A Playmate is a female model featured in the centerfold/gatefold of Playboy magazine as Playmate of the Month. The PMOM's pictorial includes nude photographs and a centerfold poster, along with a pictorial biography and the "Playmate Data Sheet", which lists her birthdate, turn-ons, turn-offs. At the end of the year, one of the twelve Playmates of the Month is named Playmate of the Year. Playmates of the Month are paid US$25,000 and Playmates of the Year receive an additional US$100,000 plus a car and a motorcycle. In addition, Anniversary Playmates are chosen to celebrate a milestone year of the magazine. Playboy encourages potential Playmates to send photos with "girl next door" appeal for consideration. In addition, "casting calls" are held in major US cities to offer opportunities for women to test for Playboy; the Playboy photographers and Hugh Hefner select which models become Playmates. The Playmate of the Year is chosen by Hugh Hefner, taking into account an annual readers' poll. According to Playboy, there is no such thing as a former Playmate because "Once a Playmate, always a Playmate".
Marilyn Monroe, featured in the first issue, was the only one to appear as "Sweetheart of the Month." The first model called a Playmate of the Month was Margie Harrison, Miss January 1954, in the second issue of Playboy. A woman may appear only once as a Playmate, but in the early years of the magazine, some models were featured multiple times. Marilyn Waltz and Janet Pilgrim are tied for the most appearances. Margie Harrison and Marguerite Empey are the only other women to appear more than once as Playmates. Under current law in most US jurisdictions, publishing nude pictures of a model younger than 18 would be a felony. However, in the early years of the magazine, laws regarding corruption of a minor were less well established. Several playmates – including Nancy Crawford, Donna Michelle, Linda Moon, Patti Reynolds and Teddi Smith – posed when they were seventeen. Elizabeth Ann Roberts – whose pictorial was called "Schoolmate Playmate" – posed when she was sixteen. Hugh Hefner and Roberts' mother were arrested as a result, but the case was subsequently dismissed because Roberts' mother had signed a statement that her daughter was eighteen before the photo shoot.
In 1979 Ursula Buchfellner posed for the German edition of Playboy when she was sixteen and subsequently posed for the American edition when she was eighteen. Dutch Playmate twins Karin and Mirjam van Breeschooten appeared at age seventeen in their country's edition of Playboy in June 1988, at eighteen, they were Misses September 1989 in the US version; some women have become Playmates in their 30s. Dolores Donlon is the oldest Playmate to date, appearing in her shoot at the age of 36. First Playmate: Margie Harrison in the second issue of Playboy. Marilyn Monroe, featured in the first issue, was the only one to appear as "Sweetheart of the Month". First Playmate to be chosen three times: Marilyn Waltz First and only month in Playboy history not have a Playmate – March 1955 First centerfold: Janet Pilgrim First fold-out centerfold: Marian Stafford First foreign-born Playmate: Marion Scott was born in Germany. Youngest Playmate featured: Elizabeth Ann Roberts appeared at age 16. First issue to feature two Playmates: Pat Sheehan and Mara Corday First Playmate to become Playmate of the Year: Ellen Stratton First Asian-American Playmate: China Lee First African-American Playmate: Jennifer Jackson First twin Playmates Mary Collinson and Madeleine Collinson First Playmate to show visible pubic hair: Liv Lindeland First Playmate to pose for a full frontal nude centerfold: Marilyn Cole First Playmate to pose for a full frontal nude centerfold with visible entire pubic hair: Bonnie Large First Hispanic-American Playmate: Ester Cordet was from Panama.
First cousins to be Playmates: Elaine Morton and Karen Elaine Morton First video Playmate: Lonny Chin was the magazine centerfold in the January 1983 issue. First mother and daughter to be Playmates: Carol Eden and her daughter Simone Eden First triplets to be Playmates: Erica and Jaclyn Dahm First Mexican-American Playmate of the Year: Raquel Pomplun First transgender Playmate: Ines Rau In the early days of Playboy, there was no official prize for the most popular Playmate at the end of each year. Although February 1954 Playmate Marilyn Waltz gained much popularity, receiving more fan mail than any other Playmate that year, she was not crowned PMOY. Neither was December 1956 Playmate Lisa Winters, named Playmate of the Year, although Joyce Nizzari, Miss December 1958, was named the "most popular" Playmate of 1958, the PMOY competition was first won in 1960 by Miss December 1959, Ellen Stratton; the 2009 PMOY
Playmates (1941 film)
Playmates is a 1941 American comedy film directed by David Butler and written by James V. Kern; the film stars John Barrymore, Lupe Vélez, Ginny Simms, May Robson and Patsy Kelly. The film was released on December 1941, by RKO Radio Pictures. Lulu Monahan, played by Patsy Kelly, is a press agent for John Barrymore. Lulu tries to get a sponsor for his radio program. Lulu and the agent for bandleader Kay Kyser, playing himself, make up a story that the great Shakespearean actor will teach Kyser how to play Shakespeare. Kay Kyser as Kay Kyser John Barrymore as John Barrymore Lupe Vélez as Carmen Del Toro Ginny Simms as Ginny Simms May Robson as Grandma Kyser Patsy Kelly as Lulu Monahan Peter Lind Hayes as Peter Lindsay Ish Kabibble as Ish Kabibble Playmates on IMDb Playmates at the American Film Institute Catalog
Mauritz Stiller was a Finnish-Swedish film director, best known for discovering Greta Garbo and bringing her to America. Stiller had been a pioneer of the Swedish film industry and directing many short films from 1912; when Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer invited him to Hollywood as a director, he arrived with his new discovery Greta Gustafsson, whose screen name Greta Garbo is believed to have been his suggestion. After frequent disagreements with studio executives at MGM and Paramount Pictures, Stiller returned to Sweden, where he died soon afterwards. Moshe Stiller was born in Helsinki, his family was of Ashkenazi Jewish heritage, having lived in Russia and Poland before settling in Finland. When he was four, his mother committed suicide. From an early age, Stiller was interested in acting, his talents did not go unnoticed, soon Stiller was offered the opportunity to practice and display his acting skills in the theaters of Helsinki and Turku in Finland. Drafted into the army of Czar Nicholas II—Finland was at the time an autonomous Grand Duchy of Russia—rather than report for duty he fled the country for exile, settled in Sweden.
He became a Swedish citizen in 1921. By 1912, Stiller had become involved with Sweden's developing silent film industry, he began by writing scripts and directing in short films but within a few years gave up acting to devote his time to writing and directing. He was soon directing feature-length productions, his 1918 work Thomas Graals bästa barn, starring Karin Molander, with Victor Sjöström in the leading role, received much acclaim. By 1920, having directed more than 35 films, including Sir Arne's Treasure and Erotikon, Stiller was a leading figure in Swedish filmmaking, he directed The Blizzard starring a young Einar Hanson and based on the Selma Lagerlof novel En herrgårdssägen. At the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm, he met a young actress named Greta Gustafsson whom he cast in an important but secondary role in his film, Gösta Berlings saga, who some have said gave her the stage name Greta Garbo. For Stiller, the screen presence of the 18-year-old actress led to him bringing her and Hanson to the United States after he accepted an offer from Louis B. Mayer to direct for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
In Hollywood, Mauritz Stiller was assigned to direct The Temptress, Garbo's second film with MGM, but he could not deal with the studio structure. After repeated arguments with MGM executives, he was replaced on the film by Fred Niblo, his contract with the studio terminated. Stiller was hired by Paramount Pictures, where he made three successful films, but he was let go a second time while directing his fourth film because of his continuing disagreements with studio bosses. Mauritz Stiller returned to Sweden in 1927 and died the following year from pleurisy at the age of 45, he was interred in the Norra begravningsplatsen in Stockholm. Stiller's contribution to the motion picture industry has since been recognized with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1713 Vine Street. In Kristianstad, a monument was erected in his honor, his star on the Walk of Fame was listed erroneously as "Maurice Diller" and wasn't corrected until the late 1980s. Mauritz Stiller on IMDb Mauritz Stiller at the Swedish Film Database Original Photoplay Interview with Greta Garbo, where she talks about her first meeting with Stiller: "I started trembling all over."
Literature on Mauritz Stiller
Diana Serra Cary
Diana Serra Cary, known as Baby Peggy, is an American former child actress and historian. Although other child actors from the time who had minor roles or bit-parts are still living, she is the last living film star of the Silent Era of Hollywood. Montgomery, as she was, was one of the three major American child stars of the Hollywood silent movie era along with Jackie Coogan and Baby Marie. Between 1921 and 1923 she made over 150 short films for the Century Film Corporation. In 1922 she received over 1.2 million fan letters and by 1924, she had been dubbed The Million Dollar Baby for her $1.5 million a year salary. Despite her childhood fame and wealth, she found herself poor and working as an extra by the 1930s. Having an interest in both writing and history since her youth, Montgomery found a second career as an author and silent film historian in her years under the name Diana Serra Cary, she is the author of several books including her historical novel, The Drowning of the Moon, became an advocate for child actors' rights.
Cary was born on October 29, 1918, in San Diego, California, as Peggy-Jean Montgomery, the second daughter of Marian and Jack Montgomery. While some sources incorrectly give her birth name as Margaret, Cary herself, in her autobiography, notes that she was indeed born as Peggy-Jean, she further explains that although the Roman Catholic nuns at her birth hospital recommended the name Margaret, her parents rejected the suggestion. Her elder sister named Jack-Louise, was called Louise or Jackie. Baby Peggy was "discovered" at the age of 19 months, when she visited Century Studios on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood with her mother and a film-extra friend, her father, Jack, a former cowboy and park ranger, had done work as a stuntman and stand-in for Tom Mix in a number of his cowboy movies. Impressed by Peggy's well-behaved demeanor and willingness to follow directions from her father, director Fred Fishback hired her to appear in a series of short films with Century's canine star, Brownie the Wonder Dog.
The first film, Playmates in 1921, was a success, Peggy was signed to a long-term contract with Century. Between 1921 and 1924, Peggy made close to 150 short comedy films for Century, her movies spoofed full-length motion pictures, social issues and stars of the era. She appeared in film adaptations of novels and fairy tales, such as Hansel and Gretel and Jack and the Beanstalk, contemporary comedies, a few full-length motion pictures. In 1923, Peggy began appearing in full-length dramatic films. Among her works from this era were The Darling of New York, directed by King Baggot, the first screen adaptation of Captain January. In line with her status as a star, Peggy's Universal films were produced and marketed as "Universal Jewels," the studio's most prestigious and most expensive classification. During this time, she starred in Helen's Babies, opposite Clara Bow; the success of the Baby Peggy films brought her into prominence. When she was not filming, she embarked on extensive "In-Person" personal appearance tours across the country to promote her movies.
She was featured in several short skits on major stages in Los Angeles and New York, including Grauman's Million Dollar Theatre and the Hippodrome. Her likeness appeared on magazine covers and was used in advertisements for various businesses and charitable campaigns, she was named the Official Mascot of the 1924 Democratic Convention in New York, stood onstage waving a United States flag next to Franklin Delano Roosevelt. By the age of 5, she had her own line of various endorsed items, including dolls in her likeness, sheet music and milk; as a child, Frances Gumm owned at least one Baby Peggy doll. Cary would befriend Garland, wrote in her autobiography that she believed Garland's mother had pursued fame for her children based on Baby Peggy's success. While under contract with Century and Universal, Peggy commanded an impressive salary. By 1923 she was signed to a $1.5 million a year contract at Universal. Her parents handled all of the finances. Nothing was set aside for the education of Peggy or her sister.
Peggy herself was paid one nickel for every vaudeville performance. Through reckless spending and corrupt business partners of her father, her entire fortune was gone before she hit puberty; when fellow child star Jackie Coogan sued his parents in 1938, Peggy's parents asked her if she was going to do the same. Believing it would do no good, Peggy did not pursue legal action. Coogan's case, cases like Baby Peggy's inspired the Coogan Act to protect child actors' earnings. Peggy's working conditions, as described in interviews and her autobiography, were harsh; as a toddler she worked six days a week. She was required to perform her own stunts, which included being held underwater in the ocean until she fainted, escaping alone from a burning room, riding underneath a train car. While at Century she witnessed several instances of animal cruelty and saw a trainer crushed to death by an elephant. Schooling for both Peggy and her sister, was sporadic at best. Neither attended school until the end of the vaudeville era.
The Playmates were a late 1950s vocal group led by the pianist Chic Hetti, drummer Donny Conn, Morey Carr, all from Waterbury, Connecticut. The Playmates, Donald Claps drummer and lyricist, Carl Cicchetti pianist music composer and Morey Cohen lead vocalist were an instrumental and vocal trio, all from Waterbury, in the early 1950s at the University of Connecticut, who after graduation in 1952 began touring small lounges and night clubs in the United States and Canada as "the Nitwits" as the Playmates. Signed to Roulette Records in 1958 as the label's first vocal group, Anticipating a Calypso craze, the group recorded an album called Playmates Visit the West Indies, they released two notable Top 40 singles — "Jo-Ann" and "Don't Go Home" — before having a surprise number 4 hit with the tempo-changing novelty song "Beep, Beep", which became a regular feature for Dr. Demento; the "Beep, Beep" song was on the Billboard Top 40 chart for twelve weeks. It sold over one million copies, was awarded a gold disc.
Concurrently with this song, American Motors was setting production and sales records for the Rambler models. Because of a directive by the BBC that songs do not include brand names in its lyrics, a version of "Beep Beep" was recorded for the European market, replacing the Cadillac and Nash Rambler with the generic terms limousine and bubble car, they followed up with a chart listing single in 1959 with "What Is Love" and again in 1960 with "Wait For Me". After four albums for Roulette, the novelty group — known for its between-song comedy and banter as much for its repertoire — broke up in 1965. Morey Carr died from lung cancer in 1987. Donald Claps died in Malibu, California, on September 2, 2015 at the age of 85. Charted singles / 45 rpm. Title, Billboard Chart peak, "Jo-Ann", #19, "Let's Be Lovers", #87, "Don't Go Home", #22, "The Day I Died", #81, "Beep Beep", #4, "Star Love", #75, "What Is Love", #15, "Wait for Me", #37, "Little Miss Stuck-Up", #70, "Keep Your Hands in Your Pockets", #88Album At Play with the Playmates "Jo-Ann" – 2:35 "Your Love" – 2:09 "Darling It’s Wonderful" – 2:35 "Substitute for Love" – 2:13 "Magic Shoes" – 2:10 "While the Record Goes Around" – 2:10 "Beep Beep" – 3:01 "The Day I Died" – 2:20 "Give Me Another Chance" – 2:25 "Lovable" – 2:16 "Intimate" – 2:20 "Don’t Go Home" – 2:30 The Playmates discography at Discogs
Exosquad (video game)
Exosquad is a Mega Drive/Genesis video game based on the animated television series under the same title and developed by Appaloosa Interactive. The player alternatively assumes the roles of three members of the Able Squad: Lt. J. T. Marsh, Sgt. Rita Torres and Wolf Bronsky. Depending on the character, the gameplay alternates between "a shooter, a platformer, a fighting game" genres. Exosquad was negatively received by critics. GamePro gave the game a negative review, saying that the three different gameplay styles provide variety but all have major issues: "In the space-shooter levels, detecting oncoming meteorites and Neo missiles is excruciatingly tough because of the star-studded backgrounds; the ground attacks, on the other hand, are a moving breeze. The one-on-one fighting offers an intriguing mix of air-to-air, surface-to-air, air-to-surface attacks, but they're frustrating because of molasses-like controls." They argued that the game is much too difficult for the young audiences of the TV show.
A reviewer for Next Generation gave it one out of five stars, saying that the controls are unacceptably poor and the use of separate sprites for each of the characters' segments results in "gangly" and awkward animations. The four reviewers of Electronic Gaming Monthly complimented the cinematic intro but otherwise panned the game, saying that the controls were poor, the graphics were outdated, the developers had divided their attentions between several different gameplay styles without doing a good job with any of them, they gave it a score of 3.75 out of 10. Further links