President of the United States
The president of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The president directs the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. In contemporary times, the president is looked upon as one of the world's most powerful political figures as the leader of the only remaining global superpower; the role includes responsibility for the world's most expensive military, which has the second largest nuclear arsenal. The president leads the nation with the largest economy by nominal GDP; the president possesses international hard and soft power. Article II of the Constitution establishes the executive branch of the federal government, it vests the executive power of the United States in the president. The power includes the execution and enforcement of federal law, alongside the responsibility of appointing federal executive, diplomatic and judicial officers, concluding treaties with foreign powers with the advice and consent of the Senate.
The president is further empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves, to convene and adjourn either or both houses of Congress under extraordinary circumstances. The president directs the foreign and domestic policies of the United States, takes an active role in promoting his policy priorities to members of Congress. In addition, as part of the system of checks and balances, Article I, Section 7 of the Constitution gives the president the power to sign or veto federal legislation; the power of the presidency has grown since its formation, as has the power of the federal government as a whole. Through the Electoral College, registered voters indirectly elect the president and vice president to a four-year term; this is the only federal election in the United States, not decided by popular vote. Nine vice presidents became president by virtue of a president's intra-term resignation. Article II, Section 1, Clause 5 sets three qualifications for holding the presidency: natural-born U. S. citizenship.
The Twenty-second Amendment precludes any person from being elected president to a third term. In all, 44 individuals have served 45 presidencies spanning 57 full four-year terms. Grover Cleveland served two non-consecutive terms, so he is counted twice, as both the 22nd and 24th president. Donald Trump of New York is the current president of the United States, he assumed office on January 20, 2017. In July 1776, during the American Revolutionary War, the Thirteen Colonies, acting jointly through the Second Continental Congress, declared themselves to be 13 independent sovereign states, no longer under British rule. Recognizing the necessity of coordinating their efforts against the British, the Continental Congress began the process of drafting a constitution that would bind the states together. There were long debates on a number of issues, including representation and voting, the exact powers to be given the central government. Congress finished work on the Articles of Confederation to establish a perpetual union between the states in November 1777 and sent it to the states for ratification.
Under the Articles, which took effect on March 1, 1781, the Congress of the Confederation was a central political authority without any legislative power. It could make its own resolutions and regulations, but not any laws, could not impose any taxes or enforce local commercial regulations upon its citizens; this institutional design reflected how Americans believed the deposed British system of Crown and Parliament ought to have functioned with respect to the royal dominion: a superintending body for matters that concerned the entire empire. The states were out from under any monarchy and assigned some royal prerogatives to Congress; the members of Congress elected a President of the United States in Congress Assembled to preside over its deliberation as a neutral discussion moderator. Unrelated to and quite dissimilar from the office of President of the United States, it was a ceremonial position without much influence. In 1783, the Treaty of Paris secured independence for each of the former colonies.
With peace at hand, the states each turned toward their own internal affairs. By 1786, Americans found their continental borders besieged and weak and their respective economies in crises as neighboring states agitated trade rivalries with one another, they witnessed their hard currency pouring into foreign markets to pay for imports, their Mediterranean commerce preyed upon by North African pirates, their foreign-financed Revolutionary War debts unpaid and accruing interest. Civil and political unrest loomed. Following the successful resolution of commercial and fishing disputes between Virginia and Maryland at the Mount Vernon Conference in 1785, Virginia called for a trade conference between all the states, set for September 1786 in Annapolis, with an aim toward resolving further-reaching interstate commercial antagonisms; when the convention failed for lack of attendance due to suspicions among most of the other states, Alexander Hamilton led the Annapolis delegates in a call for a convention to offer revisions to the Articles, to be held the next spring in Philadelphia.
Prospects for the next convention appeared bleak until James Madison and Edmund Randolph succeeded in securing George Washington's attendance to Philadelphia as a delegate for Virginia. When the Constitutional Convention convened in May 1787, the 12 state delegations in attendance (Rh
Ohio Township, Clermont County, Ohio
Ohio Township is one of the fourteen townships of Clermont County, United States. The 2010 census reported 5,192 people living in the township, 2,610 of whom were in the unincorporated portions of the township. Located in the southwestern part of the county along the Ohio River, it borders the following townships: Pierce Township - north Monroe Township - southeast Campbell County, Kentucky lies across the Ohio River to the southwest; the village of New Richmond is located along the Ohio River. Statewide, other Ohio Townships are located in Monroe counties; the township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it. There is an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, held in November of the year before the presidential election.
Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees. County website
Bantam is an unincorporated community in Clermont County, United States. It is the location of Bethel Methodist Church, listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Day Heights, Ohio
Day Heights is a census-designated place in Clermont County, United States. The population was 2,620 at the 2010 census. Day Heights is located in northwestern Clermont County, south of the geographic center of Miami Township, it is bordered to the north by the community of Mount Repose. Ohio State Route 131 passes through the center of Day Heights, leading west 3.5 miles down the hill into Milford. Downtown Cincinnati is 19 miles west of Day Heights. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.2 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,823 people, 1,006 households, 844 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 2,347.0 people per square mile. There were 1,020 housing units at an average density of 848.0/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.48% White, 0.99% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.50% from other races, 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.50% of the population. There were 1,006 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.0% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 16.1% were non-families.
14.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.09. In the CDP the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 99.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $64,375, the median income for a family was $70,229. Males had a median income of $41,362 versus $27,270 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $25,267. About 1.0% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over
Chilo or is a village in Clermont County, United States, along the Ohio River. The population was 63 at the 2010 census. Chilo was called Mechanicsburgh, under the latter name was platted in 1816. A post office called Mechanicsburg was established in 1819; the village's name was changed to Chilo in 1820 by an act of the Ohio Legislature. By the 1830s, Chilo had about two stores. Chilo is located at 38°47′40″N 84°8′16″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.24 square miles, of which 0.20 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 63 people, 28 households, 14 families residing in the village; the population density was 315.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 56 housing units at an average density of 280.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 98.4% White and 1.6% Native American. There were 28 households of which 21.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 3.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 50.0% were non-families.
46.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 3.29. The median age in the village was 50.8 years. 14.3% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 41.3% male and 58.7% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 97 people, 28 households, 21 families residing in the village; the population density was 315 people per square mile. There were 48 housing units at an average density of 241.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.94% White, 1.03% Native American, 1.03% from other races. There were 39 households out of which 20.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 43.6% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the village, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 20.6% from 25 to 44, 27.8% from 45 to 64, 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 115.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.5 males. The median income for a household in the village was $38,333, the median income for a family was $51,250. Males had a median income of $26,250 versus $26,250 for females; the per capita income for the village was $15,197. There were 4.8% of families and 12.4% of the population living below the poverty line, including 22.7% of under eighteens and 5.6% of those over 64. List of cities and towns along the Ohio River
Bethel is a village in Clermont County, United States. The population was 2,711 at the 2010 census. Bethel was founded in 1798 by Obed Denham as Denham Town, in what was the Northwest Territory. Bethel is the home of the first movie theater in Ohio, founded in 1908 by Aaron Little, it is home to the Starlite Drive-In, one of the few remaining drive-in theaters in the United States. Bethel was called Plainfield, under the latter name was platted in 1798; the town site was replatted in 1802 under the name Bethel. The present name is after a city in the Hebrew Bible. A post office called Bethel has been in operation since 1815. Bethel is located at 38°57′47″N 84°4′54″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.41 square miles, of which 1.40 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 2,711 people, 1,052 households, 681 families residing in the village; the population density was 1,936.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,182 housing units at an average density of 844.3 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the village was 97.3% White, 0.4% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population. There were 1,052 households of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.3% were married couples living together, 18.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 35.3% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.16. The median age in the village was 33.8 years. 29% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 46.5% male and 53.5% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,637 people, 1,012 households, 682 families residing in the village; the population density was 1,969.2 people per square mile.
There were 1,099 housing units at an average density of 820.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 98.29% White, 0.11% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 1.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.72% of the population. There were 1,012 households out of which 40.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.6% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.22. In the village, the population was spread out with 31.9% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 15.8% from 45 to 64, 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.9 males. The median income for a household in the village was $31,385, the median income for a family was $38,448.
Males had a median income of $31,829 versus $23,844 for females. The per capita income for the village was $15,071. About 16.4% of families and 20.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.9% of those under age 18 and 20.1% of those age 65 or over. Bethel has a branch of the Clermont County Public Library. Libbie C. Riley Baer, poet Ulysses S. Grant - President of the United States and Commanding General of the United States Army Ulysses S. Grant, Jr. - attorney and entrepreneur, a son of President Grant Thomas Morris - U. S. Senator from Ohio Steven M. Newman - the World Walker Dick Scott - Cincinnati Reds pitcher Village website
In the United States, a plat is a map, drawn to scale, showing the divisions of a piece of land. United States General Land Office surveyors drafted township plats of Public Lands Surveys to show the distance and bearing between section corners, sometimes including topographic or vegetation information. City, town or village plats show subdivisions into blocks with alleys. Further refinement splits blocks into individual lots for the purpose of selling the described lots. After the filing of a plat, legal descriptions can refer to block and lot-numbers rather than portions of sections. In order for plats to become valid, a local governing body, such as a public works department, urban planning commission, or zoning board must review and approve them. A plat of consolidation or plan of consolidation originates when a landowner takes over several adjacent parcels of land and consolidates them into a single parcel. In order to do this, the landowner will need to make a survey of the parcels and submit the survey to the governing body that would have to approve the consolidation.
A plat of subdivision or plan of subdivision appears when a landowner or municipality divides land into smaller parcels. If a landowner owns an acre of land, for instance, wants to divide it into three pieces, a surveyor would have to take precise measurements of the land and submit the survey to the governing body, which would have to approve it. A plat of subdivision applies when a landowner/building owner divides a multi-family building into multiple units; this can apply for the intention of selling off the individual units as condominiums to individual owners. A short plat is the plat of a so-called "short subdivision" of land into no more than four parcels in the State of Washington, which provides for a more summary process for approval of such subdivisions. A correction plat or amending plat records minor corrections to an existing plat, such as correcting a surveying mistake or a scrivener's error; such plats can sometimes serve to relocate lot-lines or other features, but laws tightly restrict such use.
A vacating plat functions to void a prior plat or portion of a plat. The rules allow such plats only when all the platted lots remain unsold and no construction of buildings or public improvements has taken place. Other names associated with parcel maps are: land maps, tax maps, real estate maps, landowner maps and block survey system and land survey maps. Parcel maps, unlike any other public real estate record, have no federal, state or municipal oversight with their development. Designation of roads or other rights of way. Ensuring that all property has access to a public right of way. Without such access, a property owner may be unable to utilize his or her property without having to trespass to reach it; the platting process restricts the fraudulent practice of knowingly selling lots with no access to public right of way without revealing that such access does not exist. Creation or vacation of easements. Dedication of land for other public uses, such as parks or areas needed for flood protection.
Ensuring compliance with zoning. Zoning regulations contain restrictions that govern lot sizes and lot geometry; the platting process allows the governing authorities to ensure that all lots comply with these regulations. Ensuring compliance with a land use plan established to control the development of a city. Ensuring that all property has access to public utilities. Plats contain a number of informational elements: The property boundaries are indicated by bearing and distance; the bearing is in the format of degrees, seconds with compass point letters before and afterward to indicate the compass quadrant. For example, N 38 00 00 E is 38 degrees into the northeast quadrant or 38 degrees east of north. S 22 00 00 W is 22 degrees west of south. Note that north here is true north, so magnetic orientation must be corrected for magnetic declination; the certification note provides information on the surveyor and is the location where recent US plats place the flood survey code in accordance with the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968.
The north arrow is familiar to most map readers The title block and lot numbers provide information specific to a development or land use plan An easement is indicated by a dashed line, although it is common to have to look them up in supplementary documents Streets are indicated by a graphical outline of the right of way, sometimes depicts the paved area. The creation of a plat map marks an important step in the process of incorporating a town or city according to United States law; because the process of incorporation sometimes occurred at a courthouse, the incorporation papers for many American cities may be stored hundreds of miles away in another state. For example, to view the original General Land Office plat for the city of San Francisco, filed in 1849, one must visit the Museum of the Oregon Territory in Oregon City, Oregon, as at that time Oregon City was the site of the closest federal land office to San Francisco. Lot and block survey system Plat of Zion The dictionary definition of plat at Wiktionary Media related to Survey drawings at Wikimedia Commons The U.
S. National Archives and Records Administration