Kathleen McInerney, known professionally as Veronica Taylor, is an American voice actress known for her dubbing work in English language adaptations of Japanese anime, in particular for voicing Ash Ketchum in the Pokémon anime for the first eight seasons. Other voices she has done include Amelia Wil Tesla Seyruun from Slayers, Sailor Pluto from Sailor Moon and Sailor Moon Crystal, Nico Robin in the 4Kids dub of One Piece, has voiced video game characters like Leo Kliesen from Tekken 6 and Tekken 7 and Cosmos from Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy, Dissidia Final Fantasy and Dissidia Final Fantasy NT. Having always wanted to act since she was in her first play when she was five, Taylor went to The Catholic University of America and Brandeis University to learn acting, she was featured in numerous plays and toured with National Players under the leadership of William H. Graham, the Chairman of Catholic U's Drama Department, other stage companies in the Washington, D. C. area and other cities all around the United States for a few years before settling in New York.
Her other roles include Ash Ketchum, his mother Delia, May in the Pokémon anime meta series, April O'Neil from the 2003 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles series, Amelia Wil Tesla Seyruun in the Slayers TV series, voice of Mangchi in the English dub of Hammerboy, the voice of Nico Robin in the 4Kids dub of One Piece, the voice of Sailor Pluto in the Viz Media dub of Sailor Moon and Sailor Moon Crystal. Taylor has lent her voice to narrate audio books written by Judy Blume, Wendy Mass, Danielle Steel, Linda Castillo, Russell Ginns, Louise Erdrich and Mary Kay Andrews among others, she has narrated for Gayle Foreman. She has one daughter, born in 1998, they were based in New York City, New York, but as of 2015, she relocated to Los Angeles, California. Taylor has developed a strong tie to Washington, D. C. and Boston: playing women's soccer for the Catholic University Cardinals and being a Redskins and Red Sox fan and once living in the same Arlington neighborhood as legendary wide receiver Art Monk.
Both of her parents toured with National Players as well. Astroblast! – Sputnik Chaotic – Skithia, Ajara Conan – Anime Conan Cubix – Abby, Pexticide Huntik – Scarlet Burne Kung Fu Pork Choppers – Hampton The Ollie and Moon Show – Flight Attendant Super 4 – Ruby Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles – April O'Neil, child Nanobot TMNT: Back to the Sewer – April O'Neil Turtles Forever – 2003 April O'Neil Welcome to the Wayne – The Spy from Apartment 8-I Winx Club – Princess Diaspro WordWorld – Sheep Warriors: Omen of the Stars Adventures in Voice Acting – Herself Animals United – Maya and the Mole Axel: The Biggest Little Hero – Young Gaga The Dino King – Speckles Dragon Ball Super: Broly – Berryblue Grave of the Fireflies - Mother Hammerboy – Mangchi Mia and the Migoo – Juliette Pokémon movies – Ash Ketchum The First Movie The Movie 2000 – Delia Ketchum Pokémon 3 – Delia Ketchum Mewtwo Returns 4Ever – Towa Heroes Jirachi Wish Maker – May Destiny Deoxys – May Lucario and the Mystery of Mew – May Turtles Forever – 2003 April O'Neil Yu Yu Hakusho: Poltergeist Report – Botan, Yukina Welcome to the Space Show – Marie, Natsuki's Mom Ape Escape 2 – Jimmy / Pink Monkey Dark Rose Valkyrie – Miyako Osatani Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy – Cosmos Dissidia Final Fantasy – Cosmos Dissidia Final Fantasy NT – Narrator Fire Emblem Heroes – Micaiah Insecticide – Chrys Liszt L.
A. Noire – Cynthia Graham One Piece – Nico Robin Grand Adventure Grand Battle Pirates' Carnival Shadow Hearts – Alice Elliot, Margarete Gertrude Zelle Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles video games – April O'Neil Smash-Up Turtles in Time Re-Shelled Tekken 6 – Leo Kliesen Tekken 7 – Leo Kliesen Trivial Pursuit for Kids – Bobby Valkyria Chronicles 4 – Crymaria Levin Veronica Taylor's official web site Veronica Taylor on IMDb Veronica Taylor at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Veronica Taylor at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Veronica Taylor at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Veronica Taylor at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Veronica Taylor convention appearances on AnimeCons.com Veronica Taylor on Twitter
TV Tokyo Corporation TYO: 9413 is a television station headquartered in Roppongi, Tokyo, Japan. Known as "Teleto", a blend of "terebi" and "Tokyo", it is the flagship station of TX Network, it is one of the major Tokyo television stations specializing in anime. The station is owned by Nihon Keizai Shimbun. TV Tokyo was established by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science in 1951 and started broadcasting on April 12, 1964 and ended on January 1, 2018. A limited liability company, Tokyo Channel 12 Production, was formed for the channel on July 1, 1968. In October 1973, the name was shortened to Tokyo Channel 12 and it took over the broadcasting from the science foundation. A month it became a general purpose TV station along with Japan Educational Television. In 1981, it was again renamed, this time to Television Tokyo Channel 12. In 1983, TV Tokyo formed the Mega TON Network with TV Osaka, Aichi Television Broadcasting; the company shifted its head offices from Shiba Park to Toranomon in December 1985.
On June 25, 2004, the company assumed its current English name of TV Tokyo Corporation. After the digital transition, the channel began broadcasting on digital channel 7. On November 7, 2016, TV Tokyo moved its headquarters to new building at Sumitomo Fudosan Roppongi Grand Tower from its old studios in Toranomon. For its broadcast of animated programs, the network used a Circle 7-style logo; the current logo is a cartoon banana with eyes, a nose and a mouth, bent into a 7, named Nanana. TV Tokyo Holdings（株式会社テレビ東京ホールディングス） BS TV Tokyo（株式会社BSテレビ東京） TV Tokyo Broadband（テレビ東京ブロードバンド株式会社） TV Tokyo Music（株式会社テレビ東京ミュージック） PROTX（株式会社テレビ東京制作） AT-X（株式会社エー・ティー・エックス） FM Inter-Wave Inc.（エフエムインターウェーブ株式会社） IntaracTV（株式会社インターラクティーヴィ） Nikkei CNBC（株式会社日経CNBC） TV Tokyo America Inc. TV Tokyo Medianet Call sign: JOTX-DTV Remote controller ID 7 Tokyo Skytree: Channel 23 Analog Transmission ceased on 24 July 2011. Call sign: JOTX-TV Tokyo Tower: Channel 12Television programs TXN News News Morning Satellite E Morning NEWS Answer World Business Satellite Yasuhiro Tase's Weekly News Bookstore（田勢康弘の週刊ニュース新書） Nikkei special The Dawn of Gaia （日経スペシャル ガイアの夜明け） Nikkei special The Cambria Palace （日経スペシャル カンブリア宮殿） Beauty giants （美の巨人たち） Solomon flow （ソロモン流） Daily7 Studio Bratch!
Ladies 4SaturdayAd-machick Tengoku （出没!アド街ック天国） LPGA Of Japan Neo Sports Winning Horse racing （ウイニング競馬） UEFA Champions League UEFA Europa League Kaiun Nandemo Kanteidan（開運!なんでも鑑定団） Ariehen World （ありえへん∞世界） Yarisugi Kozy （やりすぎコージー） Japanese General Honke （和風総本家、TV Osaka） Chokotto iikoto - Takashi Okamura & Hong Kong Happy project （ちょこっとイイコト～岡村ほんこんしあわせプロジェクト） George Tokoro's School is a place where I not tell （所さんの学校では教えてくれないそこんトコロ!） Takeshi's Nippon no Mikata （たけしのニッポンのミカタ!） Moya-Moya Summers 2 （モヤモヤさまぁ～ず2） Muscat Night （マスカットナイト） Weekly AKB （週刊AKB） AKB Kousagi Dojo （AKB子兎道場） Valiety 7 OL saw dispatch! （ハケンOLは見た!） Gokujou dikara （極嬢ヂカラ） God-Tan （ゴッドタン） Kira-Kira Afro （きらきらアフロ、TV Osaka） Kudamaki Hachibei X （くだまき八兵衛X） Itao Roman Ari-Ken （アリケン） Shinsuke Minami DEKO-BOKO Daigakkou （三波伸介の凸凹大学校） ASAYAN You wa Nani shi ni Nippon He Little Tokyo Live every Wednesday, around midnight Ii-tabi Yume-Kibun （いい旅・夢気分） Drive a GO! GO! Saturday Special Stay at the countryside? （田舎に泊まろう!） Japan Countdown Enka no Hanamichi （演歌の花道） Yan-yan Music studio （ヤンヤン歌うスタジオ） Drama 24 Yukemuri Sniper Uramiya Honpo URAKARA Majisuka Gakuen Y.
Brave and Devil's Castle （勇者ヨシヒコと魔王の城） Theater Gold 24 TWENTY FOUR Season 5 The Road to El Dorado Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas Treasure Planet Atlantis: The Lost Empire Sunday Big Valiety Monday Premiere! New year wide Historical play （新春ワイド時代劇，Every January） TV Champion Wang playoff gluttony （元祖!大食い王決定戦） Sumidagawa Fireworks Festival （Every July） Billboard Japan Music Awards Television in Japan Official website Corporate Information TV Tokyo at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Cateogry:2018 disestablishments in Japan
Pikachu are a species of Pokémon, fictional creatures that appear in an assortment of video games, animated television shows and movies, trading card games, comic books licensed by The Pokémon Company, a Japanese corporation. They are yellow rodent-like creatures with powerful electrical abilities. In most vocalized appearances, including the anime and certain video games, they are voiced by Ikue Ōtani. Pikachu will appear as part of the main cast in the upcoming live-action animated film Pokémon: Detective Pikachu, played in CGI and voiced by Ryan Reynolds; the Pikachu design was finalized by Ken Sugimori. Pikachu first appeared in Pokémon Red and Green in Japan, in the first internationally released Pokémon video games, Pokémon Red and Blue, for the original Game Boy. Like other species of Pokémon, Pikachu are captured and groomed by humans to fight other Pokémon for sport. Pikachu are one of the most well-known varieties of Pokémon because Pikachu is a central character in the Pokémon anime series.
Pikachu is regarded as a major character of the Pokémon franchise as well as its mascot, has become an icon of Japanese pop culture in recent years. It is seen as one of the major mascots for Nintendo. Developed by Game Freak and published by Nintendo, the Pokémon series began in Japan in 1996, features several species of creatures called "Pokémon" that players, called "trainers", are encouraged to capture and use to battle other players' Pokémon or interact with the game's world. Pikachu was one of several different Pokémon designs conceived by Game Freak's character development team. Artist Atsuko Nishida is credited as the main person behind Pikachu's design, finalized by artist Ken Sugimori. According to series producer Satoshi Tajiri, the idea of the name came from a mouselike animal called pika and derived from a combination of two Japanese sounds: pika, a sound an electric spark makes, chu, a sound a mouse makes. Despite its name's origins, Nishida based Pikachu's generation 1 design its cheeks, on squirrels.
Developer Junichi Masuda noted Pikachu's name as one of the most difficult to create, due to an effort to make it appealing to both Japanese and American audiences. Standing 40 centimetres tall, Pikachu were the first "Electric-type" Pokémon created, their design intended to revolve around the concept of electricity, they appear as Pika-like creatures that have short, yellow fur with brown markings covering their backs and parts of their lightning bolt-shaped tails. They have black-tipped, pointed ears and red circular pouches on their cheeks, which can spark with electricity. In Pokémon Diamond and Pearl, gender differences were introduced, they attack by projecting electricity from their bodies at their targets. Within the context of the franchise, a Pikachu can transform, or "evolve," into a Raichu when exposed to a "Thunderstone". In titles an evolutionary predecessor was introduced named "Pichu", which evolves into a Pikachu after establishing a close friendship with its trainer. Both Pikachu and the Pokémon Clefairy were chosen to be lead characters for the franchise merchandising, with the latter as the primary mascot to make the early comic book series more "engaging".
However, with the production of the animated series, Pikachu was chosen as the primary mascot, in an attempt to appeal to female viewers and their mothers, under the belief that the creature presented the image of a recognizable intimate pet for children. Its color was a deciding factor, as yellow is a primary color and easier for children to recognize from a distance, with consideration to the fact the only other competing yellow mascot at the time was Winnie-the-Pooh. Though Tajiri acknowledged that the character was popular with both boys and girls, the idea of Pikachu as the mascot was not his own, with the company responsible for the production of the animated series OLM, Inc. giving the suggestion to utilize Pikachu’s potential to Game Freak, stated he felt the human aspect of the series was overlooked by Japanese children who embraced Pikachu by itself more readily. Pikachu was going to have a second evolution called Gorochu, intended to be the evolved form of Raichu. In the video games, Pikachu is a Pokémon which has appeared in all of the games, except Black and White, without having to trade.
The game Pokémon Yellow features a Pikachu as the only available Starter Pokémon. Based on the Pikachu from the Pokémon anime, it refuses to stay in its Poké Ball, instead follows the main character around on screen; the trainer can speak to it and it displays different reactions depending on how it is treated. Pokémon Yellow followed the anime series with Pikachu as a central character. In Pokémon Emerald and its evolutionary family gained Volt Tackle as a signature move, learned by the Pichu hatched from an Egg made by a Pikachu or Raichu holding a Light Ball, it can be learned by Pikachu directly through events and tutors. An event from April 1 to May 5, 2010 allowed players of Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver to access a route on the Pokéwalker which contained Pikachu which knew attacks that they were not compatible with and Fly. Both of these attacks can be used outside battles as travel aids. Seven "Cap" forms of Pikachu, wearing caps belonging to anime protagonist Ash Ketchum across different seasons, were released across Pokémon Sun and Moon as well as their Ultra versions.
These games released two Z-Crystals exclusive to Pikachu: Pikanium Z, which upgrades Volt Ta
DVD is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed in 1995. The medium can store any kind of digital data and is used for software and other computer files as well as video programs watched using DVD players. DVDs offer higher storage capacity than compact discs. Prerecorded DVDs are mass-produced using molding machines that physically stamp data onto the DVD; such discs are a form of DVD-ROM because data can only be not written or erased. Blank recordable DVD discs can be recorded once using a DVD recorder and function as a DVD-ROM. Rewritable DVDs can be erased many times. DVDs are used in DVD-Video consumer digital video format and in DVD-Audio consumer digital audio format as well as for authoring DVD discs written in a special AVCHD format to hold high definition material. DVDs containing other types of information may be referred to as DVD data discs; the Oxford English Dictionary comments that, "In 1995 rival manufacturers of the product named digital video disc agreed that, in order to emphasize the flexibility of the format for multimedia applications, the preferred abbreviation DVD would be understood to denote digital versatile disc."
The OED states that in 1995, "The companies said the official name of the format will be DVD. Toshiba had been using the name ‘digital video disc’, but, switched to ‘digital versatile disc’ after computer companies complained that it left out their applications.""Digital versatile disc" is the explanation provided in a DVD Forum Primer from 2000 and in the DVD Forum's mission statement. There were several formats developed for recording video on optical discs before the DVD. Optical recording technology was invented by David Paul Gregg and James Russell in 1958 and first patented in 1961. A consumer optical disc data format known as LaserDisc was developed in the United States, first came to market in Atlanta, Georgia in 1978, it used much larger discs than the formats. Due to the high cost of players and discs, consumer adoption of LaserDisc was low in both North America and Europe, was not used anywhere outside Japan and the more affluent areas of Southeast Asia, such as Hong-Kong, Singapore and Taiwan.
CD Video released in 1987 used analog video encoding on optical discs matching the established standard 120 mm size of audio CDs. Video CD became one of the first formats for distributing digitally encoded films in this format, in 1993. In the same year, two new optical disc storage formats were being developed. One was the Multimedia Compact Disc, backed by Philips and Sony, the other was the Super Density disc, supported by Toshiba, Time Warner, Matsushita Electric, Mitsubishi Electric, Thomson, JVC. By the time of the press launches for both formats in January 1995, the MMCD nomenclature had been dropped, Philips and Sony were referring to their format as Digital Video Disc. Representatives from the SD camp asked IBM for advice on the file system to use for their disc, sought support for their format for storing computer data. Alan E. Bell, a researcher from IBM's Almaden Research Center, got that request, learned of the MMCD development project. Wary of being caught in a repeat of the costly videotape format war between VHS and Betamax in the 1980s, he convened a group of computer industry experts, including representatives from Apple, Sun Microsystems and many others.
This group was referred to as the Technical Working Group, or TWG. On August 14, 1995, an ad hoc group formed from five computer companies issued a press release stating that they would only accept a single format; the TWG voted to boycott both formats unless the two camps agreed on a converged standard. They recruited president of IBM, to pressure the executives of the warring factions. In one significant compromise, the MMCD and SD groups agreed to adopt proposal SD 9, which specified that both layers of the dual-layered disc be read from the same side—instead of proposal SD 10, which would have created a two-sided disc that users would have to turn over; as a result, the DVD specification provided a storage capacity of 4.7 GB for a single-layered, single-sided disc and 8.5 GB for a dual-layered, single-sided disc. The DVD specification ended up similar to Toshiba and Matsushita's Super Density Disc, except for the dual-layer option and EFMPlus modulation designed by Kees Schouhamer Immink.
Philips and Sony decided that it was in their best interests to end the format war, agreed to unify with companies backing the Super Density Disc to release a single format, with technologies from both. After other compromises between MMCD and SD, the computer companies through TWG won the day, a single format was agreed upon; the TWG collaborated with the Optical Storage Technology Association on the use of their implementation of the ISO-13346 file system for use on the new DVDs. Movie and home entertainment distributors adopted the DVD format to replace the ubiquitous VHS tape as the primary consumer digital video distribution format, they embraced DVD as it produced higher quality video and sound, provided superior data lifespan, could be interactive. Interactivity on LaserDiscs had proven desirable to consumers collectors; when LaserDisc prices dropped from $100 per
Pokémon known as Pocket Monsters in Japan, is a media franchise managed by The Pokémon Company, a Japanese consortium between Nintendo, Game Freak, Creatures. The franchise copyright is shared by all three companies, but Nintendo is the sole owner of the trademark; the franchise was created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1995, is centered on fictional creatures called "Pokémon", which humans, known as Pokémon Trainers and train to battle each other for sport. The English slogan for the franchise is "Gotta Catch'Em All". Works within the franchise are set in the Pokémon universe; the franchise began as Pokémon Red and Green, a pair of video games for the original Game Boy that were developed by Game Freak and published by Nintendo in February 1996. Pokémon has since gone on to become the highest-grossing media franchise of all time, with $90 billion in total franchise revenue; the original video game series is the second best-selling video game franchise with more than 300 million copies sold and 1 billion mobile downloads, it spawned a hit anime television series that has become the most successful video game adaptation with over 20 seasons and 1,000 episodes in 124 countries.
In addition, the Pokémon franchise includes the world's top-selling toy brand, the top-selling trading card game with over 25.7 billion cards sold, an anime film series, a live-action film, manga comics and merchandise. The franchise is represented in other Nintendo media, such as the Super Smash Bros. series. In November 2005, 4Kids Entertainment, which had managed the non-game related licensing of Pokémon, announced that it had agreed not to renew the Pokémon representation agreement; the Pokémon Company International oversees all Pokémon licensing outside Asia. The franchise celebrated its tenth anniversary in 2006. In 2016, The Pokémon Company celebrated Pokémon's 20th anniversary by airing an ad during Super Bowl 50 in January, issuing re-releases of Pokémon Red and Blue and the 1998 Game Boy game Pokémon Yellow as downloads for the Nintendo 3DS in February, redesigning the way the games are played; the mobile augmented reality game Pokémon Go was released in July. The most released games in the main series, Pokémon: Let's Go, Pikachu! and Let's Go, Eevee!, were released worldwide on the Nintendo Switch on November 16, 2018.
The first live-action film in the franchise, Pokémon: Detective Pikachu, based on Detective Pikachu, began production in January 2018 and is set to release in 2019. The upcoming and latest games in the main series, Pokémon Sword and Shield, are scheduled to be released worldwide on the Nintendo Switch in late 2019; the name Pokémon is the romanized contraction of the Japanese brand Pocket Monsters. The term "Pokémon", in addition to referring to the Pokémon franchise itself collectively refers to the 809 fictional species that have made appearances in Pokémon media as of the release of the seventh generation titles Pokémon: Let's Go, Pikachu! and Let's Go, Eevee! "Pokémon" is identical in the plural, as is each individual species name. Pokémon executive director Satoshi Tajiri first thought of Pokémon, albeit with a different concept and name, around 1989, when the Game Boy was released; the concept of the Pokémon universe, in both the video games and the general fictional world of Pokémon, stems from the hobby of insect collecting, a popular pastime which Tajiri enjoyed as a child.
Players are designated as Pokémon Trainers and have three general goals: to complete the regional Pokédex by collecting all of the available Pokémon species found in the fictional region where a game takes place, to complete the national Pokédex by transferring Pokémon from other regions, to train a team of powerful Pokémon from those they have caught to compete against teams owned by other Trainers so they may win the Pokémon League and become the regional Champion. These themes of collecting and battling are present in every version of the Pokémon franchise, including the video games, the anime and manga series, the Pokémon Trading Card Game. In most incarnations of the Pokémon universe, a Trainer who encounters a wild Pokémon is able to capture that Pokémon by throwing a specially designed, mass-producible spherical tool called a Poké Ball at it. If the Pokémon is unable to escape the confines of the Poké Ball, it is considered to be under the ownership of that Trainer. Afterwards, it will obey whatever commands it receives from its new Trainer, unless the Trainer demonstrates such a lack of experience that the Pokémon would rather act on its own accord.
Trainers can send out any of their Pokémon to wage non-lethal battles against other Pokémon. In Pokémon Go, in Pokémon: Let's Go, Pikachu! and Let's Go, Eevee!, wild Pokémon encountered by players can be caught in Poké Balls, but cannot be battled. Pokémon owned by other Trainers cannot be captured, except under special circumstances in certain side games. If a Pokémon defeats an opponent in battle so that the opponent is knocked out, the winning Pokémon gains experience points and may level up. Beginning with Pokémon X and Y, experience points are gained from catching Pokémon in Poké Balls; when leveling up, the Pokémon's battling aptitude statistics increase. At certain levels, the Pokémon may learn new moves, which are techniques used in battle. In addition, many species of Pokémon can undergo a form of metamorphosis and
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Masachika Ichimura is a Japanese actor and voice actor. He was born in Kawagoe and studies at Theater Art College in Tokyo after graduating high school, he is best known to anime fans as the voice of Mewtwo. He is married to singer Ryoko Shinohara. In 1973, he made his debut as actor with Jesus Christ Superstar and became one of top actors of Shiki Theatre Company since then, he appeared in various musical plays as West Side Story, Cats and The Phantom of the Opera. Besides he played the role of Shylock of The Merchant of Venice. In 1990, he left the company and now signs up for Horipro. In 2013, he played the role of Tokugawa Ieyasu in "Anjin: The Shogun and The English Samurai" in London. In 2014, he cancelled the performance in Miss Saigon because of initial stomach cancer but in November of the year, he finished the treatment and returned to the theatre; the Hotel Venus - Venus Thirteen Assassins - Kitō Hanbei A Ghost of a Chance - Tsukutsuku Abe The Floating Castle - Toyotomi Hideyoshi Thermae Romae - Hadrian Thermae Romae 2 - Hadrian Kōdai-ke no Hitobito - Shigemasa Kōdai Jr.
The Stand-In Thief Shishi no jidai - Okonogi Kyōhei Furuhata Ninzaburō - Nao Kuroikawa HR - Masachika Jin'no Mayonaka no Andersen Castle of Sand - Yuzuru Asō Order Made My Boss My Hero - Kichi Sakaki Bambino! - Tekkan Shishido Hatachi no Koibito - Fūta Suzuki Gō - Akechi Mitsuhide Young Black Jack - Dr. Jotaro Honma Beppinsan - Shigeo Asada Ieyasu, Edo wo Tateru - Tokugawa Ieyasu Shūdan Sasen!! - Hideki Fujita Jesus Christ Superstar - King Herod West Side Story - Bernardo Equus - Alan Carousel - Jigger Craigin She Loves Me - Georg Nowack Cats - Rum Tum Tugger The Phantom of the Opera - Erik, The Phantom of the Opera Tanz der Vampire - Professor Abronsius Miss Saigon - The Engineer Fiddler on the Roof - Tevye Evita - Che Dirty Rotten Scoundrels - Freddy Benson Sweeney Todd - Sweeney Todd La Cage aux Folles - Albin/Zaza Love Never Dies - Erik, the Phantom of the Opera The Merchant of Venice - Shylock Anjin: The Shogun and The English Samurai - Tokugawa Ieyasu Yukio Ninagawa's Macbeth - Macbeth Jack and the Beanstalk - Jack Yosei Florence - Michael Pokémon: The First Movie - Mewtwo Giovanni's Island - Tatsuo Senō Doraemon: Nobita's Space Heroes - Ikaros Pokémon the Movie: Mewtwo Strikes Back EVOLUTION - Mewtwo Birthday Wonderland - Hippocrates Pokémon: Mewtwo Returns - Mewtwo Final Fantasy VII: Advent Children - Red XIII Super Smash Bros.
Melee - Mewtwo Kingdom Hearts - Jack Skellington Kingdom Hearts: Chain of Memories - Jack Skellington Kingdom Hearts II - Jack Skellington Professor Layton and the Miracle Mask - Bronev Reinel One Piece: Unlimited World Red - Patrick Redfield Professor Layton and the Azran Legacy - Bronev Reinel Nioh - Tokugawa Ieyasu The Nightmare Before Christmas - Jack Skellington Strings - Kahro Sherlock Holmes - Jonathan Small Masachika Ichimura at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Masachika Ichimura on IMDb Masachika Ichimura at GamePlaza-Haruka Voice Acting Database Masachika Ichimura at Hitoshi Doi's Seiyuu Database