Plattsburgh is a city in and the seat of Clinton County, New York, United States. The population was 19,989 at the 2010 census; the population of the unincorporated areas within the surrounding Town of Plattsburgh was 11,870 as of the 2010 census, making the combined population for all of Plattsburgh to be 31,859. Plattsburgh lies just to the northeast of Adirondack Park outside of the park boundaries, it is the second largest community in the North Country region, serves as the main commercial hub for the sparsely populated northern Adirondack Mountains. Plattsburgh was the site of the amphibious Battle of Plattsburgh in the War of 1812, a key American victory that marked the end of hostilities in the Northern United States, it has been an important military outpost for much of its history, from hosting one of the largest Citizens' Military Training Camps prior to World War I, Plattsburgh Air Force Base, the east coast center of operations for the Strategic Air Command during much of the Cold War period.
The conversion of the base to a civilian airport in the 1990s resulted from the Base Realignment and Closure process during the wind down of the Cold War, today it serves as a hub for economic development for the region. The city was named one of the Financial Times Top 10 Micro City of the Future several times; the city of Plattsburgh is the population center and county seat at the heart of the Plattsburgh Micropolitan statistical area with a population of 82,128 according to the 2010 Census. A statistical area representing the greater Plattsburgh region, the Plattsburgh MSA includes all communities in the immediate Clinton County area. Beginning with Samuel de Champlain's expedition into the Lake Champlain valley in 1609, the Plattsburgh region began to come under the French influence, passed under British, American control; the early French contact and its proximity to Quebec made this a French area. Located in the extended fur trade network in the Montreal hinterland, the Plattsburgh area was the realm of independent fur traders, known as coureurs des bois in French, who served the larger trading hub in Montreal.
Although Plattsburgh is a new city, the surrounding area was settled during the mid-to-late 17th century. A permanent French settlement was hampered by the threat of conflict with the Iroquois, but French missionaries began living among the indigenous population as early as 1609. Moreover, the area near Plattsburgh is notable for being the site of an indigenous village; the local Catholic Churches used to be run by Bishops of Quebec until 1808, when they were transferred to American Pastoral Care. Plattsburgh, much of the lands comprising present day Clinton County, were part of the French settlement of New France, they stayed a part of New France until the outcome of the French and Indian War, where the French lost their hold on this region to the British. This conflict predated the American Revolution; as a condition of the 1763 Treaty of Paris, a vast region including present-day Plattsburgh was ceded from France to Britain. It was incorporated into British rule as part of the Indian Reserve.
The Reserve was established by Britain as an attempt to protect British colonial positions in New England and the Middle Colonies using the newly acquired lands to buffer against armed conflict with Spain. The founding of present-day Plattsburgh, was not an act of the British, rather it coincided with the American territorial acquisition after the American Revolutionary War. Plattsburgh was founded by Zephaniah Platt in 1785. In granting land to Zephaniah Platt of Poughkeepsie, New York - who went on to establish the new city of Plattsburgh to buffer emerging American interests in the Saint Lawrence River valley and Lake Champlain valley after the American victory in the American Revolutionary War - the centralized American authority proclaimed the area including and surrounding the old French trading areas and Iroquois settlement to be refounded as the settlement of Plattsburgh in 1785. Part of the French Canadian influence in this Plattsburgh Region, was due to the fact that it saw several waves of Québécois Immigrants given its close proximity to Montreal during the decades of the Quebec diaspora.
Local residents exercised unique French culture and history over the years in ways still visible today. In Plattsburgh, for example, there is no "Main Street" - a common vestige of English colonies, whereas in a unique tradition major streets and thoroughfares were named after the daughters of prominent businessman and politicians. In a similar fashion, local residents named local streets after renowned Frenchmen including Samuel de Champlain, the region's founder, General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, the French general who gained fame defeating incredible numerical odds in battles throughout the Oswego and Hudson River Valley areas before going on to organize the last French defense of Québec at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham; the oldest monument within the city limits is dedicated to Samuel de Champlain. On March 3rd, 1815, an act was passed by the Legislature incorporating the Village of Plattsburgh out of an area, the eastern part of the town; the first village elections were held on May 2nd of that year.
The village incorporated as a city in 1903. With its significant location on a major water thoroughf
Robert William Fleck is a former Scottish professional footballer and manager. Fleck played as a striker from 1983 until 2001, notably in the Scottish Premier League for Rangers, in England for Chelsea in the FA Premier League, for Norwich City in the Football League. Fleck played for Bolton Wanderers, Bristol City and Reading. Fleck featured in the 1990 World Cup. Fleck went into management in 2000 with Dr. Kenny Muir with a spell as player-managers of Non-league Gorleston, having a four-year spell in charge of Diss Town. Fleck was made a member of Norwich City's Hall of Fame. Since retiring as a player, he has worked in football management, but is now a teaching assistant in Norwich. Fleck started his senior career with Rangers under manager Jock Wallace, although it was only after the arrival of Graeme Souness as player/manager in 1986 that he began to make a real impact, scoring 22 goals in 48 appearances in season 1986–87. Fleck's goal tally that season included four hat-tricks. In December 1987 Fleck was transferred for £580,000 to Norwich City in the English Football League First Division.
He scored 66 goals in 181 appearances in his first spell with the club, earning a call-up to the Scotland Squad, winning 4 caps, including 2 at the 1990 World Cup.'Flecky' attained hero status among Norwich supporters and was voted Norwich City player of the year in 1992, the final season of his first spell at Carrow Road. He helped them finished fourth in the league in 1989, when they reached the FA Cup semi-final, though Fleck and his team-mates were unable to compete in the following season's UEFA Cup due to the ongoing ban on English clubs in European competitions that followed the Heysel disaster of 1985. Fleck helped the Canaries reach another FA Cup semi-final in 1992, where they lost to Second Division underdogs Sunderland, Fleck returned from injury to play in this game but he was unfit, he controversially moved on to Chelsea for a club record fee of £2.1million just before the first season of the new Premier League got underway, Norwich turned down the bid, but he forced it through by threatening to go on strike and refuse to play for the club again.
At the time the deal was a record sale for Norwich, As part of the deal a clause was included to ruled Fleck out of playing against Norwich the 1st time they met just a couple of weeks later. Despite his now legendary status at Norwich, at the time he was one of the most hated players among Norwich fans; the move proved unsuccessful. He missed out on a place in Chelsea's squad for the 1994 FA Cup Final, which they lost 4–0 to Manchester United. Despite his dismal goalscoring record at Chelsea, he is remembered fondly by the club's fans, who sang a song in his honour – We all live in a Robert Fleck world – based on the lyrics of Yellow Submarine by The Beatles. Fleck re-joined Norwich for £650,000 in September 1995 after a loan spell, to begin with he made an impact forming a solid partnership with Ashley Ward up front, but after Ward was sold due to Norwich's financial problems, his performance was no where as consistent as in his first spell at Carrow Road, they failed to make a serious attempt to push for promotion in any of his three seasons back at the club.
He moved to Reading towards the end of the 1997–98 season, spending one season at the Berkshire club, in nine league games he scored once against Luton Town, before injury ended his playing career. After a spell as player-manager with Gorleston, where he won the Norfolk Senior Cup in 2001, he joined Diss Town who play in the Ridgeons League, as manager in the summer of 2002, he won the Norfolk Senior Cup again in 2003 and 2005. A poor run of form during 2006 saw him sacked on 18 October 2006. Fleck returned to employment with Norwich City in May 2007, when he joined the club's scouting network. Fleck is now a teaching assistant at the Parkside School, "a Norwich school for children with complex needs", a career move that developed from running coaching sessions for children at the school. Fleck is fourth in the list of Norwich City FC all-time goalscorers, behind Johnny Gavin, Terry Allcock and Iwan Roberts. In 2002, Norwich fans voted him into the club's Hall of Fame. Fleck is married to a "Norfolk girl" and has an adult daughter, a beautician.
While playing, Fleck funded trips for 18 months for a child with a terminal condition. Fleck's nephew John plays for Sheffield United. Career information at ex-canaries.co.uk Robert Fleck at Post War English & Scottish Football League A–Z Player's Database
The Mural Paintings from the Herrera Chapel is group of mural painting by Annibale Carracci and collaborators, conserved between the National Art Museum of Catalonia and de Museo del Prado. In 1602, the Spanish nobleman Juan Enriquez de Herrera dedicated a chapel in the church of Santiago, the Spanish Franciscan of Rome to Diego de Alcala; the mural decoration, with scenes from the saint's life, was done by the Bolognese painter Annibale Carracci. In 1604 began designing the master of all the preparatory cartoons, but he came ill while directing the work'in situ'. So, the work was finished by his collaborators, who included Giovanni Lanfranco Sisto Badalocchio and Francesco Albani. In the mid-nineteenth century the frescoes were uprooted and transferred to canvas and are now distributed between MNAC and Museo del Prado; the group consists of 16 items, 9 of which are kept at the MNAC and the other 7 at the Museo del Prado in Madrid. From the former church of San Giacomo degli Spagnuoli in Rome.
The artwork at Museum's website