The Plastic Ono Band is a band formed by John Lennon and Yoko Ono in 1969 as a vehicle for their collaborative and solo projects. Lennon and Ono had begun a personal and artistic relationship in 1968, following their marriage in 1969, they decided that all of their future endeavours would be credited to a conceptual and collaborative vehicle, Plastic Ono Band. After the Lennons move to New York, they began collaborating with Elephants Memory, Lennons collaborations continued under similar names, until the winding down of the concept in 1974. Since 2009, Ono and her son Sean Lennon have led a new incarnation of the group, known as the Yoko Ono Plastic Ono Band, John Lennon and Yoko Ono first met in 1966. Lennon was a member of the Beatles, and Ono was an avant-garde artist. By 1968, the two established a relationship and they began collaborating on a number of musical projects. They first recorded together in May 1968 and these recordings would be released in November as the experimental album Unfinished Music No.1, Two Virgins. The pair also worked throughout the summer on Revolution 9, a piece that appeared on the Beatles White Album. Lennon and Ono continued with their experimental releases parallel to Lennons activities in the Beatles,2, Life with the Lions in May 1969. On 20 March 1969, Lennon and Ono married, and subsequently began their first Bed-in for Peace event, the event saw the new couple using press coverage of their marriage to advocate for peace. Recordings made around this time would be released as their third and final experimental album, following the success of the first bed-in, Lennon and Ono held a second in Montreal in May. During the Bed-in, the couple and their guests recorded the Lennon-penned song Give Peace a Chance and these were released on 4 July as a single credited to the Plastic Ono Band. It was the first single released by Lennon outside of the Beatles, although an independent composition and release by Lennon, his Beatles writing partner Paul McCartney was still credited, as both a contractual and personal agreement of sharing credit. The single was preceded by a launch for the Plastic Ono band on 3 July. According to Ono, the name was coined by Lennon as a result of Onos use of stands for recording. Press material outlined the band as a movement, not limited to a strict membership like a normal band. Lennon and Ono also stated that the audience were members, with the accompanying slogan YOU are the Plastic Ono Band, the Plastic Ono Band remained dormant for most of the summer of 1969 as the Beatles worked on completing Abbey Road. On 12 September, Lennon received a call from John Brower, organizer of the Toronto Rock and Roll Revival festival, Lennon offered instead to perform at the festival
Plastic Ono Band, 1969. L-R: Klaus Voormann, Alan White, Yoko Ono, John Lennon, and Eric Clapton.
Lennon playing "Give Peace a Chance" in Montreal, 1969
Ono and Lennon performing at a rally in December 1971