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Flag of Russia.svg
Rank insignia (1855—1917)
Imperial Russian Army JunPor 1917 v.png IRN LtNavy 1917.png
Rank insignia RI Army | RI Navy
Introduction 1703
Rank group Junior officers
Army 1855-1917 Podporuchik
Navy 1909-1917 Michman

Podporuchik (Serbo-Croatian: potporučnik, потпоручник, Czech: poručík, Polish: podporucznik, Russian: подпору́чик, Bulgarian: подпоручик, п, Slovak: poručík) is an Officer's rank out of the Lieutenants rank group in Slavophone armed forces.

According to the modern day's NATO rank system Podporuchik might be comparable to the OF-1b[1] ranks Second lieutenant / Pilot officer, Ensign, Leutnant / Leutnant zur See. With the exception of the more junior "podporuchik" OF-1c of the Czech Army until 2011, it should not be confused with Mladshy leytenant or Unterleutnant, OF-1c as well.

Russia and Russian imperial armed forces[edit]

The rank was introduced first by Peter the Great in 1703[2] as officer rank of the so-called ober-officer rank group, it did belong to rank class XIII (infantry), class XII (artillery, and engineer troops), and class X (guards) until 1884. In line to the military reforms in 1884, podpraporshik became in peace time. However, in the guards and the cossacks armed forces Cornet and Chorąży remained the lowest officer rank.

The equivalent to podpraporshik was Michman in the Imperial Russian Navy, and governmental secretary (губернский секретар; gubernsky sekretar) in the civil administration.

In the Russian Federations armed forces the OF1b-rank Leytenant is equivalent to podporuchik.

Sequence of ranks ascending
lower rank:

Lesser Coat of Arms of Russian Empire.svgГерб Российского государства.png
(Second lieutenant)
higher rank:

Rank designation in some countries[edit]

In the countries mentioned below spelling of Podporuchik, Poruchik, and Nadporuchik, up to rank classification, is almost similar. A possible sequence of ranks (ascending) might be as follows:

  • Podporuchik (junior poruchik / second lieutenant)
  • Poruchik (lieutenant)
  • Nadporuchik (senior poruchik / first lieutenant)
  • Kapitan (captain), OF-2
Table of Poruchik OF1-ranks and rank insignia
Country Language Flag of NATO.svg rank OF-1b (junior) Flag of NATO.svg rank OF-1a (senior)
Rank Designation Rank Designation
Flag of Croatia.svg Croatian: hr Army-HRV-OF-01b.svg Poručnik Army-HRV-OF-01a.svg Natporučnik
Flag of North Macedonia.svg Macedonian: mk Potporucnik-arm.png Подпоручник
Porucnik-arm.png Поручник
Flag of Poland.svg Polish: pl Pporucznik m.png Army-POL-OF-01b.svg Rank insignia of podporucznik of the Air Force of Poland.svg Cap insignia
  • Podporucznik (Army)
  • Podporucznik (Air Force)
Porucznik m.pngArmy-POL-OF-01a.svg Rank insignia of porucznik of the Air Force of Poland.svg Cap insignia
  • Porucznik (Army)
  • Porucznik (Air Force)
Flag of Russia.svg
(until 1917)
Russian: ru Imperial Russian Army JunPor 1917 v.png Подпоручик
Imperial Russian Army Por 1917 v.png Поручик
Flag of Serbia.svg Serbian: sr 1 kov - potporučnik.png 1 vpvo - potporučnik.png Rf 1 - potporučnik.gif
  • Потпоручник (Army)
  • Потпоручник (Air defence)
  • Потпоручник (River flotilla)
2 kov - poručnik.png 2 vpvo - poručnik.png Rf 2 -poručnik korvete.gif
  • Поручник (Army)
  • Поручник (Air defence)
  • Поручник (River flotillia)
Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovak: sk Army-SVK-OF-01b.svg Poručík Army-SVK-OF-01a.svg Nadporučík
Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovene: sl Slovenska vojska cast poroc.jpg Poročník Slovenska vojska cast nadporoc.jpg Nadporočnik
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech: cs CzArmy 2011 OF1b-Poruchik shoulder.svg Poručík
(additional until 2011 Podporuchik OF1c)
CzArmy 2011 OF1a-Nadporuchik shoulder.svg Nadporučík
equivalent Flag of Germany.svg DH211-Leutnant.png LD B 41 Leutnant.svg Leutnant DH221-Oberleutnant.png LD B 42 Oberleutnant.svg Oberleutnant
  • German Army
  • German Air Force
equivalent Flag of the United States.svg Army-USA-OF-01b.svg Second lieutenant Army-USA-OF-01a.svg First lieutenant

In the armed forces of Macedonia, Poland and Serbia, the Podporucznik is equivalent to the OF1b ranks Leutnant / Second lieutenant / Flight officer, and/or Ensign.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The abbreviation "OF" stands for de: "Offizier / en: officer / fr: officier / ru: офицер"
  2. ^ Introduction of the rank "podporuchik" by Peter the Great in 1703. As to booklet: "Soviet military encyclopaedia" |6|388.