Plica plica is a species of lizard in the family Tropiduridae, the Neotropical ground lizards. Its common names include collared tree lizard, collared tree runner, harlequin racerunner. In Guyana it is known as wakanama. Plica plica is native to South America, including Colombia, Surinam, French Guiana, Bolivia and Ecuador, it can be found in the Caribbean, on Trinidad. It was long ago collected in Grenada, but these specimens were waifs. Plica plica is diurnal, active during the day, arboreal, living most of its life adhered to the sides of tree trunks, it comes down from the trees only to lay eggs, which it places inside rotting palm trees and in palm litter. The female produces at least two clutches per reproductive season, with an average clutch size of three eggs. Larger females lay more eggs than smaller ones; the embryos are sensitive to vibration. The hatchling is known to explode from the egg and begin running, reaching up to half a meter on its first sprint; the diet of the lizard is composed of insects, it specializes on ants.
The male of Plica plica can exceed the female 15 cm. The body is flattened in shape an adaptation to sticking to vertical tree trunks, it has bunches of spines on its neck. It is olive green or greenish in color with dark brown mottling or banding; the chin is whitish, the throat is black, there is a black "collar" around its neck. It is "mint-chocolate-chip-colored," a color tone; the habitat of Plica plica is primary and secondary forest. There it prefers to live on the largest of the forest trees; this lizard has a low active body temperature, around 30.7 °C. This may be related to its habit of remaining on trees in shady forest, where there is little opportunity to bask. Plica plica harbors parasites such the digenea flatworm Mesocoelium monas and several nematodes, such as Oswaldocruzia vitti, Physalopteroides venancioi, Strongyluris oscari, Physaloptera retusa; the protozoan Plasmodium guyannense was first described from this lizard in 1979. One tribe in the Tucano culture of Colombia holds Plica plica in high regard.
It is one of the most important animals in their mythology, they call it vai-mahse, meaning "lord of animals". It is a phallic symbol; the lizard's hemipenis is visible at times, an organ, described as "aberrant" in shape, a "small, red stick" that gives the animal special powers. Tucano people under the influence of hallucinogens have created artwork featuring various symbols of masculinity, with some representations bearing strong resemblance to the hemipenis
The Glenglassaugh distillery is a malt scotch whisky distillery which restarted production in November 2008 after being acquired by an independent investment group. Following a complete refurbishment by the new owners the distillery was re-opened on 24 November 2008 by the First Minister for Scotland Alex Salmond; the Glenglassaugh Distillery is a single malt Scotch whisky distillery located in a picturesque site just outside the Speyside region in Northeast Scotland, close to the small town of Portsoy, Banffshire some 54 miles Northwest of Aberdeen. The Distillery was established in 1875 by a local entrepreneur James Moir and his two nephews and William Morrison. James Moir had an expanding grocery business in the town of Portsoy and was wanting to establish a distillery that would produce a whisky of the highest quality to satisfy the growing demand from his customers; the site was chosen due to its proximity to a clean and pure water supply, easy access to the nearby barley fields and because it was known locally to have been the site of one of the many illicit distilleries that had operated in the area and which had produced excellent whisky.
Following the death of both James Moir and William Morrison, Alexander Morrison was forced to sell the distillery and in 1892 the company was sold to Highland Distillers and until 2008 has been owned by them. Highland Distillers are a subsidiary of The Edrington Group. In 1960 it was upgraded to double the production capacity and to yield lighter spirit. However, in 1986, when the whole whisky industry was reviewing operations the economics of running this small and remote distillery, the owners decided that they should stop production. Around this time, Glenglassaugh was sold to the Edrington Group; the whisky from this distillery had traditionally been used in the production of blended whiskies such as Cutty Sark, Laing's, The Famous Grouse. In 2008, Glenglassaugh was purchased by the Scaent Group. Under new ownership, it released some the pre-1986 stock as exclusive Highland Single Malt Scotch Whiskies with outstanding success. At the 2009 International Wine and Spirit Competition Awards the 30 Year Old expression was awarded a Gold Medal and the trophy for Best Cask Strength Scotch Whisky and the 40 Year Old was awarded Gold Medal and the trophy for Best 40 Year Old Scotch Whisky.
The 40 year old was awarded Best 40 Year Old Scotch Whisky and 96 points in Jim Murray's 2010 Whisky Bible. Upon purchase, Scaent restarted production. In 2009 the company introduced 2 new innovative products which are produced using the same process as that used for making single malt scotch whisky but without the ageing process. "The Spirit Drink that dare not speak its name" is the result of 1 mash of malted barley and distilled twice. The product is bottled without ageing at 50% abv. "The Spirit Drink that blushes to speak its name" is produced in the same way but is allowed to age for 6 months in casks that have held red wine. The result is a spirit with a rich rose hue and a flavour of soft fruits and spices and is ideal as a cocktail base or for making long drinks. On 16 December 2011 the first bottling of Glenglassaugh whisky from spirit distilled under the present ownership was bottled and released for sale only from the distillery shop. In March 2013, The Benriach Distillery Company acquired the Glenglassaugh distillery from its previous owners, who were listed as Amsterdam-based Lumiere Holdings.
Benriach Distillery company operates the Benriach and Glendronach Distilleries. The history of Glenglassaugh distillery up to and including the first launches by the Scaent Group was described by whisky writer Ian Buxton in his book Glenglassaugh: A Distillery Reborn. Buxton worked as marketing consultant and adviser to the relaunch. Glassaugh railway station - once provided transport for distillery workers Glenglassaugh Distillery
The FS E.625 and E.626 are two classes of Italian electric locomotives produced for the Ferrovie dello Stato. They remained in service until the 1990s; the E.626 was the first locomotive fed by 3,000 V DC overhead line in Italy. The E.626 class is the result of a requirement issued in 1926 by the Ferrovie dello Stato for a new locomotive to be used under the new 3,000 V DC line being built between Foggia and Benevento. The design was carried out by the team of Giuseppe Bianchi, the "founder" of modern Italian railways, at the FS Traction and Material Service in Florence; the requirement specified the locomotive should have six traction axles, to improve adhesion on steep lines. The E.626 series totalled 448 units in three series, each with only slight electro-mechanical differences. It was old-fashioned, but reliable, it became the mainstay of the new FS lines at 3,000 V DC, which spread to the whole peninsula; the firsts tests occurred on the Foggia-Benevento line in the September 1927, using three prototypes built by Savigliano, with the electrical equipment provided by Metropolitan-Vickers of Manchester.
The first 14 prototypes proved powerful and reliable, entered service the following year. The only teething problem encountered was with the six 32R motors mounted on the axles, hanging laterally over transverse beams, a system devised to avoid the complicated side rods of the contemporary steam and three-phase locomotives. After a series of breakdowns, it was decided to limit the speed to 95 km/h. Traction control was provided by three different motor combinations through banks of resistor-based rheostats; the transmission was rather noisy. The carbody was in a single steel piece, mounted on an articulated chassis; the large bonnets at the ends limited the visibility of the rails, they were reduced in size from the third series. In 1930 the mass production was started, with a first series of 85 units. In the meantime the E.625 were re-converted to E.626. In 1934-1938 a record number of 308 units was built, while in 1939 the last series, with low gear ratio, was shipped; the new E636 of the 1940s shared the motors and some of the electro-mechanical devices with the E.626.
After the destruction of World War II, in 1946 an updating and repair programme was launched. Some other units remained in the countries occupied by Italy. Seventeen locomotives were ceded to the Yugoslavian Railways and, in 1958, four were given to Czechoslovakia. Now inadequate for the passenger role, the E.626s were transferred to freight service, apart from working commuter trains in some areas of Italy. In the 1970s, the E.626s fell out of favour because of complaints from trade unions about poor working conditions for the crew. Fourteen units were sold to private railways and the remaining units were replaced by more modern classes, scrapped; the last unit to be decommissioned was E.626.194, used for rescue trains, in 1999. Seven units survive today in museums, while 11 refurbished locomotives are used for historical trains. Giuseppe Bianchi, Sebastiano Elena, I locomotori a corrente continua a 3000 volt gruppi E.625 ed E.626, in Rivista tecnica delle ferrovie italiane, n. 5, pp. 189–250, n.
5, pp. 13–55 e tavv. Felice Corini, Trazione elettrica, Torino, UTET, 1931, v. 4, pp. 432–433 Giuseppe Bianchi, La unificazione delle locomotive a corrente continua a 3000 volt. Locomotive gruppo E.424 - E.326 - E.626 - E.428 e Automotrici gruppo E.24, in Rivista tecnica delle ferrovie italiane, a. 23, 45, n. 4, pp. 187–203 e tavv. IX-XII. 5, pp. 256–329 e tavv. XIII f. t.. 6, pp. 410–417. Giuseppe Bianchi, Sebastiano Elena, Le locomotive elettriche a corrente continua a 3000 volt gruppo E.626, in Rivista tecnica delle ferrovie italiane, a. 48, n. 6, pp. a. 49, n. 1, pp. e tavv. Felice Corini, Trazione elettrica, Torino, UTET, 1950, v. 2, pp. 335-407, 532-533 e tavv. Erminio Mascherpa, Le locomotive elettriche F. S. del gr. E.626. Primi passi delle continua a 3000 volt in Italia, in Italmodel ferrovie, n. 147, pp. 4778–4785, n. 148, pp. 4829–4837, n. 149, pp. 4883–4886 Claudio Pedrazzini, E.625-E.626, Ermanno Albertelli, 1981 Giovanni Cornolò, Locomotive elettriche FS, Ermanno Albertelli Editore, 1983, pp. 151-163.
Tiziano Croce, E 626, le locomotive "tuttofare", fascicolo fuori testo Locomotive elettriche in Tutto treno, 5, n. 40, pp. 1-8 Giovanni Cornolò, Dall'E.626 all'Eurostar. 1928-2008: ottant'anni di locomotive elettriche FS, Ermanno Albertelli, 2008, ISBN 88-87372-63-2 pp. 101–142