Pittsburgh Public Schools
Pittsburgh Public Schools is the public school district in Pittsburgh, United States and adjacent Mount Oliver. The combined land area of these municipalities is 58.3 square miles with a population of 342,503 according to the 2000 census. In March 2012, Linda Lane was named as the superintendent, she has a performance-based contract until Jan 2014. Lane served as Deputy Superintendent from 2006 until her promotion. In June 2016, Anthony Hamlet was confirmed as the new Superintendent after a month-long controversy over his credentials; the school district operates 54 schools with 3,900 full-time employees and serves 24,652 students with a 2016 General Fund Budget of $570.4 million, or $23,100/ student. Locations: Administration Building—341 S. Bellefield Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213—40.444716°N 79.950660°W / 40.444716. This act provided government aid for the establishment of a city school system which included the creation of four wards that were self-governed. Twenty years the wards were disbanded, the Central Board of Education was founded.
This board would govern the entire school district which would consist of nine wards or sub- districts. The first city superintendent of schools was elected in 1868. In 1911, the School Code of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania modified the existing system to include a Board of Public education that would oversee sixty-one sub-districts and two central boards; the Public School Code of 1949 further regulated the provisions and establishment of Pennsylvania state schools.. The following 2012-2013 rankings are based on mandatory Pennsylvania System of School Assessment testing of 11th grade students in reading and math. Only public high schools participate in PSSA testing. Taylor Allderdice High School: Ranked 382 out of 592 Pennsylvania Public High Schools Carrick High School: Ranked 492 out of 592 Pennsylvania Public High Schools Brashear High School: Ranked 521 out of 592 Pennsylvania Public High Schools Perry Traditional Academy HS: Ranked 557 out of 592 Pennsylvania Public High Schools Milliones University Prep HS: No test results listed Westinghouse High School: No test results listed The following City of Pittsburgh high schools serve the denoted City of Pittsburgh neighborhoods: Taylor Allderdice High School Glen Hazel, Hazelwood, Lincoln Place, East Hills, New Homestead, Park Place, Point Breeze, Squirrel Hill and Swisshelm Park.
Carrick High School Allentown, Arlington Heights, Bon Air, Overbrook, Mt. Oliver, Southside Slopes and St. Clair. Brashear High School Banksville, Brookline, Chartiers City, Crafton Heights, Duquesne Heights, East Carnegie, Esplen, Mount Washington, Ridgemont, South Shore, Southside Flats, West End and Windgap. Perry Traditional Academy High School Allegheny Center, Allegheny West, Brighton Heights, California-Kirkbride, Central Northside, East Allegheny, Manchester, Marshall-Shadeland, North Shore, Northview Heights, Perry North, Perry South, Spring Garden, Spring Hill-City View, Summer Hill and Troy Hill. Milliones University Preparatory High School Bedford Dwellings, Bluff, Central Business District, Central Lawrenceville, Crawford-Roberts, Garfield, Lower Lawrenceville, Middle Hill, Polish Hill, Stanton Heights, Strip District, Terrace Village, Upper Hill, Upper Lawrenceville and West Overland. Westinghouse High School East Hills, East Liberty, Highland Park, Homewood North, Homewood South, Homewood West, Lincoln-Lemington-Belmar and Point Breeze North.
As part of the final right-sizing plan approved by the Board in February 2006, eight of the poorer performing schools were transformed into Accelerated Learning Academies. The eight schools were: Arlington Accelerated Learning Academy, Colfax Accelerated Learning Academy, Fort Pitt Accelerated Learning Academy, Martin Luther King Accelerated Learning Academy, Murray Accelerated Learning Academy, Northview Accelerated Learning Academy, A. J. Rooney Accelerated Learning Academy, Weil Technology Accelerated Learning Academy; these schools were put on a longer school year calendar with 10 extra days, as well as a longer school day adding 45 minutes of instructional time. The ALAs use the America's Choice Design Model, developed by the National Center on Education and the Economy. In early 2006 the district contracted with Kaplan K12 Learning Services to develop a core curriculum for grades 6 through 12; the core curriculum will be phased in over the course of three years: during the 2006-7 school year the district will implement the new curriculum for English in grades 6–10 and Math in grades 6, 9 and 10.
Lesson plans and curriculum coaching will be provided to teachers, the students will undergo benchmark testing every 6 weeks to assess student progress. Each school will have curriculum coaches on-site to aid teachers and provide them with professional development; the Key Concepts presented in the curriculum will be aligned with the state standards tested for in the Pennsylvania System of School Assessment annual tests. In July, 2010, Bill Gates note
Shadyside is a neighborhood in the East End of Pittsburgh, United States. It has three zip codes and representation on Pittsburgh City Council by the council member for District 8. Shadyside is drawn from the name of a 19th-century Pennsylvania Railroad station in the area, named for its shady lanes. Another neighborhood institution is Shadyside Hospital, a member of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. Chatham University is located just across the southern edge of the neighborhood in Squirrel Hill, along with Pittsburgh Center for the Arts, a part of Mellon Park. In April 2014, Niche rated Shadyside the best neighborhood in Pittsburgh for millennials. Shadyside is home to many upscale stores and boutiques, including Moda, Williams-Sonoma, White House Black Market. In Shadyside, businesses are located along three corridors: Walnut Street, Ellsworth Avenue, S. Highland Avenue. Given the compact nature of this historic residential neighborhood, the three business corridors are all within walking distance of one another.
On Walnut Street, there are more stores that belong to national chains, including Gap, Apple, J. Crew, UBS, Chico's, Victoria's Secret, Banana Republic and United Colors of Benetton. Pittsburgh's oldest jewelry store, the 4th generation Henne Jewelers, is here, as are local restaurants, including Up Modern Kitchen, Cappy's, Mario's, William Penn Tavern, Pamela's Diner and La Feria. Pamela's Diner has been serving breakfast since 1980. Pamela's gained publicity when Gail Klingensmith and Pamela Cohen, the two co-owners of Pamela's P&G Diners, made pancakes in 2009 for President Barack Obama, his wife Michelle Obama and 80 veterans for a Memorial Day breakfast; the Jam on Walnut is a summer concert series. The concerts are held on the last Saturday of each summer month on the corner of Bellefonte and Walnut Street. Proceeds from beer sales go to Cystic Fibrosis. Walnut Street hosts the Shadyside Arts Festival, a juried art show; this late summer/early fall street fair has been held on Walnut Street for so long that the event has been renamed "The Art Festival on Walnut Street."
Ellsworth Avenue tends to have smaller, locally owned businesses, including Eons, Gallerie Chiz, beauty salons such as Salon 5844, Capristo salon, Dante Salon and Mikel's. Ellsworth has a number of restaurants such as Bites and Brews, Fajita Grill, Soba. Ellsworth features two of Pittsburgh's gay and gay friendly bars, Spin and 5801. S. Highland Avenue features several upscale design and furniture stores, including Weiss House and Penhollows. Local restaurants and cafes include Birds on the Run, Kahuna, Muddy Waters, Mad Mex, Urban Tap, Noodle Head, Millie's Homemade Ice Cream, Adda Coffee and Tea House. On S. Highland is the entrance to East Liberty's Eastside retail complex, which features Whole Foods, Fine Wine and Good Spirits, Starbucks Coffee, Trek Bikes, Eva Szabo Spa, as well as local restaurants Dinette and Plum. Work began to replace the S. Highland bridge in March 2013. Construction shutdown both S. Highland Avenue and Ellsworth Avenue until October 2013. Since the 1920s, residential Shadyside has been home to a mix of affluent families, young professionals, musicians and apartment dwellers.
The residential areas of the neighborhood include Victorian mansions along with modern apartments and condominiums. The neighborhood has a compact layout. Public transportation is available via Port Authority bus system; the Shadyside school district consists of The Liberty School, a public school. The Liberty School is located in the Shadyside area of Pittsburgh, consists of grades pre-kindergarten to fifth; the school's colors are navy and white and its mascot is the soaring eagle. It was built in 1872, in 1911, the industrial arts portion of the school was built. From the years 1911 to 1934, the first and older building instilled primary instruction- such as the core subjects of learning- while the newer building offered woodworking, home economics, other courses. In 1934, the eldest building was torn down to further renovate the school. Therefore, the newest building was attached to the 1911 building, consisting of both classrooms and an auditorium. On in the 1990s, playgrounds were constructed on both sides of the buildings providing more recreation for the students.
Liberty is a "magnet school," which means it is a public school with specialized courses and therefore draws in a diverse group of students. Liberty's approximate student enrollment is 375 students per school year, with a student to teacher ratio of about 16:1; the percentage of males and females is equal, with 45% male and 55% female. The Winchester Thurston School is a private co-ed institution located in Shadyside, it has the city campus in Shadyside. The Ellis School is an independent school for girls ages three through grade twelve in Shadyside, Pennsylvania, it was established in 1916 by Sara Frazer Ellis. The Ellis School and the Winchester Thurston School are bo
University of Pittsburgh Press
The University of Pittsburgh Press is a scholarly publishing house and a major American university press, part of the University of Pittsburgh. The university and the press are located in Pennsylvania, in the United States; the Press publishes several series in the humanities and social sciences, including Illuminations—Cultural Formations of the Americas. The Press is known for literary publishing its Pitt Poetry Series, the Agnes Lynch Starrett Poetry Prize, the Drue Heinz Literature Prize; the press publishes the winner of the annual Donald Hall Prize, awarded by the Association of Writers & Writing Programs and the winner of the Cave Canem Poetry Prize. One of its perennial bestselling titles is Thomas Bell's historical novel Out of This Furnace, reissued by the press in 1976; the Press was established in September 1936 by University of Pittsburgh Chancellor John Gabbert Bowman. Paul Mellon committed the majority of the necessary startup funding from the A. W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust.
Other contributors were the Buhl Foundation, the Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, the university itself. The first full-time director of the Press was Agnes Lynch Starrett, followed by Frederick A. Hetzel, Cynthia Miller, Peter Kracht. In recent years the Press was housed on the fifth floor of the Eureka Building on Pitt's main campus in the Oakland section of Pittsburgh, but moved into a new the university's Thomas Boulevard Library Resource Facility in the Point Breeze section of Pittsburgh in July 2013; the University of Pittsburgh Press is a Charter Member of the Association of American University Presses. In 2008, the Press began making out-of-print scholarly books available on-line at the University of Pittsburgh Press Digital Editions collection through the University Library System’s D-Scribe Digital Publishing program. By 2010, the University of Pittsburgh Press Digital Editions included more than 750 titles, more than 350 out-of-print titles have been reissued in paperback format as Prologue Editions.
The Press is collaborating with the University Library System on a new online scholarly journals program. Most of the journals are open access and published in electronic format only, while a few titles are available in print editions through the Espresso Book Machine in the University Book Center. In 2010, the Press received major funding from the A. W. Mellon Foundation to develop a history of science list and expand its existing philosophy of science list, working in collaboration with the University's History and Philosophy of Science Department and World History Center; this new program will lead to a 50% increase in the number of new titles published by the Press each year. Alberts, Robert C.. Pitt: The Story of the University of Pittsburgh 1787-1987. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-1150-7; the Pittsburgh Reader: Seventy-Five Years of Books about Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. 2011. University of Pittsburgh Press website. About the University of Pittsburgh Press.
Retrieved January 10, 2006. University of Pittsburgh Press Homepage
Homewood Cemetery is a historic cemetery in Pittsburgh, United States. It is located in Point Breeze and is bordered by Frick Park, the neighborhood of Squirrel Hill, the smaller Smithfield Cemetery, it was established in 1878 from Homewood. David Lytle Clark, creator of Clark Bar & Zagnut Bertha Lamme Feicht, First female engineering graduate from Ohio State University and first female engineer to be employed by Westinghouse. William Flinn, politician Henry Clay Frick, founder of the South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club Childs Frick, paleontologist Helen Clay Frick, philanthropist Henry P. Ford, Mayor of Pittsburgh, 1896–1899 Erroll Garner, jazz pianist and composer Teenie Harris, photographer H. J. Heinz II, industrialist H. John Heinz III, United States Senator George Hetzel and landscape painter Michael Late Benedum businessman, co-founder of Benedum-Trees Oil Company John Barrett Kerfoot, first Episcopal Bishop of Pittsburgh Perle Mesta, Ambassador to Luxembourg 1949-53, a noted Washington, D.
C. socialite during Nixon eras. Mac Miller, singer, record producer. Alvin P. Shapiro, a physician and educator Stephen Varzaly, priest and cultural activist Ernest T. Weir, founder of Weirton Steel and National Steel Corporation William Wilkins, U. S. Senator Chuck Cooper, First African-American to be drafted into the NBA Bill Bishop, professional baseball player Pie Traynor, baseball Hall of Famer Jock Sutherland, football coach Allegheny Cemetery Greenwood Cemetery List of cemeteries in the United States Main Homewood Cemetery website Historical website
Allegheny County, Pennsylvania
Allegheny County is a county in the southwest of the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of 2017 the population was 1,223,048, making it the state's second-most populous county, following Philadelphia County; the county seat is Pittsburgh. Allegheny County is included in the Pittsburgh, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, in the Pittsburgh Designated Market Area. Allegheny was Pennsylvania's first to bear a Native American name, being named after the Allegheny River; the word "Allegheny" is with uncertain meaning. It is said to mean "fine river", but sometimes said to refer to an ancient mythical tribe called "Allegewi" that lived along the river before being destroyed by the Lenape. Little is known of the region's inhabitants prior to European contact. During the colonial era, various native groups claimed or settled in the area, resulting in a multi-ethnic mix that included Iroquois, Lenape and Mingo. European fur traders such as Peter Chartier established trading posts in the region in the early eighteenth century.
In 1749, Captain Pierre Joseph Céloron de Blainville claimed the Ohio Valley and all of western Pennsylvania for Louis XV of France. The captain traveled along the Ohio and Allegheny rivers inserting lead plates in the ground to mark the land for France. Since most of the towns during that era were developed along waterways, both the French and the British desired control over the local rivers. Therefore, the British sent Major George Washington to expel the French from their posts, with no success. Failing in this objective, he nearly drowned in the ice-filled Allegheny River while returning; the English tried in 1754 to again enter the area. They sent 41 Virginians to build Fort Prince George; the French learned of the plan and sent an army to capture the fort, which they resumed building with increased fortification, renaming it Fort Duquesne. The loss cost the English dearly because Fort Duquesne became a focal point of the French and Indian War; the first attempt to retake the fort, the Braddock Expedition, failed miserably.
It was recaptured in 1758 by British forces under General John Forbes. The British built a new, larger fort on the site, including a moat, named it Fort Pitt; the site is now Pittsburgh's Point State Park. Both Pennsylvania and Virginia claimed the region, now Allegheny County. Pennsylvania administered most of the region as part of its Westmoreland County. Virginia considered everything south of the Ohio River and east of the Allegheny River to be part of its Yohogania County and governed it from Fort Dunmore. In addition, parts of the county were located in the proposed British colony of Vandalia and the proposed U. S. state of Westsylvania. The overlapping boundaries, multiple governments, confused deed claims soon proved unworkable. In 1780 Pennsylvania and Virginia agreed to extend the Mason–Dixon line westward, the region became part of Pennsylvania. From 1781 until 1788, much of what had been claimed as part of Yohogania County, was administered as a part of the newly created Washington County, Pennsylvania.
Allegheny County was created on September 24, 1788, from parts of Washington and Westmoreland counties. It was formed due to pressure from settlers living in the area around Pittsburgh, which became the county seat in 1791; the county extended north to the shores of Lake Erie. In the 1790s, a whiskey excise tax was imposed by the United States federal government; this started the so-called Whiskey Rebellion when the farmers who depended on whiskey income refused to pay and drove off tax collector John Neville. After a series of demonstrations by farmers, President George Washington sent troops to stop the rebellion; the area developed in the 1800s to become the nation's prime steel producer. In 1913 the County's 125th anniversary was celebrated with a week long chain of events, the final day September 27 was marked with a steamboat parade consisting of 30 paddle wheelers which sailed from Monongahela Wharf down the Ohio to the Davis Island Dam; the boats in line were the flag ship. Woodward, Volunteer, A. R. Budd, J. C.
Risher, Rival, Jim Brown, Charlie Clarke, Robt. J. Jenkins, Bertha, Midland Sam Barnum, Cadet and Troubadour. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 745 square miles, of which 730 square miles is land and 14 square miles is water. Three majors traverse Allegheny County: the Allegheny River and the Monongahela River converge at Downtown Pittsburgh to form the Ohio River; the Youghiogheny River flows into the Monongahela River at McKeesport, 10 miles southeast. There are several islands in these courses; the rivers drain into the Gulf of Mexico via the Mississippi River. Although the county's industrial growth caused the clearcutting of the area's forests, a significant woodland remains. Butler County Armstrong County Beaver County Westmoreland County Washington County Until January 1, 2000, Allegheny County's government was defined under Pennsylvania's Second Class County Code; the county government was charged with all local activities, including elections, airports, public health, city planning.
All public offices were headed by elected citizens. There were three elected county commissioners. On January 1, 2000 the Home-Rule Charter went into effect, it replaced the three elected commissioners wi
Cultural District, Pittsburgh
The Cultural District is a fourteen-square block area in Downtown Pittsburgh, USA bordered by the Allegheny River on the north, Tenth Street on the east, Stanwix Street on the west, Liberty Avenue on the south. The Cultural District features six theaters offering some 1,500 shows annually, as well as art galleries and retail shops, its landmarks include: Allegheny Riverfront Park, Benedum Center, Byham Theater, Harris Theater, Heinz Hall, O'Reilly Theater, Pittsburgh Creative and Performing Arts School, Three Rivers Arts Festival Gallery, Wood Street Galleries, the August Wilson Center for African American Culture. Major arts organizations based here include: Pittsburgh Ballet Theatre, Pittsburgh Civic Light Opera, Pittsburgh Dance Council, Pittsburgh Opera, Pittsburgh Public Theater, Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Bricolage Production Company, Pittsburgh Playwrights Theatre Company; the cultural district was the brainchild of H. J. Heinz II, known as Jack Heinz, is managed by the Pittsburgh Cultural Trust.
The Pittsburgh Cultural Trust was formed in 1984 to realize Jack's vision of an entire cultural district for blocks of the Penn-Liberty Avenue corridor, a blighted area. Built as the Loew's and United Artists' Penn Theatre, construction of the building was completed in 1927. Motion picture business magnate and pioneer Marcus Loew engaged the architectural firm of Rapp & Rapp to design the movie palace; the Grand Lobby was impressive, with its 50-foot -high vaulted Venetian ceiling, massive ornamental columns, marble staircase and crystal chandeliers and silk drapes. Like many 1920s-era film palaces, Loew's Penn Theatre fell on hard times in the 1960s. Competition from television and suburban theaters along with high maintenance costs put a squeeze on profitability; the theater was scheduled for demolition. Henry J. Heinz II and Charles Denby, President of the Pittsburgh Symphony Society, together with the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Allegheny Conference and the Urban Redevelopment Authority of Pittsburgh, purchased the site and rescued the theater for the purpose of creating a new home for the Pittsburgh Symphony.
Jack Heinz and others, including his son, United States Senator from Pennsylvania John Heinz, William Rea, began the changes that would follow in the district with the purchase and renovation of the former movie palace, Loew's Penn Theater, transformed into the opulent and newly renamed Heinz Hall. This magnificent concert hall reopened after a complete restoration in 1971 as the new home for the Pittsburgh Symphony; the current seating configuration is 2,676. Heinz Hall is operated by the Pittsburgh Symphony Society; the Trust's first major project was the restoration of another visually stunning former movie palace, the Stanley Theater. The Stanley Theater was designed by the renowned theater architectural firm of Hoffman & Henon and opened on February 27, 1928. At the time, it had the distinction of being the largest theater in Western Pennsylvania, was known as "Pittsburgh's Palace of Amusement". After a $43 million restoration returning it to its original splendor, it reopened in 1987 as the newly renamed Benedum Center for the Performing Arts, is able to host about 2,885 people.
The Benedum Center is operated by the Pittsburgh Cultural Trust. The Byham Theater, a landmark building at 101 Sixth Street in Downtown Pittsburgh, was the second major theater venue restoration project of the Pittsburgh Cultural Trust. Built in 1903, the called Gayety Theater was a stage and Vaudeville house, it featured stars such as Ethel Barrymore, Gertrude Lawrence, Helen Hayes, it was renamed The Fulton in the 1930s. In 1990, the Pittsburgh Cultural Trust bought the theater and refurbished the Fulton as part of its plan for the Cultural District; the Byham family of Pittsburgh made a major naming gift for a 1995 renovation, it has been the Byham Theater since. The current seating configuration is 1,300; the Byham Center is operated by the Pittsburgh Cultural Trust. Today the 14-square block area continues to transform and flourish from a red-light district with only two cultural facilities—Heinz Hall and the Convention Center—to a dynamic arts and residential neighborhood with more than fourteen arts venues, including the Pittsburgh Creative and Performing Arts School, public parks and plazas, new commercial development.
The Pittsburgh Cultural Trust applies a holistic approach and vision to urban redevelopment: streetscaping programs, facade restorations, new cultural facilities, public open spaces and art projects. The Cultural District's transformation is praised and serves as a model for urban redevelopment through the arts. Brendan Lemon of The New York Times wrote, "To describe Pittsburgh's unconventional, un-Disneyfied remodeling of its Cultural District... is to explore how theater can help transform urban identity". The Cultural District is home to the Pittsburgh Film Office, a non-profit organization that markets the greater southwestern Pennsylvania region as a great location for movie and commercial productions. Since its inception in 1990, the PFO has assisted more than 102 feature films and television productions to southwestern Pennsylvania to generate an economic impact of more than $575 million for the region. Benedum Center Byham Theater Harris Theater Heinz Hall O'Reilly Theater The August Wilson Center for African American Culture The Cabaret at Theatre Square Bricolage Production Company Pittsburgh Playwrights Theatre Company
Penn Avenue is a major arterial street in Pittsburgh. Its western terminus lies at Gateway Center in downtown Pittsburgh. For its westernmost ten blocks it serves as the core of the Cultural District with such attractions as Heinz Hall, the Benedum Center and the Byham Theater as well as the David L. Lawrence Convention Center and the Heinz History Center bordering it. Exiting downtown it is the major route through the city's Strip District, Little Italy and East Liberty neighborhoods, its eastern portion exits the city at Wilkinsburg where it continues to exist as Penn Avenue with a numbering system that begins anew using small numbers as it approaches Interstate 376 the "Parkway East". Penn Avenue is about 8.7 miles long. From downtown, Penn Avenue travels in the same general direction as the Allegheny River, thus it passes close by a number of the bridges of the city that cross that river. In the downtown area, Penn Avenue is the main bisecting street of the Three Sister Bridges that form the Roberto Clemente Bridge, Andy Warhol Bridge and Rachel Carson Bridge.
It passes the 16th Street Bridge, goes straight through the Strip District. In the 18th century, settlers entered the area from the eastern part of Pennsylvania via a road which came to be called the Greensburg Pike early in the 19th century; the road passed through a tiny settlement which grew to become Pa.. In Pittsburgh, Greensburg Pike became Penn Avenue, Penn Avenue is the oldest and most historically-significant street in Pittsburgh. In early 2014, the City of Pittsburgh announced the installation of the first set of protected bike lanes in the area. After deliberation, it was decided; the eastbound lane of Penn Avenue was removed from the David McCullough Bridge to 6th Street in Downtown to provide protected bike lanes. The lanes have provided bikers with a safe and effective way of leaving Downtown