Pocahontas County, West Virginia

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Pocahontas County, West Virginia
Durbin & Greenbrier Valley RR Station (3805661916).jpg
The quaint station in Durbin, used for scenic trips by Durbin and Greenbrier Valley Railroad
Map of West Virginia highlighting Pocahontas County
Location in the U.S. state of West Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 21, 1821
Named for Pocahontas
Seat Marlinton
Largest town Marlinton
Area
 • Total 942 sq mi (2,440 km2)
 • Land 940 sq mi (2,435 km2)
 • Water 1.5 sq mi (4 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 8,607
 • Density 9.2/sq mi (3.6/km2)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.pocahontascounty.wv.gov

Pocahontas County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,719,[1] its county seat is Marlinton.[2] The county was established in 1821, it is named after the daughter of the Powhatan Native American chief from Jamestown, Virginia. She married an English settler and their mixed-race children became ancestors of many of the First Families of Virginia.[3]

Pocahontas County is the home to the Green Bank Observatory and is part of the National Radio Quiet Zone.

History[edit]

When Andrew Lewis, early American pioneer, soldier, surveyor, and soldier from Virginia, came to survey one of the land grants for the Greenbrier Company in 1751, he found Jacob Marlin and Stephen Sewell living where Marlinton later developed, they had come from Frederick, Maryland, in 1749 and are considered to be the first European-American settlers west of the Alleghenies. They built their original cabin where Marlin Run met Knapp’s Creek. Lewis had found Sewell living in a large hollow sycamore tree near the cabin, this area is now between Eighth and Ninth avenues and Eighth and Ninth streets of Marlinton.

This area along the Ohio River was reserved by the nations of the Iroquois Confederacy as a hunting ground, by right of their conquest of tribes that had been in the area, the Native Americans resisted Europeans moving into the area. A treaty of 1758 by Great Britain confirmed the land west of the Allegheny Mountains to the Indians and forbade his Majesty’s subjects from settling or hunting here.

But the white settlers continued to encroach onto the Indian land, sparking many raids and massacres between the groups, after the Revolution, the Indian squabbles quieted and the settlers’ land claims were secured in an orderly manner.

In June 1863, West Virginia became the 35th state of the Union. Although part of Virginia at the time, the western area had a different culture and economy than the Tidewater, it had been settled by yeomen farmers who held few slaves. In the east, planters developed a slave society in which the elite lived very well. When Virginia seceded from the Union in 1861, many residents of the western counties, few of whom owned slaves, decided to stay with the Union.

The railroads came late to Pocahontas County, as building rails over the mountains was a difficult and expensive project, it was not until 1899 that construction began but after that, the task moved with startling speed. The 1900 census of the county indicates that many European immigrants came to the region as workers on building the railroads through this area.

Commercial timbering quickly began upon completion of the railroads, including a large mill owned by the West Virginia Pulp & Paper Company (now MeadWestvaco) at Cass. By the end of 1920, dozens of small railroading towns dotted the landscape along the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway line.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 942 square miles (2,440 km2), of which 940 square miles (2,400 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (0.2%) is water.[5] It is the third-largest county in West Virginia by area.

The highest point is Thorny Flat on Cheat Mountain in the northwestern part of the county, elevation 4848 feet (1478 m).[6]

Birthplace of rivers[edit]

The county is the site of the headwaters for eight rivers: Cherry River, Cranberry River, Elk River, Gauley River, Greenbrier River, Tygart Valley River, Williams River, and Shavers Fork of the Cheat River. The Monongahela National Forest protects much of the river headwaters, thereby helping to ensure improved downstream water quality.

Major highways[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18302,542
18402,92214.9%
18503,59823.1%
18603,95810.0%
18704,0692.8%
18805,56136.7%
18906,81422.5%
19008,57025.8%
191014,74072.0%
192015,0021.8%
193014,555−3.0%
194013,906−4.5%
195012,480−10.3%
196010,136−18.8%
19708,870−12.5%
19809,91911.8%
19909,008−9.2%
20009,1311.4%
20108,719−4.5%
Est. 20168,501[7]−2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790–1960[9] 1900–1990[10]
1990–2000[11] 2010–2015[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 9,131 people, 3,835 households, and 527 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 7,594 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.38% White, 0.78% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.05% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. 0.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,835 households out of which 25.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.90% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.10% were non-families. 29.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.90% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 27.40% from 45 to 64, and 17.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years, for every 100 females there were 106.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,401, and the median income for a family was $32,511. Males had a median income of $26,173 versus $16,780 for females, the per capita income for the county was $14,384. About 12.70% of families and 17.10% of individuals were below the poverty line, including 20.20% of those under age 18 and 14.60% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,719 people, 3,758 households, and 2,373 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 9.3 inhabitants per square mile (3.6/km2). There were 8,847 housing units at an average density of 9.4 per square mile (3.6/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 97.8% white, 0.7% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.8% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 23.0% were German, 20.1% were Irish, 12.7% were English, 9.9% were American, 5.2% were Scottish, and 5.1% were Dutch.[15]

Of the 3,758 households, 24.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.9% were non-families, and 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.75. The median age was 47.1 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $32,161 and the median income for a family was $40,906. Males had a median income of $32,411 versus $25,321 for females, the per capita income for the county was $19,763. About 11.8% of families and 15.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 67.9% 2,496 25.3% 928 6.8% 251
2012 60.8% 2,182 36.3% 1,303 3.0% 106
2008 55.2% 2,011 42.5% 1,548 2.3% 83
2004 58.6% 2,295 40.2% 1,573 1.3% 50
2000 56.8% 1,970 40.2% 1,392 3.0% 105
1996 35.7% 1,242 51.6% 1,796 12.7% 443
1992 37.1% 1,401 46.1% 1,741 16.9% 639
1988 48.7% 1,876 50.8% 1,958 0.5% 18
1984 56.5% 2,479 43.4% 1,903 0.1% 4
1980 46.2% 2,011 49.8% 2,170 4.0% 174
1976 42.8% 1,740 57.3% 2,330
1972 59.4% 2,391 40.6% 1,635
1968 46.0% 2,040 43.9% 1,948 10.1% 446
1964 34.1% 1,716 65.9% 3,317
1960 46.7% 2,469 53.3% 2,822
1956 53.7% 2,937 46.3% 2,533
1952 50.9% 2,841 49.1% 2,743
1948 46.2% 2,373 53.7% 2,754 0.1% 5
1944 44.7% 2,340 55.3% 2,897
1940 44.5% 2,886 55.5% 3,604
1936 40.8% 2,850 59.0% 4,118 0.1% 10
1932 42.3% 2,623 57.0% 3,531 0.7% 41
1928 55.6% 3,141 44.0% 2,487 0.5% 26
1924 49.1% 2,782 49.1% 2,777 1.8% 102
1920 52.3% 2,836 46.9% 2,540 0.8% 45
1916 44.9% 1,550 53.6% 1,849 1.5% 53
1912 18.4% 589 44.7% 1,428 36.9% 1,180

Economy[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Countryside off Route 28 near Dunmore, WV

As of 2008, there were approximately 30,000 out-of-towners who own property in Pocahontas County, the tourism industry has continued to be one of the county's largest economic industries. The main tourist attraction is Snowshoe Mountain, which attracts thousands of visitors every summer and winter.[citation needed]

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2001-09-23. Retrieved 2013-02-04. , West Virginia Culture
  4. ^ "Pocahontas County - County Historys". www.pocahontascountywv.com. Retrieved 2018-03-28. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2015. 
  6. ^ "West Virginia High Points". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-28. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°19′N 80°01′W / 38.32°N 80.01°W / 38.32; -80.01