Gomadingen is a town in the district of Reutlingen in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. About 85% of its territory is located on the Swabian Alps and its the district where the Grafeneck Castle is situated. During the II World War, the castle was home of the Grafeneck Euthanasia Centre, built around 1560, the Grafeneck Castle served as a hunting lodge to the dukes of Württemberg. In the 19th Century, it was used as the Forest Service and in 1928 the Samaritan Foundation acquired it, setting up a handicapped home. In the times of National Socialism, the Grafeneck Castle served in as a killing center - the Nazi Euthansasieaktion killed 10,654 disabled and sick people through lethal injections and they were transported mainly from southern Germany and burned on site in a crematorium. The French occupying forces returned the site in 1946/47 back to the Samaritan Foundation, already in the fifties, the development of the cemetery began as a memorial. In 2005, the documentation center Grafeneck Memorial was finally built, since 1994 Klemens Betz is the mayor of Gomadingen.
He was reelected in 2002 and 2010
Grabenstetten is a municipality in the district of Reutlingen in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. It lies within the area of the Celtic Heidengraben, besides the homonymous village Grabenstetten there are no other places that belong to Grabenstetten. To Grabenstetten borders the municipalities and towns Erkenbrechtsweiler ¹, Lenningen ¹, Römerstein, Bad Urach, the list is based on the clockwise beginning in the north. The named part of the district of Reutlingen or the Esslingen district ¹, the Alemannic expanding settlement Grabenstetten is first mentioned in the 1st half of the 12th century as Grabanostetten and 1152 under the name Grabanostettin. Only in 1635 the Thirty Years War came to Grabenstetten, soldiers set fire in their departure to the place, except for the church, the rectory, the school and a few smaller homes the whole place burned down. The following year,325 people died of hunger and disease, the bailiff of Neuffen told the Duke that no more than 6 people lived in Grabenstetten.
The reconstruction after the fire of 1635 was very slow,1664 lived only 13 families in the village. Until 1842 Grabenstetten belonged to the Oberamt Nürtingen, it was reclassified to the Oberamt Urach, after the dissolution of Oberamt Urach in 1938, Grabenstetten fell to the district of Reutlingen. Since 1275 Grabenstetten has a church, the Reformation was, as elsewhere in the Duchy of Württemberg, introduced in 1534. The mayor is elected for a term of eight years, the current incumbent Harald Steidl was re-elected in October 2010 with 94. 8% of the vote. Blazon, In gold, a blue plowshare, both sides accompanied by one each rooted, curved green ear. The municipality flag has the colors green-yellow, the coat of arms, whose figures indicate agriculture, goes back to a Fleckensigill from 1825. Emblem and flag were awarded by the Ministry of the Interior of Baden-Württemberg on 14 November 1967. The 5 km long cave is a water cave, that means precipitation seeping goes through the karst of the Jura plateau.
The water of the cave is the source of the Elsach, the Gustav-Jakob cave is about 427 m long. It lies under the ruins Hofen, street festival of local clubs, usually every year on the second weekend in July. The National Road 211 connects the town to the west with Bad Urach, the Public transport is guarantedby the Verkehrsverbund Neckar-Alb-Donau. The community is located in the comb 221, Grabenstetten has an airfield, which is operated by the Fliegergruppe Grabenstetten-Teck-Lenningen Valley
Reutlingen is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is the capital of the district of Reutlingen. As of April 2008, it has a population of 109,828, Reutlingen has a university of applied sciences, which was founded in 1855, originally as a weavers school. Today Reutlingen is home to a textile industry and houses machinery, leather goods. It has the narrowest street in the world, Spreuerhofstraße, Reutlingen is located about 35 km south of the State capital of Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart. It lies in the Southwest corner of Germany, right next to the Swabian Jura, the Echaz river, a tributary of the Neckar, flows through the town centre. Along with the old university town of Tübingen, Reutlingen is the centre of the Neckar-Alb region and it is part of the larger Stuttgart Metropolitan Region. The first settlements in the area are believed to date from the 4th or 5th century, some time around 1030, Count Egino started to build a castle on top of the Achalm, one of the largest mountains in Reutlingen district.
One of the towers of this castle was rebuilt in the 19th century and is open to visitors, the name Reutlingen was first mentioned in writing in the so-called Bempflingen Treaty which is dated approximately 1089–90. Around 1180, Reutlingen received market rights and, between 1220 and 1240 it was promoted to city status and city-walls and fortifications were built, shortly thereafter, from 1247–1343, the towns landmark, the St. Marys Church was built. In 1377 Reutlingen was the scene of a victory by the Swabian League, formed in the year by 14 Swabian cities, led by Ulm. In 1495 and 1516 the jews were exiled from the town, as a result of such struggles, Reutlingen became an Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire, free from allegiance to the Duke of Württemberg. In 1530, Reutlingens city council signed the Augsburg Confession, and in 1580, in 1803, in the wake of the French Revolutionary Wars, Reutlingen lost its independence in the German Mediatisation, being restored to Württemberg. The impact of fire, which lasted three days, is still visible today.
During World War II, the wings of the V-1 flying bomb were manufactured in Reutlingen, on 24 July 2016 a Syrian asylum seeker killed a pregnant woman in a machete attack. The Mutschelspiele consist of games scored by tally marks, and are won both independently and by grand total at the end of the hour or night. This tradition is unique to the city of Reutlingen, City buses are run by RSV. Church of the Virgin Mary, built in Gothic style in the 13th–14th centuries, nearby is a statue of emperor Frederick II
St. Johann (Reutlingen)
St. Johann is a municipality in the district of Reutlingen in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. The six districts of the municipality are scattered on the Alb plateau over a wide area, the following evidence cities and municipalities are adjacent to the municipality of St. Johann. The community consists of the parts of the municipality and formerly independent municipalities Bleichstetten, Gächingen, Ohnastetten, Upfingen and Würtingen, to the municipality parts Bleichstetten, Lonsingen and Upfingen only belong the villages of the same name. The districts Upfingen, Ohnastetten and Würtingen were first mentioned in 1138 in a document of the Zwiefalten Abbey, Bleichstetten was recorded in 1102, Lonsingen in 1268 and Gächingen in 1275. On February 1,1972 Bleichstetten was incorporated to Würtingen, on 1 January 1975, the municipalities Gächingen, Ohnastetten, Würtingen and Upfingen were merged to form the new municipality Würtingen. The new church was renamed after Gestütshof St. Johann on September 1,1976, the old Heeresweg led by Gächingen ago by Degental between Würtingen and Ohnastetten down to Eningen.
In the Thirty Years War and subsequent War of succession, earthworks were piled up for defense, Würtingen belonged to the House of Urach and fell with that to the House of Württemberg. In the German Peasants War Singerhans from Würtingen and Konrad Griesinger from Bleichstetten searched to join Poor Conrad, on May 17,1514 they were on the way, and taken by the ranger from Urach. Later he was together with Bantelhans imprisoned on the Hohenneuffen, in the Thirty Years War Würtingen was taken hard, in 1636 raged the famine, and soon after that the plague. From formerly 370 residents only 58 survived the war, from 1640 to 1648,30 towns who belonged to Urach- including Würtingen and Bleichstetten - went to the county Achalm and were incorporated to Further Austria. With the Peace of Westphalia the rule Achalm fell back to Württemberg, the mayor is elected for a term of 8 years. On February 8,2015 Florian Bauer was elected with 51. 11% of the votes in the second ballot, 1972-1999, Raimund Speidel 1999-2015, Eberhard Wolf Since 2015, Florian Bauer Blazon, In blue a rising silver Ross before a cut ear golden awns.
St. Johann has since October 30,1999, a partnership with the French community of the municipality of Thénezay, the Gächinger Kantorei was founded in 1954 by Helmuth Rilling, today it has its seat in Stuttgart. Town Hall in Würtingen, timber-framed building from 1744 Evangelical Church Andreas in Würtingen Lookout on the Hohewarte Late Gothic Wehrkirche St, here is a biogas plant within the boundaries of Upfingen. The National Road 380 connects Gächingen, Lonsingen and Würtingen to the north with Reutlingen, the L249 connects Lonsingen and Upfingen with Bad Urach. The districts are interconnected via county roads, the public transport is guaranteed by the Verkehrsverbund Neckar-Alb-Donau. The community is located in the comb 221, the Gestütshof St. Johann is a domain of Marbach stud. There horses are kept since the 17th century, the stud gave the community its name
Metzingen is a Swabian city with about 22,000 inhabitants, in the state of Baden-Württemberg in the southwest of Germany,30 km south of Stuttgart. The city is mentioned for the first time in documents from 1075, the cultivation of wine led to a spread of wealth around 1600. During the Thirty Years War, Metzingen suffered considerable destruction, after industrialization, different textile factories were built in Metzingen. In 1859, Metzingen was connected to the railline from Tübingen to Stuttgart, Eningen unter Achalm and Reutlingen. Today, Metzingen is famous for its outlets, attracting people from all over the country. Today there are over 80 so-called outlet-stores, the town council has 26 seats, of which the CDU has 7. Since 8 February 2009, Ulrich Fiedler is the mayor of Metzingen with 93% of all votes in the second voting
Pfullingen is a town in the district of Reutlingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated 3 km southeast of Reutlingen at the foot of the Swabian Alb, with its almost 20,000 inhabitants it is famous for its Handball team, which in 2006 had to file for bankruptcy, the Schönbergturm and the People mover. Pfullingen is situated in the Northern foothills of the Alb in the valley of the river Echaz, Pfullingen is surrounded by the cone-like hills Achalm and Georgenberg as well as some mountains of the Albtrauf. Pfullingen was first mentioned in a charta by Emperor Otto I in 937 and it was the main settlement in the Pfullichgau. At the end of the 14th century Pfullingen lost its city privileges after having conquered and destroyed by the forces of the Free Imperial City Reutlingen. About 1500 Pfullingen became part of Württemberg, its city privileges being restored only in 1699, Pfullingen is home to many schools, in 2013 Wilhem-Hauff-Realschule held an exchange with East Bergholt High School.
The Friedrich-Schiller-Gymnasium, which is named by a famous German poet, held an exchange with Park Ridge High School, in a deed of donation of Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor in the year 937 Pfullingen was first documented. Towards the end of the 14th century, Pfullingen lost due to the wars his town privileges to the city of Reutlingen and was captured and destroyed. The Poor Clares Monastery in Pfullingen was donated in 1250 by Miss Mechtild, the Holy Roman Emperors roofed it with preferential rights and freedoms. The monastery Hofmeister was an official, who managed the monasterys places Genkingen, in the Reformation, the monastery was dissolved and disintegrated. 1793, the ruins were completely removed,1487 the last noble of the place of Pfullingen, Caspar Remp, sold his courtyards including castle and all goods to Eberhard I, Duke of Württemberg. Thus, the place came fully to Württemberg. With the villages Unter-and Oberhausen, Lichtenstein and Kleinengstingen Pfullingen fancied lower office, during the Thirty Years War Pfullingen was from 1635 to 1648 with short interruptions administrative headquarter of mortgage stem Achalm and thus Further Austrian.
The Austrian manager resided in the castle and this was attacked by the commander of Württemberg fortress Hohentwiel, Konrad Widerholt and was badly damaged. With the Peace of Westphalia Pfullingen returned to Württemberg, in 1699 Pfullingen again received town privileges and was raised to a monastery office. Only in 1806 it fell to the Oberamt Reutlingen, in 1824 lived in the town Pfullingen 3,435 inhabitants. The hydropower of Echaz made very early industrialization possible, already in 1830 were counted 22 water engines. The formerly dominant agriculture fell sharply, former viticulture does not longer exist today, see castle Pfullingen, Jagdschloss Pfullingen In 1999, the Baden-Württemberg home days took place in Pfullingen. The council has 22 members Pfullingen, the local elections on 25 May 2014 led to the following official results
Engstingen is a municipality in the Tübingen administrative region in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It lies in the Swabian Jura, about 15 km south of Reutlingen and it was formed on January 1,1975 from the former independent municipalities of Großengstingen and Kohlstetten. Engstingen is located on the edge of the Swabian Jura, in 680–750 meters altitude on the Alb plateau near the Alb edge in the valley of Ur-Lauter. The village of Großengstingen and the houses at Großengstingen railway station, the former municipalities Kleinengstingen and Kohlstetten each included only these villages respectively. Großengstingen and Kleinengstingen are lying together, surrounded by a ring of wooded hilltops, the municipality Kohlstetten is about 3.5 kilometers northeast and Haid about four kilometers south. The municipality Engstingen teamed-up with the municipality Hohenstein to an Joint Management Community, the Alb plateau was created when the disk of the White Jurassic was raised before about 50 million years ago.
There were many cracks and fissures in the rock, so that rainwater seeps very quickly. Thus, it is surprising that a mineral spring exists in the municipality of Kleinengstingen, the earliest permanent settlement traces are from the Hallstatt culture. The area belonged from the first to the century to the Roman Empire. During the Thirty Years War all three suffered from great population losses, and subsequently Swiss and other foreign families migrated into this area. The earliest document of the name of the place names Anegistingin, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Chur acquired some properties at the beginning of the 10th century. 1439 the name Großengstingen appeared for the first time, a rarely used name was Churengstingen. The right for free hunting was abolished in 1709 and partially re-introduced from 1713 to 1806 out of courtesy of the duke,1709 wird die Freie Pirsch abgeschafft und von 1713 bis 1806 als herzogliches Gnadenjagen teilweise wieder eingeführt. On October 31,1717 Chur sold Engstingen to the Zwiefalten Abbey, from there it was transferred to the Protestant Württemberg on 30 April 1750.
Großengstingen became part of Oberamt Reutlingen 1806 and became a district from 1938, from 1963 to 1993, the Rocket artillery battalion 250 of the Bundeswehr was stationed in the Eberhard Finck barracks in Großengstingen. North west of Kleinengstingen is an Alemannic row grave field, the oldest known mention of Clain Engstingen dates from 1482. The place was sometimes called Freiengstingen in the 13th century during the reign of the barons of Engstingen, however, it was probably already under the reign of Württemberg. The local reign was finally transferred in 1454 to Württemberg, annexing it to the Amt Pfullingen, from then, it was sometimes mentioned as Unterengstingen
Hayingen is a town in the district of Reutlingen, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated 32 km southeast of Reutlingen, constituent For Hayingen with its districts Anhausen, Indelhausen and Münzdorf except the main town Hayingen include 13 more villages and farms. Altmann Hausen was in possession of the monastery Salem and was in 1329 at the stadium sold, vainhausen was owned by the monastery Heiligkreuztal, owned by the monastery Zwiefalten and came off in the 15th century. North of Münzdorf are the remains of the hilltop castle Burgweiler, Hayingen is a health resort in the Swabian Alb. Old town of Hayingen The first written record comes as Hayinger Mark in From the year 756 Lorsch codex, the Knights Swigger of Gundelfingen founded probably in 1276 the city. Because of Reichsdeputationshauptschluss Losing Hayingen came under the coverage of the Principality of Fürstenberg to the Kingdom of Württemberg. There, the city belonged to the upper office Münsingen and the district Münsingen, after its dissolution within the district reform was the 1973 district Reutlingen slammed.
Due to the membership of the citys Fürstenberger possessions Hayingen remained even after the Reformation Catholic, even today there are four Roman Catholic churches for deanery Reutlingen-Zwiefalten belong. Since 1884 there have been in Hayingen a branch of the Protestant parish Zwiefalten, the parish Hayingen in 1953 independently, because they after the Second World War due to the influx of displaced persons had grown considerably and now possessed its own church building. The population figures are census results or official updates the State Statistical Office, the local elections on 25 May 2014 led to the following official results. The council consists of the elected councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council, free Voters Association 40. 9%6 seats Christian Democratic Union 39. 1%5 seats New Citizens List 20. 0%3 seats