Salamanca is a city in western Spain, the capital of the Province of Salamanca in the community of Castile and León. The city lies on several hills by the Tormes River, its Old City was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988. With a metropolitan population of 228,881 in 2012 according to the National Institute of Statistics, Salamanca is the second most populated urban area in Castile and León, after Valladolid, ahead of León and Burgos, it is one of the most important university cities in Spain and supplies 16% of Spain's market for the teaching of the Spanish language. Salamanca attracts thousands of international students, it is situated 200 kilometres west of the Spanish capital Madrid and 80 km east of the Portuguese border. The University of Salamanca, founded in 1218, is the oldest university in Spain and the third oldest western university, but the first to be given its status by the Pope Alexander IV who gave universal validity to its degrees. With its 30,000 students, the university is, together with tourism, a primary source of income in Salamanca.
It is on the Via de la Plata path of the Camino de Santiago. The city was founded in the pre-Ancient Rome period by the Vaccaei, a Celtic tribe, or the Vettones, a Celtic or pre-Celtic indo-European tribe, as one of a pair of forts to defend their territory near the Duero river. In 220 BC Hannibal captured it. With the fall of the Carthaginians to the Romans, the city of Helmantica, as it was known, began to take more importance as a commercial hub in the Roman Hispania due to its favorable location. Salamanca lay on a Roman road, known as the Vía de la Plata, which connected it with Emerita Augusta to the south and Asturica Augusta to the north, its Roman bridge dates from the 1st century, was a part of this road. With the fall of the Roman Empire, the Alans established in Lusitania, Salamanca was part of this region; the city was conquered by the Visigoths and included in their territory. The city was an episcopal see, signatures of bishops of Salamanca are found in the Councils of Toledo. Salamanca surrendered to the Moors, led by Musa bin Nusair, in the year 712 AD.
For years, this area between the south of Duero River and the north of Tormes River, became the main battlefield between the Christian kingdoms and the Muslim Al-Andalus rulers. The constant fighting of the Kingdom of León first, the Kingdom of Castile and León against the Caliphate depopulated Salamanca and reduced it to an unimportant settlement. After the battle of Simancas the Christians resettled this area. After the capture of Toledo by Alfonso VI of León and Castile in 1085, the definitive resettlement of the city took place. Raymond of Burgundy, instructed by his father-in-law Alfonso VI of León, led a group of settlers of various origins in 1102. One of the most important moments in Salamanca's history was the year 1218, when Alfonso IX of León granted a royal charter to the University of Salamanca, although formal teaching had existed at least since 1130. Soon it became one of the most prestigious academic centres in Europe. During the 16th century, the city reached its height of splendour.
During that period, the University of Salamanca hosted the most important intellectuals of the time. The juridical doctrine of the School of Salamanca represented the end of medieval concepts of law, founded the fundamental body of the ulterior European law and morality concepts, including rights as a corporeal being, economic rights and spiritual rights. In 1551, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V ordered an inquiry to find out if the science of Andreas Vesalius and anatomist, was in line with Catholic doctrine. Vesalius was acquitted. Salamanca suffered the general downturns of the Kingdom of Castile during the 17th century, but in the 18th century it experienced a rebirth. In this period, the new baroque Cathedral and main square were finished. In the Peninsular War of the Napoleonic campaigns, the Battle of Salamanca, in which an Anglo-Portuguese Army led by Wellington decisively defeated the French army of Marmont, was fought on 22 July 1812; the western quarter of Salamanca was damaged by cannon fire.
The battle which raged that day is famous as a defining moment in military history and many thousands of men were killed in the space of only a few short hours. During the devastating Spanish Civil War the city went over to the Nationalist side and was used as the de facto capital. Franco was named Generalissimo on 21 September 1937 while at the city, in the same year was formed, by a decree signed in the city, the official fascist party that ruled Spain until the end of the Francoist regime suppressing any other political party; the Nationalists soon moved most of the administrative departments to Burgos, which being more central was better suited for this purpose. However, some administrative departments, Franco's headquarters and the military commands stayed in Salamanca, along with the German and Italian fascist delegations, making it the de facto Nationalist capital and centre of power during the entire civil war. Like much of fervently Catholic and rural Leon and Old Castile regions, Salamanca was a staunch supporter of the Nationalist side and Fran
Puerta del Sol
The Puerta del Sol is a public square in Madrid, one of the best known and busiest places in the city. This is the centre of the radial network of Spanish roads; the square contains the famous clock whose bells mark the traditional eating of the Twelve Grapes and the beginning of a new year. The New Year's celebration has been broadcast live on national television since 31 December 1962; the Puerta del Sol originated as one of the gates in the city wall that surrounded Madrid in the 15th century. Outside the wall, medieval suburbs began to grow around the Christian Wall of the 12th century; the name of the gate came from the rising sun which decorated the entry, since the gate was oriented to the east. Between the 17th and 19th centuries, the area was an important meeting place: as the goal for the couriers coming from abroad and other parts of Spain to the Post Office, it was visited by those eager for the latest news; the stairs to the Saint Philip church at the square were known as the Gradas de San Felipe, were among the most prolific mentideros de la Corte.
The House of the Post Office was built by French architect Jacques Marquet between 1766 and 1768. The building was the headquarters of State Security in Francoist Spain, it is the seat of the Presidency of the Madrid Community. The Puerta del Sol contains a number of well known sights both domestically and internationally associated with Spain. On the south side, the old Post Office now serves as the office of the President of Madrid, the head of the regional government of the Autonomous Community of Madrid. On its south side, the square holds a mounted statue of Charles III of Spain, nicknamed "el rey alcalde" due to the extensive public works program he set in motion; the famous Tío Pepe lighted sign was above the square's eastern building between the Calle de Alcalá and the Carrera de San Jerónimo for a long time, now is on top of the former Paris Hotel. On the east side lies the statue of The Bear and the Strawberry Tree, the heraldic symbol of Madrid; until 2009, the statue stood on the north side at the entrance to Calle del Carmen.
The Mariblanca is a copy of a statue, which marks the place of a former fountain displaying that figure. The kilómetro cero is a plaque on the ground directly north of the Post Office serving as the symbolic center of Spain. In addition to signalling the basis of numbering in the Spanish road system, the symbolic nature of the plaza ensures that it is the site of many rallies and protests against violence and war. Sol has seen protests against the terrorism perpetrated the March 11th attacks on commuter trains, Spain's involvement in the Iraq War. In 2011, the square became established as a focal point and a symbol for the ongoing Spanish democracy demonstrations; the demonstrations included camping in the middle of the plaza, which began on 15 May 2011 amidst the election campaign for city halls and Autonomous Communities governments and, fueled by social media Twitter and Facebook. The demonstrations spread to more than sixty other cities throughout Spain. Since 12 June 2011, the square has held a free-standing domed structure made from pallets, which served as an information point for the 15-M Movement.
This continued throughout the summer of 2011 until the dawn of 2 August, when the national police decided to evict the structure and protestors. Dozens of committees have their assemblies in the iconic square; the Puerta is located in the heart of Madrid. It serves; this is demonstrated by a plaque on the floor of the square, marking the exact point of Km.0. The old plaque was replaced in 2009, it is the reference for street numbers in Madrid, which begin at the street-end, closest to Puerta del Sol. The old and new kilometer zero plaques Immediately to the southwest lies the Plaza Mayor. Parliament and the museum district are to the east and the train station Atocha is to the southeast. Under the square lies a public transport hub served by lines 2 and 3 of the Madrid Metro. A commuter service was inaugurated on 27 June four years behind schedule; the lateness of the construction was in part due to the discovery of the remains of the Church of Our Lady of Good Success during the excavation of the main chamber.
The new station connects the Puerta to Madrid's commuter rail system and, by extension, to Spain's railroads via direct connections to Atocha and Chamartín railway stations. The square connects several commercial and recreational areas together, thus both it and the surrounding streets consist of shopping establishments catering to locals and tourists alike, like the several El Corte Inglés department store buildings in Preciados Street, La Mallorquina cafe, numerous, ever-changing restaurants; the area remains active late into the night and early morning since nearby bars and dance clubs only start entertainment at 1 am. Street music is common in the area. Side streets close to the square contain residential flats, some small offices, tourist hostels. During the New Year's
Spanish East Indies
The Spanish East Indies were the colonies of the Spanish Empire in Asia and Oceania from 1565 until 1899. At one time or another, they included the Philippines, Carolines and Guam, as well as parts of Formosa and the Moluccas; the King of Spain traditionally styled himself "King of the East and West Indies". Administratively, the Spanish East Indies was part of the Captaincy General of the Philippines and the Real Audiencia of Manila. Cebu was the first seat of government transferred to Manila. From 1565 to 1821 these territories, together with the Spanish West Indies, were administered through the Viceroyalty of New Spain based in Mexico City. After Mexican independence, they were ruled directly from Madrid; as a result of the Spanish–American War in 1898, the Philippines and Guam were occupied by the United States while about 6,000 of the remaining smaller islands were sold to Germany in the German–Spanish Treaty of 1899. The few remaining islands were ceded to the United States when the Treaty of Washington was ratified in 1901.
Spanish contact began on 6 March 1521, when a Spanish expedition led by Ferdinand Magellan reached the Mariana Islands. He named Guam and the other islands "Islas de los Ladrones" because the natives came aboard his galleon and pilfered many of its supplies; the expedition continued its journey west and reached the island of Homonhon in the eastern Philippines on 16 March, with only 150 crewmen. There they were able to communicate with the local peoples because the Malayan interpreter, Enrique of Malacca, could understand their language; the expedition took them further into the archipelago to the Visayan island of Cebu, where Magellan's chaplain, Pedro Valderrama, baptised the local monarch Rajah Humabon, his chief consort, his subjects. Seeking to develop trade between the East Indies and the Americas across the Pacific Ocean, Antonio de Mendoza encouraged the exploration of these Asian territories and commissioned the expedition of Ruy López de Villalobos to the Philippines in 1542–1543.
Miguel López de Legazpi set out from Mexico, established the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines in 1565, which became the town of San Miguel in present-day Cebu. That same year, another member of the expedition, Andrés de Urdaneta discovered a maritime route from the Philippines to Mexico, across the Pacific, leading to the important transpacific trade link of the Manila-Acapulco Galleons. In 1571, Manila was captured from the Sultanate of Brunei and Manila was made the seat of the Spanish Captaincy General of the Philippines; these and other Asian territories claimed by the Spanish crown were to be governed from the Viceroyalty of New Spain in Mexico City. The Manila-Acapulco galleons shipped products gathered from both Asia-Pacific and the Americas, such as silk, silver and other Asian-Pacific islander products to Mexico. Products brought from Asia-Pacific were sent to Veracruz and shipped to Spain and, via trading, to the rest of Europe, while Spanish-Mexican colonists brought with them Hispanic and indigenous Mexican customs, languages and cultural traditions to the Philippines and the Mariana Islands.
In 1606, the Spaniards established trade links with the Maluku Islands, which continued until 1663. Contacts with Japan were established and Sebastián Vizcaíno was sent as ambassador in 1611, until Japan closed its trading post in 1630. In northeastern Taiwan, the Spaniards built Fort Santo Domingo near Keelung in 1626 and a mission in Tamsui in 1628, which they occupied until 1642. Several Pacific islands were visited by Spanish ships in the 16th century, including New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, the Marquesas Islands, but they made no effort to trade with or colonize them. In 1668, Blessed Diego Luis de San Vitores established the first mission on Guam, where he and Saint Pedro Calungsod were martyred. In 1762 British troops captured the city of Manila during the Seven Years' War. However, they were unable to establish control over areas outside Manila—through the efforts of the Spanish lieutenant governor, Simón de Anda y Salazar, the remainder of the islands remained loyal to Spain; the British promised support for an uprising led by Diego Silang and his wife Gabriela but the British force never materialized.
Under the peace settlement Manila was exchanged, along with British-occupied Havana, for Florida and Menorca. Manila was ceded back to Spanish authorities in April 1764; the Seven Years' War prompted Charles III to initiate extensive governmental reforms throughout the overseas possessions. An intendencia was established in Manila in 1784 to handle the government finances and to promote the economy. In a similar vein, to promote innovation and education among the residents of the islands, Governor-General José Basco y Vargas established the Economic Society of the Friends of the Country. For over 256 years, the Spanish East Indies were governed by a governor-captain general, an audiencia. All economic matters of the Philippines were managed by the Viceroyalty of New Spain, located in Mexico; because the eastward route was more used for military purposes, in addition to commerce that included the Manila-Acapulco galleon trade, most government correspondence went through Mexico, rather than directly to Spain.
In 1821 the New Spanish Viceroyalty collapsed following the Mexican War of Independence, which resulted in the First Mexican Empire. All control of the Spanish East Indies government was transfer
Plaza Mayor, Salamanca
The Plaza Mayor in Salamanca, Spain is a large plaza located in the center of Salamanca, used as a public square. It is a popular gathering area, it is lined by restaurants, ice cream parlors, tourist shops, jewelry stores and a pharmacy along its perimeter except in front of the city hall. It is considered the heart of Salamanca and is regarded as one of the most beautiful plazas in Spain, it is connected to the shopping area Calle del Toro from the northeast, Calle de Zamora from the north, the restaurants on Calle de Concejo from the northwest, Calle del Prior and the small Calle de la Caja de Ahorros from the west as well as Plaza del Corrillo from the south. Construction of the plaza began in 1729 and was completed in 1755. Felipe V ordered the construction of the plaza to be used for bullfighting and was designed by the Churriguera family in sandstone, it had been used for bullfighting up until the mid-19th century, one hundred years after being completed. The construction took place in two phases: the first was between 1729 and 1735 and the second was between 1750 and 1755.
The first phase was built under the direction of Alberto Churriguera while the second phase was built under the direction of Manuel de Larra Churriguera, his nephew. Andrés Garcia de Quiñones built the City Hall. In 1988, UNESCO declared the old city of Salamanca a World Heritage Site. Today, there is a plaque placed in the center of the plaza marking its significance to boast the plaza's baroque-style beauty. Salamanca is known as La Dorada, "The Golden City" because of the glow of its sandstone buildings, which the Plaza Mayor represents at its core; the plaza is an irregular none of its facades measure the same height. The plaza's walls have three floors above its ground terrace level except for the main facade portion; the plaza has 6 entrances leading to different streets from opposite areas of the plaza and features a clock tower and 5 larger facade entrances on only 2 floors on the frontal area under the clock. It is decorated medallions on its many spandrels; the plaza has 247 balconies of which now belong to private residents.
The plaza was designed to have 2 towers on each side of the clock, but were never completed based on fears that the portion would not be able to support the weight and thus the 1745 plan was used instead. The city hall is located on this side of the plaza built in the baroque style with 5 granite arches and a steeple. Vantage Point Plaza Plaza Mayor, Valladolid Plaza Mayor, Madrid Salamanca Plaza Mayor information "La Plaza Mayor de Salamanca en el punto de mira" report by the Citizens' Association Defense Heritage
Plaça de Catalunya
Plaça de Catalunya is a large square in central Barcelona, considered to be both its city centre and the place where the old city and the 19th century-built Eixample meet. Some of the city's most important streets and avenues meet at Plaça Catalunya: Passeig de Gràcia, Rambla de Catalunya, La Rambla or Portal de l'Àngel, in addition to Ronda de Sant Pere, Carrer de Vergara or Carrer de Pelai; the plaza occupies an area of about 50,000 square metres. It is known for its fountains and statues, its proximity to some of Barcelona's most popular attractions, the flocks of pigeons that gather in the centre. After the medieval city walls were demolished in the 19th century, ambitious designs for the city's public spaces were conceived under the guidance of notable urban planners. Plaça Catalunya was conceived as part of pla Rovira in 1859, but no official permission from the government was given until the 1888 Universal Exposition, it was urbanised for the first time in 1902 and was further modified in 1929, on the occasion of the 1929 Barcelona International Exposition, which included the construction of a metro station.
Architect Francisco Nebot designed the changes made in 1929. In May 2011 Plaça Catalunya was the main location where anti-government protests and sit ins were held in Barcelona, mirroring the events in other Spanish cities. Plaça Catalunya hosts quite a few interesting sculptures representative of Noucentisme, Neo-Classicism and different avant-garde movements. Deessa, by Josep Clarà. Pastor de Pau, by Pablo Gargallo. Francesc Macià monument, it reads: "Catalunya a Francesc Macià". Josep Llimona's sculptures; the mosaics that decorate the walls of the underground part of Plaça Catalunya were designed by pupils of Escola Massana. A few theatres have been established in Plaça Catalunya since its construction, none of which are extant. Teatre del Bon Retir Circ Eqüestre Alegria Eldorado Concert Teatre Barcelona There still are, other theatres in the nearby area, located in other streets or squares. Most of the cafés and restaurants where writers and artists would meet in the city haven't survived, with the notable exception of Café Zurich, where Fabiola of Belgium's brother worked as a pianist.
The following ones disappeared with the Spanish Civil War: Maison Dorée Café Colón La Lluna Cafè Suís El Corte Inglés El Triangle, containing a three-story fnac shop. Sfera H10 Catalunya Plaza Hotel Monegal Olivia Plaza Hotel: 4 stars hotel. Olivia Plaza Phone +34933168700 Hotel urquinaona Hotel Urquinaona Banco Español de Crédito. Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria. Banco de España Caja Madrid Consulate of Canada, Second Floor, 9 Placa de Catalunya; the square is one of Barcelona's most important transport hubs, both above and under ground. The original Barcelona metro line in Barcelona, known as Gran Metro, had Plaça Catalunya as one of its termini, it went to become the current green line, L3, operated by TMB. It's served by two FGC lines. Catalunya Passeig de Gràcia. Bus 9 Pl. Catalunya - Pg. Zona Franca Bus 14 Vil·la Olímpica - Pg. Bonanova Bus 16 Urquinaona - Pg. Manuel Girona Bus 17 Barceloneta - Av. Jordà Bus 24 Av. Paral·lel - Carmel Bus 28 Pl. Catalunya - Carmel Bus 41 Pl. Francesc Macià - Diagonal Mar Bus 42 Pl.
Catalunya - Santa Coloma Bus 55 Parc de Montjuïc - Plaça Catalana Bus 58 Pl. Catalunya - Av. Tibidabo Bus 59 Pg. Marítim - Plaça Reina Maria Cristina Bus 66 Pl. Catalunya - Sarrià Bus 67 Pl. Catalunya - Cornellà Bus 68 Pl. Catalunya - Cornellà Bus 141 Av. Mistral - Barri del Besòs Aerobus Liyver Barcelona's night bus is known as Nitbus and most of its lines serve Plaça Catalunya: N1 Zona Franca - Pl. Catalunya - Roquetes N2 Av. Carrilet - Pl. Catalunya - Badalona N3 Collblanc - Montcada i Reixac N4 Via Favència - Pl. Catalunya - Gran Vista N5 Pl. Catalunya - Gran Vista N6 Barcelona - Santa Coloma N7 Pl. Pedralbes - Pl. Llevant N8 Can Caralleu - Santa Coloma N9 Pl. Portal de la Pau - Tiana N11 Barcelona - H. Can Ruti Barcelona Plaça Catalunya railway station Plaça de Catalunya is a featured locale in the 2009 video game Wheelman, published by Midway Games. Avinguda de la Llum Font de Canaletes History of Barcelona List of streets and squares in Eixample ALBAREDA, Joaquim, GUÀRDIA, Manel i altres. Enciclopèdia de Barcelona, Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana, Barcelona, 2006.
City map at Bcn.es 360° panoramic view
Barcelona is a city in Spain. It is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Catalonia, as well as the second most populous municipality of Spain. With a population of 1.6 million within city limits, its urban area extends to numerous neighbouring municipalities within the Province of Barcelona and is home to around 4.8 million people, making it the sixth most populous urban area in the European Union after Paris, Madrid, the Ruhr area and Milan. It is one of the largest metropolises on the Mediterranean Sea, located on the coast between the mouths of the rivers Llobregat and Besòs, bounded to the west by the Serra de Collserola mountain range, the tallest peak of, 512 metres high. Founded as a Roman city, in the Middle Ages Barcelona became the capital of the County of Barcelona. After merging with the Kingdom of Aragon, Barcelona continued to be an important city in the Crown of Aragon as an economic and administrative centre of this Crown and the capital of the Principality of Catalonia.
Barcelona has a rich cultural heritage and is today an important cultural centre and a major tourist destination. Renowned are the architectural works of Antoni Gaudí and Lluís Domènech i Montaner, which have been designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites; the headquarters of the Union for the Mediterranean are located in Barcelona. The city is known for hosting the 1992 Summer Olympics as well as world-class conferences and expositions and many international sport tournaments. Barcelona is one of the world's leading tourist, trade fair and cultural centres, its influence in commerce, entertainment, fashion and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities, it is a major cultural and economic centre in southwestern Europe, 24th in the world and a financial centre. In 2008 it was the fourth most economically powerful city by GDP in the European Union and 35th in the world with GDP amounting to €177 billion. In 2012 Barcelona had a GDP of $170 billion. In 2009 the city was ranked one of the world's most successful as a city brand.
In the same year the city was ranked Europe's fourth best city for business and fastest improving European city, with growth improved by 17% per year, the city has been experiencing strong and renewed growth for the past three years. Since 2011 Barcelona has been a leading smart city in Europe. Barcelona is a transport hub, with the Port of Barcelona being one of Europe's principal seaports and busiest European passenger port, an international airport, Barcelona–El Prat Airport, which handles over 50 million passengers per year, an extensive motorway network, a high-speed rail line with a link to France and the rest of Europe; the name Barcelona comes from the ancient Iberian Barkeno, attested in an ancient coin inscription found on the right side of the coin in Iberian script as, in ancient Greek sources as Βαρκινών, Barkinṓn. Some older sources suggest that the city may have been named after the Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca, supposed to have founded the city in the 3rd century BC, but there is no evidence that Barcelona was a Carthaginian settlement, or that its name in antiquity, had any connection with the Barcid family of Hamilcar.
During the Middle Ages, the city was variously known as Barchinona, Barçalona and Barchenona. Internationally, Barcelona's name is wrongly abbreviated to'Barça'. However, this name refers only to the football club; the common abbreviated form used by locals is Barna. Another common abbreviation is'BCN', the IATA airport code of the Barcelona-El Prat Airport; the city is referred to as the Ciutat Comtal in Catalan, Ciudad Condal in Spanish, owing to its past as the seat of the Count of Barcelona. The origin of the earliest settlement at the site of present-day Barcelona is unclear; the ruins of an early settlement have been found, including different tombs and dwellings dating to earlier than 5000 BC. The founding of Barcelona is the subject of two different legends; the first attributes the founding of the city to the mythological Hercules. The second legend attributes the foundation of the city directly to the historical Carthaginian general, Hamilcar Barca, father of Hannibal, who named the city Barcino after his family in the 3rd century BC, but there is no historical or linguistic evidence that this is true.
In about 15 BC, the Romans redrew the town as a castrum centred on the "Mons Taber", a little hill near the contemporary city hall. Under the Romans, it was a colony with the surname of Faventia, or, in full, Colonia Faventia Julia Augusta Pia Barcino or Colonia Julia Augusta Faventia Paterna Barcino. Pomponius Mela mentions it among the small towns of the district as it was eclipsed by its neighbour Tarraco, but it may be gathered from writers that it grew in wealth and consequence, favoured as it was with a beautiful situation and an excellent harbour, it enjoyed immunity from imperial burdens. The city minted its own coins. Important Roman vestiges are displayed in Plaça del Rei underground, as a part of the Barcelona City History Museum; some remaining fragments of the Roman walls have been incorporated into the cathedral. The cathedral known as the Basilica La Seu, is said to have been founded in 343; the city
Plaza de Armas
The Plaza de Armas is the name for the main square in many Hispanic American cities. In the central region of Mexico this space is known as El Zócalo and in Central America as Parque Central. While some large cities have both a Plaza de Armas and a Plaza Mayor, in most cities those are two names for the same place. Most cities constructed by the Spanish conquistadores were designed in a standard military fashion, based on a grid pattern taken from the Roman castrum, of which one of the blocks would be left vacant to form the Plaza de Armas, it is surrounded by governmental buildings and other structures of cultural or political significance. The name derives from the fact that this would be a refuge in case of an attack upon the city, from which arms would be supplied to the defenders. Plaza de Armas of Guatemala Plaza de Armas of Arequipa, Peru Plaza de Armas of Ayacucho, Peru Plaza de Armas of Cajamarca, Peru Plaza de Armas of Cusco, Peru Plaza de Armas of Huánuco, Peru Plaza de Armas of Ambo, Peru Plaza de Armas of Guadalajara, Mexico Plaza de Armas of Havana, Cuba Plaza de Armas of Lima, Peru Plaza de Armas of Manila, Philippines Plaza de Armas of Pisco, Peru Plaza de Armas of Puerto Vallarta, Mexico Plaza de Armas of San Antonio, United States Plaza de Armas of San Juan, Puerto Rico Plaza de Armas of Santiago, Chile Plaza de Armas of Trujillo, Peru Plaza de Armas metro station in Santiago, Chile Plaza de Armas in Seville, Spain Place-d'Armes, French equivalent