Line 1 (Madrid Metro)
Line 1 of the Madrid Metro runs entirely underground from Pinar de Chamartín in the north to Valdecarros in the southeast, via Vodafone Sol. Today it has 33 stations and spans 24 km from end to end, when it was initially constructed however, the line contained only 8 stops connecting Cuatro Caminos in the north to the city center at Puerta del Sol. Line 1 marks the start of the Madrid Metro with its inauguration on October 17th,1919, Line 1 is the second busiest line on the Madrid Metro, behind Line 6, with more than 7.5 million monthly trips. Line 1 of the Madrid Metro was opened on 17 October 1919 between Cuatro Caminos and Sol. It was extended from Sol to Atocha in 1921, Atocha to Puente de Vallecas in 1923, Cuatro Caminos to Tetuán in 1929, Tetuán to Plaza de Castilla in 1961 and Puente de Vallecas to Portazgo in 1962. Between 1964 and 1966, station platforms were lengthened from 60 metres to 90 metres in order to allow 6-car train compositions, Chamberí station had to be closed because it didnt allow platform lengthening due to its sharp curve and its closeness to Iglesia station.
The old Chamberí station however is open to the public as part of the Madrid Metros Platform 0 project. In recent years, the line has been extended north and south. Firstly, in 1988 Atocha Renfe was added between the stations of Atocha and Menéndez Pelayo to serve the new rail station of Atocha. On 1 April 1994, it was extended from Portazgo to Miguel Hernández, in 2007, the line was extended to Pinar de Chamartin in two stages. First, on 30 March 2007, the line was extended from Plaza de Castilla to Chamartin, the new metro complex has line 1 and in the future, line 11 on the lower level and line 10 on the upper level. On 11 April 2007 the extension to Pinar de Chamartin was completed, there is interchange available to Line 4. There are two platforms for arrivals and an island platform for departures. In May 2007, interchange to Metro Ligero 1 was available, on 16 May 2007, the line was extended south from Congosto to Valdecarros with two intermediate stations. Since summer 2007, the line uses class 2000A stock, Chamberí station, after more than 40 years of abandonment, was refurbished and open in 2008 as an exhibition place to show how Metro stations were when opened in 1919.
The project will last until November, with replacement buses offered to patrons, engineering work on Line 1 to be followed by shutdown of route to Barajas Airport OtrosGuardarEnviar por correoImprimir FRAN SERRATO Twitter BRUNO GARCÍA GALLO Twitter Madrid 1 MAR2016 -09,19 CET
Madrid is the capital city of the Kingdom of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole. The city has a population of almost 3.2 million with an area population of approximately 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union after London and Berlin, the municipality itself covers an area of 604.3 km2. Madrid lies on the River Manzanares in the centre of both the country and the Community of Madrid, this community is bordered by the communities of Castile and León. As the capital city of Spain, seat of government, and residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is the political, the current mayor is Manuela Carmena from Ahora Madrid. Madrid is home to two football clubs, Real Madrid and Atlético de Madrid. Madrid is the 17th most liveable city in the according to Monocle magazine. Madrid organises fairs such as FITUR, ARCO, SIMO TCI, while Madrid possesses modern infrastructure, it has preserved the look and feel of many of its historic neighbourhoods and streets.
Cibeles Palace and Fountain have become one of the monument symbols of the city, the first documented reference of the city originates in Andalusan times as the Arabic مجريط Majrīṭ, which was retained in Medieval Spanish as Magerit. A wider number of theories have been formulated on possible earlier origins, according to legend, Madrid was founded by Ocno Bianor and was named Metragirta or Mantua Carpetana. The most ancient recorded name of the city Magerit comes from the name of a built on the Manzanares River in the 9th century AD. Nevertheless, it is speculated that the origin of the current name of the city comes from the 2nd century BC. The Roman Empire established a settlement on the banks of the Manzanares river, the name of this first village was Matrice. In the 8th century, the Islamic conquest of the Iberian Peninsula saw the changed to Mayrit, from the Arabic term ميرا Mayra. The modern Madrid evolved from the Mozarabic Matrit, which is still in the Madrilenian gentilic, after the disintegration of the Caliphate of Córdoba, Madrid was integrated in the Taifa of Toledo.
With the surrender of Toledo to Alfonso VI of León and Castile, the city was conquered by Christians in 1085, Christians replaced Muslims in the occupation of the centre of the city, while Muslims and Jews settled in the suburbs. The city was thriving and was given the title of Villa, since 1188, Madrid won the right to be a city with representation in the courts of Castile. In 1202, King Alfonso VIII of Castile gave Madrid its first charter to regulate the municipal council, which was expanded in 1222 by Ferdinand III of Castile
Parque del Retiro
Parque del Retiro is the only senior citizens-oriented passive park in Ponce, Puerto Rico. It is located in barrio Canas Urbano, the park commemorated its 30th anniversary on February 11,2010. It has an attendance of some 70 senior citizens. The parks oldest member is 91 years old, the parks managing ranger is Roberto Castro Franceschi. The park is located on Villa street, between the Clausells and Baldorioty sectors of barrio Canas Urbano, the area is a mixed residential/commercial area on urban route PR-123. The park sits on a sector of the city. The park is a self-contained non-profit entity and it is managed by the Ponce municipal government. It serves exclusively the City’s elderly population, the park is set in a calming setting among lush mahogany, almond and flamboyán trees. In the late 1960s, the park was an empty city lot with tall trees, very few bushes and shrubbery. Senior citizens of the area gravitated to the empty lot in the afternoons for its comfortable shade, with time, the senior made their way to the park with scrap chairs to make their longer stays more comfortable.
It wasnt long before a table or two found their way there, making it possible for the retired seniors to share in a game of domino. Soon the domino games became a feature of the daily gatherings. It was not long before the still-empty government lot had been appropriated by the seniors for their daily gatherings, the daily games gathered popularity and after a few years domino tournaments took place. At this time the park was known as Las Vegas. The park was inaugurated in 1980, under the administration of mayor José G. Tormos Vega. The park serves as the center for an array of community services oriented towards the citizens community. Within the park are the offices of the organization running the park. It has a staff including a social worker, a nurse
The Madrid Metro is a metro system serving the city of Madrid, capital of Spain. The system is the 7th longest metro in the world, having a length of 293 km. The Madrid Metro operates every day from 6 am until 1,30 am, a light rail system feeding the metro opened in 2007 called Metro Ligero. The Cercanias system works in conjunction with the metro servicing commuter train services to, some underground stations are large enough to hold public events, such as the three-day fitness festival in May 2011, which attracted 2,600 visitors. One station contains a 200-square-meter archaeological museum, the Madrid Metro has 1,698 escalators, the most of any system in the world. The first line of the Madrid metro opened on 17 October 1919 under the direction of the Compañía de Metro Alfonso XIII, the Madrid Metro is the first metro system in Spain and the second in the Spanish-speaking world after the Buenos Aires Underground. It was constructed in a section and the stations had 60 m platforms. The enlargement of this line and the construction of two others followed shortly after 1919, in 1924, traffic in Madrid switched from driving on the left, to driving on the right, but the lines of the Madrid Metro kept operating on the left hand side.
In 1936, the network had three lines and a line between Opera and Norte railway station. All these stations served as air raid shelters during the Spanish Civil War, after the Civil war, the public works to extend the network went on little by little. In the 1960s, a railway was constructed between Plaza de España and Carabanchel, linked to lines 2 and 3. A fifth metro line was constructed as well with narrow section but 90 m platforms, shortly after opening the first section of line 5, the platforms in line 1 were enlarged from 60 to 90 m, closing Chamberí station since it was too close to Iglesia. Chamberí has been closed ever since and has recently opened as a museum. In the early 1970s, the network was expanded to cope with the influx of population. New lines were planned with large 115 m platforms, lines 4 and 5 were enlarged as well. In 1979, bad management led to a crisis, Works already started were finished during the 1980s and all remaining projects were abandoned. After all those projects,100 km of track had been completed.
At the beginning of the 1990s, control of the network was transferred to a public enterprise, more large-scale expansion projects were carried out
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V was ruler of both the Spanish Empire from 1516 and the Holy Roman Empire from 1519, as well as of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1506. He voluntarily stepped down from these and other positions by a series of abdications between 1554 and 1556, through inheritance, he brought together under his rule extensive territories in western and southern Europe, and the Spanish colonies in the Americas and Asia. As a result, his domains spanned nearly four square kilometers and were the first to be described as the empire on which the sun never sets. Charles was the heir of three of Europes leading dynasties, the Houses of Valois-Burgundy and Trastámara and he inherited the Burgundian Netherlands and the Franche-Comté as heir of the House of Valois-Burgundy. From his own dynasty, the Habsburgs, he inherited Austria and he was elected to succeed his Habsburg grandfather, Maximilian I, as Holy Roman Emperor, a title held by the Habsburgs since 1440. Charles was the first king to rule Castile and Aragon simultaneously in his own right, the personal union, under Charles, of the Holy Roman Empire with the Spanish Empire resulted in the closest Europe would come to a universal monarchy since the death of Louis the Pious.
France recovered and the wars continued for the remainder of Charless reign, enormously expensive, they led to the development of the first modern professional army in Europe, the Tercios. The struggle with the Ottoman Empire was fought in Hungary and the Mediterranean, after seizing most of eastern and central Hungary in 1526, the Ottomans’ advance was halted at their failed Siege of Vienna in 1529. A lengthy war of attrition, conducted on his behalf by his younger brother Ferdinand, in the Mediterranean, although there were some successes, Charles was unable to prevent the Ottomans’ increasing naval dominance and the piratical activity of the Barbary Corsairs. Charles opposed the Reformation and in Germany he was in conflict with the Protestant Princes of the Schmalkaldic League who were motivated by religious and political opposition to him. Once the rebellions were quelled the essential Castilian and Burgundian territories remained mostly loyal to Charles throughout his rule, Charles’s Spanish dominions were the chief source of his power and wealth, and they became increasingly important as his reign progressed.
In the Americas, Charles sanctioned the conquest by Castillian conquistadors of the Aztec, Castillian control was extended across much of South and Central America. The resulting vast expansion of territory and the flows of South American silver to Castile had profound long term effects on Spain. Charles was only 56 when he abdicated, but after 34 years of rule he was physically exhausted and sought the peace of a monastery. Upon Charles’s abdications, the Holy Roman Empire was inherited by his younger brother Ferdinand, the Spanish Empire, including the possessions in the Netherlands and Italy, was inherited by Charles’s son Philip II. The two empires would remain allies until the 18th century, Charles was born in 1500 as the eldest son of Philip the Handsome and Joanna of Castile in the Flemish city of Ghent, which was part of the Habsburg Netherlands. The culture and courtly life of the Burgundian Low Countries were an important influence in his early life and he was tutored by William de Croÿ, and by Adrian of Utrecht.
He gained a decent command of German, though he never spoke it as well as French, a witticism sometimes attributed to Charles is, I speak Spanish to God, Italian to women, French to men and German to my horse
Palacio de Fomento
The Palacio de Fomento, known as the Ministry of Agriculture Building, is a nineteenth-century office building in Madrid, Spain. Designed by Ricardo Velázquez Bosco, it is on a prominent site opposite Atocha railway station, the buildings name has changed over the years reflecting the official name of the Ministry which occupies it. It was originally occupied by the Ministerio de Fomento, for most of its life the building has been the seat of the Agriculture Ministry, and the words Ministerio de Agricultura are prominently displayed in a cartouche on the facade. In 2008 the Agriculture Ministry merged with the Environment Ministry, the building houses civil servants belonging to the current Ministry of Agriculture and Environment. In 1905 a group of sculptures by Agustí Querol Subirats entitled La Gloria y los Pegasos was placed on top of the building. The sculptures have been replaced by bronze replicas and it was put on Spains national heritage register in 1989 under the name Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación.
It is classed as a Bien de Interés Cultural or Property of Cultural Interest, as at 2016 guided tours are available to the public outside normal office hours
Madrid Atocha railway station
Madrid Atocha is the largest railway station in Madrid. It is the station serving commuter trains and regional trains from the south. These train services are run by the Spanish national rail company, from 2014, this station is connected everyday to Marseille in France. The station is in the Atocha neighborhood of the district of Arganzuela, at this site, Madrids first railway station was inaugurated on 9 February 1851 under the name Estación de Mediodía. After the building was destroyed by fire, it was rebuilt. The architect for the replacement, in a wrought iron style was Alberto de Palacio Elissagne. Engineer Henry Saint James took part in the project, the name Atocha has become attached to the station because of the nearby basilica dedicated to Our Lady of Atocha. The train platforms were covered by a roof in the form of inverted hull with a height of approximately 27 meters. The steel and glass roof spreads between two flanking buildings. This complex of railway tracks expanded through the years, in 1985, a project of complete remodeling began, based on designs by Rafael Moneo.
In 1992, the building was taken out of service as a terminal, and converted into a concourse with shops, cafés. Like the Orsay Museum in Paris, the concourse has been given a new function, a modern terminal was designed by Moneo, and built in adjacent land to serve both the new AVE trains and local commuter lines. The main lines end in the new terminal, commuter train platforms are located underground, the station is served by two Madrid Metro stations and Atocha Renfe. The latter was added when the new building was constructed and is directly linked to the railway station. On 11 March 2004, packed arriving commuter trains were bombed in a series of coordinated bombings, killing 191 people, the official investigation by the Spanish Judiciary determined the attacks were directed by a terrorist cell. On 10 June 2004, a somber and minimalist Atocha station memorial was dedicated for the victims of the Attack, the monument includes a virtual shrine. Visitors to the stations can leave a hand silhouette and a message through special-purpose consoles.
A second monument to this event, known as 11-M in Spain, is the Bosque del Recuerdo in the Parque del Buen Retiro near Atocha
Paseo del Prado
The Paseo del Prado is one of the main boulevards in Madrid, Spain. The Paseo del Prado is the oldest historical urban in Madrid and was declared Bien de Interés Cultural and it runs north-south between the Plaza de Cibeles and the Plaza del Emperador Carlos V, with the Plaza de Cánovas del Castillo lying approximately in the middle. The Paseo del Prado forms the end of the citys central axis. The Paseo del Prado boulevard includes several monuments and enclosures that are of historical and artistic interest, numerous ornamental and landscaping grounds were constructed for this project. The highlights of this include the Villanueva Building, headquarters of the Prado Museum, the Royal Botanical Gardens. Media related to Paseo del Prado at Wikimedia Commons The Paseo del Prado Architectural review by a+t architecture publishers