Chemistry World is a monthly chemistry news magazine published by the Royal Society of Chemistry. The magazine addresses current events in world of chemistry including research, international business news and government policy as it affects the chemical science community, plus the best product applications, it features regular columns by Philip Ball, Derek Lowe, Andrea Sella, Raychelle Burks and Mark Peplow. The magazine is sent to all members of the Royal Society of Chemistry and is included in the cost of membership. In August 2016, the magazine began offering a "soft" paywall option, where a limited amount of content is made available free to all unregistered readers. Chemistry World is supported by three podcasts: the Chemistry World Magazine Podcast, Chemistry in its Element and the Chemistry World Book Club podcast. According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2011 impact factor of 0.159, ranking it 146th out of 154 journals in the category "Chemistry, Multidisciplinary".
In 1965 two British chemistry institutions, the Chemical Society and the Royal Institute of Chemistry agreed to merge their primary publications Proceedings of the Chemical Society and the Journal of the Royal Institute of Chemistry. This was a first step to merger of the Institutions; the new journal was entitled Chemistry in Britain. In January 2004 it was given "a new title, to acknowledge the international nature of the subject". Official website
Robert Boyle Prize for Analytical Science
Robert Boyle Prize for Analytical Science called Boyle Medal, is a prize of the Royal Society of Chemistry for Analytical Chemistry. Not to be confused with the Irish Times Boyle Medal awarded in chemistry, or Boyle Higgins Gold Medal of the Institute of Chemistry of Ireland, it is awarded every two years and is worth £5,000. The prize is named after Robert Boyle and awarded since 1982. Source: Royal Society of Chemistry 2016: Richard Peter Evershed 2014: Eric Bakker 2012: Norman Dovichi 2010: Gary M. Hieftje 2008: R. Graham Cooks 2006: not awarded 2004: Miguel Valcárcel 2002: Michael Thompson 2000: William Horwitz 1998: William H. Pirkle 1996: James D. Winefordner 1994: Taitiro Fujinaga 1992: Fred W. McLafferty 1990: Hanns Malissa, Ivan Alimarin 1988: Egon Stahl 1986: Ernö Pungor 1984: Izaak Kolthoff 1982: Alan Walsh Official Website Award Winners Event data as RDF
Faraday Lectureship Prize
The Faraday Lectureship Prize known as the Faraday Lectureship is awarded once every three years by the Royal Society of Chemistry for "exceptional contributions to physical or theoretical chemistry". Named after Michael Faraday, the first Faraday Lecture was given in 1869, two years after Faraday's death, by Jean-Baptiste Dumas; as of 2009, the prize was worth £5000, with the recipient receiving a medal and a certificate. As the name suggests, the recipient gives a public lecture describing his or her work. Source: RSC Event data as RDF
Mario J. Molina
Mario José Molina-Pasquel Henríquez is a Mexican-born American chemist known for his pivotal role in the discovery of the Antarctic ozone hole. He was a co-recipient of the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his role in elucidating the threat to the Earth's ozone layer of chlorofluorocarbon gases, he became the first Mexican-born citizen to receive a Nobel Prize in Chemistry. In 2004 Molina accepted the positions of professor at the University of California, San Diego and the Center for Atmospheric Sciences at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Molina is Director of the Mario Molina Center for Energy and Environment in Mexico City. Molina was a climate policy adviser to the President of Enrique Peña Nieto. Molina is the son of Roberto Molina-Pasquel, a lawyer and judge who went on to serve as chief Ambassador to Ethiopia and the Philippines in 1923, Leonor Henríquez; as a child he converted a bathroom into his own little laboratory, using toy microscopes and chemistry sets. He looked up to his aunt Esther Molina, a chemist, who helped him with his experiments.
After completing his basic studies in Mexico City and at the Institut auf dem Rosenberg in Switzerland he earned a bachelor's degree in chemical engineering at the National Autonomous University of Mexico in 1965. In 1967 he earned his postgraduate degree in polymerization kinetics at the Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg, West Germany, in 1972 a Ph. D. in physical chemistry from the University of California, working with George Pimentel. Molina married chemist Luisa Y. Tan in July 1973, they moved to California that fall. In 1974, as a postdoctoral researcher at University of California, Irvine, he and Rowland co-authored a paper in the journal Nature highlighting the threat of CFCs to the ozone layer in the stratosphere. At the time, CFCs were used as chemical propellants and refrigerants. Molina and Rowland followed up the short Nature paper with a 150-page report for the AEC, which they made available at the September 1974 meeting of the American Chemical Society in Atlantic City; this report and an ACS-organized press conference, in which they called for a complete ban on further releases of CFCs into the atmosphere, brought national attention.
Rowland and Molina's findings were disputed by commercial manufacturers and chemical industry groups, a public consensus on the need for action only began to emerge in 1976 with the publication of a review of the science by the National Academy of Sciences. Rowland and Molina's work was further supported by evidence of the long-term decrease in stratospheric ozone over Antarctica, published by Joseph C. Farman and his co-authors in Nature in 1985. Ongoing work led to the adoption of the Montreal Protocol by 56 countries in 1987, to further steps towards the worldwide elimination of CFCs from aerosol cans and refrigerators, it is for this work that Molina shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Molina was one of twenty-two Nobel Laureates who signed the third Humanist Manifesto in 2003. Between 1974 and 2004 Molina variously held research and teaching posts at University of California, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at Caltech, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he held a joint appointment in the Department of Earth Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences and the Department of Chemistry.
On July 1, 2004 Molina joined the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at University of California, San Diego and the Center for Atmospheric Sciences at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. In addition he established a non-profit organization, which opened the Mario Molina Center for Strategic Studies in Energy and the Environment in Mexico City in 2005. Mario Molina serves as its director. Molina served on the board of trustees for Science Service, now known as Society for Science & the Public, from 2000-2005, he served on the board of directors of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, as a member of the MacArthur Foundation's Institutional Policy Committee and its Committee on Global Security and Sustainability. Molina was nominated to the Pontifical Academy of Sciences as of July 24, 2000, he served as a co-chair of the Vatican workshop and report Well Under 2 Degrees Celsius: Fast Action Policies to Protect People and the Planet from Extreme Climate Change with Veerabhadran Ramanathan and Durwood Zaelke.
The report proposed 12 scalable and practical solutions which are part of a three-lever cooling strategy to mitigate climate change. Molina was named by U. S. President Barack Obama to form a transition team on environmental issues in 2008. Under President Obama, he was a member of the United States President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. Molina and his first wife, Luisa T. Molina, are divorced. Luisa Tan Molina is the lead scientist of the Molina Center for Strategic Studies in Energy and the Environment in La Jolla, California, their son works as a physician in Boston. Mario Molina married his second wife, Guadalupe Álvarez, in February 2006. Dr. Molina sits on the board of directors for Xyleco Mario Molina joined the lab of Professor F. Sherwood Rowland in 1973 as a postdoctoral fellow. Here, Molina continued Rowland's pioneering research into "hot atom" chemistry, the study of chemical properties of atoms with, only with, excess translational energy owing to radioactive processes.
This study soon led to research into chlorofluorocarbons harmless gases that were used in refrigerants, aerosol sprays, the making of plastic foams. CFCs were being released by human activity and were known to be accumulating in t
The Hickinbottom Award is awarded annually by the Royal Society of Chemistry for contributions in the area of organic chemistry from researchers under the age of 35. The prize winner receives a monetary award and will complete a lecture tour within the UK; the winner is chosen by the awards committee of the Royal Society of Chemistry's organic division. The award was established by the Royal Society of Chemistry in 1979 following Wilfrid Hickinbottom's bequest. Hickinbottom was noted for supporting high standards in experimental chemistry. Part of the monetary award is the Briggs scholarship, funded following a bequest from Lady Alice Lilian Thorpe, William Briggs' daughter; the award was first granted in 1981 to Jeremy Sanders. Subsequent recipients include
The Corday–Morgan Medal and Prize is awarded by the Royal Society of Chemistry for the most meritorious contributions to experimental chemistry, including computer simulation. The prize was established by chemist Gilbert Morgan, who named it after his father Thomas Morgan and his mother Mary-Louise Corday. From the award's inception in 1949 until 1980 it was awarded by the Chemical Society. Up to three prizes are awarded annually; the Corday–Morgan medallists have included many of the UK's most successful chemists. Since 1949 they have been: Event data as RDF
Richard Neil Zare is the Marguerite Blake Wilbur Professor in Natural Science and a Professor of Chemistry at Stanford University. Throughout his career, Zare has made a considerable impact in physical chemistry and analytical chemistry through the development of laser-induced fluorescence and the study of chemical reactions at the molecular and nanoscale level. LIF is an sensitive technique with applications ranging from analytical chemistry and molecular biology to astrophysics. One of its applications was the sequencing of the human genome. Zare is known for his exploration of new areas of research, he has mentored over 150 PhD students and postdoctoral researchers, of whom more than 49 are women or members of minorities. Zare is a strong advocate for women in science, a fellow of the Association for Women in Science as of 2008. Zare earned his B. A. in chemistry and physics in 1961 and his Ph. D. in 1964 in physical and analytical chemistry at Harvard University. As an undergraduate he worked with William Klemperer.
Zare moved to the University of California, Berkeley to do Ph. D. work with Dudley Herschbach returned 2 years when Herschbach accepted a position at Harvard. Zare completed his Ph. D. thesis, a theoretical analysis of Molecular fluorescence and photodissociation, with Herschbach at Harvard in 1964. Zare joined Massachusetts Institute of Technology as an assistant professor in 1965. From 1966 to 1969, he was jointly appointed in the departments of chemistry and astrophysics at JILA at the University of Colorado Boulder. In 1969 he became a full professor in the Department of Chemistry at Columbia University, he was named the Higgins Professor of Natural Science at Columbia in 1975. In 1977 Zare accepted a position as a full professor of chemistry at Stanford University, becoming the Marguerite Blake Wilbur Professor in Natural Science in 1987, he served as chair of the chemistry department from 2005 to 2011. Zare served on the National Science Board of the National Science Foundation from 1990 to 1996, was the board’s chair from 1994 to 1996.
He is a member of the editorial advisory boards of several scientific publications, among them Chemistry World, Angewandte Chemie, Central European Journal of Chemistry, Journal of Separation Sciences and the Chinese Journal of Chromatography. He is Chairman of the Board of Directors at Annual Reviews, Inc. and serves on the Board of Directors of The Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation. Zare is well known for his research in laser chemistry the development of laser-induced fluorescence, which he has used to study reaction dynamics and analytical detection methods, his research on the spectroscopy of chemical compounds suggested a new mechanism for energy transference in inelastic collisions. He and his students have developed tools and techniques to examine chemical reactions at the molecular and nanoscale levels, they have explored a wide-ranging variety of problems in physical chemistry and chemical analysis including examination of heterogeneous structures in mineral samples, the contents of cells and subcellular compartments, the chemical analysis of liquid samples.
Early in his career, the question of whether laser-induced fluorescence could be used to study aflatoxins spurred Zare to adapt LIF for use on liquids. Work with postdoc Gerald Diebold resulted in the first use of LIF for detection in chemical analysis; this opened up the potential for a wide variety of fluid applications, including the detection of single molecules in liquids at room-temperature and detection methods for capillary electrophoresis. Zare and his coworkers have combined CCD imaging with LIF detection to detect amol and zeptamole amounts of FITC-labelled amino acids. Zare and his students have developed cavity ring-down spectroscopy for quantitative diagnosis, for high performance liquid chromatography Zare is involved in the development of desorption electrospray ionization techniques, which are being used for mass spectrometric imaging of lipids and proteins in tissue samples, including prostate cancer. “I’m right now excited about mass spectrometry, still excited about lasers, all types of, but to me, they’re tools.
They’re not ends in themselves... With new tools and measurement techniques, you can make advances in all types of fundamental problems.” Richard Zare Zare has worked with NASA and others on astrobiology. He is one of the co-authors of a paper that appeared in Science in 1996, raising the possibility that a meteorite from Mars, ALH84001, contained traces of Martian life. Zare used two-step laser mass spectrometry, a technique, sensitive to organic molecules, to examine samples from the interior of the meteorite, he found that the 4.5-billion-year-old Martian meteorite, discovered in Antarctica, contained polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. This lead researchers to speculate on the presence of fossilized remains from Mars. Other researchers questioned this interpretation, suggesting that the sample might have been contaminated after its arrival on Earth. Considerable controversy resulted. Zare has worked with NASA on examinations of organic materials obtained from Comet 81P/Wild by the Stardust Spacecraft.
Zare has published several books, including a used textbook on the topic of angular momentum in quantum systems, considered a classic for its explanations of angular momentum algebra and the fundamentals of molecular spectroscopy. He is an co-author of nearly 1,000 peer-reviewed papers. Zare, RN.