click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Police authority

A police authority in the United Kingdom is a public authority, responsible for overseeing the operations of a police force. The nature and composition of police authorities has varied over time, there are now just four dedicated "police authorities" in the United Kingdom, although the term can refer to various similar successor bodies; until 2012/13, individual police authorities were maintained for each of the 43 territorial police forces in England and Wales, for the 8 territorial police forces in Scotland. Police authorities in England and Wales were abolished in November 2012, replaced with directly elected police and crime commissioners, those in Scotland were merged in April 2013 to form the Scottish Police Authority as part of the creation of Police Scotland, the single police force for Scotland; the Police Service of Northern Ireland is overseen by the Northern Ireland Policing Board, two of the three UK-wide special police forces continue to be overseen by individual police authorities.

The oversight of the two police forces serving London continues to be implemented via unique arrangements. The introduction of police forces on a national scale in England and Wales began with the Municipal Corporations Act 1835, which required each borough to establish a "watch committee" and thus appoint constables to "preserve the peace". Before the advent of police authorities, the regulatory bodies for police forces confined to a single borough were these watch committees, whilst those for counties from 1889 had been "standing joint committees"; the Police Act 1964 introduced major reforms to the organisation and oversight of the police in England and Wales, following the report of the Royal Commission on the Police in 1962. The 1964 act abolished the old watch committee system which had come under severe criticism following several high-profile corruption scandals; the act introduced police areas, which would be administrative counties, county boroughs or "combined police areas", consisting of combinations of counties and county boroughs, served by a single force, overseen by an independent "police authority".

The new police authorities would consist of two-thirds elected members of county or borough councils, one-third magistrates. Under the Local Government Act 1972 the remaining borough police forces were abolished, police authorities consisted of county councillors and magistrates in a ratio of two to one; the Police and Magistrates' Courts Act 1994 altered the composition of the authorities with independent members being added. A police authority was made up of seventeen members – nine elected members; the remaining eight members were called independent members, were appointed from the local community for fixed terms of four years by the police authority itself - a long list, from applications received, was submitted by a committee of elected members and magistrates to the Home Office. That committee appointed the independent members from a shortlist returned by the Home Office. At least three of the police authority's independent members were magistrates. There was no difference in power or responsibility between the different types of member – there were examples of elected and magistrate members chairing police authorities throughout England and Wales.

The bulk of police funding came from the Home Office in the form of an annual grant, though police authorities could set a precept on the Council Tax to raise additional funds. The Home Office had the power to prevent any precept increases deemed to be excessive, it was the police authority's responsibility to set the budget for the force area, which included allocating itself enough money from the overall policing budget to ensure that it can discharge its own functions effectively. In its annual Policing Plan, a police authority was obliged to publish its budget for the year, as well as a value for money statement and to outline planned efficiency savings, her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary and the Audit Commission began a programme of inspection for police authorities in September 2009. Inspection scores four areas of police authority capability: Setting strategic direction and priorities Scrutinising performance outcomes Achieving results through community engagement and partnerships Ensuring value for money and productivityEach theme was scored from one to four: Performs poorly Performs adequately Performs well Performs excellentlyThe police authority was given an overall score using the same 1-4 system.

Ten inspection reports were published, with the majority of inspected authorities scoring 2. The inspectorates published "Learning Lessons: An overview of the first ten joint inspections of police authorities by HMIC and the Audit Commission", outlining their findings from the first ten inspections, in March 2010. In the 2010 British general election campaign, both the Conservative Party and Liberal Democrats' manifestos outlined plans to replace or reform police authorities, both parties raising concerns about the perceived lack of accountability of police authorities to the communities they served; the Conservatives proposed to replace them with a single elected individual, whilst the Liberal Democrats proposed to introduce direct elect

Andrew Banks

Andrew Richard Banks is an English-Australian businessman and film producer. He co-founded recruitment company Morgan & Banks and founded HR business process outsourcing provider, Talent2 International, he is one of the'Sharks' on the television series Shark Tank. Banks was born in Lambeth, England the fifth of six boys, his father was a staff sergeant in the Medical Corps of the British Army. His mother grew up in Gdansk, Poland; when the family moved to Chichester in 1961, Banks attended the local selective state grammar school and became involved in amateur dramatic productions. Achieving ten'O’ Levels and four'A’ levels, he was accepted at various UK universities and chose Science at London University. Banks completed a year and a half of exams in Applied Biology before getting a part-time job selling paintings door-to-door and progressed to supervisor with the company, running an area office of ten teams. At the same time he was doing voiceover work using his acting experience as well as employing two people to sell trendy'Carnaby Street style' shirts in the University cafeteria.

His university degree was put on hold after an Australian colleague provided a sponsor that enabled Banks to migrate to Australia as part of the final stages of its Assisted Passage Migration Scheme. In Australia, Banks pursued an acting career through studies in Shakespearean Training at the Old Tote Theatre Company, he had small acting roles in television series Number 96 and the Old Tote Theatre Company's production of Macbeth at the Sydney Opera House in 1974. Banks bought into the Red Pavilion Bar and Restaurant in Woolloomooloo, Sydney with restaurateur Soren Luno as partner, its sale fourteen months was when Banks realised his first capital. Banks married his Australian girlfriend, Andrea in 1974 and following an overseas honeymoon, decided to pursue more stable employment. Banks' interest in Human Resources and recruiting began while working with French oil company, Elf Aquitaine. Returning to London, roles followed with Brown and Root involving moves to Norway, USA and back to the UK as Regional HR Director for the Europe and Africa Marine Division.

Returning to Australia in 1980, Banks accepted an advertised role as a recruiter with Slade Consulting in Sydney. He opened and established their new Brisbane office returned to Sydney to manage both the Sydney and Brisbane offices until December 1984. In 1985, with new business partner Geoff Morgan, recruitment company Morgan & Banks was founded. Morgan & Banks grew to command 17 percent market share in Australia and Asia, with sales over A$850m. In 1999, Morgan & Banks merged with TMP/Monster a US listed NASDAQ company. Banks spent three years in New York with TMP Worldwide as Global Director, responsible for over 50 acquisitions and 4,500 staff operating in 32 countries, before returning to Sydney in 2002. In December 2003 Banks launched Talent2 International, an ASX-listed company with a focus on HR Outsourcing and Executive Search and Selection. Geoff Morgan served as a Non-Executive Director on the Board. Talent2 had operations in 20 countries before its privatisation in 2012 via a joint venture between Morgan & Banks Investments and US company, Allegis Group Inc, the largest owned staffing firm in the world.

A 100% acquisition of Talent2 by Allegis Group Inc, was finalised in July 2014Banks served as an Advisor to the Search practice of the company until July 2015. Andrew Banks has been investing in various types of companies in Australia since 1988, including property development and home apartment renovation, residential hotels, commercial property, as well as operating businesses such as Krispy Kreme Australia, a cosmetics distributor and an online recruiting entity. In 2015 Banks appeared as one of the'Sharks' on the inaugural season of Shark Tank where he invested in Bottlepops and the Hamdog. Banks returned for 2016 Season Two of Shark Tank Australia as well as Season Three due to screen in 2017. Andrew retains an interest in theatre, he has served as Chairman of the NIDA Foundation Trust, resigning in 2014 due to his move offshore. Banks continues as a Trust Director. Banks is founding partner and producer of production company, Lila 9th Productions, together with Cameron Lamb and the company is developing new projects.

Lila 9th Productions' completed movie projects include'Daydream Nation','Syrup' and'Kumiko the Treasure Hunter' which won a Sundance award in 2014. Banks is a member of business leaders' group WPO following on from membership of YPO which he joined in 1988. Together with Geoff Morgan, Andrew Banks has authored four books on recruiting: Prosper. In 2015, Andrew Banks, together with Geoff Morgan, was voted equal first in an industry poll of The 5 Most Influential People in the Recruitment Industry in the past 60 years. In 2014, Andrew Banks and Geoff Morgan were inaugural inductees to the Recruitment International Recruitment Industry Hall of Fame, for individuals who have made significant contribution to the Australian recruitment industry during their career. In 2004, Andrew Banks and Geoff Morgan won the Ernst & Young Australia, Master Entrepreneur of the Year Award for

Guido Monte

Guido Monte was an Italian writer and poet. In his mature works, he employed linguistic blending in the search for meaningful and archetypal relations between distant cultures, his works and translations have been published by international magazines. On his blending experiments, he uses Japanese, Sanskrit and languages of ethnic groups in Kenya. On the way of Jorge Luis Borges, Ezra Pound's Cantos and T. S. Eliot's The Waste Land, Monte thinks that "…if we admit that some archetypal ideas are common among our planet inhabitants we can state, in the sense meant by Borges, that just one "Book" has been written, as an evidence of the original and permanent cultural unity of the world and it contains all the chaotic fragments thought and written by people searching for the deep truth of things...". Different languages can be approached and mixed "to transmit something, far in space and time". On this thinking, a blending author can "compose" poems and works without using his own verses, but only other poets' lines, remembering every time, in the beginning, the names of the authors.

On another experiment, in fact, Monte puts together, in a common archetypal idea, lines of Virgil and Blake. If Monte translates, for instance, the first verses of Genesis or any other holy texts in two or three languages, "…we realize that the new and different sounds, irrespective of our linguistic knowledge, suggest new, cosmic vibrations that the original version didn't succeed in transmitting. In any case they reveal the complexity of reading different levels": In principio diviserunt Elohim / coelum et terram / and the land was left barren / et les ombres noires / enveloppaient les profondeurs / bade korgolòdei dar ruie / oghionusoh parmisad / et aura divina / super oceani undas Alison Phipps, expert in Intercultural Studies, defines this form of blending as an embroidering gossamer. In his latest experiments, on Swans Commentary, the visual coloured arrangement of verses is important in conveying the intended effect of his multilingual works; the French writer Orlando de Rudder, thinks that Monte's attempts are the beginning of a new "synthèse" des langues, a form of Babel Library where all the world poets live together, common universal feelings.

The Italian writer Claudio Magris thinks that this kind of poetry is definable as meticciato organico. Tremila mondi in un solo istante di vita, ed. Della Battaglia, 2000 Ultima lettera on Sergio Quinzio – profezie di un'esistenza, Rubbettino 2000, a cura di M. Iritano – authors: Gianni Vattimo, Umberto Galimberti, Claudio Magris, Guido Ceronetti, Erri De Luca, Gino Girolomoni, Guido Monte, Sergio Givone, Nynfa Bosco Leuconoe, Nuova Ipsa, 2004 Il Niente richiamato all'esistenza, iraccontidiluvi.org, 2004 Cosmopolitan multilingualism, Happa no kofu, 2006 Langues et mixité, Annecy, 2007 Viage. Per una "fenomenologia" metacomunicativa, Nuova Ipsa Editore, 2008 Palermo beat, by Patrick Waites, ed. della Battaglia 2000 Si cela un ramo... Lucidamente.com, 2007 Xenia I by Eugenio Montale, LanguageandCulture.net, 2007 Bucolica IV, by Virgil, LanguageandCulture.net, 2007 Pasolini: Fragments Of 1968, Swans-Commentary, 2008 Modern Macaronic literature Antoine Cassar Joseph Campbell Words Without Borders Poesia multilingue Swans Commentary Àdhara, on bibliomanie.it work on Gutcult, of Aaron McCollough Monte's biography on Swans Commentary War and children, on Swans Commentary, with Nadine Kaadan Guido Monte & Alison Phipps, Mondana Commedia n.2: Purgatorio, on Swans Commentary Mondana Commedia n.1: Inferno, on Swans Commentary Guido Monte & Alison Phipps, Mondana Commedia n.4: Limbus, on Swans Commentary work on Segue, Spring'06 Miami University Middletown Fragments, on Cipher Journal viaje, on Cipher Journal Dapur Vetur, on Happa no kofu History of the world, on Happa no kofu poems on Great Works Aha n.4: the end, on Sein und Werden AHA n.3... on Nebula Aha n.5 on Ars Interpres

Valens of Mursa

Valens of Mursa was bishop of Mursa and a supporter of Homoian theology, labelled as a form of Arianism, although semi-Arianism is more accurate. Valens and his fellows were seen by contemporaneous and Church Historical sources, to vacillate according to the political winds, being'always inclined to side with the dominant party, he was one of a group of Bishops including Ursacius of Singidunum who made accusations of impropriety against Athanasius of Alexandria resulting in the First Synod of Tyre. Ursacius and Valens next appear in 342 at Constantinople assisting with the consecration of Macedonius as bishop of the metropolis. In 346, Valens and Ursacius, recanted both of their previous hostility to Athanasius and to his Trinitarian theology. Accordingly, they journeyed to Rome, presenting a written recantation to its bishop and wrote to Athanasius, expressing their willingness to hold communion with him in the future. During the battle of Mursa Major, while Constantius II sheltered in a tower near the battle-field, he was attended by Valens, able to prophesy the outcome.

Thereafter, Constantius' attachment to Arianism became fanatical, under the influence of his spiritual comforter. Valens and Germinius of Sirmium were responsible for drafting the theological statement known as the Creed of Sirmium called the Blasphemy of Sirmium in 357. In July 359 at the Council of Ariminum, about 300 - 400 bishops met. Ursacius of Singidunum and Valens soon proposed their new creed, drafted at the Fourth Council of Sirmium of 359 but not presented there; this creed holding that the Son was like the Father "according to the scriptures," and avoiding the controversial terms "same substance" and "similar substance." Others favored the creed of Nicaea

Crofton, Kentucky

Crofton is a home rule-class city in Christian County, Kentucky, in the United States. The population was 749 at the 2010 census. Crofton is part of the TN -- KY Metropolitan Statistical Area. Crofton had its start. Incorporated in 1873, the city is named for pioneer James Croft, the original owner of the town site. Crofton is located in northern Christian County at 37°2′52″N 87°29′7″W. U. S. Route 41 passes through the center of town as Madisonville Street, the I-169 passes east of Crofton, with access from Exit 23. Hopkinsville, the Christian County seat, is 13 miles to the south, Madisonville is 22 miles to the north. According to the United States Census Bureau, Crofton has a total area of 0.6 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 838 people, 353 households, 234 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,318.6 people per square mile. There were 380 housing units at an average density of 598.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 85.44% White, 12.65% African American, 0.12% Native American or Alaska Native, 1.79% from two or more races.

Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 0.24% of the population. There were 353 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 17.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.7% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.96. The age distribution was 25.5% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 76.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $25,625, the median income for a family was $28,542. Males had a median income of $31,442 versus $17,109 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,021. About 26.0% of families and 25.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.1% of those under age 18 and 29.5% of those age 65 or over.

City of Crofton official website

Sun Bangla

Sun Bangla is a Bengali Free To Air entertainment TV channel by Sun TV Network owned by SUN Group based in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. It launched on 3 February 2019 and broadcasts Bengali entertainment programming and Sun has invested 150 crore into the network. Sun Bangla is Sun's first entry into the East Indian market. Balok Gopal Nandini Singhalagna Beder Meye Jyotsna Jiyon Kathi Kone Bou Sarbamangala Sagarika Asha Lata Simana Periye Mahateertha Kalighat Gangster Ganga Jai hanuman Maya Kesav Aye Khuku Aye Jhansir Rani Lakshmi bai Arundhathi Sun Bangla Super Family