Platelet storage pool deficiency

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Platelet storage pool deficiency
Autosomal dominant - en.svg
Platelet storage pool deficiency is inherited in an autosomal dominanr manner
Specialty Hematology Edit this on Wikidata
Causes Inherited or acquired[1]
Diagnostic method Flow cytometry, Bleeding time analysis[1]
Treatment Antifibrinolytic medications[2][1]

Platelet storage pool deficiency is a type of coagulopathy characterized by defects in the granules in platelets, particularly a lack of granular non-metabolic ADP.[3] Individuals with ADP deficient storage pool disease present a prolonged bleeding time due to impaired aggregation response to fibrillar collagen.[citation needed]

Symptoms and signs[edit]

Anemia

The presentation (signs/symptoms) of an individual with platelet storage pool deficiency is as follows:[1]

Cause[edit]

Hairy cell leukemia

The condition of platelet storage pool deficiency can be acquired or inherited(genetically passed on from the individuals parents[4]).[1]Some of the causes of platelet storage pool deficiency when acquired are:[1]



Mechanism[edit]

Platelet structure

In terms of the pathophysiology of platelet storage pool deficiency one must consider several factors including the human body's normal function prior to such a deficiency, such as platelet alpha-granules[citation needed] one of three types of platelet secretory granule[5]

Platelet α–granules are important in platelet activity, α–granules connect with plasma membrane.This in turn increases the size of the platelet. Platelet α–granules have an important role in hemostasis as well as thrombosis.SNARE accessory proteins control the secretion of α–granule.[5]

Diagnosis[edit]

The diagnosis of this condition can be done via the following:[1]

Types[edit]

This condition may involve the alpha granules or the dense granules.[6] Therefore the following examples include:

Flow cytometry analysis

Treatment[edit]

Platelet storage pool deficiency has no treatment however management consists of antifibrinolytic medications if the individual has unusual bleeding event, additionally caution should be taken with usage of NSAIDS[1][2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Platelet storage pool deficiency | Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) – an NCATS Program". rarediseases.info.nih.gov. Retrieved 2017-10-28. 
  2. ^ a b Kirchmaier, Carl Maximilian; Pillitteri, Daniele (October 2010). "Diagnosis and Management of Inherited Platelet Disorders". Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy. 37 (5): 237–246. doi:10.1159/000320257. ISSN 1660-3796. PMC 2980508Freely accessible. PMID 21113246. 
  3. ^ Alan D. Michelson (2007). Platelets. Burlington, MA: Academic Press/Elsevier. p. 313. ISBN 0-12-369367-5. 
  4. ^ Choices, NHS. "Genetics - Genetic inheritance - NHS Choices". www.nhs.uk. Retrieved 28 October 2017. 
  5. ^ a b Blair, Price; Flaumenhaft, Robert (2009). "Platelet alpha-granules: basic biology and clinical correlates". Blood Reviews. 23 (4): 177–189. doi:10.1016/j.blre.2009.04.001. ISSN 1532-1681. PMC 2720568Freely accessible. PMID 19450911. 
  6. ^ William B. Coleman; Gregory J. Tsongalis (2009). Molecular pathology: the molecular basis of human disease. Academic Press. pp. 258–. ISBN 978-0-12-374419-7. Retrieved 2 November 2010. 
  7. ^ RESERVED, INSERM US14 -- ALL RIGHTS. "Orphanet: Gray platelet syndrome". www.orpha.net. Retrieved 2017-10-29. 
  8. ^ "OMIM Entry - # 601709 - QUEBEC PLATELET DISORDER; QPD". www.omim.org. Retrieved 29 October 2017. 
  9. ^ Kaushansky K, Lichtman M, Beutler E, Kipps T, Prchal J, Seligsohn U. (2010; edition 8: pages 1946–1948) Williams Hematology. McGraw-Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-162151-9
  10. ^ Huizing, Marjan; Malicdan, May Christine V.; Gochuico, Bernadette R.; Gahl, William A. (1993). Adam, Margaret P.; Ardinger, Holly H.; Pagon, Roberta A.; Wallace, Stephanie E.; Bean, Lora JH; Mefford, Heather C.; Stephens, Karen; Amemiya, Anne; Ledbetter, Nikki, eds. GeneReviews(®). Seattle (WA): University of Washington, Seattle. PMID 20301464. update 2017
  11. ^ RESERVED, INSERM US14 -- ALL RIGHTS. "Orphanet: Chédiak Higashi syndrome". www.orpha.net. Retrieved 29 October 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Classification