Mabelvale was a small, unincorporated train station town in southwestern Pulaski County, until being annexed into Little Rock following a special election, held on May 3, 1973. The area today is part of Little Rock's seventh ward, although it retains a separate postal designation and ZIP code from most of the rest of the city; the neighborhood is represented on Little Rock's City Board of Directors by Brenda "B. J." Wyrick. The neighborhood is defined as the homes and businesses in the immediate area surrounding the intersection of Mabelvale Main Street and the Union Pacific railroad line. However, its location on the southwestern fringe of Little Rock proper — as well as its proximity to unincorporated communities, to other neighborhoods in Southwest Little Rock, to adjoining towns such as Shannon Hills which share the ZIP code — leads to varying definitions of Mabelvale's boundaries. So, most would agree that the area referred to contemporarily as Mabelvale spans multiple counties: while located in Pulaski County, some of its areas spill over into neighboring Saline County.
Most major community services are linked with the various governmental departments of the City of Little Rock. The city's street department maintains all streets in Little Rock's incorporated parts of Mabelvale, notably Mabelvale Main Street, Mabelvale Cut-Off Road, Mabelvale West Road — three of the neighborhood's busier paths. Little Rock Fire Station #18, which provides fire protection for the area, is located on Mabelvale West Road. Police service is covered by the Little Rock Police Department's Southwest Substation on Baseline Road. Public transportation is provided by bus service on the Central Arkansas Transit Authority's Route #17. Three Little Rock School District campuses are located around the neighborhood, providing education from pre-kindergarten through the eighth grade. Mabelvale Elementary School is located on Mabelvale Cut-Off Road across the street from Morehart Park and has served the area since opening in 1980. Across the neighborhood is Mabelvale Magnet Middle School on Mabelvale West Road near the post office.
The middle school first opened in 1952, joined the Little Rock district in 1987 to serve a large portion of southern neighborhoods throughout the city. In the area is Chicot Elementary, which serves students in pre-kindergarten through fifth grade. Morehart Park, a forty-three-acre municipal park, is owned and operated by the City of Little Rock's Parks and Recreation Department. Initial preparation for the park was conducted by the Arkansas Archeological Survey in 1978. Today, Morehart Park includes a pavilion, a disc golf course, separate tennis and basketball courts, a softball and baseball field, playground areas for children, hiking and jogging paths; the Morehart Spring is nestled away in a wooded eastern portion of the park. The park takes its name from the family of his wife Emma Harrison Morehart. Amos Morehart and his new bride Emma first settled on what is now a portion of the park land in 1890: in that year the land had been given as a wedding present to Amos Morehart by his father, Henry Morehart.
Thereafter, Amos Morehart purchased additional surrounding acreage over the years. He operated on his property a berry and vegetable farm. A community leader, active in civic affairs, for many years Amos Morehart served as a president and a member of the Board of Directors of the former Mabelvale Rural School District. Amos Morehart's father, Henry Morehart, had been active in local Mabelvale community life: he was a leader of the agrarian insurgency and farmers' third-party political rebellion of the late 1880s and ran for the state legislature in 1888 as a third-party candidate. Despite a theft of ballot boxes by his opponents, he and his running mates were declared victorious and assumed their seats as Pulaski County state representatives in the Arkansas General Assembly on February 18, 1889. In addition to their public service as office-holders, both men are remembered for their community involvements and philanthropic contributions to the Mabelvale community. During the era of the Second World War, Amos Morehart deeded a parcel of his land to the local chapter of the American Legion, to be used as the location for a new Legion meeting post.
Earlier, his father, Henry Morehart, donated several acres of his farm on Sardis Road, so that they could be used as the location for Mabelvale's pioneer Good Hope School. A number of descendants of Amos and Henry Morehart still reside in the Mabelvale area. While Morehart Park is by far the largest park within Mabelvale, a non-contiguous much smaller park lies just to its north. Known as Little Oaks Park, this smaller recreational area was begun as a ballpark for Little League games. Located near the intersection of Leah Lane and Sardis Road in downtown Mabelvale, its name may have derived from the old adage, "From a small acorn a mighty oak will grow." The Vedanta Society of Arkansas has a temple in Mabelvale. Other community groups include Adoniram Lodge Number 288 of Free and Accepted Masons and its affiliated Masonic organizations, Adoniram Chapter Number 604 of the Order of Eastern Star for women and Adoniram Assembly Number 99 of the International Order of the Rainbow for girls. All three of these latt
Paul Laurence Dunbar School Neighborhood Historic District
The Paul Laurence Dunbar School Neighborhood Historic District encompasses a historical neighborhood area of central Little Rock, Arkansas. Developed between 1890 and 1915, the area was racially integrated, but had by the mid-1960s become predominantly African-American, it is anchored at the northern end by the Dunbar School campus, extends south for 6-1/2 blocks along South Cross and South Ringo Streets. Prominent houses in the district include the Miller House, the Womack House, the Scipio A. Jones House; the district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2013. National Register of Historic Places listings in Little Rock, Arkansas
Little Rock, Arkansas
Little Rock is the capital and most populous city of the U. S. state of Arkansas. It is the county seat of Pulaski County, it was incorporated on November 7, 1831, on the south bank of the Arkansas River close to the state's geographic center. The city derives its name from a rock formation along the river, named the "Little Rock" by the French explorer Jean-Baptiste Bénard de la Harpe in the 1720s; the capital of the Arkansas Territory was moved to Little Rock from Arkansas Post in 1821. The city's population was 198,541 in 2016 according to the United States Census Bureau; the six-county Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area is ranked 78th in terms of population in the United States with 738,344 residents according to the 2017 estimate by the United States Census Bureau. Little Rock is a cultural, economic and transportation center within Arkansas and the South. Several cultural institutions are in Little Rock, such as the Arkansas Arts Center, the Arkansas Repertory Theatre, the Arkansas Symphony Orchestra, in addition to hiking and other outdoor recreational opportunities.
Little Rock's history is available through history museums, historic districts or neighborhoods like the Quapaw Quarter, historic sites such as Little Rock Central High School. The city is the headquarters of Dillard's, Windstream Communications, Stephens Inc. University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Heifer International, the Clinton Foundation, the Rose Law Firm, Arkansas Blue Cross and Blue Shield. Other corporations, such as Dassault Falcon Jet, LM Wind Power, Simmons Bank, Euronet Worldwide, AT&T, Entergy have large operations in the city. State government is a large employer, with many offices downtown. Two major Interstate highways, Interstate 30 and Interstate 40, meet in Little Rock, with the Port of Little Rock serving as a shipping hub. Little Rock derives its name from a small rock formation on the south bank of the Arkansas River called the "Little Rock"; the Little Rock was used by early river traffic as a landmark and became a well-known river crossing. The Little Rock is across the river from The Big Rock, a large bluff at the edge of the river, once used as a rock quarry.
Archeological artifacts provide evidence of Native Americans inhabiting Central Arkansas for thousands of years before Europeans arrived. The early inhabitants may have been the Folsom people, Bluff Dwellers, Mississippian culture peoples who built earthwork mounds recorded in 1541 by Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto. Historical tribes of the area were the Caddo, Osage and Cherokee. Little Rock was named for a stone outcropping on the bank of the Arkansas River used by early travelers as a landmark, it was named in 1722 by French explorer and trader Jean-Baptiste Bénard de la Harpe, marked the transition from the flat Mississippi Delta region to the Ouachita Mountain foothills. Travelers referred to the area as the "Little Rock." Though there was an effort to name the city "Arkopolis" upon its founding in the 1820s, that name did appear on a few maps made by the US Geological Survey, the name Little Rock is what stuck. Little Rock is located at 34°44′10″N 92°19′52″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 116.8 square miles, of which 116.2 square miles is land and 0.6 square miles is water.
Little Rock is located on the south bank of the Arkansas River in Central Arkansas. Fourche Creek and Rock Creek run through the city, flow into the river; the western part of the city is located in the foothills of the Ouachita Mountains. Northwest of the city limits are Pinnacle Mountain and Lake Maumelle, which provides Little Rock's drinking water; the city of North Little Rock is located just across the river from Little Rock, but it is a separate city. North Little Rock was once the 8th ward of Little Rock. An Arkansas Supreme Court decision on February 6, 1904, allowed the ward to merge with the neighboring town of North Little Rock; the merged town renamed itself Argenta, but returned to its original name in October 1917. The 2017 U. S. Census population estimate for the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area was 738,344; the MSA covers the following counties: Pulaski, Grant, Lonoke and Saline. The largest cities are Little Rock, North Little Rock, Jacksonville, Sherwood, Cabot and Bryant.
Little Rock lies in the humid subtropical climate zone, with hot, humid summers and cool winters, with little snow. It has experienced temperatures as low as −12 °F, recorded on February 12, 1899, as high as 114 °F, recorded on August 3, 2011; as of the 2005–2007 American Community Survey conducted by the U. S. Census Bureau, White Americans made up 52.7% of Little Rock's population. Blacks or African Americans made up 42.1% of Little Rock's population, with 42.0% being non-Hispanic blacks. American Indians made up 0.4% of Little Rock's population while Asian Americans made up 2.1% of the city's population. Pacific Islander Americans made up less than 0.1% of the city's population. Individuals from some other race made up 1.2% of the city's population. Individuals from two or more races made up 1.4% of the city's population. In addition and Latinos made up 4.7% of Little Rock's population. As of the 2010 census, there were 193,524 people, 82,018 households, 47,799 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,576.0 people p
Hanger Hill Historic District
The Hanger Hill Historic District encompasses a collection of early 20th-century residential properties on the 1500 block of Welch Street in Little Rock, Arkansas. Included are nine historic houses and one carriage barn, the latter a remnant of a property whose main house was destroyed by fire in 1984; the houses are all either Colonial Revival or Queen Anne Victorian, or share some stylistic elements of both architectural styles, were built between 1906 and 1912. Six of the houses are distinctive in their execution of these styles using rusticated concrete blocks; the district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2008. National Register of Historic Places listings in Little Rock, Arkansas
Hillcrest (Little Rock)
Hillcrest Historic District is a historic neighborhood in Little Rock, Arkansas, listed on the National Register of Historic Places on December 18, 1990. It is referred to as Hillcrest by the people who live there, although the district's boundaries encompass several neighborhood additions that were once part of the incorporated town of Pulaski Heights; the town of Pulaski Heights was annexed to the city of Little Rock in 1916. The Hillcrest Residents Association uses the tagline "Heart of Little Rock" because the area is located directly in the center of the city and was the first street car suburb in Little Rock and among the first of neighborhoods in Arkansas; the Hillcrest Historic District includes several neighborhood additions platted between 1890 and 1920, including Hillcrest, Pulaski Heights, Auten & Moss, The Hollenberg, Midland Hills, Lincoln Park, several others. The area was once part of the town of Pulaski Heights. In the 19th Century, this hilly area outside of the Little Rock city limits was referred to by city locals and developers as The Highlands or The Heights and extended west of Little Rock 3 to 4 miles.
Investors in the City Electric Street Railway Company acquired much of the land in 1888 before any residential or commercial development began. The street car company was second in a line of street car companies in Little Rock but the first to run on electricity, steam, or coal; the plan to extend electric and steam powered street car service to the area in the 1880s was a means to promote the area's development and increase ridership of the street car. In the early days, there were only two ways to get to the highlands and neither were easy. A shorter and more direct route required a bridge over a deep ravine where the St. Louis & Choctaw Railroad tracks ran at West 3rd Street; the street car company contracted with the railroad to build a steel bridge, but it was delayed by the Panic of 1893. Several railroads had gone bankrupt and steel was expensive. Michigan real estate developers moved to Little Rock on advice from lumbermen harvesting timber and bought out the street car company and lumbermen's interest.
These investors established a land company and built homes for themselves, but it took a few more years for a wooden bridge to be built over the ravine. The street car line was extended to the area in 1902 by a subsequent railway company; the street car traveled from downtown Little Rock to near the current intersection of Markham Street and Kavanaugh Boulevard called Stifft's Station. From there, it followed the hill along Kavanaugh named Prospect Avenue, to where North Martin intersects today. Another stop was at the fourth at Beechwood; the street car continued around the horseshoe bend to the Country Club with several stops in between. With more convenient transportation, building of residences for wealthier, prominent citizens of Little Rock began in earnest, the area grew to include many diverse architectural styles and structures built over several decades until the mid-century. Only a few houses that were built in the 19th century are standing today, belonged to the original investors who came to Little Rock from Michigan.
Most of the homes in Hillcrest Historic District today were built in the early part of the 20th century and are of the Arts & Crafts or Bungalow styles. The Hillcrest Historic District includes the first story of the former town hall building on the southeast corner of Kavanaugh and Beechwood. One of the oldest educational institutions in Arkansas—Mount St. Mary Academy—a girls' Catholic school is located in the district and has been in operation for over 100 years. Hillcrest Historic District contains some of Little Rock's most historic construction in both commercial and residential areas, the district design overlay helps ensure the integrity of these architectural features. Additionally, the Hillcrest Historic District includes Allsopp Park, a major city park situated on the slopes of two ravines north and south of the old Hillcrest neighborhood which runs along a ridge on the district's northern section. Hillcrest Historic District tends to be more politically liberal than other areas of the city, including the nearby Heights area.
In 2006, Hillcrest voters formed the core of a majority in Arkansas' House District 37, electing Arkansas' first gay member of the state's House of Representatives. When listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990, it covered an area, bounded by Woodrow and Markham Streets and North Lookout Rd. In 1992 the boundaries were increased to include an additional area bounded by Jackson Street, Harrison Street, Lee Avenue, Evergreen Street; the historic district is distinctive within the city for its well-preserved cross-section of architectural styles popular before World War II. Many of what make Hillcrest a historic district and famous neighborhood are the sought-after houses of diverse architectural styles. Ranging from Prairie to Queen Anne style, the houses were built from all different time periods to represent Hillcrest as a different type on suburb; the different types of houses contained in the historic district include: Queen Anne Colonial Revival Pyramid Cottages Prairie "Foursquare" Craftsman Craftsman Bungalow "Period Houses" - English Revival Modernistic Houses CommercialMost residences were developed between about 1890 and 1940.
The district includes a number of individually-listed properties, including: Retan House, at 2510 Broadway Werner Knoop House, at 6 Ozark Point Reid House, at 1425 Kavanaugh St. Williamson House, at 325 Fairfax St. Boone House, at 4014 Lookout. Architect Theo Sanders designed several houses in the neigh
MacArthur Park Historic District
The MacArthur Park Historic District encompasses a remarkably well-preserved collection of Victorian buildings in the heart of Little Rock, Arkansas. The main focal point of the district is MacArthur Park, site of the Tower Building of the Little Rock Arsenal and Little Rock's 19th-century military arsenal; the district extends north and west from the park for about four blocks, to East Capitol Avenue in the north and Scott Street to the west, extends south, beyond Interstate 630, to East 17th Street. This area contains some of the city's finest surviving antebellum and late Victorian architecture, including an large number of Second Empire houses, achieved its present form by the 1880s; the MacArthur Park Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977. List of places named for Douglas MacArthur National Register of Historic Places listings in Little Rock, Arkansas
Marshall Square Historic District
The Marshall Square Historic District encompasses a collection of sixteen nearly identical houses in Little Rock, Arkansas. The houses are set on 17th and 18th Streets between McAlmont and Vance Streets, were built in 1917-18 as rental properties Josephus C. Marshall. All are single-story wood frame structures, with hip roofs and projecting front gables, are built to identical floor plans, they exhibit only minor variations, in the placement of porches and dormers, in the type of fenestration. The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979. National Register of Historic Places listings in Little Rock, Arkansas