instance of commercial tourist recreation in the Finger Lakes region; the village is located at the north end of Skaneateles Lake, in the eastern end of the Finger Lakes District. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.7 square miles, of which, 1.4 square miles of it is land and 0.3 square miles of it is water.
The main highway through the community is U. S. Route 20. US 20 and Skaneateles serve as the northern terminus of New York State Route 41 and its suffixed route, New York State Route 41A, it is the southern terminus of New York State Route 321. As of the census of 2010, there were 2,450 people, 1,094 households, 674 families residing in the village; the population density was 1,400 people per square mile. There were 1,190 housing units at an average density of 700 per square mile; the racial makeup of the village was 97.84% White, 0.12% Black or African American, 0.82% Asian, 0.08% from other races, 1.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.14% of the population. There were 1,094 households out of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.9% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.92. In the village, the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 16.8% from 25 to 44, 35.6% from 45 to 64, 19.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males. The median household income in the village was $77,456, the median family income was $117,788. In 2000, males had a median income of $64,524 versus $30,833 for females; the per capita income for the village was $49,957. About 3.31% of families and 6.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over. In 2006, 164 residential properties in the Town of Skaneateles were assessed at more than a million dollars, compared to only two such properties in all the rest of Onondaga County; the Village of Skaneateles is governed by a five-person board consisting of the mayor and four trustees, each of whom is elected to a two-year term.
As of March 2013, the mayor of Skaneateles is Marty Hubbard. The village was involved in a controversy with the trucking industry which uses roads in the village to reduce travel time and bypass tolls on the New York State Thruway. Most of the truck traffic hauls garbage from New York City to a landfill near
Brewerton, New York
Brewerton is a census-designated place in the town of Cicero in Onondaga County and the town of Hastings in Oswego County in the U. S. state of New York. It lies at the west end of Oneida Lake at its outlet into the Oneida River; the population was 4,029 at the 2010 census. 19th century maps indicate that this area was once known as Fort Brewerton, while Brewerton meant the Cicero portion. The community is sited near the former Fort Brewerton, erected in 1759 to defend the passage from Albany to the port of Oswego. Settlers arrived in 1789 to engage in the fur trade; the Fort Brewerton Block House Museum contains local relics dating back to Paleo-Indian times. It is located next to the original fort. In the late 18th century two Presbyterians, Rev. John Shepard and Deacon George Ramsey started preaching in the area near the Fort Brewerton embankment. Deacon Ramsey built a schoolhouse nearby, used for both instruction and worship. In 1948 the Brewerton Speedway was built by Alvin Richardson of Buffalo as a 1/4 mile dirt track.
Brewerton was working on another track however production has stopped due to state funding. Fort Brewerton was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. Brewerton is located at 43°14′15″N 76°8′22″W on the Oneida River on the west end of Oneida Lake. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.3 square miles, of which, 3.2 square miles of it is land and 0.2 square miles of it is water. Brewerton has the largest elementary school in the Central Square School District, the geographically one of the largest school districts in the State of New York. Both U. S. Route 11 and Interstate 81 pass through the hamlet, connecting it to Watertown to the north and Syracuse to the south. In April 2007, the Town of Cicero redrew the traditional boundaries of Brewerton, moving the eastern line west to Interstate 81, the southern line northward from Mudmill Road to Orangeport Road; this was done to allow Brewerton to remain eligible for Federal grant money. New housing developments had made Brewerton exceed guidelines for "blighted" areas that allow for improvement funds.
In recent years, Brewerton has become a major port for fishing on the popular Oneida Lake. This is due to the recent Bass Masters outings at Oneida Shores County Park. Brewerton is now a center in the growth of housing developments Champlain at the lake; as of the census of 2000, there were 3,453 people, 1,376 households, 961 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,091.9 per square mile. There were 1,502 housing units at an average density of 474.9/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.93% White, 0.72% African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.20% from other races, 1.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.75% of the population. There were 1,376 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.1% were non-families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.96. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 35.4% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $43,061, the median income for a family was $50,000. Males had a median income of $39,239 versus $27,654 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $18,327. About 6.6% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over. Northern Onondaga Public Library, with Brewerton branch RW&O Railroad, Brewerton, NY Fort Brewerton Historical Society "Tocqueville in Fort Brewerton", segment from C-SPAN's Alexis de Tocqueville Tour