Barrios of Montevideo
The city of Montevideo, capital of Uruguay, is divided into 62 barrios, each with its own identity, demographic characteristics and activities appropriate to the socio-cultural level of its inhabitants. Most of the outer barrios of Montevideo are in their biggest part rural areas. In a more general usage of the word barrio, some people refer to the biggest large-scale residential complexes of Montevideo as barrios, although they do not appear as such in official lists; such are the Parque Posadas in the Euskal Erría complexes in Malvin Norte and others. Many areas of the city that are now considered barrios had geographically independent populations, that were absorbed into the growing city; this is the case with Sayago, Pocitos and others. Some barrios grew out of industrial areas, such as Nuevo París. Other areas that were considered once as barrios have been incorporated in bigger actual ones; such are the barrio Goes, most of, incorporated in Villa Muñoz, while smaller parts of it were incorporated in Aguada and La Figurita, the barrio Arroyo Seco, incorporated in Bella Vista, the Barrio Borro and others.
As a consequence, different maps may show the borders of some barrios. This list and its accompanying map follow the division in barrios of the National Institute of Statistics of Uruguay. Map of the Instituto Nacional de Estadística showing the 62 barrios Map of the RAP CEIBAL showing the 62 barrios Revista Raíces, the history of some of the barrios Intendencia de Montevideo, the history of some of the barrios Intendencia de Montevideo, useful data for some of the barrios
Brazil the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, its most populated city is São Paulo; the federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers, it borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent's land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats; this unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.
Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system; the ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d'état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed. Brazil's current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic. Due to its rich culture and history, the country ranks thirteenth in the world by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Brazil is considered an advanced emerging economy. It has the ninth largest GDP in the world by nominal, eight and PPP measures, it is one of the world's major breadbaskets, being the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years. It is classified as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country, with the largest share of global wealth in Latin America. Brazil is a regional power and sometimes considered a great or a middle power in international affairs. On account of its international recognition and influence, the country is subsequently classified as an emerging power and a potential superpower by several analysts. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Union of South American Nations, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, it is that the word "Brazil" comes from the Portuguese word for brazilwood, a tree that once grew plentifully along the Brazilian coast.
In Portuguese, brazilwood is called pau-brasil, with the word brasil given the etymology "red like an ember", formed from brasa and the suffix -il. As brazilwood produces a deep red dye, it was valued by the European textile industry and was the earliest commercially exploited product from Brazil. Throughout the 16th century, massive amounts of brazilwood were harvested by indigenous peoples along the Brazilian coast, who sold the timber to European traders in return for assorted European consumer goods; the official Portuguese name of the land, in original Portuguese records, was the "Land of the Holy Cross", but European sailors and merchants called it the "Land of Brazil" because of the brazilwood trade. The popular appellation eclipsed and supplanted the official Portuguese name; some early sailors called it the "Land of Parrots". In the Guarani language, an official language of Paraguay, Brazil is called "Pindorama"; this was the name the indigenous population gave to the region, meaning "land of the palm trees".
Some of the earliest human remains found in the Americas, Luzia Woman, were found in the area of Pedro Leopoldo, Minas Gerais and provide evidence of human habitation going back at least 11,000 years. The earliest pottery found in the Western Hemisphere was excavated in the Amazon basin of Brazil and radiocarbon dated to 8,000 years ago; the pottery was found near Santarém and provides evidence that the tropical forest region supported a complex prehistoric culture. The Marajoara culture flourished on Marajó in the Amazon delta from 800 CE to 1400 CE, developing sophisticated pottery, social stratification, large populations, mound building, complex social formations such as chiefdoms. Around the time of the Portuguese arrival, the territory of current day Brazil had an estimated indigenous population of 7 million people semi-nomadic who subsisted on hunting, fishing and migrant agriculture; the indigenous population of Brazil comprised several large indigenous ethnic groups. The Tupí people were subdivided into the Tupiniquins and Tupinambás, there were many subdivisions of the other gro
San Juan Bautista, Montevideo
The Church of Saint John the Baptist, popularly known as Iglesia de Pocitos is a Roman Catholic parish church in Montevideo, Uruguay. There was a small chapel near the beach. In 1890 is purchased the plot where a better temple was to be built. On 25 June 1899 is laid the fundamental stone of the present temple, dedicated to saint John the Baptist; the construction took decades. This church is an important landmark in its neighbourhood and a popular wedding venue; the Montevideo Philharmonic Orchestra holds concerts here during its seasons. There are other churches in Uruguay dedicated to St. John the Baptist: Cathedral Basilica of St. John the Baptist in Salto St. John the Baptist Parish Church in Santa Lucía St. John the Baptist Parish Church in San Bautista St. John the Baptist Parish Church in Río Branco St. John the Baptist Parish Church in Mercedes St. John the Baptist Chapel in Ismael Cortinas Parish of St. John the Baptist
Nuestra Señora de Fátima, Pocitos, Montevideo
The Church of Our Lady of Fatima is a Roman Catholic parish church in the neighbourhood of Pocitos, Uruguay. The parish was established on 1 May 1954; the temple is dedicated to the Virgin of Fatima. It is held by the Claretians, who run the adjacent private school Colegio y Liceo Nuestra Señora de Fátima; the celebrations were held in a crypt under the school. There are other churches in Uruguay dedicated to Our Lady of Fatima: Parish Church of Our Lady of Fatima in Villa del Cerro Fatima Chapel in Punta del Este Parish Church of Our Lady of Fatima in Rocha Our Lady of Fatima Chapel in Colonia Valdense Our Lady of Fatima Parish Church in Minas Our Lady of Fatima Parish Church in San José de Mayo -