Stephen Poliakoff, CBE, FRSL is a British playwright and scriptwriter. Poliakoff was born in Holland Park, West London to Anglo-Jewish and Russian-Jewish parents and Russian-born Alexander Poliakoff; the second of four children, he was sent at a young age to boarding school. He proceeded to Westminster School where he attracted sufficient attention for Granny, a play written and directed by him, to be reviewed in The Times newspaper. After Westminster, he never took a degree. Poliakoff continued to write stage plays, becoming writer-in-residence for the National Theatre at the age of 24, but he became interested in the medium of television, with Stronger Than the Sun, Bloody Kids directed by Stephen Frears, Caught on a Train starring Peggy Ashcroft, Soft Targets. There were TV adaptations of his stage plays Hitting Town and City Sugar; these two plays were among his earliest big successes. Poliakoff's theatre, although well received critically has never achieved a great level of attention from the critics, apart from their reviews.
This has been attributed to the ambiguity of his politics. His approach towards political issues has been described as individual in nature rather than generalising; some of the recurring themes in his works have been recognised as environmental pollution, due to human intervention, both rural and urban. Most of his plays portray contemporary Britain, he is fascinated by fascism. He said: "I'm writing about what's happening now, about people searching for beliefs in what is no longer a religious country, about how individuals of charisma and power can polarise things."A full length study of his work was published in 2011 Stephen Poliakoff: On Stage and Screen by Robin Nelson. Nearly all of Poliakoff's plays premiered in London, four at the National Theatre, four at the Royal Shakespeare Company and at the Almeida, Hampstead and Royal Court. Three of his plays have transferred to the West End. Many of the plays have been performed across Europe and in the US, Australia and Japan. In 1976 Poliakoff won the Evening Standard Most Promising Playwright Award for Hitting Town and City Sugar and in 1997 he won the Critic's Circle Best Play Award for the National Theatre production of Blinded By The Sun.
Poliakoff's first feature film was Runners, directed by Charles Sturridge, starring James Fox, Jane Asher and Kate Hardie. It received a limited theatrical release in 1983 before being shown in Channel 4's Film on Four slot, his directorial debut was the much-lauded and now rare Hidden City, premiered at the Venice Film Festival and starring Charles Dance, Richard E. Grant and Cassie Stuart, his television career continued with She's Been Away starring Peggy Ashcroft and winning awards at Venice, before a return to film with Close My Eyes, starring Clive Owen, Saskia Reeves and Alan Rickman in an elaborate reworking of the incest theme, central to Hitting Town, followed by Century, with Owen and Miranda Richardson. Less successful were Food of Love with Grant, Nathalie Baye and Joe McGann and The Tribe starring Joely Richardson and Jeremy Northam, the latter screened on BBC Two in the absence of a cinema distribution deal where it achieved high viewing figures and was repeated, he subsequently returned to his favoured form, this time choosing a flexible serial format resulting in the acclaimed and Prix Italia-winning Shooting the Past, the fresh critical and audience success of Perfect Strangers, a family drama starring Matthew Macfadyen, Michael Gambon and Lindsay Duncan and The Lost Prince, a single drama recognised with an Emmy award rare for a non-American production.
The film featured Miranda Richardson in a Golden Globe-nominated performance as Queen Mary of Teck. Michael Gambon, Gina McKee, Tom Hollander and Bill Nighy appeared in major roles. Late 2005 saw the one-off drama Friends and Crocodiles starring Damian Lewis and Jodhi May, with its overlapping companion piece, Gideon's Daughter, starring Bill Nighy, Miranda Richardson and Emily Blunt, appearing early the following year; the latter won a Peabody Award with Golden Globes for Nighy and Blunt. In 2005, he renewed recent criticisms of BBC scheduling and commissioning policy, arguing that the reintroduction of a regular evening slot for one-off plays on BBC1 would provide the re-invigoration of drama output that has become a priority for the corporation. Joe's Palace was screened on 4 November 2007 on BBC One and Capturing Mary was screened on BBC Two on 12 November 2007; the Culture Show screened a Poliakoff special, including an interview between Poliakoff and Mark Kermode and a new TV play, A Real Summer, on 10 November.
Glorious 39, starring Romola Garai, Bill Nighy and Julie Christie, premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival in September 2009 and was released in the UK that November. In 2011, Poliakoff wrote a seven-minute short film, Astonish Me, to celebrate WWF's 50th anniversary. Starring Bill Nighy and Gemma Arterton, the film was shown in Odeon Cinemas in August 2011 and made available on the WWF website and YouTube. In February and March 2013, Dancing on the Edge, a five-part series which followed the fortunes of a black jazz band in 1930s London, was broadcast by the BBC, later won a Golden Globe. In November/December 2016, his seven-part series Close to the Enemy was transmitted on BBC Two. Close to the Enemy is set in a bo
Nicolai Poliakoff OBE was the creator of Coco the Clown, arguably the most famous clown in the UK during the middle decades of the 20th century. Technically, Coco is an Auguste, the foolish character, always on the receiving end of buckets of water and custard pies; the auguste works with the more clever white-faced clown, who always gets the better of him. Poliakoff was born in 1900 to a Jewish family in Dvinsk, Latvia, part of the Russian Empire, his parents worked in the theatre when Nicolai was born, but both lost their jobs a few years and to survive, Nicolai started busking from the age of five. In 1908, he "joined the circus," as the saying goes, he travelled 300 miles by train to Vitebsk, in Belorussia, where he persuaded a circus owner to give him a job, telling him that he was an orphan with no one to look after him. The director bought his story and placed him under the charge of Vitaly Lazarenko, a clown and acrobat who would become a major circus star in the Soviet Union after the Communist revolution.
Nicholai persuaded his father to allow him to follow a circus career, he was apprenticed for four years to Rudolfo Truzzi —son of Massimiliano Truzzi, the founder of the great Russian circus dynasty of Italian descent. With Truzzi, Nicholai studied the fundamentals of acrobatics, horse riding, an array of circus disciplines. Russians are fond of nicknames, Nicholai was called Kokishka by Truzzi, a diminutive of “koshka”, which in time became abbreviated to Koko—and rendered as Coco when Nicholai arrived in the UK. In 1915 Nicholai Polakovs was enlisted in the Imperial Army. During the ensuing Civil War, he was conscripted by the Red Army, escaped—only to be conscripted again by the White Army and escape again, disguised as a girl in a troupe of Mongolian travelling entertainers; when the political situation began to settle down, he returned to work in the circus. 1919— Nicholai was performing in Riga, when he met Valentina Novikova, whom he married in June of that year, with whom he would have six children: Helen, Nadia, Sascha and Tamara.
1920— He worked for the newly created Soviet state circus organization, travelled in the Soviet Union from one circus building to another. 1926— He had his own circus collective, a small but lively troupe of twenty based in Lithuania. 1929— Nicholai performed at Circus Busch in Berlin. He served with the Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps of the British Army in World War II, he appeared with the Bertram Mills Circus for many years. His clown persona had two distinctive visual features that endeared him to television audiences: his boots, described as being size 58, his trick hair with hinges in the centre parting, which allowed it to lift when he was surprised, he is a member of the Clown Hall of Fame. 21 December 1929 to 18 January 1930—Nicholai first appeared for Bertram Mills in Manchester. 1933–34—Coco’s contract with Mills was extended, following the Olympia Christmas season. During the Second World War Poliakoff entertained troops as a member of ENSA. In 1942 Coco and Michael were engaged at the Blackpool Tower Circus, for the Easter and summer programmes.
1946— Bertram Mills Circus reopened and Coco returned. He appeared on tour for every summer season until the closure of the touring show in October 1964. 1947–48 & 1966–67—He performed with Mills at the Olympia in London 21 October 1949—Nicholai and Valentina became naturalized British citizens. April 1957— During a performance at Chelmsford, Nicholai was knocked over and injured by a vehicle driven by Kam, "the only motoring elephant in the world"—one of Mills’s four elephants trained by Joan and Gösta Kruse. In 1959 he was involved in a serious road accident prompting him to devote himself to the promotion of road safety awareness in children. In 1963 he was appointed an Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire for this work by Queen Elizabeth II, one of the few foreigners to receive this honour. However, at the same time he continued to work in the circus in the mid-1960s, seated ringside while selling programmes dressed in his full auguste's costume, he was the subject of This.
He returned to the circus world in 1974, when he toured with the Roberts Brothers Circus. Poliakoff died in Peterborough Hospital on 25 September 1974, after a short illness, was buried in Woodnewton, in Northamptonshire, England, his eldest son, Michael, a longtime circus "Producing Clown", creator of a much imitated "soap gag" entree, the Clown who designed the post 1960's Ronald McDonald, was by already using the "Coco" moniker. Michael had made his debut in the ring at 17, as "Coconut" and his sister Helen as "Cocotina". Michael's Coco the Clown was inducted into the International Clown Hall of Fame in 1991; as well as Michael, Poliakoff had five other children with wife Valentina: Helen, Sascha and Tamara. Tamara was the founder, along with her husband Ali Hassani, of the first circus in the UK not to use performing animals. Nicolai Poliakoff, Coco the Clown, by himself Nicolai Poliakoff, Behind My Greasepaint (London, Hut
A given name is a part of a person's personal name. It identifies a person, differentiates that person from the other members of a group who have a common surname; the term given name refers to the fact that the name is bestowed upon a person to a child by their parents at or close to the time of birth. A Christian name, a first name, given at baptism, is now typically given by the parents at birth. In informal situations, given names are used in a familiar and friendly manner. In more formal situations, a person's surname is more used—unless a distinction needs to be made between people with the same surname; the idioms "on a first-name basis" and "being on first-name terms" refer to the familiarity inherent in addressing someone by their given name. By contrast, a surname, inherited, is shared with other members of one's immediate family. Regnal names and religious or monastic names are special given names bestowed upon someone receiving a crown or entering a religious order; such a person typically becomes known chiefly by that name.
The order given name – family name known as the Western order, is used throughout most European countries and in countries that have cultures predominantly influenced by European culture, including North and South America. The order family name – given name known as the Eastern order, is used in East Asia, as well as in Southern and North-Eastern parts of India, in Hungary; this order is common in Austria and Bavaria, in France, Belgium and Italy because of the influence of bureaucracy, which puts the family name before the given name. In China and Korea, part of the given name may be shared among all members of a given generation within a family and extended family or families, in order to differentiate those generations from other generations; the order given name – father's family name – mother's family name is used in Spanish-speaking countries to acknowledge the families of both parents. Today the order can be changed in Spain and Uruguay using given name – mother's family name – father's family name.
The order given name – mother's family name – father's family name is used in Portuguese-speaking countries to acknowledge the families of both parents. In many Western cultures, people have more than one given name. One of those, not the first in succession might be used as the name which that person goes by, such as in the cases of John Edgar Hoover and Mary Barbara Hamilton Cartland. A child's given name or names are chosen by the parents soon after birth. If a name is not assigned at birth, one may be given at a naming ceremony, with family and friends in attendance. In most jurisdictions, a child's name at birth is a matter of public record, inscribed on a birth certificate, or its equivalent. In western cultures, people retain the same given name throughout their lives. However, in some cases these names may be changed by repute. People may change their names when immigrating from one country to another with different naming conventions. In certain jurisdictions, a government-appointed registrar of births may refuse to register a name that may cause a child harm, considered offensive or which are deemed impractical.
In France, the agency can refer the case to a local judge. Some jurisdictions, such as Sweden, restrict the spelling of names. Parents may choose a name because of its meaning; this may be a personal or familial meaning, such as giving a child the name of an admired person, or it may be an example of nominative determinism, in which the parents give the child a name that they believe will be lucky or favourable for the child. Given names most derive from the following categories: Aspirational personal traits. For example, the name Clement means "merciful". English examples include Faith and August. Occupations, for example George means "earth-worker", i.e. "farmer". Circumstances of birth, for example Thomas meaning "twin" or the Latin name Quintus, traditionally given to the fifth male child. Objects, for example Peter means "rock" and Edgar means "rich spear". Physical characteristics, for example Calvin means "bald". Variations on another name to change the sex of the name or to translate from another language.
Surnames, for example Winston and Ross. Such names can honour other branches of a family, where the surname would not otherwise be passed down. Places, for example Brittany and Lorraine. Time of birth, for example day of the week, as in Kofi Annan, whose given name means "born on Friday", or the holiday on which one was born, for example, the name Natalie meaning "born on Christmas day" in Latin. Tuesday, May, or June. Combination of the above, for example the Armenian name Sirvart means "love rose". In many cultures, given names are reused to commemorate ancestors or those who are admired, resulting in a limited repertoire of names that sometimes vary by orthography; the most familiar example of this, to Western readers, is the use of Biblical and saints' names in most of the Christian countries (with Ethiopia, in which names were ideals or abstractions
Marina Vlady is a French actress. Vlady was born in Hauts-de-Seine to Russian immigrant parents, her father was an opera singer and her mother was a dancer. Her sisters, now all deceased, were the actresses Odile Versois, Hélène Vallier and Olga Baïdar-Poliakoff; the sisters began acting as children and, for a while, pursued a ballet career. From 1955 to 1959, she was married to actor/director Robert Hossein. From 1963 to 1966, she was married to Jean-Claude Brouillet, a French entrepreneur, owner of two airlines and member of French Resistance. Vlady was married to Soviet poet/songwriter Vladimir Vysotsky from 1969 until his death in 1980, she lived with French oncologist Léon Schwartzenberg from the 1980s until his death in 2003. Vlady won the Best Actress Award at the 1963 Cannes Film Festival for The Conjugal Bed. In 1965, she was a member of the jury at the 4th Moscow International Film Festival. Vlady starred in Jean-Luc Godard's 2 ou 3 choses que je sais d'elle, portrayed the insightful and protective stepmother in the Italian film Il sapore del grano.
A rare English language role was as Kate Percy in Orson Welles' Chimes at Midnight. Her television credits include the 1983 mini-series La Chambre des Dames, she wrote the Aborted Flight, a memoir of her relationship with Vladimir Vysotsky. For a decade, the couple maintained a long-distance relationship as Marina compromised her career in France in order to spend more time in Moscow, his friends pulled strings for him to travel abroad, she joined the Communist Party of France, which gave her an unlimited-entry visa into the Soviet Union, provided Vysotsky with some immunity against prosecution by the government. The problems of his long-distance relationship with Vlady inspired several of Vysotsky's songs. Vlady and partner Léon Schwartzenberg participated in the protests against deportations of Arab workers from France, she accepted a role in a film about a gay couple from Iran. She is continuing her career, both as a writer and as an actress. Among others, she has published a book on the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, a topic, close to Vysotsky's heart.
Vlady has continued acting on stage. She came out with a one-woman show based on her book about Vysotsky. Film Marina Vlady and Vladimir Vysotsky, songs by Marina Vladi and music by Vladimir Vysotsky Marina Vlady on IMDb Marina Vlady at Cinémathèque française Marina Vlady at AllMovie Marina Vlady at the TCM Movie Database
Serge Poliakoff was a Russian-born French modernist painter belonging to the'New' Ecole de Paris. Serge Poliakoff was born in Moscow in the thirteenth of fourteen children, his father, a Kyrgyz, supplied the army with horses that he bred himself and owned a racing stable. His mother was involved with the church, its religious icons fascinated him, he enrolled at the Moscow School of Painting and Architecture, but fled Russia in 1918. He arrived in Constantinople in 1920, he went on to pass through Sofia, Belgrade and Berlin before settling in Paris in 1923, all the while continuing to play in Russian cabarets. In 1929 he enrolled at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière, his paintings remained purely academic until he discovered, during his stay in London from 1935 to 1937, the abstract art and luminous colours of the Egyptian sarcophagi. It was a little afterwards that he met Wassily Kandinsky and Robert Delaunay, Otto Freundlich. With these influences, Poliakoff came to be considered as one of the most powerful painters of his generation.
In 1947, he was trained by Jean Deyrolle in Gordes in the Vaucluse region of France amongst peers such as Gérard Schneider, Victor Vasarely, Jean Dewasne. By the beginning of the 1950s, he was still staying at the Old Dovecote hotel near Saint-Germain-des-Prés, home to Louis Nallard and Maria Manton, continuing to earn a reliable income by playing the balalaika. A contract enabled him to gain better financial stability. In 1962 a room was given over to his paintings by the Venice Biennial, Poliakoff became a French citizen in the same year, his works are now displayed in a large number of museums in New York. Poliakoff worked with ceramics at the Manufacture nationale de Sèvres, he influenced the paintings of Arman. In 2006, works by Poliakoff were chosen by the Musée du Luxembourg for their exhibition entitled'L'Envolée lyrique, Paris 1945-1956', namely'Composition en brun', 1947, Ny Carlsberg Glypothek, Copenhagen. In 2013, The Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris devoted a large-scale retrospective to the abstract painter which included 150 works from the period 1946-1969.
Since 1970 there has been no significant exhibition of the work of Serge Poliakoff in what became his home city. Serge Poliakoff, Galleria Lorenzelli, Bergamo Serge Poliakoff, Lorenzelli Arte, Milan Serge Poliakoff, Le rêve des formes, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris Serge Poliakoff, Galerie Applicat-Prazan, Paris Available Paintings, Works on Paper and Biography Galerie Ludorff, Düsseldorf, Germany Ecole de Paris This article draws on the fr:Serge Poliakoff article in the French-language Wikipedia, accessed in the version of November 20, 2006. Jean Cassou, Bodensee-Verlag, Amriswil, 1963. Lydia Harambourg, Serge Poliakoff, dans L'École de Paris 1945-1965, Dictionnaire des peintres, Neuchâtel, Ides et Calendes, 1993. Alexis Poliakoff et Gérard Schneider, Editions Galerie Française, München, 280 p. Françoise Brütsch, Serge Poliakoff, Editions Ides et Calendes, Neuchâtel, 1993, 200 p. Artfacts.net containing a portrait of Poliakoff, nine reproductions of his goauche and lithograph work.
Lorenzelli Arte Milano: Serge Poliakoff Biography - Serge Poliakoff, The Dream of Forms - Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris
Professor Sir Martyn Poliakoff is a British chemist, working on gaining insights into fundamental chemistry, on developing environmentally acceptable processes and materials. The core themes of his work are infrared spectroscopy and lasers, he is a research professor in chemistry at the University of Nottingham. His group comprises several members of staff, postdoctoral research fellows, postgraduate students and overseas visitors; as well as carrying out research at the University of Nottingham, he is a lecturer, teaching a number of modules including green chemistry. He is known for his leading role in The Periodic Table of Videos. Poliakoff was born to an English mother and Russian-born father, Alexander Poliakoff, both Jewish, his brother is Stephen Poliakoff. Poliakoff's paternal grandfather, was a prolific inventor of electrical devices who experienced the communist revolution in Russia first-hand, emigrated to the United Kingdom. Poliakoff was educated at Westminster School followed by King's College, Cambridge graduating with a bachelor's degree in 1969, a PhD in 1973, for research supervised by J.
J. Turner. While an undergraduate at Cambridge, Poliakoff met and became close friends with Tony Judt, who became a historian and writer. In 1972, Poliakoff moved to Newcastle University and in 1979 was appointed a lecturer at the University of Nottingham, where he was subsequently promoted to professor in 1991, his research has been funded by the EPSRC. Poliakoff is a global leader in the field of green chemistry with a specific interest in the applications of supercritical fluids; these compressed gases possess properties of gases and liquids that permit interesting chemical reactions without the need for organic solvents, which endanger both health and the environment. His contributions have enabled the development of supercritical carbon dioxide and water solvent systems to replace traditional organic solvents at the industrial scale; as foreign secretary and vice-president of the Royal Society from 2011 to 2016, he worked to represent and further the impact of UK science around the world.
Poliakoff is the narrator in most of a series of over 600 short videos called The Periodic Table of Videos, a popular science project, produced by Brady Haran intended to familiarize the public with all 118 elements of the periodic table. The project has since expanded to cover molecules, he hit the news for calculating that the FIFA World Cup Trophy could not have been made from solid gold as it would be too heavy to raise aloft. Poliakoff showed some videos at IUPAC's elements inauguration in the Central Club of Scientists of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow. Poliakoff was awarded the Meldola Medal and Prize from the Royal Society of Chemistry in 1976, he was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 2002, Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry in 2002, Fellow of the Institution of Chemical Engineers in 2004. He served on the IChemE Council between 2009 and 2013. Poliakoff was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 2008 New Year Honours and is a member of the Advisory Council for the Campaign for Science and Engineering since 2008.
In 2008, he was elected an Honorary Member of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia and a Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 2011. He took up the positions of Foreign Secretary and Vice-president of the Royal Society in November 2011, positions which are held for a fixed five-year period. In 2011, he won the Nyholm Prize for Education. Poliakoff received an Honorary Doctorate from Heriot-Watt University in 2011. In 2012, Poliakoff was elected a Fellow of the Academia Europaea and in 2013, an Associate Fellow of TWAS, the World Academy of Science, he was elected an Associate Fellow of the Ethiopian Academy of Sciences in 2014. Poliakoff was knighted in the 2015 New Year Honours for services to the chemical sciences. Poliakoff was awarded the Lord Lewis Prize in 2016 for his work concerning the applications of supercritical fluids, for his work in the development of science policy within the EU and globally. In 2017 Poliakoff was elected Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering. Poliakoff has Ellen Poliakoff, a psychology lecturer at the Manchester University.
Martyn Poliakoff produced a web eulogy of close friend Tony Judt in 2010
Odile Versois was a French actress who appeared in 47 film and television productions between 1948 and 1980. Versois was the sister of Hélène Vallier and Olga Baïdar-Poliakoff, their father, was a noted opera singer of Russian descent, their mother, Militza Envald Voropanoff, was a dancer. Born in Paris, she began acting for a while pursued a ballet career. Versois married actor Jacques René Dacqmine in 1951 but the couple divorced a year later, she had four children by her second husband, Comte François Reynier Ambroise Henri Pozzo di Borgo, whom she married in 1953 but divorced. She died in Paris of cancer shortly after her 50th birthday; the Last Vacation The Bride Can't Wait Fantomas Against Fantomas Summer Storm Into the Blue Legend of Love Old Boys of Saint-Loup Mademoiselle Josette, My Woman Beautiful Love Grand Gala A Day to Remember The Young Lovers To Paris with Love Checkpoint Michel Strogoff King in Shadow Passport to Shame Toi, le venin Cartouche Where the Truth Lies Because, Because of a Woman Benjamin Le Crabe-tambour Julien Fontanes, magistrat Odile Versois at AllMovie Odile Versois profile, Cinememorial.com Odile Versois profile, Premiere.fr