Oak Grove Cemetery (Fall River, Massachusetts)
Oak Grove Cemetery is a historic cemetery located at 765 Prospect Street in Fall River, Massachusetts. It was established in 1855 and improved upon in the years that followed, it features Gothic Revival elements, including an elaborate entrance arch constructed of locally quarried Fall River granite. The cemetery contained 47 acres, but has since been expanded to 100 acres; the cemetery is the city's most significant, built in the planned rural-garden style of Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts. It was designed and laid out by local architect Josiah Brown, known for his designs of early mills including the Union, Border City, others. Oak Grove Cemetery is the final resting place of many of the city's elite, including prominent mill owners and merchants, it contains the city's Civil War Monument, donated by Richard Borden. The cemetery was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1983, it is still operated by the City of Fall River. Thomas Almy, co-founder of The Herald News.
Abby Durfee Borden, second wife of Andrew Jackson Borden and murder victim. Andrew Jackson Borden and murder victim. Nathaniel Briggs Borden, Mayor of Fall River, US Congressman, founder of Pocasset Mill. Colonel Richard Borden, industrial pioneer, businessman. Lizzie Borden, alleged murderer. Emma Borden, sister of Lizzie Borden, daughter of Andrew and Sarah Borden. Sarah Morse Borden, first wife of Andrew Jackson Borden and mother of Lizzie Borden and Emma Borden. Spencer Borden, delegate to 1924 Republication National Convention, served as director on boards of a number of local concerns. Charlie Buffinton, Major League Baseball player. James Buffington, the first mayor of Fall River. Earle Perry Charlton, founder of E. P. Charlton & Co. 5 & 10 stores chain. Through mergers, he became a co-founder of the F. W. Woolworth Company. Benjamin Cook, a District Court judge. Sarah M. Cornell, found murdered on the John Durfee Farm in nearby Tiverton, Newport County, RI, she was buried there and moved to Oak Grove.
Robert T. Davis, mayor of Fall River and United States Representative from Massachusetts. Bradford Matthew Chaloner Durfee, born into a wealthy and influential Fall River family, he was a philanthropist who died in his prime; as a memorial, his mother had the local school board erect the B. M. C Durfee High School. Dr. Nathan Durfee, early industrialist and deacon of Central Congregational Church. William Thomas Grant, founder of W. T. Grant Department Store chain and philanthropist. William S. Greene, United States Representative from Massachusetts mayor of Fall River. Cornelius Hargraves, an immigrant from England who in 1851 founded Hargraves Manufacturing Company, a soap and glue substitute manufacturing operation. Reuben Hargraves and Thomas Hargraves, sons of Cornelius Hargraves are buried in the Hargraves Mausoluem. James Holehouse, received the Medal of Honor for bravery at the Battle of Chancellorsville on May 3, 1863, he was a private in Company B, 7th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry.
Grace Hartley Howe, wife of Louie Howe and delegate to the 1936 Democratic National Convention. Louis McHenry Howe, political strategist who masterminded Franklin D. Roosevelt's 1932 presidential election, he was the only close friend both Eleanor Roosevelt shared in common. Andrew Jackson Jennings, noted local attorney, now best remembered for defending Lizzie Borden. Lewis Howard Latimer, African-American inventor and engineer who collaborated with Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Edison. John O. Milne, co-founder of The Herald News. Lt. Joseph S. Milne, mortally wounded at Battle of Gettysburg. James Madison Morton, an Associate Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts. James Madison Morton, Jr. a Federal judge. Maude Frances Darling Parlin, pioneer female architect and 1907 M. I. T. graduate who designed many Fall River homes. Richard Sears, owner of the Sears Mill. Cornelia Otis Skinner, biographer, essayists and screenwriter. F. H. Stafford, owner of Stafford Mills, is shaped like a textile mill building.
Friends of Oak Grove Cemetery page on the Stafford memorial. National Register of Historic Places listings in Fall River, Massachusetts North Burial Ground Friends of Oak Grove Cemetery~An Historic Victorian Cemetery in Fall River, Massachusetts Oak Grove Cemetery History Find-A-Grave
Truesdale Hospital is a historic former hospital building located at 1820 Highland Avenue in Fall River, Massachusetts. It was built in 1920 and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1986, it has since been converted into apartments, known as The Highlands. The hospital was founded by Dr. Philemon E. Truesdale in 1905, it was located in the former First Baptist Church parsonage, on the corner of Winter and Pine Streets in Fall River. The new Truesdale Hospital was built in 1912. A south wing was added in 1923. A new surgical wing was added with a gift from Earle P. Charlton. In 1980, Truesdale Hospital was renamed Charlton Memorial Hospital; the hospital established a nursing school in 1912, which graduated its first class in 1915. Students were required to live in a residence on the hospital grounds; the nursing school closed in 1972. The Truesdale Hospital Clinic was located on Rock Street in Fall River; this building is still standing, is now part of the Lower Highlands Historic District.
National Register of Historic Places listings in Fall River, Massachusetts
Fulling known as tucking or walking, was a step in woollen clothmaking which involves the cleansing of cloth to eliminate oils and other impurities, to make it thicker. The worker who does the job is a fuller, tucker, or walker, all of which have become common surnames; the Welsh word for a fulling mill is pandy, which appears in many place-names, for example Tonypandy. Fulling involves two processes: scouring and milling. Fulling was carried out by the pounding of the woollen cloth with a club, or the fuller's feet or hands. In Scottish Gaelic tradition, this process was accompanied by waulking songs, which women sang to set the pace. From the medieval period, fulling was carried out in a water mill, followed by stretching the cloth on great frames known as tenters, to which it is attached by tenterhooks, it is from this process that the phrase being on tenterhooks is derived, as meaning to be held in suspense. The area where the tenters were erected was known as a tenterground. In Roman times, fulling was conducted by slaves working the cloth while ankle deep in tubs of human urine.
Urine was so important to the fulling business. Stale urine, known as wash, was a source of ammonium salts and assisted in cleansing and whitening the cloth. By the medieval period, fuller's earth had been introduced for use in the process; this is a soft clay-like material occurring as an impure hydrous aluminium silicate. It was used in conjunction with wash. More soap has been used; the second function of fulling was to thicken cloth by matting the fibres together to give it strength and increase waterproofing. This was vital in the case of woollens, made from carding wool, but not for worsted materials made from combing wool. After this stage, water was used to rinse out the foul-smelling liquor used during cleansing. Felting of wool occurs upon hammering or other mechanical agitation because the microscopic barbs on the surface of wool fibres hook together, somewhat like Velcro. From the medieval period, the fulling of cloth was undertaken in a water mill, known as a fulling mill, a walk mill, or a tuck mill, in Wales, a pandy.
In these, the cloth was beaten with wooden hammers, known as fulling hammers. Fulling stocks were of two kinds, falling stocks that were used only for scouring, driving or hanging stocks. In both cases the machinery was operated by cams on the shaft of a waterwheel or on a tappet wheel, which lifted the hammer. Driving stocks were pivoted so that the foot struck the cloth horizontally; the stock had a tub holding the cloth. This was somewhat rounded on the side away from the hammer, so that the cloth turned, ensuring that all parts of it were milled evenly. However, the cloth was taken out about every two hours to undo wrinkles. The'foot' was triangular in shape, with notches to assist the turning of the cloth. There are several Biblical references to fulling. Prior to this, at least one reference appears in the speeches of Lysias, written in Athens during the 5th century BC. By the time of the Crusades in the late eleventh century, fulling mills were active throughout the medieval world, they appear to have originated in 10th century in Europe.
The earliest known reference to a fulling mill in France, which dates from about 1086, was discovered in Normandy. Bleachfield List of laundry topics Posting "full". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved June 30, 2005. E. K. Scott, "Early Cloth Fulling and its Machinery", Trans. Newcomen Soc. 12, 30–52. E. M. Carus-Wilson, "An Industrial Revolution of the Thirteenth Century", Economic History Review, Old Series, 11, 39–60. Reginald Lennard, "Early English Fulling Mills: additional examples", Economic History Review, New Series, 3, 342–343. R. A. Pelham, Fulling Mills A. J. Parkinson, "Fulling mills in Merioneth", J. Merioneth Hist. & Rec. Soc. 9, 420–456. D. Druchunas Felting, Vogue Knitting, The Basics, Sixth & Spring Books, NY.. The dictionary definition of tenter at Wiktionary
The Skeleton in Armor
The Skeleton in Armor is the name given to a skeleton associated with metal and cloth artifacts, unearthed in Fall River, Massachusetts in 1832. The skeleton was subsequently destroyed in a fire in 1843, it is the name of a poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. A contemporary account of the skeleton's discovery and general appearance was written by a Dr. Phineas W. Leland in 1843, soon after the artifact's destruction; the text of the description was as follows: Among the curiosities of peculiar interest was the entire skeleton of a man, about which antiquarians in the old as well as the new world had speculated much. The skeleton was found in the year 1832 in a sand- or grave-bank a little east of the Unitarian meetinghouse by some persons while digging away and removing a portion of the bank.. The skeleton was found near the surface in a sitting posture, the legbones doubled upon the thigh-bones, the thighs brought up nearly parallel with the body, it was quite perfect, stood remarkably well the test of exposure.
Covering the sternum was a triangular plate of brass somewhat corroded by time, around the body was a broad belt made of small brass tubes four or five inches in length about the size of a pipestem placed parallel and close to each other. Arrowheads made of copper or brass were found in the grave with the skeleton; that these were the remains of an Indian seemed to be generally conceded. Another description of the artifact written by John Stark, a lawyer in Galena, Illinois appeared in the 1837 volume of the American Magazine of Useful and Entertaining Knowledge: These remains were found in the town of Fall River, in Bristol County, Mass. about eighteen months since. In digging down a hill near the village, a large mass of earth slid off, leaving in the bank and uncovered a human skull, which, on examination, was found to belong to a body buried in a sitting posture, the head being about one foot below what had been for many years the surface of the ground; the surrounding earth was removed and the body found to be enwrapped in a covering of coarse bark of a dark color.
Within this envelope were found the remains of another of coarse cloth, made of fine bark and about the texture of a Manilla coffee-bag. On the breast was a plate of brass, thirteen inches long, six broad at the upper end and five at the lower; this plate appears to have been cast, is from one-eighth to three thirty-seconds of an inch in thickness. It is so much corroded that whether or not anything was engraved upon it has not yet been ascertained, it is oval in form, the edges being irregular made so by corrosion. Below the breastplate, encircling the body, was a belt composed of brass tubes,each four and a half inches in length and three-sixteenths of an inch in diameter, arranged longitudinally and close together, the length of the tube being the width of the belt; the tubes are of thin brass, cast upon hollow reeds, were fastened together by pieces of sinew. This belt was so placed; the arrows are of brass, thin and triangular in shape, with a round hole cut through near the base. The shaft was fastened to the head by inserting the latter in an opening at the end of the wood, tying it with a sinew through the round hole, a mode of constructing the weapon never practiced by the Indians, not with their arrows of thin shell.
Parts of the shaft still remain attached to some of them. When first discovered the arrows were in a sort of quiver of bark, which fell in pieces when exposed to the air; the skull is much decayed, but the teeth are sound and of a young man. The pelvis is much decayed and the smaller bones of the lower extremities are gone; the integuments of the right knee, for four or five inches above and below, are in good preservation the size and shape of life, although quite black. Considerable flesh is still more on the shoulders and elbows. On the back under the belt, for two inches above and below, the skin and flesh are in good preservation, have the appearance of being tanned; the chest is much compressed, but the upper viscera are entire. The arms are not crossed, so that the hands turned inwards touch the shoulders; the stature is about five and a half feet. Much of the exterior envelope was decayed, the inner one appeared to be preserved only where it had been in contact with the brass; the preservation of this body may be the result of some embalming process, this hypothesis is strengthened by the fact that the skin has the appearance of having been tanned, or it may be the accidental result of the action of the salts of the brass I during oxidation, this latter hypothesis is supported by the fact that the skin and flesh have been preserved only where they have been in contact with or quite near the brass, or we may account for the preservation of the whole by supposing the presence of salt peter in the soil at the time of the deposit.
In either way, the preservation of the remains is accounted for, upon known chemical principles. That the body was not one of the Indians we think. We have seen some of the drawings taken from the sculptures found at Palenque, in those the figures are represented with the breastplates, although smaller than the plate found at Fall River. On the figures at Palenque the bracelets and an
The Taunton River, is a river in southeastern Massachusetts in the United States. It arises in the town of Bridgewater. From there it meanders through the towns of Halifax and Raynham, through the city of Taunton for which it is named, the towns of Berkley, Dighton and the Assonet section of Freetown, to Fall River where it joins Mount Hope Bay, an arm of Narragansett Bay; the total length of the river is 37.0 miles from the junction of the Town and Matfield Rivers in Bridgewater to the mouth of the Quequechan River in Fall River. It has a watershed of 562 square miles; the river's watershed includes the largest freshwater wetland in the state. The Taunton River is one of the flattest rivers in New England, dropping only about twenty feet in elevation over its length; the river is tidal as far north as Taunton. The river is home including some animals found nowhere else in the state. Over 154 bird species have been documented along the Taunton River during breeding season; the watershed supports 28 species of reptiles and amphibians, 29 species of fish, including native brook trout and Atlantic sturgeon, which can be found in the lower part of the watershed.
The Mystic Valley Amphipod, native only to eastern New England, has been found in various wetlands throughout the watershed. All along the river, otters can be found on the shoreline, harbor seals have been sighted in the watershed in some of the smaller tributaries; the watershed is home to 7 species of freshwater mussels, the largest herring run in New England. In 2005, a young harp seal was found in the Nemasket River. In early summer 2014, a young male Beluga whale was sighted in the Taunton River, in late August 2014, a basking shark was spotted in the Taunton. Over 360 plant species were sampled from the floodplain wetlands and the immediate river corridors, various vegetative communities can be found along the river; these include Atlantic White Cedar Swamps, Forested Bogs, Coastal Plain Pondshores, among many others. Since the development of industry beginning with the iron works of the mid-17th century, the Taunton River has played an important role in the economy of the Greater Taunton Area.
The shipbuilding industry was active in the Taunton area during the 19th century. The Taunton River is the longest coastal river in New England without dams and supports 45 species of fish and many species of shellfish; the Taunton River is the principal river. The watershed is the habitat including 12 rare types, it is home to otter, grey fox and deer. Battleship Cove, the world's largest museum of warships, is located on the Fall River side of the river at its confluence with Mount Hope Bay, beneath the Braga Bridge. After over five years of study for possible inclusion in the National Wild and Scenic River System, such designation was obtained in April 2009. List of crossings of the Taunton River Winnetuxet River, at Halifax Nemasket River, at Middleborough Mill River, at Taunton Three Mile River at Dighton Assonet River at Freetown Fall River, Massachusetts List of Massachusetts rivers Taunton, Massachusetts Three Mile River Weetamoo U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Taunton River Taunton River Stewardship Program: The Wildlands Trust of Southeastern Massachusetts Taunton River Watershed Alliance University of Rhode Island: Taunton River Watershed critical resource atlas.
USS Fall River (CA-131)
USS Fall River was a Baltimore-class heavy cruiser of the United States Navy. Launched on 13 August 1944 by the New York Shipbuilding Corporation of Camden, New Jersey, sponsored by Mrs. Alexander C. Murray, wife of the mayor of Fall River. On 31 October 1945, Fall River arrived at Norfolk, out of which she sailed in experimental development operations until 31 January 1946; the cruiser was assigned to JTF 1, organized to conduct Operation Crossroads, atomic weapons tests in the Marshall Islands in the summer of 1946. To prepare for this duty, Fall River sailed to San Pedro, where from 16 February to 6 March she was altered to provide flagship accommodations. Arriving at Pearl Harbor on 17 March, she embarked Rear Admiral Frank G. Fahrion, commander of the target vessel's group for the tests, with him sailed in the Marshalls between 21 May and 14 September. After west coast training, Fall River served a tour of duty in the Far East as flagship of Cruiser Division 1 from 12 January 1947 to 17 June 1947.
Authorized during World War II but completed too late to see service in that conflict, the Fall River was caught in the post-war economizing measures, despite her recent completion and lack of wartime damage. She returned to Puget Sound Navy Yard, where she was placed out of commission in reserve on 31 October 1947. Proposals to convert her into an Albany-class guided missile cruiser were cancelled when sister ship Columbus was determined to be in better material condition. Fall River continued to reside in the reserve fleet until stricken on 19 February 1971, sold on 28 August 1972 to Zidell Explorations Corp. Portland, Oregon; the tip of her bow is now on display at Battleship Cove. American Campaign Medal World War II Victory Medal Navy Occupation Medal China Service Medal Photo gallery of USS Fall River at NavSource Naval History This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships; the entry can be found here
Mount Hope Bay
Mount Hope Bay is a tidal estuary located at the mouth of the Taunton River on the Massachusetts and Rhode Island border. It is an arm of Narragansett Bay; the bay is named after Mount Hope, a small hill located on its western shore in what is now Bristol, Rhode Island. It flows into the East Passage of Narragansett Bay and the Sakonnet River. Mount Hope Bay has played an important role to the history of the area, from pre-colonial times to the present. While many years of sewage and industrial pollution have degraded the quality of the shallow waters of the bay, there are major efforts underway to clean up and restore it. Mount Hope Bay is part of the Narragansett Basin, formed as a rift in the Avalon terrane, it is underlaid by sedimentary rocks estimated to be several miles thick. The bay covers an area of about 13 square miles, with an average depth of 18.7 feet, although portions of the southern end of the bay are as deep as 74 feet near the Mount Hope Bridge. At the north end of the bay are the towns of Warren, Rhode Island, Swansea and Somerset, Massachusetts.
The eastern shore of the bay consists of the city of Fall River and the town of Tiverton, Rhode Island. Portsmouth, Rhode Island is located at the southern end of the bay at the northern tip of Aquidneck Island. Bristol, Rhode Island forms the western shore of the bay. 70 percent of the bay is located within Rhode Island. However, nearly 90 percent of its drainage area is located within Massachusetts, its main tributary is the Taunton River, several smaller rivers drain directly into the bay, including the Quequechan River, Lee's River, Cole River, Kickamuit River. A small sand bar known as Spar Island is located in the middle of the bay just south of the Rhode Island border; the perimeter of the bay is crossed by three roadway bridges: the Sakonnet River Bridge to the southeast, the Charles M. Braga Jr. Memorial Bridge to the north, the Mount Hope Bridge to the southwest. Mount Hope Bay contains a 35 foot-deep shipping channel maintained by the Army Corps of Engineers as part of their Fall River Harbor project.
A maintained, 34 feet-deep channel extends from the main ACOE channel to the Brayton Point Power Station. Mount Hope Bay was once part of the Wampanoag Nation, the site of early events of King Philip's War in 1675. For nearly 200 years, the area of the bay was part of a boundary dispute between the states of Rhode Island and Massachusetts, settled by the United States Supreme Court in 1862. Mount Hope Bay has played an important part in the industrial history of the city of Fall River, located on its eastern shore; the bay provides access to the city for ocean-going vessels, including for many years the passenger ships of the Fall River Line. In the 1960s, the 1,500 megawatt Brayton Point Power Station was built by the New England Power Company in Somerset, Massachusetts at the north end of the bay, it has the largest capacity of any power plant in New England. For many years, the plant has relied on the waters of the bay as part of its cooling process; this has led to severe thermal pollution.
After years of lawsuits and various environmental government action, current owner Dominion Resources spent $500 million building two 500-foot tall cooling towers and upgrading the cooling system to prevent pollution of the bay. In 2009, the City of Fall River completed the first phase of a $185 million Combined Sewer Overflow abatement project, designed to drastically reduce the amount of sewage overflows that occur during periods of heavy rains; the project is expected to be completed by 2018. Battleship Cove Borden Flats Light Fall River Heritage State Park Mount Hope Farm Ocean Grove, Massachusetts