Glastonbury Festival is a five-day festival of contemporary performing arts that takes place near Pilton, England. In addition to contemporary music, the festival hosts dance, theatre, circus and other arts. Leading pop and rock artists have headlined, alongside thousands of others appearing on smaller stages and performance areas. Films and albums recorded at Glastonbury have been released, the festival receives extensive television and newspaper coverage. Glastonbury is the largest greenfield festival in the world, is now attended by around 175,000 people, requiring extensive infrastructure in terms of security, transport and electricity supply; the majority of staff are volunteers, helping the festival to raise millions of pounds for charity organisations. Regarded as a major event in British culture, the festival is inspired by the ethos of the hippie and free festival movements, it retains vestiges of these traditions, such as the Green Fields area, which includes sections known as the Green Futures and Healing Fields.
After the 1970s, the festival took place every year and grew in size, with the number of attendees sometimes being swollen by gatecrashers. Michael Eavis hosted the first festival called Pilton Festival, after seeing an open-air Led Zeppelin concert at the 1970 Bath Festival of Blues and Progressive Music. Glastonbury Festival was held intermittently from 1970 until 1981. 2018 was a "fallow year" and the next festival is scheduled for 26 – 30 June 2019. A series of concerts and recitals called the Glastonbury Festivals was established with a summer school in the town of Glastonbury between 1914 and 1926 by classical composer Rutland Boughton, with their location attracted a bohemian audience by the standards of the time, they featured works by then-contemporary composers, sponsored by the Clark family, a wide range of traditional works, from Everyman to James Shirley's Cupid and Death. Glastonbury was influenced by hippie ethics and the free festival movement in the early 1970s, beginning with the Isle of Wight Festival, which featured performances by The Who, amongst many other artists.
Organiser Michael Eavis decided to host the first festival called Pilton Festival, after seeing an open-air concert headlined by Led Zeppelin at the 1970 Bath Festival of Blues and Progressive Music at the nearby Bath and West Showground in 1970. The festival retains vestiges of this tradition such as the Green Fields area, encompassing the Green Futures and Healing Field; the first festival at Worthy Farm was the Pilton Pop, Blues & Folk Festival, mounted by Michael Eavis on Saturday 19 September 1970, attended by 1,500 people. The original headline acts were The Kinks and Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders but these acts were replaced at short notice by Tyrannosaurus Rex known as T. Rex. Tickets were £1. Other billed acts of note were Quintessence, Al Stewart; the "Glastonbury Fair" of 1971 was instigated by Andrew Kerr after being found and introduced to Michael Eavis by David Trippas and organised with help from Jean Bradbery, Kikan Eriksdotter, John Massara, Jeff Dexter, Arabella Churchill, Thomas Crimble, Bill Harkin, Gilberto Gil, Mark Irons, John Coleman, Jytte Klamer.
The 1971 festival featured the first incarnation of the "Pyramid Stage". Conceived by Bill Harkin the stage was a one-tenth replica of the Great Pyramid of Giza built from scaffolding and metal sheeting and positioned over a blind spring, found by dowsing. Performers included David Bowie, Mighty Baby, Fairport Convention, Hawkwind, Skin Alley, The Worthy Farm Windfuckers and Melanie, it was paid for by its supporters and advocates of its ideal, embraced a mediaeval tradition of music, poetry, theatre and spontaneous entertainment. The 1971 festival was filmed by Nicolas Roeg and David Puttnam and was released as a film called Glastonbury Fayre. There was a small unplanned event in 1978, when the convoy of vehicles from the Stonehenge festival was directed by police to Worthy Farm; the 1980s saw. In 1981, Michael Eavis took control of the festival, it was organised in conjunction with the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament; that year a new Pyramid Stage was constructed from telegraph poles and metal sheeting, a permanent structure which doubled as a hay-barn and cow-shed during the winter.
In the 1980s, the children's area of the festival became the starting point for a new children's charity called Children's World. 1981 was the first year that the festival made profits, Eavis donated £20,000 of them to CND. In the following years, donations were made to a number of organisations, since the end of the Cold War the main beneficiaries have been Oxfam and WaterAid, who all contribute towards the festival by providing features and volunteers, who work at the festival in exchange for free entry. Since 1983, large festivals have required licences from local authorities; this led to certain restrictions being placed on the festival, including a crowd limit and specified times during which the stages could operate. The crowd limit was set at 30,000 but has grown every year to over 100,000.1984 saw the stage invaded by children during The Smiths set. Weather Report played the main stage, and
Lamb (electronic band)
Lamb are an English electronic music duo from Manchester, whose music is influenced by trip hop and bass and jazz. The duo consist of singer-songwriter Lou Rhodes, they achieved commercial success with the hit singles "Górecki" and "Gabriel". On the basis of three songs and Rhodes signed a six-album deal with Mercury Records in 1995, they released their first album, the self-titled Lamb in September 1996, followed this up with another three albums and a cache of singles over the next eight years, culminating in the release of a greatest hits album, Best Kept Secrets, in June 2004. While they seemed destined for stardom, it seemed to evade them and during the early 2000s they lost momentum and played live only sporadically. Still, a 2004 tour produced memorable shows. Lamb performed what was billed as their final live appearance at the Paradiso in Amsterdam in September 2004 and after their 2003 album Between Darkness and Wonder both went solo. Rhodes left the music world for a commune, in 2006 released her first solo album.
Although getting their start in Manchester, Lamb are more associated with the Bristol-based trip hop sound, popular during the 1990s. Aside from trip hop, their musical style is a distinctive mixture of jazz, dub and drum and bass, with a strong vocal element and, in their works some acoustic influences. While they were a hit phenomenon in the UK, they found limited success in other parts of the world, despite securing distribution. Portugal was an exception, however; the band produces experimental work with a distinctive production style, which includes passionate lyrical delivery. Their artistic videos draw on influences ranging from Cyberpunk through George Lucas' THX 1138 to Zen Buddhism. By far their best-known track to date is "Górecki", from their eponymous debut album; the song is inspired by the Symphony of Sorrowful Songs. Part of the lyrics to "Górecki" were used by Baz Luhrmann for some of Satine's lines in Moulin Rouge!. The song was used in an advertisement for Guinness and an advertisement for the Tomb Raider: Underworld video game.
It was featured on the soundtrack of the 1998 Hollywood film "I Still Know What You Did Last Summer". The 2004 DVD The Fall & Rise of the Fools Ark, a roadmovie by Dutch duo Dadara and Jesse for which Lamb provided the music, is an animated roadmovie in the style of Monty Python and Yellow Submarine. Bassist Jon Thorne is a regular player with the duo on their live shows but Lamb's earlier tours featured a range of guest musicians including Icelandic guitarist Oddur Mar Runnarson, Danish drummer Nikolaj Bjerre, string trio Chi 2 Strings and trumpet player Kevin Davy. During the band's hiatus, both were working on a variety of solo projects. Rhodes released her Mercury-nominated debut solo album Beloved One on her own label Infinite Bloom in 2006; this was followed by Bloom in 2008 and One Good Thing in 2010. Barlow worked on various projects including: "Hoof" and "Luna Seeds" with vocalist–songwriter Carrie Tree, he produced the Fink album Distance and Time. In 2011, Barlow released his first solo album as LOWB with debut album Leap and the Net will Appear issued as a limited released on Barlow's own label, Ear Parcel Recordings.
In February 2009, the organisers of The Big Chill music festival announced that Lamb would be re-forming to perform at the August 2009 event. The band subsequently announced two further appearances, at Cactus Festival and Beautiful Days Festival, played the Glastonbury festival and made appearances at festivals in Porto and Prague, Czech Republic, among others. At the time, no announcement was made as to whether the band would be releasing new material, or whether the festival tour was going to be a one-off. In 2009, the band announced concert dates for 2010 as well. During one of those shows, on 3 January 2010 at The Tivoli in Brisbane Australia, Andy Barlow stated that it would be their "last gig but who knows". Barlow followed up on Lamb's Facebook fan page on 7 January, "I have a strong feeling that there will be more Lamb shows, it doesn't seem like it has reached its finale just yet". In December 2010, the band sent another e-mail to fans, announcing the recording of their fifth album, to be titled 5.
A selection of songs from the album were previewed at Playground Weekender music festival near Sydney on 20 February 2011. A special edition of the album, hand-numbered and limited to 2800 copies, could be pre-ordered through Lamb's website and was shipped to fans in May 2011, followed by the commercial release of the standard edition on 9 June in the UK. Other European countries saw later release dates.'5' was released on label Strata Music. We want to express our deepest gratitude to those of you who pre-ordered the album and, in so doing, helped make it happen; as you all know, the whole process has been, continues to be, a self-funded operation with no record company involved and it feels so awesomely positive to have the support come from the people who'll be its audience In 2011, the band released their first live album Live at Koko as well as the long-awaited DVD Lamb Live at the Paradiso recorded at the Paradiso, Amsterdam, in September 2004. The band started a European tour to promote the new album on 19 May in Kiev, played further concerts and festivals throughout 2011 including a performance at London's prestigious Somerset House.
In January 2012 the band started a new European tour which c
MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database, similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the restrictions placed on the Compact Disc Database, a database for software applications to look up audio CD information on the Internet. MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a compact disc metadata storehouse to become a structured open online database for music. MusicBrainz captures information about artists, their recorded works, the relationships between them. Recorded works entries capture at a minimum the album title, track titles, the length of each track; these entries are maintained by volunteer editors. Recorded works can store information about the release date and country, the CD ID, cover art, acoustic fingerprint, free-form annotation text and other metadata; as of 21 September 2018, MusicBrainz contained information about 1.4 million artists, 2 million releases, 19 million recordings. End-users can use software that communicates with MusicBrainz to add metadata tags to their digital media files, such as FLAC, MP3, Ogg Vorbis or AAC.
MusicBrainz allows contributors to upload cover art images of releases to the database. Internet Archive provides the bandwidth and legal protection for hosting the images, while MusicBrainz stores metadata and provides public access through the web and via an API for third parties to use; as with other contributions, the MusicBrainz community is in charge of maintaining and reviewing the data. Cover art is provided for items on sale at Amazon.com and some other online resources, but CAA is now preferred because it gives the community more control and flexibility for managing the images. Besides collecting metadata about music, MusicBrainz allows looking up recordings by their acoustic fingerprint. A separate application, such as MusicBrainz Picard, must be used for this. In 2000, MusicBrainz started using Relatable's patented TRM for acoustic fingerprint matching; this feature allowed the database to grow quickly. However, by 2005 TRM was showing scalability issues as the number of tracks in the database had reached into the millions.
This issue was resolved in May 2006 when MusicBrainz partnered with MusicIP, replacing TRM with MusicDNS. TRMs were phased out and replaced by MusicDNS in November 2008. In October 2009 MusicIP was acquired by AmpliFIND; some time after the acquisition, the MusicDNS service began having intermittent problems. Since the future of the free identification service was uncertain, a replacement for it was sought; the Chromaprint acoustic fingerprinting algorithm, the basis for AcoustID identification service, was started in February 2010 by a long-time MusicBrainz contributor Lukáš Lalinský. While AcoustID and Chromaprint are not MusicBrainz projects, they are tied with each other and both are open source. Chromaprint works by analyzing the first two minutes of a track, detecting the strength in each of 12 pitch classes, storing these 8 times per second. Additional post-processing is applied to compress this fingerprint while retaining patterns; the AcoustID search server searches from the database of fingerprints by similarity and returns the AcoustID identifier along with MusicBrainz recording identifiers if known.
Since 2003, MusicBrainz's core data are in the public domain, additional content, including moderation data, is placed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA-2.0 license. The relational database management system is PostgreSQL; the server software is covered by the GNU General Public License. The MusicBrainz client software library, libmusicbrainz, is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, which allows use of the code by proprietary software products. In December 2004, the MusicBrainz project was turned over to the MetaBrainz Foundation, a non-profit group, by its creator Robert Kaye. On 20 January 2006, the first commercial venture to use MusicBrainz data was the Barcelona, Spain-based Linkara in their Linkara Música service. On 28 June 2007, BBC announced that it has licensed MusicBrainz's live data feed to augment their music Web pages; the BBC online music editors will join the MusicBrainz community to contribute their knowledge to the database. On 28 July 2008, the beta of the new BBC Music site was launched, which publishes a page for each MusicBrainz artist.
Amarok – KDE audio player Banshee – multi-platform audio player Beets – automatic CLI music tagger/organiser for Unix-like systems Clementine – multi-platform audio player CDex – Microsoft Windows CD ripper Demlo – a dynamic and extensible music manager using a CLI iEatBrainz – Mac OS X deprecated foo_musicbrainz component for foobar2000 – Music Library/Audio Player Jaikoz – Java mass tag editor Max – Mac OS X CD ripper and audio transcoder Mp3tag – Windows metadata editor and music organizer MusicBrainz Picard – cross-platform album-oriented tag editor MusicBrainz Tagger – deprecated Microsoft Windows tag editor puddletag – a tag editor for PyQt under the GPLv3 Rhythmbox music player – an audio player for Unix-like systems Sound Juicer – GNOME CD ripper Zortam Mp3 Media Studio – Windows music organizer and ID3 Tag Editor. Freedb clients can access MusicBrainz data through the freedb protocol by using the MusicBrainz to FreeDB gateway service, mb2freedb. List of online music databases Making Metadata: The Case of Mus
Joel Thomas Zimmerman, known professionally as Deadmau5, is a Canadian electronic music producer, DJ, musician. Zimmerman produces a variety of styles within the progressive house genre and sometimes other forms of electronic music, his works have been included in numerous compilation albums, such as Tiësto's In Search of Sunrise 6: Ibiza, his tracks have been included and presented on Armin van Buuren's A State of Trance radio show. Zimmerman has received six Grammy Award nominations for his work, he has worked with other DJs and producers, such as Kaskade, MC Flipside, Rob Swire and Wolfgang Gartner. He has collaborated with Steve Duda under the group name BSOD, was part of the group named WTF? with Duda, Tommy Lee, DJ Aero. In 2007, he founded Mau5trap. Deadmau5 is one of the highest paid electronic music producers in the world, is a masked music artist similar to Marshmello and Daft Punk. In 2000, an early 12" single produced on vinyl titled "I Don't Want No Other" was released by Joel Zimmerman and Derek Caesar under the group name Dred and Karma.
A 2006 compilation album titled Deadmau5 Circa 1998–2002 was self-released under the alias Halcyon441. His debut studio album, Get Scraped was released in 2005, with follow-up Vexillology in 2006, his breakthrough, Random Album Title, was released in 2008 and was certified gold in Canada, silver the United Kingdom. The album includes seminal release "Faxing Berlin", "Not Exactly", moderate chart hit "I Remember". In 2009, his fourth studio album For Lack of a Better Name was released to critical acclaim, featuring Rob Swire collaboration "Ghosts'n' Stuff", "Hi Friend", the critically acclaimed "Strobe", his fifth studio album, 4×4=12, released in late 2010, supported by singles "Some Chords", "Animal Rights", "Sofi Needs a Ladder", "Raise Your Weapon". In 2012, Zimmerman released singles "The Veldt" and "Professional Griefers" to commercial success; these singles were featured on his sixth studio album, Album Title Goes Here. Following departure from long-time label Ultra Records, Zimmerman released his seventh studio album, While through Astralwerks and Virgin EMI in 2014.
The album's release was supported by its four singles. After a brief hiatus, Zimmerman's eighth studio album, W:/2016Album/ was released in late 2016, with singles "Snowcone" and "Let Go". Zimmerman was born in Niagara Falls, Canada, his mother, Nancy, is a visual artist, his father, Rodney Thomas "Rod" Zimmerman, is a General Motors plant worker. He has two siblings and Chris, his ancestry includes German and English. He received his first keyboard for Christmas, his music career began in the late 1990s, with a chiptune and demoscene movements-influenced sound with the Impulse Tracker. Zimmerman graduated from Westlane Secondary School in Niagara Falls, he worked with an online music licensing company and as a programmer. He adopted the name Deadmau5. Zimmerman released his debut studio album, titled Get Scraped on July 26, 2005; the tracks "Just Before 8bit", "Nice Try, Kiddo" and "Uploading and Downloading" from Project 56 were edited and expanded upon in Get Scraped under the names "8bit", "Try Again", "Unspecial Effects", respectively.
Tracks "Bored of Canada", "Intelstat" and "I Forget" reappear on this album as is, as well as "The Oshawa Connection" from Deadmau5 Circa 1998–2002. Three self-released compilations, Project 56, Deadmau5 Circa 1998–2002, A Little Oblique, were finished in 2006, with Project 56 seeing an official release two years later. In 2006, Zimmerman released his second studio album, Vexillology, on November 6, 2006 through Play Records. In 2007, Zimmerman founded his own record label, Mau5trap, along with Ultra Records and Ministry of Sound, released the 2008 album Random Album Title, which saw the collaboration of Zimmerman and Chicago producer Kaskade with "I Remember". Random Album Title, saw a digital release on September 2, 2008, via Ultra Records in the United States and Ministry of Sound in the United Kingdom and Europe. Physical copies of the album were released in November 2008. Singles "Faxing Berlin" on October 25, 2006, "Not Exactly" on August 27, 2007, were released prior to the album's release.
Single "I Remember" was released on September 15, 2008, before the album's release. In the United States, Zimmerman's collaboration with Kaskade, "Move for Me", reached number one on Billboard magazine's Dance/Mix Show Airplay chart in its September 6, 2008, issue. Since Zimmerman has seen two more tracks collaborations, reach number one on Billboard's Dance/Mix Show Airplay chart, making him the only Canadian to have three number-one tracks on that chart, he is the sixth Canadian to top that chart, following Deborah Cox, Nelly Furtado, Justin Bieber, The Weeknd, each with one apiece. On September 22, 2009, Ultra Records released his album For Lack of a Better Name in the United States, October 5 internationally. On a subsequent tour in the fall of 2009, Zimmerman's performances were recorded and made available for sale following the concerts on USB wristband flash drives. For Lack of a Better Name includes two of Zimmerman's most popular songs, "Ghosts'n' Stuff" and "Strobe". "Ghosts'n' Stuff" was released on November 25, 2008, before the album, while "Strobe" was released on February 23, 2010, after the album's release.
From November 2001 to November 2018, the London nightclub Fabric ran a monthly mix compilation series. Mixed by a variety of emerging and established DJs, the two series were entitled fabric and FABRICLIVE respectively; the compilation mixes were released independently by Fabric on an alternating monthly basis. In May 2018, Fabric announced that the fabric series would end "in its current form" with its 100th instalment. In August 2018, the club announced that the FABRICLIVE series would end with its 100th instalment, would be mixed by Kode 9—founder of the celebrated underground electronic music label, Hyperdub—and Burial—a pioneering UK dubstep producer. In January 2019, Fabric announced a revamped quarterly mix series, titled fabric presents, coinciding with the club's 20th anniversary celebrations; the inaugural mix of the new series will be released in February 2019—compiled by UK electronic musician, DJ, Bonobo. The albums in this series feature music in the techno, house and tech-house genres.
The mixes in the fabric series reflect the kinds of music showcased at the nightclub's Saturday night events. Fabric 01 - Craig Richards fabric 02 - Terry Francis fabric 03 - Jon Marsh fabric 04 - Tony Humphries fabric 05 - Pure Science fabric 06 - Tyler Stadius fabric 07 - Hipp-E & Halo fabric 08 - Radioactive Man fabric 09 - Slam fabric 10 - Doc Martin fabric 11 - Swayzak fabric 12 - The Amalgamation Of Soundz fabric 13 - Michael Mayer fabric 14 - Stacey Pullen fabric 15 - Craig Richards fabric 16 - Eddie Richards fabric 17 - Akufen fabric 18 - Baby Mammoth, Beige & The Solid Doctor fabric 19 - Andrew Weatherall fabric 20 - John Digweed fabric 21 - DJ Heather fabric 22 - Adam Beyer fabric 23 - Ivan Smagghe fabric 24 - Rob da Bank fabric 25 - Carl Craig fabric 26 - Global Communication fabric 27 - Audion fabric 28 - Wiggle fabric 29 - Tiefschwarz fabric 30 - Rub-N-Tug fabric 31 - Marco Carola fabric 32 - Luke Slater fabric 33 - Ralph Lawson fabric 34 - Ellen Allien fabric 35 - Ewan Pearson fabric 36 - Ricardo Villalobos fabric 37 - Steve Bug fabric 38 - M.
A. N. D. Y. Fabric 39 - Robert Hood fabric 40 - Mark Farina fabric 41 - Luciano fabric 42 - Âme fabric 43 - Metro Area fabric 44 - John Tejada fabric 45 - Omar-S fabric 46 - Claude Von Stroke fabric 47 - Jay Haze fabric 48 - Radio Slave fabric 49 - Magda fabric 50 - Martyn fabric 51 - DJ T. fabric 52 - Optimo fabric 53 - Surgeon fabric 54 - Damian Lazarus fabric 55 - Shackleton fabric 56 - Derrick Carter fabric 57 - Agoria fabric 58 - Craig Richards presents The Nothing Special fabric 59 - Jamie Jones fabric 60 - Dave Clarke fabric 61 - Visionquest fabric 62 - DJ Sneak fabric 63 - Levon Vincent fabric 64 - Guy Gerber fabric 65 - Matthias Tanzmann fabric 66 - Ben Klock fabric 67 - Zip fabric 68 - Petre Inspirescu fabric 69 - Sandwell District fabric 70 - Apollonia fabric 71 - Cassy fabric 72 - Rhadoo fabric 73 - Ben Sims fabric 74 - Move D fabric 75 - Maya Jane Coles fabric 76 - Deetron fabric 77 - Marcel Dettmann fabric 78 - Raresh fabric 79 - Prosumer fabric 80 - Joseph Capriati fabric 81 - Matt Tolfrey fabric 82 - Art Department fabric 83 - Joris Voorn fabric 84 - Mathew Jonson fabric 85 - Baby Ford fabric 86 - Eats Everything fabric 87 - Alan Fitzpatrick fabric 88 - Ryan Elliott fabric 89 - Gerd Janson fabric 90 - Scuba fabric 91 - Nina Kraviz fabric 92 - Call Super fabric 93 - Soul Clap fabric 94 - Steffi fabric 95 - Roman Flügel fabric 96 - DVS1 fabric 97 - Tale of Us fabric 98 - Maceo Plex fabric 99 - Sasha fabric 100 - Craig Richards, Terry Francis, & Keith Reilly The albums in this series feature music in the UK bass, drum & bass and hip hop genres.'Live' in the series' title does not in fact indicate that the mixes were recorded live.
The mixes in the FABRICLIVE series reflect the kinds of music showcased at the nightclub's Friday night events. FABRICLIVE.01 - James Lavelle FABRICLIVE.02 - Ali B FABRICLIVE.03 - DJ Hype FABRICLIVE.04 - Deadly Avenger FABRICLIVE.05 - Howie B FABRICLIVE.06 - Grooverider FABRICLIVE.07 - John Peel FABRICLIVE.08 - Plump DJs FABRICLIVE.09 - Jacques Lu Cont FABRICLIVE.10 - Fabio FABRICLIVE
National Library of the Czech Republic
The National Library of the Czech Republic is the central library of the Czech Republic. It is directed by the Ministry of Culture; the library's main building is located in the historical Clementinum building in Prague, where half of its books are kept. The other half of the collection is stored in the district of Hostivař; the National Library is the biggest library in the Czech Republic, in its funds there are around 6 million documents. The library has around 60,000 registered readers; as well as Czech texts, the library stores older material from Turkey and India. The library houses books for Charles University in Prague; the library won international recognition in 2005 as it received the inaugural Jikji Prize from UNESCO via the Memory of the World Programme for its efforts in digitising old texts. The project, which commenced in 1992, involved the digitisation of 1,700 documents in its first 13 years; the most precious medieval manuscripts preserved in the National Library are the Codex Vyssegradensis and the Passional of Abbes Kunigunde.
In 2006 the Czech parliament approved funding for the construction of a new library building on Letna plain, between Hradčanská metro station and Sparta Prague's football ground, Letná stadium. In March 2007, following a request for tender, Czech architect Jan Kaplický was selected by a jury to undertake the project, with a projected completion date of 2011. In 2007 the project was delayed following objections regarding its proposed location from government officials including Prague Mayor Pavel Bém and President Václav Klaus. Plans for the building had still not been decided in February 2008, with the matter being referred to the Office for the Protection of Competition in order to determine if the tender had been won fairly. In 2008, Minister of Culture Václav Jehlička announced the end of the project, following a ruling from the European Commission that the tender process had not been carried out legally; the library was affected by the 2002 European floods, with some documents moved to upper levels to avoid the excess water.
Over 4,000 books were removed from the library in July 2011 following flooding in parts of the main building. There was a fire at the library in December 2012. List of national and state libraries Official website
Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival
The Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival is an annual music and arts festival held at the Empire Polo Club in Indio, located in the Inland Empire's Coachella Valley in the Colorado Desert. It was co-founded by Paul Tollett and Rick Van Santen in 1999, is organized by Goldenvoice, a subsidiary of AEG Live; the event features musical artists from many genres of music, including rock, indie, hip hop, electronic dance music, as well as art installations and sculptures. Across the grounds, several stages continuously host live music; the main stages are the: Coachella Stage, Outdoor Theatre, Gobi Tent, Mojave Tent, Sahara Tent. The festival's origins trace back to a 1993 concert that Pearl Jam performed at the Empire Polo Club while boycotting venues controlled by Ticketmaster; the show validated the site's viability for hosting large events, leading to the inaugural Coachella Festival being held over the course of two days in October 1999—just three months after Woodstock'99. After no event was held in 2000, Coachella returned on an annual basis beginning in April 2001, as a single-day event.
In 2002, the festival reverted to a two-day format. Coachella was expanded to a third day in 2007 and a second weekend in 2012. Organizers began permitting spectators to camp on the grounds in 2003, one of several expansions and additions of amenities that have been made in the festival's history. Coachella showcases popular and established musical artists, as well as emerging artists and reunited groups. Coachella is one of the largest, most famous, most profitable music festivals in the United States and all over the world; each Coachella staged from 2013 to 2015 set new records for gross revenues. The 2017 festival was grossed $114.6 million. The success of Coachella led to Goldenvoice establishing two additional music festivals at the site, the classic rock-oriented Desert Trip in 2016, the annual Stagecoach country music festival in 2007. On November 5, 1993, Pearl Jam performed for 25,000 fans at the Empire Polo Club in Indio, California; the site was selected because the band refused to play in Los Angeles as a result of a dispute with Ticketmaster over service charges applied to ticket purchases.
The show established the polo club's suitability for large-scale events. Around 1997, Goldenvoice was struggling to book concerts against larger companies, they were unable to offer guarantees as high as their competitors, such as SFX Entertainment. Tollett said, "We were getting our ass kicked financially. We were losing a lot of bands, and we couldn't compete with the money." As a result, the idea of a music festival was conceived, Tollett began to brainstorm ideas for one with multiple venues. His intent was to book trendy artists who were not chart successes: "Maybe if you put a bunch of them together, that might be a magnet for a lot of people." While attending the 1997 Glastonbury Festival, Tollett handed out pamphlets to artists and talent managers that featured pictures of the Empire Polo Club and pitched a possible festival there. In contrast to the muddy conditions at Glastonbury caused by rain, he recalled, "We had this pamphlet... showing sunny Coachella. Everyone was laughing."After scouting several sites for their festival and Goldenvoice co-president Rick Van Santen returned to the Empire Polo Club during the Big Gig festival in 1998.
Impressed by the location's suitability for a festival, they decided to book their event there. The promoters had hoped to stage the inaugural Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival in 1998 but were not able to until the following year. Coachella's announcement and ticket sales came just one week after the conclusion of Woodstock'99, a festival in July 1999, marred by looting, arson and rapes. Goldenvoice's insurance costs increased 40% as a result and the company faced uncertainty regarding Coachella's tickets. Organizers were aiming to provide a "high-comfort festival experience" for Coachella but rededicated themselves to those efforts after Woodstock'99. Advertisements boasted free water fountains, ample restrooms, misting tents. Retrospectively, Tollett called the decision to announce a new festival just two months prior to staging it "financial suicide". On October 9–10, 1999, the inaugural Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival was held. Headlining the event were Beck, the Chemical Brothers, Tool and Rage Against the Machine.
Promoters had hoped to make the event three days and considered the UK band Massive Attack as the third-day headliner. The organizers strived to recreate European music festivals with small crowds in a great setting with plenty of turntables. By booking acts based on artistry rather than radio popularity, Coachella earned the title of "the anti-Woodstock". Tickets sold for $50 for each day. Attendees were offered a free bottle of water upon entrance; the event went smoothly, with the well-behaved crowd starkly contrasting with the violence that plagued Woodstock'99.