Randall Stuart Newman is an American singer-songwriter, arranger and pianist, known for his distinctive voice, mordant pop songs and film scores. Since the 1980s, Newman has worked as a film composer, his film scores include Ragtime, The Natural, Cats Don't Dance, Meet the Parents, Cold Turkey and Seabiscuit. He has scored eight Disney-Pixar animated films: Toy Story, A Bug's Life, Toy Story 2, Inc. Cars, Toy Story 3, Monsters University and Cars 3, as well as Disney's The Princess and the Frog and James and the Giant Peach. Newman has received twenty Academy Award nominations in the Best Original Score and Best Original Song categories and has won twice in the latter category, he has won three Emmys, seven Grammy Awards and the Governor's Award from the Recording Academy. Newman was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2002 for classics such as "Short People", as a Disney Legend in 2007, he was inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in April 2013. Newman was born to a Jewish family on his father's 30th birthday, in Los Angeles.
He is the son of Adele "Dixie", a secretary, Irving George Newman, an internist. He lived in New Orleans, Louisiana, as a small child and spent summers there until he was 11 years old, when his family returned to Los Angeles; the paternal side of his family includes grandparents Luba and Michael Newman, three uncles who were noted Hollywood film-score composers: Alfred Newman, Lionel Newman and Emil Newman. Newman's cousins, Maria and Joey, are composers for motion pictures, he graduated from University High School in Los Angeles. He studied music at the University of California, Los Angeles, but dropped out one semester shy of a B. A. Newman's parents were nonobservant Jews. Newman is an atheist, he has said that religion or any sense of religious identity was absent in his childhood. To illustrate this, he has recounted in interviews an antisemitic incident that occurred when he was young: he was invited by a classmate to be her date to a cotillion at her Los Angeles country club, he accepted the invitation but was subsequently disinvited by the girl's father, who told Newman that his daughter should never have invited him because Jews were not allowed at the country club.
Newman hung up the phone went to ask his own father what a "Jew" was. Newman has been a professional songwriter since he was 17, he cites Ray Charles as his greatest influence growing up, stating, "I loved Charles' music to excess." His first single as a performer was 1962's "Golden Gridiron Boy", released when he was 18. The single flopped and Newman chose to concentrate on songwriting and arranging for the next several years. An early writing credit was "They Tell Me It's Summer", used as the b-side of the Fleetwoods 1962 single, "Lovers by Night, Strangers by Day", which led to further commissions from the Fleetwoods and Pat Boone. Other early songs were recorded by Gene Pitney, Jerry Butler, Petula Clark, Dusty Springfield, Jackie DeShannon, the O'Jays and Irma Thomas, among others, his work as a songwriter met with particular success in the UK: top 40 UK hits written by Newman included Cilla Black's "I've Been Wrong Before", Gene Pitney's "Nobody Needs Your Love" and "Just One Smile". Price, enjoying great success in England at the time, championed Newman by featuring seven Randy Newman songs on his 1967 A Price on His Head album.
In the mid-1960s, Newman was a member of the band the Tikis, who became Harpers Bizarre, best known for their 1967 hit version of the Paul Simon composition "The 59th Street Bridge Song". Newman kept a close musical relationship with Harpers Bizarre, offering them some of his own compositions, including "Simon Smith" and "Happyland"; the band recorded six Newman compositions during their short initial career. In this period, Newman began a long professional association with childhood friend Lenny Waronker. Waronker had been hired to produce the Tikis, the Beau Brummels and the Mojo Men, who were all contracted to the Los Angeles independent label Autumn Records, he in turn brought in Newman, Leon Russell and another friend, pianist/arranger Van Dyke Parks, to play on recording sessions. In 1966, Waronker was hired as an A&R manager by Warner Bros. Records and his friendship with Newman and Parks began a creative circle around Waronker at Warner Bros. that became one of the keys to Warner Bros.'
Subsequent success as a rock music label. In 2011, Newman endorsed The Randy Newman Project. Newman's song compositions are represented by Downtown Music Publishing, his 1968 debut album, Randy Newman, was a critical success but never entered the Billboard Top 200. Many artists, including Helen Reddy, Bette Midler, Alan Price, Van Dyke Parks, Dave Van Ronk, Judy Collins, Cass Elliot, Art Garfunkel, the Everly Brothers, Claudine Longet, Dusty Springfield, Tom Odell, Nina Simone, Lynn Anderson, Wilson Pickett, Pat Boone and Peggy Lee, covered his songs and "I Think It's Going to Rain Today" became an early standard. In 1969, he did the orchestral arrangements for Peggy Lee's single "Is That All There Is?", as well as her album with the same title. In 1969 he recorded "Gone Dead Train" for the 1970 movie and soundtrack album to Performance, starring Mick Jagger. In 1970, Harry Nilsson
Marley Eve Shelton is an American actress. She made her film debut in Grand Canyon, followed with a line of roles in films aimed at teenage audiences, including The Sandlot, Never Been Kissed, Sugar & Spice and Valentine. Shelton has found larger recognition for her appearances in Sin City and Scream 4, has starred in numerous independent films throughout her career, including Just a Kiss, Grand Theft Parsons, Women in Trouble, Elektra Luxx, The Mighty Macs, Decoding Annie Parker, she starred in the short-lived Lifetime show The Lottery. Shelton was born in Los Angeles, the daughter of Carol, a teacher and former singer, Christopher Shelton, a director and producer, she is the second of four children. She grew up in the residential neighborhood of Eagle Rock, where she attended Eagle Rock High School. Shelton attended University of Los Angeles, where she majored in Film and Theatre, she studied with acting coach Larry Moss and with Robert Carnegie, while supporting her career through small parts in film and television in the early 1990s.
Despite this, Shelton dropped out when she was cast in a leading role in the adventure film Warriors of Virtue. She made her on-screen debut as Roberto's girlfriend at camp in Grand Canyon, she subsequently appeared in 1992's television movie Up to No Good playing Denise Harmon, had several guest-appearances in episodes of shows such as Family Matters, Camp Wilder and Crossroads. Shelton found her profile raised when she appeared in the 1993 film The Sandlot, playing the lifeguard Wendy Peffercorn; the movie received mixed feedback from critics and writers and, budgeted at US$7 million, was a box office success with a worldwide gross of over US$33 million. It has since developed a cult following. In 1994, she had a supporting part in Hercules in the Underworld, the fourth made-for-television movie in the series Hercules: The Legendary Journeys; the following year, she was cast in a minor role, as former President Nixon's adult daughter Tricia Nixon Cox, in Oliver Stone's acclaimed film Nixon, guest-appeared in the television series Cybill episode "The Big Sleep-Over".
Shelton next co-starred alongside Lynda Carter in When Friendship Kills, a made-for-television film about anorexia nervosa among teens.1997 saw Shelton appear in the romantic comedy Trojan War, opposite Jennifer Love Hewitt, in the fantasy film Warriors of Virtue, as Princess Elysia. Both films rated poorly with reviewers and failed to attract the audiences, but James Berardinelli singled out Shelton for her performance in Warrior of Vitue, writing that her character is "the only one in the film that we develop any real interest in, the script unable to deal with a personality having the potential to display more than one dimension, discards her perfunctorily and inelegantly". A major film role came in 1998 with the fantasy comedy Pleasantville, in which she portrayed Margaret, the love interest of Tobey Maguire's character; the movie did not find a wide audience in theaters, but received an positive reaction from critics. This role was followed by a number of other appearances in films aimed at a teenage audience, including her role as a member of a snobby high school clique in 1999's sleeper hit Never Been Kissed, a romantic comedy co-starring Drew Barrymore and David Arquette.
She appeared in another romantic comedy in 1999, The Bachelor, playing the sister of Renee Zellweger's character. A lukewarm commercial and critical reception greeted the film upon its release, but critic Dustin Putman stated that she "gives the only likable supporting performance", she played one of the lead characters alongside Dennis Hopper in the independent drama Lured Innocence, was cast by her father in the short Protect-O-Man, a black comedy released in 1999 about "an agoraphobic whose disorder is augmented by a stalker on the prowl in her neighborhood", as described by Cinema Review. Shelton took on significant roles in three feature films in 2001, she obtained her first leading part in the teen crime dark comedy Sugar & Spice, directed by Francine McDougall and co-starring Marla Sokoloff, Melissa George and Mena Suvari. She played Diane Weston, the head of a group of high school cheerleaders who conspire and commit armed robbery; the film garnered negative reviews and bombed commercially in theaters, but became somewhat of a cult favorite afterwards.
Despite critical reviews, Variety magazine found Shelton to be "good" as "the ridiculously peppy but still smart Diane", Brian Orndorf wrote for Film Fodder: "The star who emerges from Spice unscathed is Marley Shelton. She achieves the unthinkable with this script by managing to create somewhat of a character for herself. A clear-eyed beauty, Shelton steals the film away from the sizable cast, she emerges as the only thing to recommend in the muddled and compromised Sugar & Spice."In the slasher thriller Valentine, Shelton appeared opposite Denise Richards as friends who are being stalked by an unknown assailant while preparing for Valentine's Day. Released one week after Sugar and Spice, the film grossed a modest US$36 million worldwide and was panned by critics, but Mick LaSalle for San Francisco Chronicle felt that the lead actors were "vivid, the characters they play are delineated", while he pointed out Shelton for having a "nice gravity" portraying her role, her final film of 2001 was the dark comedy Bubble Boy, where she had the role of Jake Gyllenhaal's love interest.
As Shelton's previous projects in the yea
Book burning is the ritual destruction by fire of books or other written materials carried out in a public context. The burning of books represents an element of censorship and proceeds from a cultural, religious, or political opposition to the materials in question. In some cases, the destroyed works are irreplaceable and their burning constitutes a severe loss to cultural heritage. Examples include the burning of books and burying of scholars under China's Qin Dynasty, the burning of the Library of Alexandria, the obliteration of the Library of Baghdad, the destruction of Aztec codices by Itzcoatl, the burning of Maya codices on the order of bishop Diego de Landa. In other cases, such as the Nazi book burnings, other copies of the destroyed books survive, but the instance of book burning becomes emblematic of a harsh and oppressive regime, seeking to censor or silence an aspect of a nation's culture. Book burning can be an act of contempt for the book's contents or author, the act is intended to draw wider public attention to this opinion.
Examples include the burning of Wilhelm Reich's books by the FDA and the 2010 Qur'an-burning controversy. Art destruction is related to book burning, both because it might have similar cultural, religious, or political connotations, because in various historical cases books and artworks were destroyed at the same time. In modern times, other forms of media, such as phonograph records, video tapes, CDs have been burned, shredded, or crushed; when the burning is widespread and systematic, destruction of books and media can become a significant component of cultural genocide. The burning of books has a long history as a tool wielded by authorities both secular and religious, in efforts to suppress dissenting or heretical views that are perceived as posing a threat to the prevailing order. According to the Tanakh, in the 7th century BCE King Jehoiakim of Judah burned part of a scroll Baruch ben Neriah had written at prophet Jeremiah's dictation. Qin Shi Huang, first emperor of Qin Dynasty, ordered a Burning of books and burying of scholars in 213 BCE and burial alive of 460 Confucian scholars in 210 BCE in order to stay in the throne.
Some of these books were written in Shang Xiang, a superior school founded in 2208 BCE. The event caused the loss of many philosophical treatises of the Hundred Schools of Thought; the official philosophy of government survived. In New Testament's Acts of the Apostles, it is claimed. After men in Ephesus failed to perform the same feat many gave up their "curious arts" and burned the books because they didn't work, and many that believed and confessed and shewed their deeds. Many of them which used curious arts, brought their books together, burned them before all men: and they counted the price of them, found it fifty thousand pieces of silver. After the First Council of Nicea, Roman emperor Constantine the Great issued an edict against nontrinitarian Arians which included a prescription for systematic book-burning: "In addition, if any writing composed by Arius should be found, it should be handed over to the flames, so that not only will the wickedness of his teaching be obliterated, but nothing will be left to remind anyone of him.
And I hereby make a public order, that if someone should be discovered to have hidden a writing composed by Arius, not to have brought it forward and destroyed it by fire, his penalty shall be death. As soon as he is discovered in this offense, he shall be submitted for capital punishment....." According to Elaine Pagels, "In AD 367, the zealous bishop of Alexandria... issued an Easter letter in which he demanded that Egyptian monks destroy all such unacceptable writings, except for those he listed as'acceptable' even'canonical'—a list that constitutes the present'New Testament'". Heretical texts do not turn up as palimpsests, scraped clean and overwritten, as do many texts of Classical antiquity. According to author Rebecca Knuth, multitudes of early Christian texts have been as "destroyed" as if they had been publicly burnt; the stories surrounding the loss of the great Library of Alexandria include: Emperor Aurelian's sack of Alexandria in 272 CE, which badly damaged the section of the city which housed part of the library.
The religious riots aimed against pagan temples and their rituals in 391 CE, sanctioned by decree of Emperor Theodosius I and led by Coptic Pope Theophilus."Much of its downfall was gradual bureaucratic, by comparison to our cultural imaginings, somewhat petty." Activity by Cyril of Alexandria brought fire to all the writings of Nestorius shortly after 435.'The writings of Nestorius were very numerous', they were not part of the Nestorian or Oriental theological curriculum until the mid-sixth century, unlike those of his teacher Theodore of Mopsuestia, those of Diodorus of Tarsus then they were not key texts, so few survive intact, cf. Baum and Dietmar W. Winkler. 2003. The Church of the East: A Concise History. London: Routledge. According to the Chronicle of Fredegar, King of the Visigoths and first Catholic king of Spain, following his con
Oskar Schindler was a German industrialist and a member of the Nazi Party, credited with saving the lives of 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust by employing them in his enamelware and ammunitions factories in occupied Poland and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. He is the subject of the 1982 novel Schindler's Ark and its 1993 film adaptation, Schindler's List, which reflected his life as an opportunist motivated by profit, who came to show extraordinary initiative, tenacity and dedication to save the lives of his Jewish employees. Schindler grew up in Svitavy and worked in several trades until he joined the Abwehr, the military intelligence service of Nazi Germany, in 1936, he joined the Nazi Party in 1939. Prior to the German occupation of Czechoslovakia in 1938, he collected information on railways and troop movements for the German government, he was arrested for espionage by the Czechoslovak government but was released under the terms of the Munich Agreement in 1938. Schindler continued to collect information for the Nazis, working in Poland in 1939 before the invasion of Poland at the start of World War II.
In 1939, Schindler acquired an enamelware factory in Kraków, which employed at the factory's peak in 1944 about 1,750 workers, of whom 1,000 were Jews. His Abwehr connections helped Schindler protect his Jewish workers from deportation and death in the Nazi concentration camps; as time went on, Schindler had to give Nazi officials larger bribes and gifts of luxury items obtainable only on the black market to keep his workers safe. By July 1944, Germany was losing the war. Many were killed in the Gross-Rosen concentration camp. Schindler convinced SS-Hauptsturmführer Amon Göth, commandant of the nearby Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp, to allow him to move his factory to Brněnec in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, thus sparing his workers from certain death in the gas chambers. Using names provided by Jewish Ghetto Police officer Marcel Goldberg, Göth's secretary Mietek Pemper compiled and typed the list of 1,200 Jews who travelled to Brünnlitz in October 1944. Schindler continued to bribe SS officials to prevent the execution of his workers until the end of World War II in Europe in May 1945, by which time he had spent his entire fortune on bribes and black market purchases of supplies for his workers.
Schindler moved to West Germany after the war, where he was supported by assistance payments from Jewish relief organisations. After receiving a partial reimbursement for his wartime expenses, he moved with his wife, Emilie, to Argentina, where they took up farming; when he went bankrupt in 1958, Schindler left his wife and returned to Germany, where he failed at several business ventures and relied on financial support from Schindlerjuden —the people whose lives he had saved during the war. He and his wife, were named Righteous Among the Nations by the Israeli government in 1993, he died on 9 October 1974 in Hildesheim and was buried in Jerusalem on Mount Zion, the only member of the Nazi Party to be honoured in this way. Schindler was born on 28 April 1908, into a Sudeten German family in Zwittau, Austria-Hungary, his father was Johann "Hans" Schindler, the owner of a farm machinery business, his mother was Franziska "Fanny" Schindler. His sister, was born in 1915. After attending primary and secondary school, Schindler enrolled in a technical school, from which he was expelled in 1924 for forging his report card.
He graduated, but did not take the Abitur exams that would have enabled him to go to college or university. Instead, he took courses in Brno in several trades, including chauffeuring and machinery, worked for his father for three years. A fan of motorcycles since his youth, Schindler bought a 250-cc Moto Guzzi racing motorcycle and competed recreationally in mountain races for the next few years. On 6 March 1928, Schindler married Emilie Pelzl, daughter of a prosperous Sudeten German farmer from Maletein; the young couple moved in with Oskar's parents and occupied the upstairs rooms, where they lived for the next seven years. Soon after his marriage, Schindler quit working for his father and took a series of jobs, including a position at Moravian Electrotechnic and the management of a driving school. After an 18-month stint in the Czech army, where he rose to the rank of Lance-Corporal in the Tenth Infantry Regiment of the 31st Army, Schindler returned to Moravian Electrotechnic, which went bankrupt shortly afterwards.
His father's farm machinery business closed around the same time, leaving Schindler unemployed for a year. He took a job with Jarslav Simek Bank of Prague in 1931, where he worked until 1938. Schindler was arrested several times in 1932 for public drunkenness. Around this time he had an affair with Aurelie Schlegel, a school friend, she bore him a daughter, Emily, in 1933, a son, Oskar Jr, in 1935. Schindler claimed the boy was not his son. Schindler's father, an alcoholic, abandoned his wife in 1935, she died a few months after a lengthy illness. Schindler joined the separatist Sudeten German Party in 1935. Although he was a citizen of Czechoslovakia, Schindler became a spy for the Abwehr, the military intelligence service of Nazi Germany, in 1936, he was assigned based in Breslau. He told Czech police that he did it because he needed the money, his tasks for the Abwehr included collecting information on railways, military installations, troop movements, as well as recruiting other spies within Cze
Margaret Cassidy "Maggie" Lawson is an American actress, best known for her role as Detective Juliet "Jules" O'Hara in the TV show Psych. She can be seen as Nathalie Flynn on Fox's Lethal Weapon. Lawson was born in Kentucky to Judy, a homemaker and Mike Lawson, a hotel manager, she attended St. Stephen Martyr School, a Catholic grade school and Assumption High School, an all-girls Catholic School in Louisville. Lawson started her career at the age of 8 in local dinner theater productions, she became a youth TV host on WDRB Fox 41 Kid's Club in Louisville, moved to Los Angeles for her first pilot at 15. In 2011, Lawson returned to her roots in theater to star in the play Greedy, directed by James Roday, which played for a few weekends in Los Angeles. Lawson starred in various sitcoms like Cybill, Boy Meets World and Home Improvement throughout her early career in both guest starring and supporting roles, she made guest appearances on television series such as Smallville and Fear Itself, co-starred in It's All Relative and Crumbs.
For Disney Channel, Lawson starred in a double role in Model Behavior featuring Justin Timberlake, in the 2002 instalment of Nancy Drew in the title role. Other film credits include Nice Guys Sleep Alone and Cleaner. From 2006 to 2014, Lawson co-starred in the USA Network original series, Psych, as Detective Juliet O'Hara, she will do so again in the upcoming sequel. Following Psych, she scored leading roles in ABC's 2013 sitcom Back In The Game, CBS's 2014 sitcom pilot Save the Date and CBS's 2016 fantasy sitcom Angel from Hell, she had short arcs on Two And A Half Men, The Great Indoors, Netflix's The Ranch'’. For Netflix, Lawson starred in the recurring role of Christa on the second season of horror-comedy series Santa Clarita Diet as well as the movie Spivak in 2018. For Hallmark Channel, Lawson has starred in My Favourite Wedding and Christmas Encore in 2017, can be seen in the upcoming movie The Story of Us airing February 9, 2019. Lawson is starring in a recurring role as Dr. Natalie Flynn on the 3rd season of Lethal Weapon, will be featured in Treehouse, the 6th episode of Hulu's monthly horror movie anthology Into The Dark, airing March 1, 2019.
Lawson is an avid animal lover and co-founder of the Tiger Frances Foundation, an animal rescue organization based in Los Angeles, California. She dated her Psych co-star, James Roday, from 2006-2013. Lawson was engaged to Back in the Game co-star Ben Koldyke on November 14, 2014, married him on August 8, 2015 on his family's ranch in New Mexico. In early 2017, Lawson filed for divorce from Koldyke. Maggie Lawson on IMDb USA Network's web site about Maggie Lawson
William H. Macy
William Hall Macy Jr. is an American actor. His film career has been built on appearances in small, independent films, though he has appeared in summer action films. Macy has described himself as "sort of a Middle American, WASPy, Lutheran kind of guy... Everyman". Macy has won two Emmy Awards and four Screen Actors Guild Awards, as well as an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor for Fargo. Since 2011, he has played Frank Gallagher, a main character in the Showtime adaptation of the British television series Shameless. Macy and actress Felicity Huffman have been married since 1997. Macy was born in Miami and grew up in Georgia and Maryland, his father, William Hall Macy, Sr. was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and an Air Medal for flying a B-17 Flying Fortress bomber in World War II. His mother, was a war widow who met Macy's father after her first husband died in 1943. Macy graduated from Allegany High School in Cumberland, Maryland in 1968, went on to Bethany College in West Virginia where he studied veterinary medicine.
A'wretched student' by his own admission, he transferred to Goddard College in rural Vermont, where he studied under playwright David Mamet. He studied theatre at HB Studio in New York City. After graduating from Goddard in 1972, Macy originated roles in a number of plays by collaborator David Mamet, such as American Buffalo and The Water Engine. While in Chicago in his twenties, he did a TV commercial, he was required to join AFTRA in order to do the commercial, received his SAG card within a year, which for an elated Macy represented an important moment in his career. Macy spent time in Los Angeles before moving to New York City in 1980, where he had roles in over 50 Off Broadway and Broadway plays. One of his early on-screen roles was as a turtle named Socrates in the direct-to-video film The Boy Who Loved Trolls, under the name W. H. Macy, he had a minor role as a hospital orderly on the sitcom Kate & Allie in the fourth-season episode "General Hospital", played an assistant district attorney in "Everybody's Favorite Bagman", the first produced episode of Law & Order.
He has appeared in numerous films that Mamet wrote and/or directed, such as House of Games, Things Change, Oleanna, Wag the Dog and Main and Spartan. Macy's leading role in Fargo helped boost his career and recognizability, though at the expense of nearly confining him to a narrow typecast of a worried man down on his luck. Other Macy roles of the 1990s and 2000s included Benny & Joon, Above Suspicion, Mr. Holland's Opus, Ghosts of Mississippi, Air Force One, Boogie Nights, A Civil Action, Gus Van Sant's remake of Psycho, Texas, Mystery Men, Jurassic Park III, Panic, Welcome to Collinwood, The Cooler and Sahara, his work on ER and Sports Night has been recognized with Emmy nominations. In a November 2003 interview with USA Today, Macy stated that he wanted to star in a big-budget action movie "for the money, for the security of a franchise like that, and I love big action-adventure movies. They're way cool." He serves as director-in-residence at the Atlantic Theater Company in New York, where he teaches a technique called Practical Aesthetics.
A book describing the technique, A Practical Handbook for the Actor, is dedicated to Mamet. In 2007, Macy starred in Wild Hogs, a film about middle-aged men reliving their youthful days by taking to the open road on their Harley-Davidson motorcycles from Cincinnati to the Pacific Coast. Despite being critically panned, with a 14% "rotten" rating from Rotten Tomatoes, it was a financial success, grossing over $168 million; the film reunited him with his A Civil Action costar, John Travolta. In 2009, Macy completed filming on The Maiden Heist, a comedy that co-starred Morgan Freeman and Christopher Walken. On June 23, 2008, the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce announced Macy and his wife, Felicity Huffman, would each receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in the upcoming year. On January 13, 2009, Macy replaced Jeremy Piven in David Mamet's Speed-the-Plow on Broadway. Piven and unexpectedly dropped out of the play in December 2008 after he experienced health problems. Dirty Girl, which starred Macy along with Juno Temple, Milla Jovovich, Mary Steenburgen and Tim McGraw, premiered September 12, 2010 at the Toronto International Film Festival.
In summer 2010, Macy joined the Showtime pilot Shameless as Frank Gallagher. The project went to series, its first season premiered on January 9, 2011. Macy has received high critical acclaim for his performance getting an Emmy nomination for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series in 2014. In the 2012 film The Sessions, Macy played a priest who helps a man with a severe disability find personal fulfillment through a sex surrogate, he made his directorial debut with the independent drama Rudderless, which stars Billy Crudup, Felicity Huffman, Selena Gomez and Laurence Fishburne. In 2017, he directed The Layover, a road trip sex comedy starring Alexandra Daddario and Kate Upton, in which Macy appeared. In 2015, he had a small role as Grandpa in the drama film Room, nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture; the film reunited him with his Plea
The Truman Show
The Truman Show is a 1998 American satirical science fiction film directed by Peter Weir, produced by Scott Rudin, Andrew Niccol, Edward S. Feldman, Adam Schroeder, written by Niccol; the film stars Jim Carrey as Truman Burbank and raised by a corporation inside a simulated television show revolving around his life, until he discovers it and decides to escape. Additional roles are performed by Laura Linney, Noah Emmerich, Natascha McElhone, Holland Taylor, Ed Harris, Brian Delate; the Truman Show was a spec script by Niccol, inspired by an episode of The Twilight Zone called "Special Service". Unlike the finished product, it was more of a science-fiction thriller, with the story set in New York City. Scott Rudin purchased the script, set up production at Paramount Pictures. Brian De Palma was to direct before Weir signed as director, making the film for $60 million—$20 million less than the original estimate. Niccol rewrote the script; the majority of filming took place at Seaside, Florida, a master-planned community located in the Florida Panhandle.
The film was a financial success, debuting to critical acclaim, earned numerous nominations at the 71st Academy Awards, 56th Golden Globe Awards, 52nd British Academy Film Awards and The Saturn Awards. The Truman Show has been analyzed as a thesis on Christianity, simulated reality and reality television. Truman Burbank is the unsuspecting star of The Truman Show, a reality television program, broadcast live around the clock and across the globe, his entire life has taken place within a giant arcological dome near Hollywood, fashioned to create the seaside town of Seahaven Island, equipped with thousands of cameras to monitor all aspects of his life. The producers discouraged Truman from wanting to leave Seahaven by instilling him with aquaphobia through the "death" of his TV father in a boating "accident," and by broadcasting and printing messages of the dangers of traveling. All of Seahaven's other residents are actors, either acting out a script or repeating lines fed to them by the show's creator and executive producer, Christof.
Christof seeks to capture Truman's real emotion and human behavior and give audiences a relatable everyman. Despite Christof's control, Truman manages to act in unexpected ways. During his college years, Truman was intended to fall in love with and marry co-student Meryl, but he fell in love with another actress, Sylvia. Sylvia managed to bring Truman out of the sight of cameras long enough to warn him that his reality is fake before she was taken away, with her "father" claiming they are traveling to Fiji. While Truman went on to marry Meryl, he continues to fantasize about Sylvia, using scraps from magazines to recreate her face in secret, seeks travel to Fiji. Outside of the show, Sylvia has become part of a "Free Truman" campaign that demands the end of the show; the film begins during the thirtieth year of the show. Truman starts noticing unusual events that seem centered on him: a falling spotlight, a radio frequency that describes his movements and rain that falls only on him. Truman spots a disheveled man and recognizes him as his father, who had snuck back onto the set, but other actors drag the man away.
Despite efforts by Meryl and Truman's best friend Marlon to reassure him, Truman becomes more suspicious about his life. One day, he takes Meryl by surprise by going on an impromptu road trip, but their way is blocked by implausible emergencies. Meryl begins to break down from the stress. Hoping to bring Truman back to a controllable state, Christof re-introduces Truman's father to the show properly, under the guise of having lost his memory after the boating accident; this helps the show regain the ratings lead with audiences. Truman seems to return to his routines. One evening the production staff discovers that the sleeping Truman is out of their sight. Marlon is sent to check on Truman, finding that he has left a dummy and a tape recorder playing snoring sounds in his place and disappeared through a makeshift tunnel. Marlon breaks character, Christof orders the first transmission cut in the show's history while a citywide search for Truman is launched. Audiences around the world are drawn to this sudden change.
Truman is found sailing out of Seahaven, having conquered his fear of water, Christof resumes the broadcast as he sends a man-made lightning storm to try to capsize the boat. Network executives fear that Truman may die on live television. Realizing he cannot dissuade Truman any further, Christof ends the storm. Truman continues to sail, he finds an exit door, but Christof, speaking directly to Truman through a speaker system, tries to convince him to stay, stating there is "no more truth" in the real world and that by staying in his artificial world, he would have nothing to fear. Truman considers this states: "In case I don't see you... good afternoon, good evening, good night,", takes a bow, leaves. The viewers cheer Truman on. Christof's supervisors end the program for the last time and the viewers see what else is on TV. Jim Carrey as Truman Burbank: Chosen out of six unwanted pregnancies and the first child to be adopted by a corporation, Truman is unaware that his daily life is broadcast continuously around the world.
He has a job in the insurance business and a wife, but he notices that his environment is not what it seems to be. Robin Williams was considered for the role, but Weir cast Carrey after seeing him in Ace Ventu