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In Greek mythology, Poeas, or Poias was a king of Meliboea in Thessaly and one of the Argonauts. He was the son of Thaumacus and friend of Heracles.[1]


As an Argonaut, Poeas is identified as the greatest archer of the group; when facing the giant Talos, some accounts say Medea drugged the bronze giant and Poeas shot an arrow to poison him in his heel.[2] Other sources cited his son Philoctetes as one of the Argonauts instead of him.[3]

More famously, Poeas had a role in the apotheosis of Heracles; when Heracles realized he was dying from poisonous centaur blood he demanded a funeral pyre built and lit once he stood atop it. As none of his own men would light the pyre, a passer-by (Poeas) was asked by Heracles to light it. In return for this favor Heracles bestowed his famed bow and poison arrows upon Poeas.[4] Other versions had his son Philoctetes as the passer-by or that Poeas assigned Philoctetes the task.


  1. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1.9.16
  2. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1.9.26
  3. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 14
  4. ^ Apollodorus. The Library, Book 2.7.7


  • Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. Includes Frazer's notes.
  • Hyginus. Fables translated and edited by Mary Grant. University of Kansas Publications in Humanistic Studies, no. 34. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1960.