Pocket Books is a division of Simon & Schuster that publishes paperback books. Pocket Books produced the first mass-market, pocket-sized paperback books in the United States in early 1939 and revolutionized the publishing industry; the German Albatross Books had pioneered the idea of a line of color-coded paperback editions in 1931 under Kurt Enoch, Penguin Books in Britain had refined the idea in 1935 and had one million books in print by the following year. Pocket Books was founded by Richard L. Simon, M. Lincoln Schuster and Leon Shimkin, partners of Simon & Schuster, along with Robert de Graff. In 1944, the founding owners sold the company to Marshall Field III, owner of the Chicago Sun newspaper. Following Field's death, in 1957, Leon Shimkin, a Simon & Schuster partner, James M. Jacobson bought Pocket Books for $5 million. Simon & Schuster acquired Pocket in 1966. Penguin's success inspired entrepreneur Robert de Graff, who partnered with publishers Simon & Schuster to bring it to the American market.
Priced at 25 cents and featuring the logo of Gertrude the kangaroo, Pocket Books' editorial policy of reprints of light literature, popular non-fiction, mysteries was coordinated with its strategy of selling books outside the traditional distribution channels. The format size, the fact that the books were glued rather than stitched, were cost-cutting innovations; the first ten numbered Pocket Book titles published in 1939 with a print run of about 10,000 copies each: Lost Horizon by James Hilton Wake Up and Live by Dorothea Brande Five Great Tragedies by William Shakespeare Topper by Thorne Smith The Murder of Roger Ackroyd by Agatha Christie Enough Rope by Dorothy Parker Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë The Way of All Flesh by Samuel Butler The Bridge of San Luis Rey by Thornton Wilder Bambi by Felix SaltenThe edition of Wuthering Heights hit the bestseller list, by the end of the first year Pocket Books had sold more than 1.5 million units. Robert de Graff continued to refine his selections with movie tie-ins and greater emphasis on mystery novels those of Christie and Erle Stanley Gardner.
Pocket and its imitators thrived during World War II because material shortages worked to their advantage. During the war, Pocket sued Avon Books for copyright infringement: among other issues, a New York state court found Pocket did not have an exclusive right to the pocket-sized format. Phyllis E. Grann who would become the first woman CEO of a major publishing firm was promoted to run Pocket Books under CEO Richard E. Snyder. Grann left for Putnam in 1976. In 1981, Dr. Benjamin Spock's Baby and Child Care was listed as their top seller, having sold 28 million copies at that time and having been acquired in 1946. In 1989, The Dieter by Susan Sussman became the first hard cover published by Pocket Books. Pocket is still known for publishing works of popular fiction based on movies or TV series, such as the Star Trek franchise and Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Since first obtaining the Star Trek license from Bantam Books in 1979, Pocket has published hundreds of original and adapted works based upon the franchise and continues to publish a new novel every month.
The author credited for one of the Buffy products is Gertrude Pocket, a reference to the company's kangaroo logo. Pocket Books is the division that owns publication rights to the well-known work of James O'Barr, The Crow. Baen Books—science fiction and fantasy, including the Honor Harrington series Cardinal Edition Downtown Press—chick lit Gallery Books G-Unit Books Juno Books—formerly an imprint of Wildside Press MTV/VH1 Books Permabooks Pocket Star Books—media tie in Pocket Star eBooks Threshold Editions—conservative titles WWE Books Sonnet—romance Timescape—science fiction Wanderer Books Official Pocket Star eBooks website "Paperback Publishers"
Royale Union Sportive Mariembourg is a professional basketball club based in Couvin, Belgium. After the Second World War of 1939–45, the preferred sport for gymnasts of Union Sportive company Mariembourgeoise created in 1907 became the basketball under the influence of Albert Jossieaux. In 1949 USM applying for enrollment in the F. R. B. S. B.: A new club was born, with registration number of 475 which evolves Provincial Namur alongside Natoye, Sombreffe... From 1976 to 1981, RUSM went thus the first province Division to National Division I. In the 1981–82 season the club adopted the name FIAT Mariembourg for sponsorship reasons and ranked 11th; the next season as Tuborg Mariemburg ranked 6 in the league and reached in the semifinals of the Belgian Cup where it eliminated by Maccabi Brussels. In 1983–82 season, now Assubel Mariembourg participated in the European competitions for the first time in its history. Assubel played in the FIBA Korać Cup and eliminated in the second round by the French Olympique Antibes.
The sixth place in the Division I gave Assubel the right to play once again in the FIBA Korać Cup of the next season. In 1984–85 was the turn of Moderne to eliminate Mariembourg again in the second round. During the 1987/1988 seasons RUS Assubel Mariembourg became runner-up of the Belgian Cup. In 1988 the club reached to play in the quarterfinal group stage of FIBA European Cup Winner's Cup against Ram Joventut, Scavolini Pesaro and Hapoel Galil Elyon with 0–6 record; the next season played in the top 16 group stage and ranked third above the Spanish club of Estudiantes Bosé. That was the last participation of the club in the European competitions to date. Belgian Cup Runners-up: 1986–87, 1987–88 Official site
France was the first modern nation state to introduce universal military conscription as a condition of citizenship. This was done in order to provide manpower for the country's military at the time of the French Revolution. Conscription continued in various forms for two hundred years until being phased out between 1996 and 2001; the French Royal Army of the 17th and 18th centuries had consisted of long-service regulars together with a number of regiments recruited from foreign mercenaries. Limited conscription for local militia units was resented and only enforced in times of emergency. Universal conscription in the modern sense originated during the French Revolution, when the newly-created Republic needed stronger military forces to defend the country against counter-revolutionary invasion and subsequently to expand its radical ideas throughout Europe; the 1798 Jourdan law stated: "Any Frenchman is a soldier and owes himself to the defense of the nation". Napoleon Bonaparte inherited a expanded army based on conscription, from which he created the Grande Armée.
Following the Napoleonic Wars, the restored Bourbon monarchy returned to its traditional reliance on long service volunteers plus some Swiss and German mercenary regiments. Numbers were filled out through limited conscription by lot, the burden of which spared the middle and upper classes who could afford to purchase exemption through the employment of paid substitutes; this unequal system continued until the Franco-Prussian War of 1870. Under the Third Republic, the French Army became the "school of the nation" utilizing general military service following the Prussian model. Shorter periods of service, alternative hospital duties or other forms of exemption were however still permitted for certain categories such as student teachers and priests, it was not until 1905 that universal military service for a period of two years, without exception on any but medical grounds, was introduced. In 1913, France introduced a "Three Year Law" to extend the term of French military service to match the size of the Imperial German Army.
France's population lagged behind Germany in 1913. In contrast to Germany and Russia, who were able to offer exemptions or deferments to accommodate educational commitments or family circumstances, France required all fit males of the appropriate age group to undertake full-time military service for three years from the age of 20; as part of the 1913 measures, a limited form of selective conscription was imposed on the Muslim population of Algeria, required only to offer volunteers for service in the French Army. With war imminent, 2.9 million men were mobilized in August 1914. These comprised conscripts undertaking their three years of obligatory service, reservists of ages 24 to 30 who had completed their period of full-time service, territorials drawn from older men up to the age of 45. While reservists had been required to undertake periodic re-training in the form of annual maneuvers, the territorials had no peacetime commitment and were not intended for employment in the front-line in the event of war.
However France's heavy losses on the Western Front required the deployment of all three categories of conscripted man-power during the early months of the war. France had retained conscription between the two world wars, though the country relied upon the French regulars of the Colonial Army, native regiments and the Foreign Legion to garrison its overseas empire. However, the birth rate dropped due to the fact that over a million young Frenchmen had been killed in the First World War and many more had been wounded; as a transitional measure conscription was reduced to 18 months on 1 April 1923. In 1928 this was changed to one year. A serious short-fall in available numbers and the growing threat of a resurgent Germany obliged the French Army to extend conscription to two years under the Law of 16 March 1935. French morale in 1940 had declined for a variety of political and military reasons, the French High Command consisted of aging commanders who had held senior positions in the First World War.
On the outbreak of war, the French Army Commander-in-Chief General Maurice Gamelin was past retirement age. In sending his best troops and the whole of the BEF through Belgium, he attempted to refight the Great War, he gravely underestimated the German Army's tactics, which contributed to the Fall of France and over 4 years of occupation. Under German pressure, the small "Armistice Army" of the Vichy regime broke away from the now classical French dependence on conscription in favour of voluntary enlistment; this short-lived force was of mixed allegiances. North African and colonial forces were reduced to the level necessary to police the territories in which they were stationed. In France itself the Vichy Regime created a compulsory national service organisation designated as the Chantiers de la Jeunesse Francaise. Created in 1940 this body provided military style basic training for 400,000 inductees serving for eight months, until the German occupation authorities forced its disbandment in June 1944.
Large numbers joined the French resistance and the re-created French regular army. Following liberation in 1944, France returned to a universal military service system. However, conscripts were not required to serve in the Indo-China War of 1947–54, fought by French, North African and colonial volunteers plus the Foreign Legion and locally recruited forces; this meant an increased reliance on voluntary enlistment and by 1950 conscripts made up only 29.1% of total French Army eff
Ashen Mortality were a British doom metal band formed in 1993 by Ian Arkley and Melanie Bolton. They and Paramaecium are the best known Christian Doom metal bands, though they were always wary of being typecast as such, they recorded two demos, two albums, played many gigs in England, the Netherlands and Germany. Featuring clean and growled male vocals, female vocals, their music was heavy, slow to mid-paced, influenced by medieval music, doom and goth; the band split up in 2005. The first demo tape, Ashen Mortality, was recorded at The Wall, England, from 9–11 October 1993, engineered by Andy Wickett; the band's first gig was during November 1993 in Salford, England. During 1994, Ashen Mortality played many gigs around the United Kingdom, including a show at the Brixton Academy, London, on 14 May; the second demo was recorded between 16–18 July 1994 at Attic Studios, shortly after which, Jones left the band. On 24 August, Ashen Mortality played at the Greenbelt festival with Neal Harris. Harris played with the band during the tour of Holland and Germany from 2–29 September.
Three tracks from the second demo, "Separation", "Sleepless Remorse" and "Imprisoned", were remixed, four new songs recorded in 1995 to form Sleepless Remorse, the band's first album. Harris played drums on the new tracks; the album was recorded at Attic Studios, was produced for a mere £400. Sleepless Remorse was released in 1996 on Forsaken Records, set up by Bolton. Neil Shilvock joined the band on drums. Ashen Mortality played many gigs in England during the year, playing with bands including: At the Gates, Serenade and Hecate Enthroned. After a mini-tour to support the release of Sleepless Remorse in 1997, Shilvock left the band, George Aytoun stepped in to help out. Ashen Mortality played at the Greenbelt festival over the August bank holiday weekend. Aytoun joined the band in 1998, recorded Your Caress; the recording process took place in April 1998. The album was recorded in two days, mixed in one by Dan Sprigg at Dep International; the band used the same studio as Cradle of Filth. Shortly after this recording the band relocated to Weston-super-Mare.
The band started to play local gigs again in 1999, the official website was constructed by Aytoun, launched over the summer. Ashen Mortality appeared at the Greenbelt festival at the beginning of August; the band obtained worldwide distribution for Your Caress through Plastic Head. With the exception of a few local gigs, there was little band activity in 2000. Plans to record a third album faded away. After several years of inactivity, the band re-emerged in 2004. Having recruited a new drummer and bassist, they began rehearsing again, played 2 live gigs. Due to illness, Cooper was unavailable for the band's final appearances in Norway and the United Kingdom; the last performances featured Andi Lee on Jasen Whyte on drums. A double CD reissue of the two albums, remastered with extra tracks, was released in 2005; the band split up, with the original band members going their separate ways in April 2005. Ian subsequently formed My Silent Wake with ex-Ashen Mortality musicians Andi Lee and Jason Whyte, Century Sleeper with James Allin of Visionaire, played in The Other Window with Alan Southorn.
A few years Ian reformed Seventh Angel. In August 2006, Tim Cooper died of leukemia. Last Known LineupIan Arkley - guitar and vocals Melanie Bolton - vocals and keyboard Tim Cooper - bass guitar Jasen Whyte - drums FormerBen Jones - drums Neil Shilvock - drums George Aytoun - drums Marcelo Lopes - drumsLiveNeal Harris - drums Andi Lee - bass guitar Studio albumsSleepless Remorse Your Caress DemosAshen Mortality Separation Notes SourcesVan Pelt, Doug. "Indie Album Reviews: ASHEN MORTALITY". HM Magazine. ISSN 1066-6923. Archived from the original on 14 July 2001. Retrieved 24 April 2007. Ashen Mortality History
Tales from the Crypt is an American radio series spun off from the HBO series of the same name based on the 1950s EC Comics, which ran for eight episodes in 2000. In 2000, several Tales from the Crypt "radio shows" were recorded for Seeing Ear Theatre, an online subsidiary of The Sci-Fi Channel, were offered free as streaming RealAudio files on their website, as well as for sale on Audible.com. Featuring most of the same producers from the HBO series and John Kassir reprising the role of The Cryptkeeper, 13 episodes were planned, but only 8 stories were recorded. Seven of the eight shows were released on CD in 2002 by Highbridge Audio; the Sci-Fi Channel removed the Seeing Ear Theatre section of their website in 2007 and Seeing Ear Theatre shows are no longer available from Audible.com, but surreptitiously recorded copies of all of the episodes have surfaced on various filesharing sites. At the 2006 San Diego Comic-Con International Crypt reunion panel, President of Tales from the Crypt Holdings Jack Wohl revealed plans to record further tales for either Sirius Satellite Radio or XM Satellite Radio, but finding investors was cited as problematic and it never came to fruition.
The series utilized the same theme music by Danny Elfman that opened each episode of the HBO series, but it now included lyrics by Jack Wohl which were sung at the opening of each episode by the Cryptkeeper: Welcome fiends to creepy scenes of eeriness and goreUnearthly moans from rattling bones behind each creaking doorIt's more than boo that'll frighten you. Associate Producer: Laurissa James Sound Design: John Colucci Series Story Editor: Tony Daniel Live Foley SFX by Sue Zizza and David Shinn Sound Engineers: Jane Pipik and Miles B. Smith "Tales From The Crypt" series theme composed by Danny Elfman Lyrics by Jack Wohl Arrangement of series theme and original score by Ohad Talmor
Urban Search and Rescue California Task Force 1 or CA-TF1 is a FEMA Urban Search and Rescue Task Force based in Los Angeles and sponsored by the Los Angeles Fire Department. Task Force 1 was established on April 4, 1993, when the Mayor of Los Angeles and the Los Angeles City Council authorized the Fire Department to enter into a Memorandum of Agreement with the California Office of Emergency Services and FEMA to sponsor a USAR Task Force. CA-TF1 is one of six Task Forces, Weapons of Mass Destruction certified having received extensive training in responding to incidents involving chemical, biological or radiological agents; when deploying, CA-TF1 can move its equipment in one of two ways. The first is to load the cache onto a military pallet for shipment via air; the second is over land via two 40-foot semi-trailer trucks and a 24-foot crewcab box van owned by the Task Force. September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks - Deployed to World Trade Center, New York City, New York for nine days of search around the South Tower debris pile.
2002 Winter Olympics, Salt Lake City, Utah - Deployed to Utah on standby in the event of a disaster or attack. Hurricane Katrina - Deployed to a Texas staging area. Hurricane Harvey - Deployed to a Texas staging area