Virginia is a state located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, as well as in the historic Southeast. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, the capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond, Virginia Beach is the most populous city, and Fairfax County is the most populous political subdivision. The Commonwealths estimated population as of 2014 is over 8.3 million, the areas history begins with several indigenous groups, including the Powhatan. In 1607 the London Company established the Colony of Virginia as the first permanent New World English colony, slave labor and the land acquired from displaced Native American tribes each played a significant role in the colonys early politics and plantation economy. Although the Commonwealth was under one-party rule for nearly a century following Reconstruction, the Virginia General Assembly is the oldest continuous law-making body in the New World. The state government was ranked most effective by the Pew Center on the States in both 2005 and 2008 and it is unique in how it treats cities and counties equally, manages local roads, and prohibits its governors from serving consecutive terms.
Virginias economy changed from agricultural to industrial during the 1960s and 1970s. Virginia has an area of 42,774.2 square miles, including 3,180.13 square miles of water. Virginias boundary with Maryland and Washington, D. C. extends to the mark of the south shore of the Potomac River. The southern border is defined as the 36° 30′ parallel north, the border with Tennessee was not settled until 1893, when their dispute was brought to the U. S. Supreme Court. The Chesapeake Bay separates the portion of the Commonwealth from the two-county peninsula of Virginias Eastern Shore. The bay was formed from the river valleys of the Susquehanna River. Many of Virginias rivers flow into the Chesapeake Bay, including the Potomac, Rappahannock and James, the Tidewater is a coastal plain between the Atlantic coast and the fall line. It includes the Eastern Shore and major estuaries of Chesapeake Bay, the Piedmont is a series of sedimentary and igneous rock-based foothills east of the mountains which were formed in the Mesozoic era.
The region, known for its clay soil, includes the Southwest Mountains around Charlottesville. The Blue Ridge Mountains are a province of the Appalachian Mountains with the highest points in the state. The Ridge and Valley region is west of the mountains and includes the Great Appalachian Valley, the region is carbonate rock based and includes Massanutten Mountain. The Cumberland Plateau and the Cumberland Mountains are in the southwest corner of Virginia, in this region, rivers flow northwest, with a dendritic drainage system, into the Ohio River basin
Occasionally, municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, and services become the responsibility of a higher administration. In some countries, such as in Brazil, France or the United Kingdom, unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government immediately beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area often contains several towns and even entire cities, aside from very sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases, almost all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are often in locations, cover vast areas or have very small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in parts of Australia. Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory has no municipalities and is in some sense an unincorporated area, the territorial government is directly responsible for matters normally carried out by local government.
The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, a civil servant in the state capital manages such matters as are necessary. The second unincorporated area of state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory,1. 45% of the area and 4. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive services provided by a state agency. Firstly, the remote area that is unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands. Secondly, the unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to. In Canada, depending on the province, a settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs solely over the settlement. It is usually, but not always, part of a municipal government. This can range from hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries entirely, Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data.
In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction
Pennington Gap, Virginia
Pennington Gap is the most populous town in Lee County, United States. The population was 1,781 at the 2000 census, the Lee Regional Medical Center was in Pennington Gap until it closed in October 2013, and the United States Penitentiary, Lee is nearby. The Pennington Gap post office was established in 1891, Pennington Gap is located at 36°45′24″N 83°1′46″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has an area of 1.5 square miles. Pennington Gap is located at the junction of US Route 58, as of the census of 2000, there were 1,781 people,811 households, and 480 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,174.0 people per square mile, there were 950 housing units at an average density of 626.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 95. 28% White,3. 43% African American,0. 39% Native American,0. 28% Asian, hispanic or Latino of any race were 0. 67% of the population. 37. 5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16. 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the town, the population was out with 20. 5% under the age of 18,7. 2% from 18 to 24,25. 4% from 25 to 44,25. 3% from 45 to 64. The median age was 42 years, for every 100 females there were 81.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.6 males, the median income for a household in the town was $18,056, and the median income for a family was $27,875. Males had an income of $27,885 versus $18,625 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,742, about 28. 3% of families and 31. 3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42. 0% of those under age 18 and 24. 7% of those age 65 or over. The Federal Bureau of Prisons United States Penitentiary, Lee is located in the Lee County Industrial Park in unincorporated Lee County, Lee County Public Schools operates schools in the county. Pennington Elementary School was located on Morgan Avenue, consisting of three built at various times,1912,1917, and 1937. In 1989, with the consolidation of many of the high schools at the newly constructed Lee High School.
Barry Audia, former pro boxer Jim Pankovits, pro baseball player William C, representative to the United States Congress Carol S. Wood, mathematician The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Pennington Gap has a subtropical climate
A U. S. state is a constituent political entity of the United States of America. There are 50 states, which are together in a union with each other. Each state holds administrative jurisdiction over a geographic territory. Due to the shared sovereignty between each state and the government, Americans are citizens of both the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons covered by certain types of court orders. States range in population from just under 600,000 to over 39 million, four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names. States are divided into counties or county-equivalents, which may be assigned some local authority but are not sovereign. County or county-equivalent structure varies widely by state, State governments are allocated power by the people through their individual constitutions. All are grounded in principles, and each provides for a government.
States possess a number of powers and rights under the United States Constitution, Constitution has been amended, and the interpretation and application of its provisions have changed. The general tendency has been toward centralization and incorporation, with the government playing a much larger role than it once did. There is a debate over states rights, which concerns the extent and nature of the states powers and sovereignty in relation to the federal government. States and their residents are represented in the federal Congress, a legislature consisting of the Senate. Each state is represented in the Senate by two senators, and is guaranteed at least one Representative in the House, members of the House are elected from single-member districts. Representatives are distributed among the states in proportion to the most recent constitutionally mandated decennial census, the Constitution grants to Congress the authority to admit new states into the Union. Since the establishment of the United States in 1776, the number of states has expanded from the original 13 to 50, alaska and Hawaii are the most recent states admitted, both in 1959.
The Constitution is silent on the question of states have the power to secede from the Union. Shortly after the Civil War, the U. S. Supreme Court, in Texas v. White, as a result, while the governments of the various states share many similar features, they often vary greatly with regard to form and substance
Lee County, Virginia
Lee County is the westernmost county in the U. S. As of the 2015 estimate, the population was 24,742, the first Europeans to enter what is present-day Lee County were a party of Spanish explorers, Juan de Villalobos and Francisco de Silvera, sent by Hernando de Soto in 1540, in search of gold. The county was formed in 1793 from Russell County and it was named for Light Horse Harry Lee, the Governor of Virginia from 1791 to 1794, who was famous for his exploits as a leader of light cavalry during the American Revolutionary War. He was the father of the Confederate General Robert E. Lee, Lee County was the final front on the Kentucky Trace, now known as the Wilderness Road and The Trail of the Lonesome Pine. During the 1780s and 1790s, fortified buildings called stations were built along the trail for shelter from Indian raids as the settlers followed Daniel Boones footsteps into Kentucky. One of the largest early landowners in the was Revolutionary War officer and explorer Joseph Martin, because of his rank, Martin had been awarded some 25,000 acres, which he divided up and sold.
In 1814, parts of Lee County, Russell County, in 1856, parts of Lee County, Russell County, and Scott County were combined to form Wise County. The economy of Lee County is dependent largely on growing tobacco, the decline of both has left a large unemployment in the county. Lee County shares Cumberland Gap National Historical Park with Kentucky and Tennessee, attractions listed in the park include Hensleys Settlement, the Pinnacle Overlook, the Sand Cave, and the White Rocks overlooking the towns of Ewing and Rose Hill. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 437 square miles. Additionally, Cumberland Gap in the far part of Lee County is closer to Montgomery, Alabama. The county is divided into seven districts, Rocky Station, Rocky Station Mineral, Rose Hill, White Shoals, Yoakum, St. Charles, Pennington Gap, Robbins Chapel and Yoakum Mineral. SR70 As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 25,587 people residing in the county. 94. 2% were White,3. 7% Black or African American,0.
4% Native American,0. 2% Asian,0. 6% of some other race and 0. 9% of two or more races. According to the census 2009 estimates, there were 25001 people,11,587 households, the population density was 54 people per square mile. There were 11,587 housing units at a density of 25 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96. 3% White,2. 9% Black or African American,0. 2% Asian,0. 1% from other races,0. 7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The largest ancestry groups in Lee County include, Irish, German,27.0 percent of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1 percent had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in the United States, Romania, China, in the United Kingdom and Ireland, county towns have a similar function. In the United States, counties are the subdivisions of a state. Depending on the state, counties may provide services to the public, impose taxes. Some types of subdivisions, such as townships, may be incorporated or unincorporated. The city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county, a county seat is usually, but not always, an incorporated municipality. The exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, likewise, some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, in some of the colonial states, county seats include or formerly included Court House as part of their name.
Most counties have only one county seat, an example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats. The practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days when travel was difficult, there have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states, Coffee County, for example, the official county seat is Greensboro, but an additional courthouse has been located in nearby High Point since 1938. For example, Clearwater is the county seat of Pinellas County, Florida, in New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government. Historically, counties in this region have served mainly as dividing lines for the judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of government and thus no county seats, in Vermont and Maine the county seats are legally designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the shire town.
Bennington County has two towns, but the Sheriff is located in Bennington. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town governments. As such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county
Ewing is a census-designated place in Lee County, United States. The population was 439 at the 2010 census, Ewing is one of the westernmost settlements in the state of Virginia, before reaching the Cumberland Gap, and the borders with Kentucky and Tennessee. The Ewing post office was established in 1891, Ewing is home to the Lincoln Memorial University Veterinarian Teaching and Research Center. Ewing is located at 36°38′27″N 83°25′55″W, according to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.9 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 436 people,183 households, the population density was 112.4 people per square mile. There were 216 housing units at a density of 55. 7/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 99. 31% White,0. 23% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 0. 23% of the population. 27. 9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13. 1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the CDP, the population was out with 25. 5% under the age of 18,6. 9% from 18 to 24,24. 8% from 25 to 44,26. 4% from 45 to 64. The median age was 40 years, for every 100 females there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males, the median income for a household in the CDP was $22,292, and the median income for a family was $30,278. Males had an income of $26,154 versus $23,250 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $11,722, about 20. 3% of families and 27. 1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4. 5% of those under age 18 and 42. 7% of those age 65 or over
St. Charles, Virginia
St. Charles is a town in Lee County, United States. It is one of three incorporated towns in Lee County, the population was 159 at the 2000 census. St. Charles is located at 36°48′14″N 83°3′26″W, according to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.2 square miles, all of it land. A post office was established as Saint Charles in 1908, the community was named for Charles Bondurant, a coal mining official. As of the census of 2000, there were 159 people,61 households, the population density was 962.3 people per square mile. There were 72 housing units at a density of 435.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 99. 37% White and 0. 63% Asian,24. 6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11. 5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the family size was 3.02. In the town, the population was out with 30. 2% under the age of 18,11. 9% from 18 to 24,28. 3% from 25 to 44,18. 9% from 45 to 64. The median age was 30 years, for every 100 females there were 89.3 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males, the median income for a household in the town was $14,821, and the median income for a family was $16,875. Males had an income of $24,583 versus $11,786 for females. The per capita income for the town was $10,133. About 43. 8% of families and 44. 7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 66. 7% of those under the age of eighteen and 56. 7% of those sixty five or over
Jonesville is a town in and the county seat of Lee County, United States. The population was 995 at the 2000 census, by the end of the century much of the commercial real estate in its downtown area was either unoccupied or underutilized. Most of Jonesvilles remaining commercial activity is concentrated in the west end, Jonesville Drug, one of the oldest surviving downtown businesses, relocated to the old Chappells Dairy site on the west end in 2004. The Dickinson-Milbourn House and Jonesville Methodist Campground are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, glen Morgan Williams, United States Federal Judge, was born in Jonesville. Andrew Taylor Still, M. D. D. O. father of medicine and founder of its first school. Jonesville is located at 36°41′17″N 83°6′59″W, according to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.1 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 995 people,497 households, the population density was 901.1 people per square mile.
There were 565 housing units at a density of 511.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 99. 30% White,0. 10% African American, hispanic or Latino of any race were 0. 40% of the population. 45. 1% of all households were made up of individuals and 20. 5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 1.91 and the average family size was 2.66. In the town, the population was out with 18. 1% under the age of 18,8. 4% from 18 to 24,24. 7% from 25 to 44,25. 4% from 45 to 64. The median age was 44 years, for every 100 females there were 87.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males, the median income for a household in the town was $16,548, and the median income for a family was $27,368. Males had an income of $26,950 versus $19,297 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,347, about 25. 4% of families and 32. 3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 55. 6% of those under age 18 and 24. 4% of those age 65 or over.
The Federal Bureau of Prisons United States Penitentiary, Lee is located 8 miles east of Jonesville