click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Poetry London

Poetry London is a leading London-based literary periodical which publishes poetry and features three times a year. An earlier magazine was published under the title Poetry London: A Bi-Monthly of Modern Verse and Criticism; this publication was founded by Tambimuttu and the first issue was dated January/February 1939. The associated publishing imprint, Editions Poetry London, formed in 1943, produced some 70 books and pamphlets, including by Keith Douglas, G. S. Fraser, Henry Miller, Vladimir Nabokov and Kathleen Raine, before being discontinued in 1951. In this current format it has existed since 1988. Despite the name, Poetry London publishes poetry from across the UK and the world, including poetry in translation; the current editorial team is headed by poet Martha Sprackland. Previous poetry editors have included Colette Bryce, Pascale Petit, Maurice Riordan and Ahren Warner; the magazine holds tri-annual launch events and an annual competition. Contributors to Poetry London have included some of the most well-known poets writing in English.

Each issue carries both established and emerging poets, the magazine operates an open submissions policy. The magazine features a portrait of a featured poet included in the issue on the cover. Past cover poets have included Fred D'Aguiar, Carol Ann Duffy, Philip Gross, Helen Farish and Julia Copus. Main contributors included Dylan Thomas, Herbert Read, Stephen Spender, George Barker, Lawrence Durrell. Contributors: Herbert Read, Stephen Spender, George Barker, G. S. Fraser, Alan Rook, Desmond Hawkins, Alun Lewis, Tom Scott, Lawrence Durrell, J. F. Hendry, Paul Éluard, John Waller, George Scurfield, Herbert Corby, David Gascoyne. Including Dylan Thomas George Barker, Edwin Muir, Gavin Ewart, Bernard Spencer, Kenneth Slessor, Frank Richards Poetry London site Poetry London issues available online

Alexander Wynch

Alexander Wynch was an English merchant, a career civil servant of the East India Company who became Governor of Madras. He travelled to India at a young age and began to work, for the East India Company at 13. Wynch became governor of Madras in 1773, he was removed as governor in 1775, in the wake of his handling of the affair of Thuljaji, the Rajah of Thanjavur, who in fighting in south India had been dispossessed by Muhammed Ali Khan Wallajah, the Nawab of Arcot. The company disapproved of the change in the previous policy of ensuring the Rajah and Nawab were bound by treaty. Wynch was replaced in 1775 by George Pigot, 1st Baron Pigot, governor some years before, sent out from England. In England, Wynch lived in Upper Harley Street in London, Gifford Lodge in Twickenham, he died at Westhorpe House in Buckinghamshire. Wynch was twice married, had children by both marriages, his first wife was daughter of Edward Croke and sister of Begum Johnson. His second wife was Florentia Cradock, whom he married in 1755.

He was father of George Wynch, so grandfather of Florentia Sale, wife of Robert Henry Sale. His daughter Frances became notorious when she eloped with Sir William Jervis Twysden, 7th Baronet

Rodolfo Vantini

Rodolfo Vantini was an Italian architect. He is remembered for his Neoclassical contributions to architecture in his native city of Brescia and in the surrounding regions of northern Italy, his masterpiece is the design of Milan's Porta Orientale customs offices. Vantini, who taught drawing at the Brescia high school, contributed to the development of Neoclassical architecture in Brescia, his works there include the Porta Pila and the new cemetery, or Cimitero Vantiniano, Italy's first monumental cemetery designed in 1815. The Arco del Granarolo, completed in 1822, is surmounted by a marble balustrade and stands on two marble pilasters. In 1825, he completed the raised dome of the Duomo Nuovo designed by Luigi Cagnola, he worked on the restoration or completion of the city's main churches including San Francesco, San Clemente, Santa Maria dei Miracoli and San Nazaro. Vantini's major achievement was designing the majestic Neoclassical customs offices at the Porta Orientale in Milan, completed in 1828.

Neoclassical architecture in Milan G. L. Ciagà, Gli archivi di architettura in Lombardia. Censimento delle fonti, 2003, Centro di Alti Studi sulle Arti Visive, Soprintendenza archivistica della Lombardia e del Politecnico di Milano. Anna Braghini, Note sui disegni di Rodolfo Vantini, in "Il disegno di architettura", n° 1, 1990, pp. 27-30 Anna Braghini, Per un catalogo dei disegni di Rodolfo Vantini, in "Commentari dell'Ateneo di Brescia per l'anno 1989", Fratelli Geroldi, Brescia, 1990, pp. 473-488 Carlo Minelli, Enrica Pinna, Rosy Toma, Il fondo Vantini all'Archivio di Stato di Brescia, in "Il disegno di architettura", n° 14, 1996, pp. 62-70. DEAU, 1968, VI, pp. 376-377 Leonardo Leo, Alida Salvi, Inventario del Fondo Vantini conservato presso l'Archivio di Stato di Brescia, in "Scritti in onore di Gaetano Panazza", Brescia, 1994, pp. 371-402 Lionello Costanza Fattori, Rodolfo Vantini architetto, Fondazione Ugo da Como, Lonato, 1963 Micaela Pisaroni, Il neoclassicismo - Itinerari di Milano e Provincia, 1999, NodoLibri Rodolfo Vantini e l'architettura neoclassica a Brescia, atti del convegno, Ateneo di scienze, lettere ed arti, Brescia, 1995

Arley and Fillongley railway station

Arley and Fillongley railway station was a station on the Midland Railway, which operated in the Midland county of Warwickshire, in England. The station was opened by the Midland Railway, was absorbed by the London Midland and Scottish Railway during the Grouping of 1923. Passing on to the London Midland Region of British Railways on nationalisation in 1948, it was closed by the British Transport Commission; the station master's house still exists as a private residence. Trains on the Birmingham to Peterborough Line still pass the site. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt and stopping place and present. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Nationalised Railway Atlas. Penryn, Cornwall: Atlantic Transport Publishers. ISBN 978-0-906899-99-1. OCLC 228266687. Station on navigable O. S. map Warwickshire Railways entry

Admiral of the fleet (Soviet Union)

This article is about the OF9-rank admiral of the fleet, not to be mixed up to the OF10-rank admiral of the fleet of the Soviet Union. For the equivalent OF9-rank in Anglophone naval forces see admiral of the fleet, in Russia see admiral of the fleet; the rank of admiral of the fleet or fleet admiral. The rank has a rather confusing history, it was first created by a Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet in 1940 as an equivalent to general of the army, but was not used until 1944, when Ivan Isakov and Nikolai Kuznetsov were promoted to the rank. The 1944 insignia featured four "Nakhimov stars", but when the rank was declared equivalent to the marshal of the Soviet Union in 1945, they were replaced with a single, bigger star to look similar to marshal's shoulder boards; the two existing admirals of the fleet were given this new'big' marshal's star. So from 1945 to 1962, there was no intermediate rank equivalent to general of the army in between admiral and admiral of the fleet; the rank was abolished in March 1955 with the creation of the rank of admiral of the fleet of the Soviet Union but restored in 1962 as the second-highest navy rank.

Holders of the ranks were given a smaller marshal's star since then. The rank has been retained by the Russian Federation after 1991. According to Kuznetsov, the rank was conferred on him by Joseph Stalin in May 1944. "In 1944," Kuznetsov wrote, "Stalin, quite unexpectedly for me, raised in Supreme Headquarters the issue of conferring on me the next military rank. At the moment we had no rank higher than admiral. I reported, it was decided to institute the rank of fleet admiral, with four stars on the shoulder boards. So I obtained the next rank of fleet admiral."In 1948 Kuznetsov was demoted two grades to the rank of rear admiral. Soon before Stalin's death, Kuznetsov was again restored as a fleet admiral and was among the two admirals to receive the rank of fleet admiral of the Soviet Union upon its official creation in 1955, the other being Ivan Isakov. From 1962 the sequence of ranks was: OF-10 marshal of the Soviet Union and admiral of the fleet of the Soviet Union OF-9 general of the army and admiral of the fleet OF-8 colonel-general and admiral OF-7 lieutenant general and vice-admiral OF-6 major general and rear admiral The rank of admiral of the fleet was awarded to 10 officers: Gorshkov, Sergey Georgiyevich — 28 April 1962 Kasatonov, Vladimir Afanasyevich — 18 July 1965 Sergeyev, Nikolai Dmitriyevich — 30 April 1970 Lobov, Semyon Mikhailovich — 28 July 1970 Yegorov, Georgy Mikhailovich — 5 November 1973 Smirnov, Nikolai Ivanovich — 5 November 1973 Chernavin, Vladimir Nikolayevich — 4 November 1983 Sorokin, Alexey Ivanovich — 16 February 1988 Kapitanets, Ivan Matveyevich — 4 November 1989 Makarov, Konstantin Valentinovich — 4 November 1989 Ranks and rank insignia of the Soviet Army 1943–1955, and...

1955–1991 Admiral of the fleet Admiral of the fleet

Silphium terebinthinaceum

Silphium terebinthinaceum is a member of the Asteraceae, a family that includes sunflowers referred to as prairie dock or prairie rosinweed. "Rosinweed" became one of the plant's common names due to the fact that upon injury, resin flows from the wound, giving the plant a sweet smell. Tea brewed from the roots of the prairie dock have a variety of medical applications in Native American culture; the smoke from this plant has been used as a treatment for congestion and rheumatism. Silphium terebinthinaceum is an herbaceous perennial growing 3 to 10 feet tall. Prairie dock produces small yellow flowers about 2–2 1⁄2 inches in diameter in the summer; the leaves are rough-textured, spade-shaped, oriented vertically and in a north-south direction, providing special adaptations for survival in the prairie climate. One study found that the majority of prairie dock's leaves were oriented within 15° of North as well as 60° away from the horizontal; the combination of north-south and vertical arrangement seems to provide a mechanism for maintaining lower leaf temperatures at midday, thus conserving water.

Additionally, this unique trait grants the plant better access to sunlight for photosynthesis, provides a more efficient method of producing its carbon resource. This dicot has a characteristically large taproot able to penetrate to depths of at least 14 feet in search of the water table. Silphium terebinthinaceum is native to most of Illinois, northwestern Indiana, southern parts of Michigan, southern parts of Wisconsin, parts of Missouri; the habitats of S. terebinthinaceum include black soil prairies as well as gravel and hill prairies. It prefers to grow alongside roads and railroads. Silphium terebinthinaceum prefers full sun. S. terebinthinaceum is a drought-resistant plant that thrives in dry to moist environments. While S. terebinthinaceum prefers deep loamy soils, it is tolerant of soils with gravel and rocks. The plant is strong and difficult to kill when it is mature. Though it is a robust plant, harsh conditions may still affect this plant; when there is a drought, a windstorm, or damage to the leaves of the S. terebinthinaceum, patches of brown can develop.

Recovery after wildfires occurs as it has a deep taproot. Silphium terebinthinaceum can survive destructive events such as grazing and soil degradation because of its ability to produce new above-ground shoots; this plant is well adapted to obtain and hold onto water due to its characteristically large taproot and large oriented leaves. Native bees nest within these plants or use elements of the plants for their nests, they are thought to be an important species for attracting bees for pollination in the area. Prairie dock is one of the few species that persists on land, converted from prairie to railway. Like Silphium perfoliatum, S. terebinthinaceum is used as a tea to relieve lung bleeding, to minimize menstruation bleeding, as an emetic by Native Americans. Other root tea uses include a treatment for liver issues and enlarged spleen; the smoke from this plant is used as a treatment for nerve pain, along with relieving congestion and rheumatism. However, this plant is considered toxic. Popular article on Silphium terebinthinaceum Video on medicinal uses of Silphium terebinthinaceum